Save Humboldt penguins in Chile

This 8 November 2015 video, in Spanish with English subtitles, is about conservation of Humboldt penguins in Chile.


Let’s Save The Humboldt Penguin

Algarrobo, Chile

Take care with the future of Humboldt Penguin#PenguinProject

The reason why we are conducting this campaign is to take actions now in favor of the conservation of the Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti),, which is a currently protected species, yet still in a vulnerable condition, and the rest of the seabirds that live around.

The increase in property market of the Central coast of Chile has led several changes jeopardizing the biodiversity of the area, which is now also affecting the Humboldt Penguin, species that used to nest in a protected islet called “Islote Pájaro Niño” where the population of this seabird has decreased a 70% in the last 15 years.

The artificial breakwater built by the private Chilean nautical association, “Cofradía Naútica del Pacífico Sur”, has produced many negative effects on the ecosystem including the invasion of exotic species such as rodents that cross to the island through this bridge eating the eggs of the birds that make their nest there. Beside this, it has been reported seabirds slaughter and nest destruction caused by people who feel bothered by seabirds.

The goal of this campaign is to create a seasonal record of the species in order to measure their evolution, work with and train the local people in the identification and explanation of the seabirds and their conservation, and the importance for the local and global ecosystem, information that will be transmitted next to the large number of tourists that Algarrobo city receives every season.

We believe that the conservation of the species and their habitat is a shared responsibility, it is our mission to give the correct tools to make aware and educate about the importance of keeping alive our biodiversity. We want to invite you all to become part of this challenge; your cooperation will help us assure to reach our goals.


We need your support and activism to accomplish this project; we need you to spread the news and to share with your friend, relatives, co-workers and co-mates.
To accomplish our mission, we need to collect $15,000 dollars in order to implement and organize the current work for the Humboldt Penguins conservation.
If you cannot grant money, you can grant us time supporting us spreading the campaign.


1. – Film a documentary to show the complete process of the Project that can help as educational material to free Access to the community.

2. – Conduct a seasonal survey during the year to measure the Humboldt Penguin evolution (Spheniscus humboldti) and also to identify seabirds’ species.

3. – Make training activities for local people having as purpose learn about the identification of species and the importance of the local and global ecosystem.

4. – Train environmental rangers to talk about environmental care particularly about the Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) to the large number of tourists in Algarrobo beaches.

5. – Create a plan to expand the current IBA site to the Peña Blanca Islet, place where important species make their nests and a large number of individuals can be found.

Take part of our Project and you can get interesting rewards and protect the Humboldt Penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) life expectancy.

‘Chilean poet Pablo Neruda murdered by Pinochet’

This video says about itself:

Pablo Neruda Documentary (Part 1 of 6)

8 July 2007

The life and work of Chilean Poet and Nobel Prize winner Pablo Neruda is examined in this powerful and inspiring documentary film. His first two books ‘Crepusculario’ and ’20 Love Poems and a Song of Despair‘ are briefly analyzed and brough to life.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Chile admits poet Pablo Neruda may have been murdered by Pinochet coup forces

Saturday 7th November 2015

CHILE’S government has acknowledged that Nobel-prize winning poet Pablo Neruda may have been murdered after the 1973 coup by General Augusto Pinochet.

The Interior Ministry released a statement on Thursday amid press reports that Mr Neruda might not have died of cancer.

The statement acknowledged a ministry document dated March of this year, which stated that it was “clearly possible and highly probable that a third party” was responsible for Mr Neruda’s death.

A close friend of President Salvador Allende, who died in the September 11 coup, the poet had planned to go into exile.

But a day before his departure he was taken by ambulance to the Santa Maria clinic in Santiago, where he had been treated for prostate cancer. He died there on September 23, officially of natural causes.

Tests for toxins on his exhumed body in 2013 were negative, but the judge investigating has ordered new tests for other substances.

Many flowers in Chilean Atacama desert

This video says about itself:

21 October 2013

Every five to eight years rain falls in the driest desert on earth, the Atacama. A few weeks later life explodes and the desert is covered in flowers of all colors.

Two months later the blooming desert comes to an end and you have to wait years to see it again.

From the International Business Times:

Rocky desert in Chile turns psychedelic pink

By Narayani Anand on October 29 2015 6:27 PM

Locals in the Atacama have witnessed what is no mean feat in the past few months. After harsh rainfall that caused floods and mudslides in March 2015, Chile’s Atacama Desert seems to have transformed into a psychedelic paradise. Known as one of the driest places on the Earth, the desert is now lush with pink-tone mallow flowers, also considered a symbol of rebirth.

The brilliant display of colour has caught the attention of locals and travellers alike. The first blossom of the year cropped up in March and April, and is now back for springtime in the South American country.

“The intensity of blooms this year has no precedent,” said Daniel Diaz, director of the National Tourism Service in the Atacama, reports Spanish news agency EFE. “And the fact that it has happened twice in the same year has never been recorded in the country’s history. We are surprised.”

More than 200 native plant species have risen, besides the pink mallow, transforming the desert into a stunning psychedelic landscape. The picture perfect sights have already caught the attention of travel enthusiasts.

“The Atacama region was punished, but also blessed by the phenomenon of a flourishing desert, something that happens only after the rains, this time brought about by El Niño and climate change,” Diaz told EFE.

The Atacama Desert, one among Lonely Planet’s top ten places to visit in 2016, is expected to attract about 20,000 tourists seeking nature’s bounty.

According to EFE, Atacama is one among only three other classic deserts that bloom at some point in the year, the other two being Australia and the US.

“It is a unique experience and we take the opportunity to document the ecosystem’s dynamics, to observe how flowers live and to catalogue them,” tour guide Rodrigo Arcos said, reports EFE.

Chilean Pinochet officers charged with murdering singer Victor Jara

This 1973 music video is called Victor Jara: El derecho de vivir en Paz.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Chile: 10 former soldiers charged with Victor Jara murder

Friday 24th July 2015

TEN CHILEAN former military officers have been charged with the 1973 murder of legendary folk singer Victor Jara.

The charges, announced late on Wednesday by Judge Miguel Vazquez, include the murder and kidnapping of Mr Jara and former military police director Littre Quiroga Carvajal.

Communist Party member Mr Jara was one of thousands of people rounded up after General Augusto Pinochet’s US-backed coup against socialist president Salvador Allende on September 11 1973.

Opponents of the coup were herded into a stadium in Santiago de Chile to be tortured and murdered.

Mr Jara played a borrowed guitar and sang songs for the detainees until soldiers broke his hands. He kept singing until his death.

The announcement of the charges against the officers came a day after seven former soldiers — two former officers and five former non-commissioned officers — were arrested for burning a teenage photographer to death during 1986 protests against Pinochet’s regime.

Soldiers doused Rodrigo Rojas, 19, and Carmen Quintana, 18, with petrol and set them on fire during a street demonstration.

Ms Quintana thanked a former soldier, identified as Fernando Guzman, for coming forward with new information on the case.

She said the soldiers involved were also victims of the dictatorship because they had received death threats to intimidate them into keeping silent.

Chilean dictator Pinochet covered up 1986 burning of activists, report shows. Declassified US documents indicate Pinochet suppressed police report that fingered military officers in burning alive of Rodrigo Rojas and Carmen Quintana: here.

Declassified: Pinochet Ordered Assassination of Diplomat in US: here.

Ichthyosaurs, why did they become extinct?

This video says about itself:

Prehistoric News: The Ichthyosaur Graveyard

23 June 2014

Dozens of nearly complete skeletons of ichthyosaurs have been uncovered near a melting glacier in southern Chile.

From LiveScience:

An Asteroid Didn’t Wipe Out Ichthyosaurs — So What Did?

by Laura Geggel, Staff Writer

July 23, 2015 08:05am ET

During the dinosaur age, ichthyosaurs — large marine reptiles that look like dolphins — flourished in prehistoric oceans, living in all kinds of watery environments near and far from shore. But as competition in these areas grew, ichthyosaurs lost both territory and species before gradually going extinct, a new study finds.

In fact, the ichthyosaur extinction has stumped scientists for years. Ichthyosaurs likely evolved from land reptiles that dove into the ocean about 248 million years ago, researchers said. After living along the coast for millions of years, they left for the open water. They disappeared about 90 million years ago, going extinct about 25 million years before the dinosaur-killing asteroid slammed into Earth.

So, if the asteroid didn’t kill the ichthyosaurs, what did? To learn more, researchers looked at ichthyosaur fossils and determined what kinds of specialized environments, or niches, the animals likely inhabited. [In Images: Graveyard of Ichthyosaur Fossils Found in Chile]

“In most studies, the niche of the animal is predicted based on a single trait, usually the shape of the teeth,” said lead researcher Daniel Dicks, a doctoral student in paleontology at the Natural History Museum in Stuttgart, Germany. In the new study, the researchers looked at several traits, he said.

For instance, they analyzed the ichthyosaurs’ body sizes and teeth shapes. They also determined each animal’s feeding strategy, such as whether ichthyosaurs were ambush predators (less powerful swimmers) or pursuit predators (fast swimmers), Dicks said.

Ichthyosaur arrangements

After examining 45 ichthyosaur genuses, Dicks and his colleague Erin Maxwell, a vertebrate paleontologist at the museum, used an analysis that grouped the ichthyosaurs into seven categories, called ecotypes.

For instance, the ichthyosauriform genus, Cartorhynchus, is so unique that it has its own ecotype. It was likely a small suction feeder and lived in shallow water, Dicks told Live Science.

Another ecotype represents the majority of the genuses that lived during the Early to Middle Triassic period, he said. Animals of this ecotype were less than 6.5 feet (2 meters) long, and had robust and blunt teeth, suggesting they ate hard-shelled prey, such as coral and shelled mollusks, Dicks said. They didn’t have elongated bodies, so they probably didn’t live in the open water, where they would have needed to swim far distances, he added.

Two genuses — Eurhinosaurus and Excalibosaurus — owe their unique ecotype to their swordfishlike jaws, which indicate they used a slashing method to demolish prey, Dicks said. Their long bodies also indicate they lived in the open water, far from shore, he said.

Not all seven ecotypes existed at once, although five existed simultaneously during the Early Jurassic period, when ichthyosaurs experienced a boom in diversity.

By the Middle Jurassic, the number of ichthyosaur ecotypes decreased. Specialized feeders, such as the swordfishlike Eurhinosaurus, and apex predators, including Temnodontosaurus, went extinct, leaving only two ecotypes, both of which lived in the open water.

These last two ecotypes included ichthyosaur genuses with large bodies and robust teeth for crushing bony fish or hard cephalopods, such as ammonites. The other ecotype was more dolphinlike; it had small teeth and likely ate soft prey, such as squid (also cephalopods), Dicks said.

Ichthyosaur extinction

Ichthyosaurs eventually met their end during the Cenomanian-Turonian extinction event, in which spinosaurs (carnivorous swimming dinosaurs), plesiosaurs (long-necked marine reptiles) and roughly one-third of marine invertebrates (animals without a backbone) also went extinct, Dicks said. [In Images: Digging Up a Swimming Dinosaur Called Spinosaurus]

With only two ecotypes of ichthyosaurs left, they would have been easily wiped out, Dicks said.

“It’s a slow ecological war of attrition, where they become more and more stranded on a single niche, and then the entire [group] is depending on that niche remaining sustainable,” he said. “And if that became unsustainable, then the entire group would become extinct.”

It’s unclear why ichthyosaurs lost their earlier niches, but they were likely “replaced, outcompeted by other species that adapted better,” Dicks said. For instance, plesiosaurs took over many of the near-shore niches, he said.

The study sheds light on ichthyosaurs’ evolution and extinction, said Neil Kelley, a postdoctoral research fellow of paleobiology at the National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C., who was not involved in the new research.

According to the study, “[ichthyosaurs] get more and more confined to a specialized lifestyle,” Kelley said. “Ultimately, they can never seem to re-evolve some of these more transitional lifestyles and body types that you see early on.”

However, the study takes a broad view encompassing roughly 158 million years, so it loses some nuance in how these animals lived and why they went extinct, Kelley told Live Science. Furthermore, “just one weird fossil could totally rewrite that picture of what happened,” by adding another ecotype, Kelley said.

The study was published online July 8 in the journal Biology Letters.

United States General Wesley Clark attacks civil liberties

This video is called The Pinochet File: How U.S. Politicians, Banks and Corporations Aided Chilean Coup, Dictatorship.

By Thomas Gaist in the USA:

General Wesley Clark calls for putting “disloyal” Americans in internment camps

21 July 2015

Retired US Army General Wesley Clark called for the internment of persons deemed “disloyal” to the United States government in an interview with MSNBC last Friday.

Warning of the threat posed by “lone wolf” attacks similar to last week’s mass shooting in Chattanooga, Tennessee, Clark advocated stepped-up surveillance of US communities and pre-emptive detention of persons suspected of ideological or political opposition to US government policies.

“We have got to identify the people who are most likely to be radicalized. We’ve got to cut this off at the beginning,” Clark said.

“On a national policy level, we need to look at what self-radicalization means, because we are at war with this group of terrorists,” the former top military commander added. “They do have an ideology. In World War II, if someone supported Nazi Germany at the expense of the United States, we didn’t say that was freedom of speech, we put him in a camp, they were prisoners of war.”

He continued: “If these people are radicalized and they don’t support the United States and they are disloyal to the United States, as a matter of principle, fine. It’s their right, and it’s our right and obligation to segregate them from the normal community for the duration of the conflict.

“And I think we’re going to have to increasingly get tough on this, not only in the United States, but our allied nations like Britain, Germany and France are going to have to look at their domestic law procedures.”

Clark’s recommendations, proclaimed openly on national television, amount to a recipe for mass detention of political opponents of the American state.

His assertion of the “right and obligation” of the US government to conduct round-ups and mass internment operations against political opposition, specifically citing as his model the methods employed against ethnic Germans and Japanese during the Second World War, provides a chilling insight into the thinking of powerful sections of the US ruling establishment.

Clark’s insistence, moreover, that such measures remain in force “for the duration” of Washington’s temporally and geographically limitless “global war on terrorism” amounts to advocacy of the permanent imprisonment of individuals deemed guilty of no actual crime, but merely being “radicalized” and “disloyal.”

These are not the ravings of some television talking head or military crackpot. Coming from a figure of Clark’s pedigree, such comments necessarily reflect views widely discussed within the US state.

As supreme commander of NATO, Clark held one of the most senior and politically influential posts in the US military. While serving as Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR), Clark oversaw the NATO bombing campaign against Yugoslavia, Operation Allied Force, beginning in March 1999.

In both the 2004 and 2008 presidential campaigns, Clark was considered among the Democratic Party’s leading contenders. He would likely have gained a senior position in the Obama administration had he not backed Obama’s Democratic rival Hillary Clinton after dropping out of the 2008 primary campaign.

His role as a high-profile supporter of Hilary Clinton’s latest presidential bid suggests, however, that Clark’s political ambitions have only been placed on hold. Under a Clinton presidency, Clark could well get the chance to implement his proposals for mass “segregation” of dissidents.

Preparations for the sort of measures advocated by General Clark are clearly well advanced.

In recent weeks, as videos shot in locations from Arizona to New York show, US military units have conducted training exercises, practicing military internment and crowd control techniques at mock internment camps, with military personnel posing as detainees.

Clark’s statements, made last Friday on the major cable news outlet MSNBC, have been met with total silence from the corporate-controlled media, failing to receive even a passing reference in the pages of the New York Times, Washington Post, or the Wall Street Journal.

This silence in the face of an open call for internment of domestic political opponents, issued by one of the country’s leading political generals, underscores the fact that the entire political and media establishment has decisively broken with centuries-old bourgeois democratic norms. The media silence will no doubt serve to encourage forces within the US military and intelligence apparatus to intensify the drive toward dictatorship.

For decades, the military and intelligence bureaucracies have developed the administrative, infrastructural and police components of an embryonic totalitarian state. Congressional hearings in 1987 on the Iran-Contra covert operations conducted by the Reagan administration exposed the existence of a plan developed by the Pentagon, codenamed Rex 84, to detain hundreds of thousands of immigrants and political dissidents and imprison them in militarized prison camps.

One Rex 84 sub-component, Operation Cable Splicer, envisioned the replacement of existing bourgeois political institutions by a shadow dictatorship controlled by a select group of some 100 executive branch cadre.

In the immediate aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terror attacks, the Bush administration staged a dry run of updated Continuity of Government (COG) plans for a “shadow government, deploying dozens of pre-selected officials to a network of secret command-and-control bunkers across America,” the Washington Post reported in March of 2002.

The George W. Bush administration made further preparations for new prison camps in 2006, signing a $400 million contract with KBR to build up the Department of Homeland Security’s “detention and processing capabilities.”

The Obama administration has expanded the authoritarian legal and policy framework developed under previous administrations. Since taking office, Obama has issued annual decrees renewing the state of emergency declared by the Bush administration after 9/11 and further entrenching emergency powers granted to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).

In a series of annual National Defense Authorization Acts, the Obama administration has codified the anti-democratic measures implemented under Bush, asserting unlimited power to indefinitely detain or kill individuals without trial.

The preparations for mass detention are part of broader efforts to tighten the grip of the ruling elite over society, using the pretext of an unending “national emergency.” Plans for dictatorial rule have found concrete expression in the imposition of de facto martial law in Boston following the Boston Marathon bombings of 2013 and last year in Ferguson, Missouri following the outbreak of protests against the police murder of Michael Brown.

In March of 2012, President Obama issued an executive order, “National Defense Resources Preparedness,” that empowered the DHS to assume dictatorial control over the US economy, including any and all actions considered “necessary to ensure the availability of adequate resources and production capability, including services and critical technology, for national defense requirements.”

Last week, the Senate Intelligence Committee approved legislation granting the US government new powers to demand regular reporting from social media platforms about individuals suspected of ties to “terrorist activity.”

Wesley Clark’s internment proposal: The specter of military dictatorship: here.

Britain: TORY Prime Minister Cameron yesterday stepped up his war against ‘extremism in all its forms’ both ‘violent and non-violent’, announcing measures to shut down organisations, facilities and even entire TV stations that do not share his system of ‘British values’: here.