Egyptian dictatorship jails human rights activist


This 29 September video is called Breaking News – Egypt activist sentenced over ‘fake news‘.

Tranlated from Dutch NOS TV today:

Egyptian human rights activist gets 2 years in prison due to video

The Egyptian human rights activist Amal Fathy has been sentenced to two years’ imprisonment because she posted a video on social media in which she criticized the government. In that video she said that the Egyptian government is failing to improve the living conditions in the country and in protecting women from sexual harassment. She also has to pay a fine of nearly 500 euros.

Fathy was arrested in May, after complaining in the 12-minute video about sexual harassment in taxis, bad service at banks, crowded traffic and general living conditions in the country. She was charged with “spreading fake news“, making her a risk for national security and public decency.

“This is unfair, unfounded and incomprehensible”, says her husband, who is also a human rights activist. “We have already provided the evidence to show that she has not spread fake news“, he says. He believes that this statement means that “all Egyptian women should keep their mouths shut”.

Freedom of speech

Human rights organization Amnesty has responded with anger to the conviction. “We call on the Egyptian authorities to release Amal Fathy immediately and without conditions, and to drop all charges against her”, says the campaign director of the African department of Amnesty. “Her imprisonment is an insult to the freedom of expression guaranteed by the Egyptian constitution.”

Fathy is still facing another lawsuit. The activist is also suspected of membership of the April 6 movement, a group that was important in overthrowing the regime of President Mubarak in 2011. A court banned that movement in 2014.

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Oldest Egyptian Nile Delta village discovered


This video is called Ancient Egypt Documentary – Complete History – 8000 B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV today:

Egyptian and French archaeologists in the Nile Delta have excavated the oldest village that has been found in the area so far. The excavations were at Tell El-Samara, about 140 kilometers north of the capital Cairo.

At the settlement objects were found from the Neolithic period …

Those objects were made between 4200 and 2900 years B.C.

This source says even 5,000 B.C.

That is before the time of the pharaohs

In the Nile Delta, settlements from that era had never been found before. …

In the village, storage sites have been found with animal bones, ceramics and remains of food and plants. According to archaeologists, they can be used to investigate how people lived then.

Dictator Sisi, resign, Egyptians say


This June 2014 video from the USA is called Egypt Has A New Dictator.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV, 23 June 2018:

In Egypt, hundreds of thousands of people on Twitter have called on President Sisi to leave. At the beginning of the afternoon nearly 300,000 people had already asked for his resignation. Some 50,000 others expressed support for the dictator.

The hashtag ‘Sisi_Leave‘ came up after new price increases, which were announced during the Sugar Festival, the end of Ramadan. Apparently the government hoped with his timing that this would limit the discontent.

But the authorities did not count on the frustration caused by the elimination of the Egyptian football team at the World Cup. The Egyptian national football team was bound to go home after two games, after defeats against Uruguay and Russia, while expectations were high because Egypt has the star player Mohammed Salah. After the second defeat of Egypt things suddenly went fast with the hashtag calling on Sisi to resign.

The protests on Twitter are remarkable. Since Sisi is in power, street protests are being suppressed and there is also censorship on the Internet, where hundreds of websites have been removed from cyberspace.

The government has been cutting back for years. In the hope of giving life to the moribund economy, subsidies on fuel, food, water and electricity are reduced.

Islamists

Sisi as the army leader put an end to the Muslim Brotherhood government in 2013, which came to power in 2011 after democratic elections, but since then seemed to be heading for an authoritarian regime. …

After a constitutional amendment, Sisi was elected president in 2014. Despite the semblance of democracy, he rules as a dictator and has jailed thousands of critics of his regime, not just Islamists, but also liberals, socialists and other secular opponents.

Sisi has called on the population to endure the hardships. “If we want to become a real nation, we have to endure the pain and misery, and we have to pay the price together.” In a country where income differences are large and large parts of the population are dependent on food subsidies, that is a difficult message.

Several major corporations and successive governments in France were and are actively participating in the repression of the Egyptian people by the current military dictatorship. They are active accomplices in mass surveillance of the population aiming to identify political opponents to be tortured and disappeared, and in arming the military junta of General Abdel Fatah al-Sisi: here.

Egyptian junta extends state of emergency and censors social media: here.

A Cairo court referred 75 defendants to Egypt’s grand mufti to approve death by hanging sentences on Saturday. The 75 are all part of a mass trial of 739 defendants, who all face the same maximum penalty: here.

Jailed [ondeath row] Egyptian photographer Mahmoud Abu Zeid to receive UN press freedom prize. Jailed Egyptian photojournalist Mahmoud Abu Zeid “Shawkan”, has been selected for the 2018 UNESCO Press Freedom Prize: here.

Dictator Sisi gives away Egyptian islands to Saudi Arabia


This video says about itself:

14 June 2017

There is anger in Cairo after a parliamentary committee approved a deal to transfer two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia.

Protesters opposed to the 2016 agreement staged a sit-in and there were later clashes with police.

The Egyptian government says the islands of Tiran and Sanafir were always Saudi but were placed under Egypt’s protection amid Arab-Israeli tensions in the 1950s.

‘Always Saudi?’ The Saudi absolute monarchical state was founded only in 1932 with British imperial help. People in the western coastal region, the Hejaz, often feel they live in a conquered country.

From Reuters news agency:

Egypt’s top court waives challenges to islands transfer to Saudi Arabia

The plan to cede Red Sea islands to Riyadh, announced in 2016, became mired in political protest and legal action

Saturday 3 March 2018 16:31 UTC

Egypt’s top court on Saturday dismissed all outstanding legal challenges to a deal transferring two Red Sea islands to Saudi Arabia, a day before a visit by its crown prince.

The plan to cede the islands to Riyadh, an ally which has given billions of dollars in aid to Egypt, was announced in 2016 and became mired in political protest and legal action.

The Supreme Court ruled that no other court had jurisdiction over the matter, blocking two opposing verdicts – one by the Supreme Administrative Court, which was against ceding control of the islands of Tiran and Sanafir, the other by the Court of Urgent Matters, which looked to void that decision.

“The signature of the representative of the Egyptian state on the maritime borders agreement between the governments of Egypt and Saudi Arabia is undoubtedly an act of sovereignty”, the Supreme Court said in a statement, adding that approving the deal was down to Egypt’s legislative body.

Prince Mohammed signed the deal on behalf of Saudi Arabia before becoming crown prince.

Egypt’s parliament backed the deal in June, and President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ratified it one week later.

Opponents say Egypt’s sovereignty over the islands dates back to 1906, before Saudi Arabia was founded.

Saudi and Egyptian officials say the islands belong to the kingdom and were only under Egyptian control because Riyadh had asked Cairo in 1950 to protect them.

Saudi Arabia has supported Sisi since he toppled president Mohamed Mursi of the Muslim Brotherhood in 2013, and legal wrangling over the Red Sea deal was a source of tension between the two countries.

Opposition to the deal has been a problem for Sisi, sparking the only major street protests since he came to power in 2014 and becoming a rallying point for opposition figures that have been marginalized during his rule.

Sisi stands for re-election this month in a vote he is almost guaranteed to win after all serious challengers dropped out, including a rights lawyer who shot to fame after successfully challenging the islands deal in court.

They dropped out because Sisi had them intimidated and arrested:

Egypt’s former military chief of staff and current presidential candidate, Lieutenant General Sami Anan, was arrested Tuesday.

CAIRO — Egyptian authorities have detained a staunchly pro-government talk show host over allegations he insulted police and disseminated false news on his state television program: here.

WESTERN states are propping up Egypt’s military rulers by flogging the country weapons with few strings attached, anti-corruption watchdog Transparency International said yesterday: here.

The presidential elections in Egypt starting today are a farce. They are held at gunpoint and serve only to give the Western-backed military dictator General Abdel Fattah al-Sisi and his counterrevolutionary terror regime a pseudo-democratic cover: here.

Archaeological discoveries in Egypt


This video says about itself:

30 August 2012

TUNA EL GEBEL is near Minya, was the necropolis of the city of Hermopolis, This zone was a place with special adoration to the god Thoth. It is best known for the sprawling catacombs at the foot of the western cliffs, where thousands of ibises and baboons (dedicated to Thoth) and other sacred animals were buried (also fish, pigs, dogs, cats, goats, falcons, larks, and kestrels, all mummified and placed into pottery jars).

From Associated Press:

Archaeologists find ancient necropolis in Egypt

February 24, 2018 6:43 AM PST

TUNA AL-GABAL, Egypt — Egypt’s Antiquities Ministry announced on Saturday the discovery of an ancient necropolis near the … city of Minya, south of Cairo, the latest discovery in an area known to house ancient catacombs from the Pharaonic Late Period and the Ptolemaic dynasty.

The large cemetery is located north of Tuna al-Gabal area, a vast archaeological site on the edge of the western desert. It hosts a range of family tombs and graves.

“We will need at least five years to work on the necropolis”, Antiquities Minister Khaled al-Anani said, “This is only the beginning of a new discovery.”

Archaeologists started excavation work in the area started late last year on a quest to find the remainder of the cemetery of Upper Egypt’s 15th nome during ancient times. They found tombs belonging to priests of Thoth, the ancient god of the moon and wisdom.

One tomb includes more than 1,000 statues and four well preserved alabaster canopic jars inscribed with hieroglyphics and designed to hold the mummified internal organs of their owner who was a high priest of the god Thoth. The priest’s mummy was also found decorated with blue and red beads and bronze gilded sheets.

Archaeologists also uncovered 40 sarcophagi believed to belong to the priest’s family members, some bearing the names of their owners in hieroglyphics.

Another tomb includes several coffins, statues depicting ancient priests and other funerary artifacts.

Mostafa Waziri, head of the archaeological mission, says eight tombs have been uncovered so far and he expects more will be discovered soon.

In 2017, the ministry found a necropolis holding at least 17 mummies in the area of Tuna al-Gabal. The area is also known to include tombs, a funerary building and a large necropolis for thousands of mummified ibis and baboon…s, as well as other animals.