Honey buzzards returning from Africa


This video shows a honey buzzard, digging at a wasps’ nest.

Translated from the Dutch Sovon ornithologists:

Saturday, May 16th, 2015

On May 5, the first bird of the transmitter project ‘Honey Buzzards of the Kempenbroek‘ returned to our country. In the third week of April the birds left their wintering grounds in West Africa. The birds needed more time than usually for the journey due to bad weather over the Sahara and Europe. The coming period we will be able to see if and when the other birds will arrive with us. The Honey Buzzard, along with species such as Turtle Dove, Icterine Warbler, Marsh Warbler, Reed Warbler, Golden Oriole, and Red-backed Shrike is among the last species to return to us from Africa.

Meanwhile, more honey buzzards have arrived.

Defend wildlife against attacks, video


This video says about itself:

Nature is under attack – #itsmynature

11 May 2015

Europe’s land, forest, water and marine resources are at risk.

Vital laws that protect our most precious nature could be weakened if we don’t raise our voice.

Tell your politicians that you want nature to be defended here.

#NatureAlert #itsmynature

From BirdLife:

BirdLife launches #itsmynature campaign

By BirdLife Europe, Mon, 11/05/2015 – 20:06

Today we launch our campaign “It’s my nature” (#itsmynature). We have chosen this motto for a million reasons.

Here are just three:

1) From the beginning of the modern economy we have called our natural resources “Common goods”. They belong to all of us, each and every one of us. Air, water, biodiversity, life. Nature is the ultimate “common good”, and there must be a limit to what can be owned, consumed, sold, or destroyed. Because this air is my air, this water is my water, my bird, my tree, and my river. It’s my nature, and you can’t take it away from me.

2) Because “I am” the landscape where I grew up, the field where my father taught me football, the tree that shaded my first kiss, the colours and perfumes of flowers that announced Spring, the Seagulls on my roof that remind me that I am a sailor and should be out at sea. I am these things, they are me, we are connected. It’s my nature.

And 3) Because human beings are not only about slash and burn. Not only about destruction. We care, we protect, we shelter and love. It’s our nature, it’s my nature (to protect Nature). And it’s your nature, too.

Now, please, go and make your voice heard.

If you are a conservation expert, fill in the expert questionnaire instead.

It’s a tale of two miracles. The first: over 100 NGOs, in 28 European capitals, are launching a campaign today to stop Juncker’s attack against the laws that protect Nature. The second? By re-reading the Directives we’ve rediscovered an idea of Europe we can love: one of a community that protects its nature: here.

Red herrings, Trojan horses and booby traps: debunking 5 myths and lies on the “need to overhaul” nature protection laws: here

Hungary’s nature is in peril: here.

The challenge of bringing marine wildlife back in EU waters: here.

African Governments meeting in Brazzaville, Congo, last week agreed to a set of steps to address illegal trade in wild fauna and flora. At the International Conference on Illegal Trade in Wild Fauna and Flora in Africa on 27-30th April 2015, leaders issued a strongly worded Brazzaville Declaration, agreeing to collaborate to stem the rising scourge that is estimated to cost African countries about US$200 million annually: here.

Help migratory birds in your garden


This video says about itself:

Birds at Birdlife Malta‘s Reserves

4 April 2009

This video shows that birds can be enjoyed in the wild state in the Maltese Islands. Creating habitat, like Birdlife Malta did at the reserves at Simar and Ghadira helps birds to find refuge during their migration and breeding seasons.

From BirdLife:

Make Spring come Alive in your garden or balcony this year!

By Shaun Hurrell, Mon, 20/04/2015 – 16:01

The arrival of migratory birds signals a change in seasons, when life is in full swing. Use this cue to get out and enjoy nature, and at the same time give something back. Follow our advice and make simple changes to make your garden, balcony, or school bird-friendly with Spring Alive this year.

Spring Alive is a movement started by a BirdLife, organised by OTOP (BirdLife in Poland) to encourage children and adults to take action for the migratory birds they learn about. This season, Spring Alive has provided easy-to-use information and directions to help you to help birds. Whatever time you have and whatever size space, you can take action for birds in your garden. Whatever country you live in, you can also get in touch with your local BirdLife Partner for local advice for benefitting birds in your garden and get involved with local Spring Alive events.

Pretend your garden or balcony is your own nature reserve, and you are the warden. If everyone in Africa and Europe makes their garden bird-friendly, imagine how much better birds and biodiversity will do! You might be lucky enough to get a visit from Spring Alive migratory bird species and be able to help them rest and refuel, but you will be sure to be rewarded by local wildlife thriving in your garden too.

Cuckoos are not garden birds, so how can I help them?

Make your garden friendly for species such as Dunnock and Robin, who are host species for cuckoos. Also, grow honeysuckle, nettles and sallow which are all good for caterpillars including some hairy ones, which Cuckoos love! Cuckoos are therefore a great example of how our gardens are part of the wider ecosystem – what we do between our fences may affect species that don’t even use that space.

Visit the Spring Alive website for more advice and get in touch with your local Spring Alive / BirdLife Partner.

And once you have done it – share it – show and tell us about your achievements on the Spring Alive facebook and flickr pages!

If you build it, they will come!

Cuckoos flying back from Africa to Britain


This video series from Britain is called Cuckoo Tracking.

From Wildlife Extra:

Bookmakers lay odds on arrival of tagged cuckoos

Bookmakers William Hill has teamed up with naturalist and Springwatch presenter, Chris Packham, and the British Trust For Ornithology (BTO) to offer odds on the arrival of the first cuckoo to migrate back to the UK from Africa to breed.

The joint project is called ‘The Great Cuckoo Race 2015’, and followers can get updates on the live tracking system they can find on the BTO website – www.bto.org/cuckoos.

Altogether there are 17 birds to watch, each carrying a high tech satellite tracking device to monitor their progress.

The furious flapping contest is building to a climax with Dudley, a 20/1 outsider from Sherwood Forest at the start of the race, in a commanding lead.

The goal of the cuckoo tagging project is to help raise awareness about the iconic birds and their plight.

Since tracking started in 2011, 17 cuckoos that have been tagged are still active, but 33 have either perished or been lost.

“Dudley was a real outsider to be the first bird back, but he’s soared into a strong lead and he will take some catching,” says William Hill spokesman Jon Ivan-Duke.

The latest signal from Dudley’s tracker put him on the border between Spain and France, just south of Bordeaux, while all of his rivals are still in Africa. ‘Chris the Cuckoo’ who is named after Chris Packham is unfortunately trailing behind at this stage.

“Chris the Cuckoo would need to fly like a superhero to win the race now,” says Ivan-Duke.

Cuckoos fly from West Africa, crossing over jungle, the Sahara Desert, the Mediterranean Sea, continental Europe and the English Channel before making it back to the UK.

Dudley is now the odds-on 1/5 favourite to be the first cuckoo home.

Latest William Hill odds on The Great Cuckoo Race 2015 are: 1/5 Dudley; 10/1 Stanley; 10/1 David; 12/1 Derek; 12/1 Emsworthy; 20/1 Ash; 20/1 Hennah; 25/1 Chris; 33/1 Livingstone; 33/1 Jake; 50/1 Chester; 50/1 Fred; 100/1 BB; 100/1 Peter; 100/1 Skinner; 100/1 Waller; 100/1 Whortle.

Cichlid fishes evolution


This video is called African Cichlid Species List.

From Scientific American:

The Extraordinary Evolution of Cichlid Fishes

Cichlid fishes have undergone a mind-boggling degree of speciation. New research is revealing features of their genomes that primed them to diversify so spectacularly

By Axel Meyer

Africa’s Lake Victoria is home to one of evolution’s greatest experiments. In its waters, what began as a single lineage belonging to the cichlid family of fishes has since given rise to a dazzling array of forms. Like Charles Darwin’s famous finches, which evolved a wide range of beak shapes and sizes to exploit the different foods available in the Galápagos Islands, these cichlids represent a textbook example of what biologists term an adaptive radiation—the phenomenon whereby one lineage spawns numerous species that evolve specializations to an array of ecological roles. But the Lake Victoria cichlids far surpass Darwin’s finches in the astonishing speed with which they diversified: the more than 500 species that live there and only there today all evolved within the past 15,000 to 10,000 years—an eyeblink in geologic terms—compared with the 14 finch species that evolved over several million years.

Lake Victoria is not the only locale cichlids call home. Other tropical freshwater lakes and rivers in Africa, as well as the Americas and the tip of the Indian subcontinent, harbor their own cichlids. All told, the family is estimated to comprise more than 2,500 species. Some, such as the tilapias, are farmed for food and are among the most important aquaculture species in the world. Most, like the oscars and angelfish, are popular with aquarium enthusiasts because they are beautiful and have many interesting courtship and parenting behaviors. Many species have yet to be formally described. The cichlids share their lakes with other families of fishes, but only cichlids have managed to speciate so extensively and so fast. Indeed, no other group of vertebrate animals can rival the cichlids in terms of sheer number of species and variety of body shape, coloration and behavior. At the same time, however, evolution has often repeated itself in these fishes: a number of the same adaptations have evolved in parallel in the separate cichlid lineages—a curious trend.

Dutch reed warblers depend on African rainfall


This video is about a young cuckoo, fed by its foster parent, an Eurasian reed warbler.

Translated from the Dutch SOVON ornithologists:

When it rains in the Sahel more Eurasian reed warblers survive

Friday, March 20th, 2015

About various migratory birds including the purple heron and the sedge warbler it was already known: if there is enough rainfall in the autumn in their wintering grounds in West Africa, it increases the likelihood that they will survive the winter.

An analysis of reed warblers captured in the Netherlands shows the same effect. How many reed warblers return to the Netherlands therefore depends in part on the amount of precipitation that falls in West Africa. This is reflected in the Breeding Birds Report 2013 published today by SOVON.