Chilean poet Pablo Neruda’s hummingbird poems


This video is called Documentary on the Secrets of Hummingbirds.

From Hummingbird-guide.com:

This is the Pablo Neruda hummingbird poem.

The famous poet Pablo Neruda wrote this beautiful poem……….

Ode to the Hummingbird

The hummingbird
in flight
is a water-spark,
an incandescent drip
of American
fire,
the jungle’s
flaming resume,
a heavenly,
precise
rainbow:
the hummingbird is
an arc,
a golden
thread,
a green
bonfire!

Oh
tiny
living
lightning,
when
you hover
in the air,
you are
a body of pollen,
a feather
or hot coal,
I ask you:
What is your substance?
Perhaps during the blind age
of the Deluge,
within fertility’s
mud,
when the rose
crystallized
in an anthracite fist,
and metals matriculated
each one in
a secret gallery
perhaps then
from a wounded reptile
some fragment rolled
,
a golden atom,
the last cosmic scale,
a drop of terrestrial fire
took flight,
suspending your splendor,
your iridescent,
swift sapphire.

You doze
on a nut,
fit into a diminutive blossom;
you are an arrow,
a pattern,
a coat-of-arms,
honey’s vibrato, pollen’s ray;
you are so stouthearted–
the falcon
with his black plumage
does not daunt you:
you pirouette,
a light within the light,
air within the air.
Wrapped in your wings,
you penetrate the sheath
of a quivering flower,
not fearing
that her nuptial honey
may take off your head!

From scarlet to dusty gold,
to yellow flames,
to the rare
ashen emerald,
to the orange and black velvet
of our girdle gilded by sunflowers,
to the sketch
like
amber thorns,
your Epiphany,
little supreme being,
you are a miracle,
shimmering
from torrid California
to Patagonia‘s whistling,
bitter wind.
You are a sun-seed,
plumed
fire,
a miniature
flag
in flight,
a petal of silenced nations,
a syllable
of buried blood,
a feather
of an ancient heart,
submerged

The Spanish language original of this poem is here.

The Spanish text of another hummingbird poem by Neruda is here.

This video shows that poem, Picaflor II.

This video, in Spanish, is about these Neruda poems:

1.El vuelo (Pablo Neruda) *recita Pablo Neruda
2.El tordo (Pablo Neruda – Ángel Parra) – 3:52
3.El picaflor [El colibrí] (Pablo Neruda – Ángel Parra) – 6:36
4.El pidén (Pablo Neruda – Ángel Parra) – 8:37
5.La golondrina (Pablo Neruda – Ángel Parra) -10:22
6.El cóndor (Pablo Neruda – Ángel Parra) – 12:47
7.El poeta se despide de los pájaros (Pablo Neruda) *recita Pablo Neruda – 15:47

A Robert Frost Hummingbird Poem: here.

More hummingbird poems from the USA: here.

Chilean dictator Pinochet’s torture victims remembered musically


This video is called Crimes of Pinochet – Chile.

By Luke James in Britain:

Voices of Pinochet torture victims get a hearing

Friday 2nd January 2015

A “TORTURE soundtrack” of songs written and sung by Chileans imprisoned during General Augusto Pinochet’s regime is set to be released after being compiled by a Britain-based academic.

Manchester University announced on New Year’s Eve that an online archive of recordings — some secretly recorded and smuggled out of the fascist dictator’s concentration camps — would go live on January 8.

A choir founded in one of the 1,000 camps will be among the musicians to perform at the launch event at the Chilean Museum of Memory and Human Rights.

The Captive Songs project will also tell the stories behind the morale-boosting songs sung by some of the 40,000 mostly left-wing activists imprisoned by Pinochet.

Dr Luis Cifuentes, who wrote and performed during his detention before going on to study at Manchester University during the 1980s, explained how music helped prisoners cope with the harsh conditions.

“This archive is of great importance because it reflects not only a very rich cultural heritage but also the ways in which the victims used their own cultural identity to overcome horrific moments,” he said.

This music video is El Cigarrito by Victor Jara.

Visitors to the website will be able to listen to recordings of songs such as El Cigarrito by socialist folk musician Victor Jara — the most famous musician killed by the Pinochet regime.

The collection was created by Chilean-born academic Dr Katia Chornik.

And she made an urgent appeal for former prisoners who may have fled Chile during the dictatorship to come forward with new material.

“It’s been over 40 years since the onset of the dictatorship, so the time to collect this valuable material is very limited indeed,” said Ms Chornik.

See also here.

Chilean blue whales, new study


This video says about itself:

18 December 2014

Scientists from WCS (Wildlife Conservation Society), the Universidad Austral de Chile, the Blue Whale Center, the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH), NOAA, and other organizations are examining molecular clues to answer a big question: how many types of blue whales exist in the waters of the southeastern Pacific?

The answer seems to be two distinct populations, according to a genetic study comparing the blue whales off the southern coast of Chile with those swimming in the waters of Antarctica and other nearby regions. Learn more from Dr. Howard Rosenbaum, Director of WCS’s Ocean Giants Program. Images courtesy of Rodrigo Hucke-Gaete (CBA/UACh).

See also here.

Chilean Pinochet dictatorship’s sexual abuse


This video says about itself:

Torture and Child Sex Abuse in Chile Cult

5 February 2013

State sponsored torture, child sex abuse, nazis and evangelical preachers – sick Chile cult shocks the world.

This village in central Chile was for 40 years the domain of the notorious “Colonia Dignidad” cult, scene of multiple child sex abuse convictions.

Now witnesses are saying the sick sect was also used as a torture centre by the Chilean government under the Pinochet dictatorship.

Adriana Borquez says she was held against her will and tortured in the cult commune during 1975.

[Adriana Borquez, Torture Victim]:

“We want justice. There are detainees who were disappeared in Colonia Dignidad. There are graves of the people they killed, there are torture victims, there are hundreds of torture victims there.”

In January this year 16 cult leaders were sentenced for child sex abuse crimes, following the conviction of the cult’s leader back in 2006.

Political victims now want recognition that the closed society was also used by the Pinochet regime to torture dissidents.

[Adriana Borquez, Torture Victim]:

“We were detained in 1975. I came into exile in 1976 and since then not one day has passed that I have not worked for human rights and justice.”

The secretive sect was established in 1961 by former nazi turned evangelical preacher Paul Schaefer.

Schaefer died in prison in 2010 after being convicted of over 20 child sex abuse cases.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Brave women testify to Pinochet regime sex abuse

Thursday 4th December 2014

Socialist activists tell of fascist abuse

FOUR women who say they were sexually tortured as political prisoners following Chile‘s 1973 fascist coup have testified in support of a complaint they hope will bring to light dictatorship-era rapes that have been buried by fear, shame and silence.

The allegations were made in a complaint filed in May and the women gave their testimony to Chilean judge Mario Carroza this week.

They are being allowed to raise the decades-old charges because of international human rights accords recently signed by Chile, said Mr Carroza, a specialist in crimes against humanity who is presiding over the case.

The women also are pressing Chile to update its 140-year-old penal code to classify the rape of political prisoners and torture as political crimes, which would subject violators to harsher sentences than currently allowed.

“We demand that the Chilean government, that the authorities and the state, change the laws and accept that this sort of sexual torture exists,” said Nieves Ayress, 66, a teacher and community activist now living in New York.

Ms Ayress was a 25-year-old socialist activist when she was detained in 1974 along with her father and 15-year-old brother. Upon her release in 1976 she was forced into exile.

She appeared before Carroza late Monday to present her testimony and underwent examinations to document the lasting psychological impact and physical scars she bears as a result of the alleged assaults – including being penetrated with rats and dogs and ordering her father and brother to rape her, though the rape wouldn’t actually take place.

It is unclear when Mr Carroza will formally accept the case and start the investigation that could lead to criminal charges.

Cristian Castillo, director of the memorial site created at a former torture centre known as Villa Grimaldi, said he has no doubt other victims will be emboldened to speak out “as a result of the declarations by these women that specifically denounce this crime against humanity.”

Officials say more than 40,000 people were victims of the dictatorship led by General Augusto Pinochet, including more than 3,000 who were killed.

More than four decades after two young US citizens were brutally tortured and murdered, along with thousands of Chilean workers, students and political activists, a court in Chile has sentenced two former military intelligence officers in connection with the crime, while directly indicting the US government for setting it into motion: here.

First detailed photos of a planetary system in formation


This video says about itself:

ESOcast 69: Revolutionary ALMA Image Reveals Planetary Genesis

6 November 2014

ESOcast 69 presents the result of the latest ALMA observations, which reveal extraordinarily fine detail that has never been seen before in the planet-forming disc around the young star HL Tauri.

This revolutionary image is the result of the first observations that have used ALMA with its antennas at close to the widest configuration possible. As a result, it is the sharpest picture ever made at submillimetre wavelengths.

More information and download options here.

By Bryan Dyne and Don Barrett in the USA:

New telescope reveals first detailed image of a planetary system in formation

1 December 2014

The first detailed images of a planetary system in the process of formation have been revealed by the Atacama Large Millimeter Array (ALMA), a new international telescope beginning scientific operations. Studies of the gas and dust that surround the young star HL Tauri have revealed a series of gaps in the material that are strong evidence of planets slowly coalescing.

The origins of the Earth and of planetary systems in general have attracted the attention of natural philosophers since antiquity. The accepted model was introduced in conceptual form by the philosopher Immanuel Kant in his 1755 work General History of Nature and Theory of the Heavens.

The mathematician Pierre-Simon Laplace independently arrived at this model in his Exposition of the System of the World of 1796, which also developed mathematical physics for the model. In this schematic, gaseous clouds slowly collapse, their initial spin preventing full collapse in two dimensions, producing a pancake-shaped disk that further organizes itself into planets. Modern observational and theoretical work has confirmed and developed this model in considerable detail, but until now the best telescopes have produced only crude images of the process.

This has been a large part of the motivation in the development of millimeter-wave astronomy, a worldwide effort spanning decades. It has been known for a long time that dense clouds of gas and dust are opaque to visible light, and only in the past several years have we been able to pierce that veil, for the first time looking at both the formation of galaxies and planetary systems, such as HL Tauri, in detail.

HL Tauri is a Sun-like star 450 light years from Earth. Evidence of its protoplanetary disk was first found in 1975 through infrared observations. Further data was collected in 1985-86 at the Owens Valley Radio Telescope, when the disk itself was imaged, revealing part of its composition to be ice particles, iron, carbon monoxide and diatomic hydrogen.

The ALMA image shows a series of bright concentric rings separated by gaps. These features are the product of the gravitational effects of planets, slowly forming, accumulating matter in their paths and also sweeping remaining matter into preferred orbits. A similar instance in which a ring is organized into structure by local mass concentrations can be seen around the planet Saturn, where inner moons organize the Saturn ring system into a rich system of ringlets.

HL Tauri is known by other observations to be a very young star, approximately one million years old. Approximate models of the evolution of these young systems have long suggested a timescale of roughly 10 million years for the initial formation of protoplanets and the development of structure within the disk. A study led by astronomer Paola D’Alessio with the Spitzer Space Telescope in 2004 also suggested evidence for organization and clearing from the inner parts of a disk around a similarly young star, but from indirect evidence—not a direct image.

ALMA Deputy Program Scientist Catherine Vlahakis commented, “When we first saw this image we were astounded at the spectacular level of detail. HL Tauri is no more than a million years old, yet already its disc appears to be full of forming planets. This one image alone will revolutionize theories of planet formation.” Already, there have been suggestions that the disk’s magnetic field was somehow able to accelerate the planet-forming process, something that until now has not had a great deal of evidence.

Even more exciting is the scale of the disk. The total radius of the disk is about 12 billion kilometers, twice the distance of the Sun to Pluto. However, if one places an image of the Solar System side by side to HL Tauri and its protoplanetary disk, the gaps closely align to the orbits of our own planets. Given the mass of the star and the composition of the disk, it is speculated that by viewing HL Tauri, we are looking at what the Solar System looked like just after the Sun began to shine.

ALMA itself is a remarkable instrument. It consists of a constellation of 66 movable radio dishes linked to one another across 16 kilometers in the Atacama desert of northern Chile at an elevation high enough to negate a great deal of atmospheric interference that occurs in astronomical observations at sea level. The dishes detect electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of millimeters, a part of the spectrum which is dominated by radiation arising from gas and dust in the universe. The array is run by an international team from Canada, Chile, Europe, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan and the United States. Since it began collecting data in 2011, ALMA has provided new insight into planetary formation, the composition of molecular clouds and the physics of the early universe.

An individual millimeter-wave telescope, due to the longer wavelength of radiation compared to optical light, reveals only a blurry image. To compensate, networks of telescopes must collect the incoming radiation and combine them through banks of supercomputers. This enables astronomers to mimic the performance of a vast telescope the size of the entire array of dishes without the otherwise colossal expense that would be needed.

The sharp image of HL Tauri’s protoplanetary disk is due this technique. ALMA’s effective size is 16 kilometers across, a factor of eight greater than the previous generation of millimeter telescopes.

At $1.4 billion in cost, the ALMA telescope is the most expensive ground-based telescope in operation. Many such innovative telescopes are proposed—the increasing impoverishment of fundamental research ensures that few are built. Many more discoveries are expected from ALMA, which is only beginning to reveal its capabilities. These discoveries are just a foretaste of what the organized labor of the working class is capable of producing, in a social system that gives only limited scope to the quest for scientific understanding of our origins and future.

The author also recommends:

Planet formation viewed by astronomers
[11 March 2011]