This video is about red-backed shrikes.
These birds nest in Europe.
This video is about red-backed shrikes.
These birds nest in Europe.
This video shows Eurasian oystercatchers.
This 23 December 2018 video shows these European birds:
3. BLUE TIT
5. GREAT TIT
8. HOUSE SPARROW
9. RED CROSSBILL
10. CRESTED TIT
11. WHITE WAGTAIL
13. MARSH TIT
14. WOOD PIGEON
15. COLLARED DOVE
18. GARDEN WARBLER
22. CARRION CROW
23. WILLOW TIT
24. GREAT SPOTTED WOODPECKER
28. GREEN WOODPECKER
31. SHORT-TOED TREECREEPER
36. COAL TIT
40. ICTERINE WARBLER
This 2016 video from South Korea is about Channa argus fish.
From the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology in Britain:
Scientists identify 66 alien species that pose greatest threat to European biodiversity
Invasive animals and plants are likely to arrive in the next decade
December 13, 2018
Summary: Scientists have identified 66 alien plant and animal species, not yet established in the European Union, that pose the greatest potential threat to biodiversity and ecosystems in the region. The research lists the invasive species that are likely to arrive and spread in the region over the next decade.
Scientists have identified 66 alien plant and animal species, not yet established in the European Union, that pose the greatest potential threat to biodiversity and ecosystems in the region.
From an initial working list of 329 alien species considered to pose threats to biodiversity recently published by the EU, scientists have derived and agreed a list of eight species considered to be very high risk, 40 considered to be high risk, and 18 considered to be medium risk.
The research, led by Professor Helen Roy of the UK’s Centre for Ecology & Hydrology and involving 43 people from across Europe and funded by the European Commission, is published in the journal Global Change Biology.
The authors developed a horizon-scanning approach in order to derive a ranked list of potential invasive alien species (IAS). Using this procedure, they worked collaboratively to reach consensus about the alien species most likely to arrive, establish, spread and have an impact on biodiversity in the region over the next decade.
The approach is unique in the continental scale examined, the breadth of taxonomic groups and environments considered, and the methods and data sources used. Species considered included plants, terrestrial invertebrates, marine species, freshwater invertebrates and vertebrates.
The eight species that pose the highest risk are:
1. Channa argus. The northern snakehead is a species of fish native to southern and eastern China but now also widely distributed in Japan within shallow, marshy ponds and wetlands, where it preys on native fish species.
2. Limnoperna fortunei. The golden mussel is native to China and south-eastern Asia but became established in Hong Kong in 1965, and Japan and Taiwan in the 1990s. Subsequently, it invaded the United States and South America. It alters native fauna with an impact on the freshwater food web.
3. Orconectes rusticus. The rusty crayfish, native to the United States but now found in Canada, is a large and aggressive species of freshwater crayfish, which is more successful in deterring attack from predators than other crayfish and therefore outcompetes native species.
4. Plotosus lineatus. The striped eel catfish is native to the Indian Ocean but was first recorded in the Mediterranean in 2002 and subsequently spread rapidly along the entire Israeli coast. This venomous catfish now inhabits all sandy and muddy substrates contributing to species declines through competition and displacement.
5. Codium parvulum. This green seaweed native to the Indo-Pacific Ocean and subsequently described from the Red Sea, has since been recorded off the northern shores of Israel in the Mediterranean and along the Lebanese coast. It is considered an ecosystem engineer, altering the structure and functionality of ecosystems.
6. Crepidula onyx. The onyx slipper snail is native to the southern coast of California and northern Pacific coast of Mexico. It is now widespread and considered highly invasive in Asia where it has been reported from Korea, Japan and Hong Kong. Slipper snails are sedentary filter-feeders and change native ecosystems.
7. Mytilopsis sallei. The black striped mussel described from the Pacific coast of Panama is a brackish species that invaded the Indo-Pacific Ocean during the 1900s and has reached Fiji, India, Malaysia, Taiwan, Japan, and Australia. In some of these coastal areas the species completely dominates since it can survive extreme environmental conditions.
Other key findings include:
- The highest proportion of the species identified originate in Asia, North America and South America.
- Aquatic species are most likely to arrive via shipping, while terrestrial invertebrates are most likely to arrive along with goods such as plants.
- The Mediterranean, Continental, Macaronesian and Atlantic biogeographic regions are predicted to be the most threatened across all taxonomic groups, while the Baltic, Black Sea and Boreal regions are least at risk. The Alpine region appears not to be under threat by any species.
The research provides a basis for full risk assessments that can comprehensively evaluate the threat posed by these species to EU biodiversity.
Professor Helen Roy of the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology said: “Preventing the arrival of invasive alien species is the most effective way of managing invasions. Predicting which species are likely to arrive and survive in new regions involves considering many interacting ecological and socio-economic factors including climate but also patterns of trade.
“Our collaborative approach involving experts spanning many disciplines has been critical to achieve the ranked list of alien species that pose the greatest threat to European biodiversity.”
This video from England says about itself:
Rebecca Mitchell, GMB Organiser, went on BBC’s Midlands Today to explain why we were there.
Black Friday strikes hit Amazon in Europe
By our reporters
24 November 2018
Black Friday saw strikes and protests by thousands of Amazon warehouse workers across Europe. Action was taken to protest brutal working conditions on the biggest sales day of the year in Germany, Spain, Italy, Poland and France, as well as at UK distribution centres by off-shift workers.
Various national trade unions were involved, with demands focussed on union recognition at Amazon. …
UNI Global, an international trade union federation that helped coordinate the walkout, said roughly 2,400 staff struck in Europe, with other reports citing larger figures. The bulk of this was accounted for by Germany and Spain, with German union Ver.di saying 1,000 workers walked out. Spanish unions cited 1,600 striking workers. There are no media accounts of action in either Italy or Poland.
The GMB’s publicity material for protests in the UK, outside distribution hubs in Rugeley, Swansea, Peterborough, Milton Keynes and Warrington, highlighted what it described as “frankly inhuman” working conditions. Freedom of Information requests showed that by June, ambulances had been called out 600 times to 14 UK Amazon warehouses over the past three years. This included a staggering 115 times at Amazon’s Rugely depot. Incidents included electric shocks, bleeding, chest pain and major trauma. Ambulances were called out three times for “pregnancy/maternity.”
Anonymous interviews collected by the GMB cited one worker as stating: “I am pregnant and they put me to stand 10 hours without a chair… They are telling me to work hard even [though] they know I am pregnant. I am feeling depressed when I am at work.” Another described Amazon as “an awful place to work”, where people “can’t breathe or voice an opinion” and are left feeling “like a trapped animal with lack of support and respect.”
“They are breaking bones, being knocked unconscious and being taken away in ambulances”, [GMB official Tim] Roach[e] told Business Insider. The GMB published a video of staff telling Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos “we are not robots” in five different languages.
This 8 October 2018 video from England says about itself:
The World Socialist Web Site article continues:
An Amazon spokesman replied, “All of our sites are safe places to work and reports to the contrary are simply wrong.”
Outside the Warrington warehouse, the protest consisted of GMB union officials handing out leaflets. One worker starting his shift told World Socialist Web Site reporters, “I’m from eastern Europe and am on £9.50 an hour here. There are many migrants working at the plant. I have only ever worked in warehouses. That’s the only work around. It’s hard. You have to be fit to do it.”
Another worker said he would read the International Amazon Workers Voice leaflet. “I need to clock on, but I have only one thing to say. I would really love to protest against Amazon. I really would.”
In Spain, yesterday’s 24-hour strike action, called by the CCOO union at Amazon’s Madrid depot at San Fernando de Henares, continues today. Further strikes are planned throughout the Christmas and New year sales period—on December 7, 9, 15, and 30, and January 3 and 4. The depot employs around 2,000 people. Reports on participation are highly contradictory, but the union says 80 percent of the first shift came out and that the depot was at a standstill. The CCOO says it is opposing a new contract already implemented in Barcelona, where strikes did not take place—allowing Amazon to shift work to minimise the impact of the Madrid action.
In France, the CGT and SUD trade unions called action in opposition to Black Friday and related peak-sale super-exploitation of workers at the Lauwin-Planque warehouse in Lille.
In Germany, workers at warehouses at Bad Hersfeld in Hesse, the company’s largest, and Rheinberg in North-Rhein Westphalia struck at the beginning of the night shift on Thursday until the end of Friday. The action is part of a now four-year campaign by the Ver.di union seeking a collective bargaining agreement for the company’s 12,000 German employees, including payment according to higher retail and mail order rates.
An Amazon dispatch worker from Leipzig, who wanted to remain anonymous, explained to the WSWS the dilemma facing his work colleagues. “Everyone is critical of the bad working conditions and low wages and most would take part in strikes”, he said. “There is the fear that Amazon will take personal action against them and throw them out.
“But above all my colleagues are completely disillusioned with Ver.di. Nobody believes that the unions will achieve anything and organise a serious struggle.”
The worker added: “The union always blames the workers. I blame the union. There are strikes in Bad Hersfeld and Rheinsberg, but here in Leipzig you don’t notice anything! Why? And in Poland, in Breslau, which is just around the corner, the working conditions are supposed to be even worse. So why is there not a strike with the colleagues there?
“The regulations governing the breaks are an absolute disgrace. I work a total of 8.5 hours at Amazon. But only 7.75 hours are paid. The rest is an unpaid break and is divided into two—one 20 minutes, the other 25 minutes long. Amazon considers the walk to the break rooms as a break. The bottom line is that you have a break of 10 minutes, because you need 5 minutes to get back!”
The worker said that employees are “constantly monitored” through “scanners and electronic devices” so that “management always knows exactly who does what and for how long”. The company records “every single step, even when you are going to the toilet too often.”
“Management is trying to systematically squeeze out the workers here and drive them to ever greater speed ups”, he added. “There are bonus weeks, where you get €20 more per day, if you come to work for a whole week. If you’re sick or just a minute late, the bonus for the day or week is completely gone. You have to show up at work even when you are sick. In a training course on ‘ergonomic movement’, the presentation video showed workers performing certain movements, for example to protect their backs. One colleague said this is all well and good, but completely out of touch with reality. Nobody has the time to move so slowly. In the last ‘rush hour’ she was lucky that no forklift truck drove over her feet!”
This video is about firecrests.
They live in Europe and northern Africa.