Polish investigation of nazi criminal in the USA

This video from the USA says about itself:

Minneapolis man thought to be Nazi commander after Associated Press report

15 June 2013

Residents of a Minneapolis neighborhood are reacting this morning to allegations that one of their neighbors was the commander of a Nazi SS unit during World War II. The investigation found that 94-year-old Michael Karkoc was a top commander in the Ukrainian Self-Defense Legion.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Poland: Ukrainian nazi officer ‘harboured by the US

Saturday 19th November 2016

POLISH experts are probing whether the US harboured a World War II Ukrainian nazi officer for decades, a prosecutor announced on Thursday.

The Associated Press news agency identified Michael Karkoc

now living in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA

as a commander of a unit in the SS-led Ukrainian Self Defence Legion, which is accused of burning villages in Poland.

Poland subsequently opened a probe into Mr Karkoc, 97, who denies that he fought in the war.

The accusations are based on wartime documents, testimony from other members of the unit and Mr Karkoc’s own Ukrainian-language memoir.

Prosecutor Dariusz Antoniak said experts would confirm whether Mr Karkoc is the same person as the nazi commander by comparing facial features in photos of him now with those in a 1940 picture taken in Ukraine.

German prosecutors shelved their investigation of Mr Karkoc in 2015, saying he was not fit to stand trial.

US government fails to condemn Ukrainian neo-nazis

This video says about itself:

1 March 2016

As a tribute to Ukrainian soldiers who have lost limbs while fighting in eastern Ukraine the two major TV channels TSN and 1+1 and the magazine VIVA! started the project ‘Help the Hero’ to raise money for them so they could become “contributing members of society”. This resulted in a number of photos that were first exhibited in Ukraine and later in the European Parliament during Ukraine Week.

What didn’t cause any concern in Ukraine was that one of the men on the photos has a swastika tattoo on both his chest and his right arm. What does that tell about the society they are building after the revolution?

By James Tweedie:

US and Ukraine fail to condemn nazism

Saturday 19th November 2016

THE US and Ukraine were left isolated at the United Nations on Thursday night as they opposed condemning the glorification of nazism.

Only Pacific Ocean archipelago Palau joined Washington and the Kiev regime it supports in voting against the resolution co-authored by 55 states, including Russia, which passed with 131 votes in favour.

There were 48 abstentions in the vote by the UN social, humanitarian and cultural affairs committee, mostly from states in the EU, which also backed the 2014 Kiev coup.

US deputy representative to the economic and social council Stefanie Amadeo claimed the motion was “politicised” and restricted “freedom of expression and association.”

The text expressed “deep concern about the glorification, in any form, of the nazi movement, neonazism and former members of the Waffen SS organisation.”

That includes erecting monuments and memorials and holding public demonstrations celebrating nazism past and present.

Since 2014, Ukraine has seen frequent marches and rallies in honour of World War II nazi collaborator Stepan Bandera and the quisling Galician SS divisions — some attended by MPs.

Members of the far-right Svoboda party and the neonazi paramilitary Aidar and Azov battalions occupy senior government, military and police positions.

In the Baltic states, authorities have allowed surviving members of their SS divisions to march in a mockery of military veterans’ parades. The text also condemned “contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.” …

The resolution also opposed ongoing attempts to “desecrate or demolish monuments erected in remembrance of those who fought against nazism during the second world war,” along with Holocaust denial.

Neonazi appointed Ukrainian police chief

This video, by a usually pro-post 1914 Ukrainian government source, says about itself:

9 November 2014

Ukraine faces a potential PR disaster as a suspected member of a neo-Nazi group heads Kyiv police

In a highly disputed move Ukraine’s Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov has appointed a suspected member of a neo-Nazi paramilitary organization and deputy commander of the Azov battalion Vadim Troyan as the Kyiv police chief.

That was two years ago. Meanwhile, the Ukrainian government has decided that being the boss of just the Kyiv police was not enough power for this neonazi …

By James Tweedie in Britain:

Ukraine: Appointment of neonazi police chief sparks fury

Wednesday 16th November 2016

ANTI-FASCISTS condemned Ukraine’s appointment of a neonazi militant as acting national police chief yesterday.

Ukrainian Interior Minister Arsen Avakov named Vadim Troyan as head of the national police force on Monday after his predecessor Khatiya Dekanoidze resigned over MPs’ interference in her efforts to clean up corruption.

Mr Troyan was appointed Kiev’s chief of police in November 2014.

Before that, he was was deputy commander of the neonazi Azov Battalion and an active member of the fascist Patriot of Ukraine.

Several websites reported this year that Mr Troyan had organised surveillance of journalist Pavel Sheremet before his assassination in a car bombing on July 20.

Ms Dekanoidze was one of several former Georgian government officials given senior posts in the Kiev regime that came to power in the 2014 Maidan Square coup.

Alex Gordon of Solidarity with the Anti-fascist Resistance in the Ukraine (Saru) said his British-based campaign’s warnings that the Western-backed Kiev regime “would increasingly depend on neonazis to maintain its power” had been vindicated.

“Now Vadim Troyan has been installed as head of Ukraine’s national police force, we have a corrupt, Nato-backed state in Europe with self-declared, open neonazis in charge of internal security,” he stressed.

He said all supporters of democracy should urge the British government to withdraw training support for Kiev’s armed forces and stop “propping up this corrupt oligarchic state alongside open neonazis such as Troyan.”

Dutch government in Ukraine referendum trouble

This video from the USA says about itself:

Dutch vote on Ukraine referendum shows split between elites, average citizens

7 April 2016

Voters in the Netherlands overwhelmingly rejected a partnership treaty between the European Union and Ukraine. RT’s Peter Oliver asks Dutch voters their opinions, and gives a history of the rejected deal. Then, RT America’s Manila Chan is joined by Nation Magazine writer James Carden after his visit to Ukraine.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Ukraine referendum divides PvdA [Dutch social democrat party, infected by Blairism though some members oppose that, and junior partner of the right-wing VVD in the present Dutch coalition government]

Today, 20:09

Within the PvdA a major conflict threatens on the outcome of the referendum about [the proposed treaty between the European Union and] Ukraine. PvdA MP and candidate for party leader Monasch would support a no-confidence motion by the opposition against their own PvdA-VVD government. That has not yet occurred in recent parliamentary history.

Monasch wants the Netherlands to not sign the cooperation agreement with Ukraine, because in April a majority voted against the EU’s association agreement with Russia’s neighbour country. “If the government does not listen to this, I am sorry I have to support a vote of no confidence,” Monasch tells the NOS.

The PvdA officially supports [VVD] Prime Minister Rutte. He wants the European Union to reinforce ties with the country and has been searching for months for a solution to still put a Dutch signature under the EU treaty. On Monday Rutte wrote in a letter to parliament there is until mid-December time for a solution.

The MP Monasch, who hopes to become Labour leader, calls upon his MPs to block this plan by Rutte. The PvdA has repeatedly said in spring to respect the outcome of the consultative referendum. He does not understand that the Labour party gives the prime minister even more time. “The PvdA must not support the line of Rutte. A deal is a deal,” said Monasch.

Political reporter Ron Fresen says that Monasch puts his finger on a sore spot in the Labour government coalition party. “It will stir up divisions. Because, how do you explain that as a party you first say: We respect the outcome, and then do something else. Monasch increases the pressure on his party.”

This video by Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty from the USA says about itself:

7 April 2016

Dutch voters rejected the European Union’s Association Agreement with Ukraine in a nonbinding referendum on April 6. A day later on the streets of Kyiv, many Ukrainians were not surprised by the rejection and lamented the state of their own country. (RFE/RL’s Ukrainian Service)

Ukrainian nazis’ massacres of Poles, new film

This 13 July 2016 Polish video is the trailer of the film ‘Wolyn‘ (Volhynia) by Wojtek Smarzowski. It is about the massacres by Ukrainian allies of Hitler’s Third Reich of Polish civilians.

By Dorota Niemitz:

Volhynia (Hatred) by Wojciech Smarzowski—a gripping account of the 1943 massacre

2 November 2016

Written and directed by Wojciech Smarzowski, based on Hatred by Stanisław Srokowski (2006)

“Borderland civilians were murdered twice––once with an axe, the second time through silence. And the second death was worse than the first.” This quote by an eyewitness to the Volhynia massacre, Jan Zaleski, opens Wojciech Smarzowski’s long awaited epic.

Smarzowski’s Volhynia ––its English-language title is Hatred, after the book on which it is based––deals fictionally with a traumatic event in Polish-Ukrainian history. In 1943-45 an estimated 100,000 Polish civilians were brutally murdered in an operation carried out by the nationalist Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA) on the eastern borderlands (Kresy) of Nazi-occupied Poland. The UPA was the armed wing of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists, Stepan Bandera faction (OUN–B).

Volhynia is the first feature film about the slaughter and the first historically accurate treatment of Kresy in Polish cinema. The massacre has been largely neglected both in Poland and internationally. Under the Polish Stalinist regime (1945-1989) the historical episode was considered taboo because of the so-called disputed territories located between eastern Poland and western Ukraine, part of the Soviet Union at the time. ….

Scholarly studies on the UPA-OUN published after World War II reached only a limited audience, of survivors, historians and those specifically interested in the massacre. Smarzowski’s Volhynia has already attracted close to 1 million moviegoers since its premiere October 7. The substantial number of viewers in Poland is an indication of great interest in these historical questions, as well as unease about the resurgence of the far right in Eastern Europe.

The film has stirred controversy following a ban on its showing in Ukraine. The Ukrainian media has accused the director of making a biased movie, “based only on Polish historical sources,” at a time “when Ukraine is trying to defend itself from Russian aggression.” The Ukrainian ambassador to Poland, Andriy Deszczyca, justified the censorship, arguing the film could cause unrest on the streets of Kiev. This is the face of the “new,” “democratic” Ukraine. The head of the Ukrainian Association in Poland, Piotr Tyma, asserted the movie would “kill off Polish-Ukrainian reconciliation efforts.”

Smarzowski’s film appears at a time when tensions between the Polish and Ukrainian ruling elites are rising, with right-wing, nationalistic tendencies active in both countries. Ultra-right political groups have formed militias and those fascistic elements have been incorporated into the armed forces of both Ukraine and Poland. …

Various war criminals and fascists, such as Bandera and Roman Shukhevych, have been declared “heroes of Ukraine” (2010). The OUN-UPA is being rehabilitated by the Ukrainian regime. …

Victims of a massacre committed by UPA in the village of Lipniki, Poland, 1943

In 2015, the Ukrainian parliament officially declared the OUN-UPA activities in the war, which included initial collaboration with the Nazis, as a legitimate struggle for Ukraine’s independence. Last July, Poland’s Sejm [lower house of parliament] passed a resolution officially terming the OUN-UPA atrocities against the Poles in Volhynia “genocide.” This resolution was then criticized by the Ukrainian government …

Asked if the vivid reconstruction of the events would not reopen old wounds and inflame long-standing conflicts, Smarzowski replied: “This film will not divide people. On the contrary, as I see it, this is a film that will bring Poles and Ukrainians together, and likewise the whole world in the fight against fascist ideology”.

Smarzowski’s film covers the period from the spring of 1939 to the summer of 1945. The highpoint of the mass murders occurred in the summer and fall of 1943 under the Nazi occupation of western Ukraine.

In February 1943 the OUN-B (Bandera faction) ordered the expulsion of all Poles from Volhynia to obtain an “ethnically pure territory” within a future “free” Ukrainian nation state. Ethnic violence was encouraged with the help of posters and leaflets inciting Ukrainians to annihilate all Poles and Jews. The victims, including women, children and the elderly, were murdered in a barbaric fashion: raped, burned, crucified, decapitated or disemboweled with the use of sickles, axes, saws and pitchforks.

On April 6, 1944, the UPA high command ordered: “Fight them [the Poles] mercilessly. No one is to be spared, even in the case of mixed marriages.” It is estimated that as a result of the OUN-UPA operation, 1,500 out of the 2,500 villages inhabited by Poles in the Volhynia region ceased to exist.

Contrary to the claims of Ukrainian nationalists that the mass killings of Poles and others were the inevitable outcome of war, there is proof that the operation was carefully planned prior to World War II. The so-called Mykhaylo Kolodzinsky Treaty, written by one of the UPA ideologists, argued that the Ukrainian national uprising needed to be combined with massacres of Poles disguised as a spontaneous peasant uprising. Kolodzinsky wrote: “We will be victorious only when we show such cruelty that the tenth generation of Poles will look at Ukraine with fear.”

Before committing mass murder against the Poles, the OUN took part in the Nazi invasion of the Soviet Union in 1941, assisting in the killing of an estimated 247,000 Volhynian Jews (97 percent of all Jews in the region) in 1942. It also executed pro-Soviet Ukrainians and those Ukrainian peasants who warned or sheltered Poles, regarding them as traitors. In total, the UPA murdered an estimated 20,000 Ukrainians.

Volhynia shows some of these events through the eyes of a 17-year old peasant girl, Zosia Głowacka (Michalina Łubacz), who falls for a Ukrainian boy, Petro (Wasyl Wasyłyk), but is forced to marry a wealthy, much older Polish kulak, Maciej (Arkadiusz Jakubik).

In an opening scene (overlong and weakened by clichéd romance), Zosia’s sister marries a Ukrainian. Subsequently, through the conversations among the wedding guests, the director builds up a living picture of Volhynian society, including the sharp tensions within its multicultural society. We learn about the harsh treatment of the Ukrainian minority at the hands of the Polish authorities.

Smarzowski depicts the growth of nationalist and fascistic sentiment within the Ukrainian petty bourgeoisie and intelligentsia in response to the Polish heavy-handedness. The film shows the ugly role played by the Orthodox Church in inflaming nationalism and anti-Semitism.

Smarzowski deserves credit for his objective treatment of the Red Army and the Soviet efforts to retake western Ukraine in 1939-1941, something quite courageous in present-day Poland. In his film, the Soviet troops are welcomed as liberators by sections of the rural community, especially by the oppressed Jews.

Smarzowski proves to be a master of storytelling, keeping the audience in suspense from beginning to end. The realistic storyline is skillfully constructed as a thriller. The bride, whose braids are chopped off with an axe as part of the initial wedding ceremony, is later forced to kneel down in the same position to lose her entire head.

The reception of the film in Poland has varied. Volhynia was welcomed by surviving witnesses of the massacre, who confirmed the accuracy of the film. The majority of reviewers praised Smarzowski, comparing him to the late Polish director Andrzej Wajda, and declaring Volhynia the most important Polish film since 1989.

The critics around the ruling right-wing Law and Justice party (PiS) gave the movie positive reviews, while cynically twisting its message to fit their nationalist aims. …

According to Smarzowski, “concealing the truth about a crime is a sure-fire way to create more crimes”. Exposing the true character of the executioners now declared “heroes” by Ukraine’s present-day government is important. Such a slap in the face to regimes that glorify nationalist violence and fascism is praiseworthy. …

His film deserves credit for its objective treatment of history and its courage to speak out against the rising wave of fascism in Eastern Europe.

The director recently rejected an award (including a prize of 100,000 zloty, or US$26,000) from the head of Polish television, Jacek Kurski, appointed by the PiS. Smarzowski explained that he did not want his work to be used for any political intrigue. “I am a director and I dislike being directed,” he noted.