Hurricane Harvey disaster in Houston, Texas

This video from the USA says about itself:

Sandy-Level Hurricanes May Occur Every Five Years Due to Climate Change

26 August 2017

Leading climatologist Benjamin Horton talks about recent reports from NASA and NOAA showing increasingly higher global temperatures, and explains why the dangerous human-caused trend could spell disaster.

08/27/2017 01:41 pm ET Updated 20 minutes ago. Dramatic Photos Show Texas Under Water, With Flooding Expected To Worsen. The muddy floodwaters have taken out highways, buildings and numerous cars: here.

By Eline Gordts and Nick Robins-Early in the USA:

08/27/2017 09:30 am ET Updated 24 minutes ago

Houston Faces Catastrophic Flooding And Rain As Tropical Storm Harvey Lingers

Five people have reportedly died in the Houston area, according to the National Weather Service.

  • Hurricane Harvey leaves a path of devastation through Texas, destroying buildings and causing widespread power outages. Rising waters now threaten thousands of homes.
  • Houston is under a flood warning after a “deluge” of intense rain hit the city overnight Saturday. The city’s emergency services are at capacity, and the William P. Hobby airport has canceled all inbound and outbound flights.
  • The exact death toll is unclear, although the National Weather Service reports five people have died in the Houston area.
  • Catastrophic flooding and heavy rainfall is expected for days to come.
  • The Houston area may get 50 inches of rainfall in some areas through Friday, according to the National Weather Service.
  • Authorities urge citizens to stay off the streets and to climb to rooftops if they are trapped.

Two days after Hurricane Harvey made landfall in southern Texas, the city of Houston faced life-threatening, catastrophic flooding that authorities warned could last for days and become “historic.

The National Weather Service reported on Sunday morning that while winds were decreasing and Harvey had been downgraded to a tropical storm, heavy rainfall created life-threatening hazard across much of the state’s southeast region.

Harvey live updates: here.

I wish relief and recovery for all injured people; I wish relief and strength for all survivors of this horrible natural disaster.

Natural disaster? Not exclusively. A political disaster as well. If politicians like George W. Bush and Donald Trump would, instead of spending billions of United States taxpayers’ money, and intending to spend still much more, on building walls along the Mexican border, would have spent and would spend that money on seawalls protecting United States coastal cities like Houston and Donald Trump’s native New York City from hurricanes like Harvey now, then that would have saved and would still save many human, and animal, lives.

This March 2016 report is about protecting the Texas coastal region with a ‘coastal spine’. However, now 17 months later, nothing has happened yet, as politicians kept quarreling instead of acting.

Climate change damaging USA

This video from the USA says about itself:

A Message to Trump from Climate Scientists

18 January 2017

Before the AGU meeting I read John Abraham’s articleTrump begins filling environmental posts with clowns’ in which he made the following point:

“Or Trump could attend the world’s largest geophysics meeting, which occurs in just a few weeks (American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting). He could walk around with a TV camera and a clipboard. Ask any random 10 scientists any question on climate change. Let’s see how their answers compare to the information he is going to get from his handpicked insiders.”

Trump most likely would never do this. Nor can I possibly know what kind of questions he would ask if he did visit the AGU Fall Meeting. But I can ask scientists what their message to Trump would be if they had a chance to speak to him. That one paragraph from Abraham’s article inspired me to do just that. During the Fall Meeting I asked several scientists what their message would be and compiled their responses into this video.

FEDERAL SCIENTISTS’ REPORT ARGUES CLIMATE CHANGE IS ALREADY HAVING A DRAMATIC IMPACT IN THE U.S. The release of the report, which highlights dramatic temperature changes in the U.S., hinges on the Trump administration‘s approval — so a copy was leaked early. [HuffPost]

By E.P. Milligan and Aaron Murch in the USA:

Flooding in New Orleans points to climate change, poor infrastructure

8 August 2017

New Orleans experienced flooding on Saturday across large swaths of the city after a heavy rainstorm passed over it.

The system dumped up to 10 inches of rain in some portions of the city over a three-hour span. The event has demonstrated once again that New Orleans’s infrastructure is in utter disarray, once again leaving the city unprepared for the year’s hurricane season, which began on June 1 and officially ends on November 30.

Flood waters reportedly have damaged structures and vehicles in Mid-City and Treme, as well as in Lakeview to the North. All three neighborhoods are located in some of the lowest areas of the city, in large part comprising working class neighborhoods. The flooding shut down major roadways, including multiple lane closures on the city’s interstate system. Many areas of the city still remained flooded into Sunday, with emergency responders and city officials towing abandoned vehicles and engaging in cleanup operations. Luckily, no deaths were reported.

Spanish plover couples fight climate change

This video says about itself:

5 jun. 2016

Kentish Plover family in a northern Valencia coastal wetland (Spain)

By FECYT – Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology:

Breeding pairs of birds cooperate to resist climate change

June 5, 2017

Summary: Most bird chicks need parental care to survive. In biparental species the chicks have greater chances of success if both parents participate in this task, especially under hostile situations. An international team of scientists has revealed that when temperatures rise, males and females in pairs of plovers shift incubation more frequently.

Climate change causes ecological variation and affects the lives of animals. The ever-earlier springs and later autumns caused by rising temperatures cause changes to animals’ physiology, breeding seasons and even population distributions. However, little is still known about how animals behave in response to these disturbances.

A team of scientists, working in collaboration with the Doñana Biological Station (EBD-CSIC), has studied the influence of climate change on incubation in plovers (Charadrius spp.), a genus of shorebirds spread over six continents, with a total of 33 species.

Many plover species nest on the ground in sites where there is no plant cover to detect more easily approaching predators, but where their nests receive direct sunlight.

“This can represent a significant challenge,” as indicated by Juan A. Amat, a researcher at the EBD and one of the authors of the study, which was published recently in the journal Global Ecology and Biogeography.

The scientist adds that the situation can become complicated for birds in the middle of the day, “when incubating adults may not be able to tolerate the high temperatures.” Typically, the optimum temperature adults provide for embryonic development is 35-39 ºC.

“In many bird species where both mates participate in incubation, one sex, generally the female, incubates by day, while the other (the male) does it by night,” Amat explains. However, under hot conditions greater cooperation would be needed between males and females.

Males participate in daytime incubation

One solution under changing climates would be to shorten the duration of incubation shifts between the sexes. The paper, which was led by the University of Bath (United Kingdom), analysed the behaviour of 36 populations of 12 plover species. Its results reveal that male plovers assist the females during daytime incubation.

“Males’ participation in daytime incubation increases both with ambient temperature and with as the variability of maximum temperatures during the incubation period,” the expert stresses.

The research demonstrates that a rise in temperature changes these bird pairs’ behaviour and their daily routine in terms of nest attendance. “This flexibility of parental cooperation would facilitate responses to the impact of climate change on populations’ reproductive biology,” explains Amat, who considers that the reason behind the male’s increased help is the need to better protect the embryos from extreme conditions.

Previous studies have confirmed that environmental instability has an influence on the early stage of reproduction and the lives of birds, and that unpredictable variations in the environment also affect how bird pairs cooperate in caring for their offspring. The conclusion of this new paper is that climate variations strongly influence parental cooperation.

Highly protected marine reserves can help mitigate against the impacts of climate change, a study by a team of international scientists has concluded: here.