Dusky scrubfowl searches for food


This video says about itself:

13 July 2016

Dusky Scrubfowl are a member of a family of birds called megapodes, meaning “large feet.” This individual is using its feet to search through the leaf litter for food such as insects and other invertebrates.

This species lives in eastern Indonesia.

‘Structural Dutch crimes in anti-Indonesian independence war’


Indonesians about to be executed by Dutch army, ANP photo

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Extreme violence in the Dutch East Indies was structural”

Today, 16:03

In the former Dutch East Indies structural mass violence was used and Dutch soldiers committed war crimes, with the political and military leadership in The Hague and Batavia [now: Jakarta] knowing that.

This is the conclusion of the new historical study The burning villages of General Spoor [De brandende kampongs van Generaal Spoor] by historian Remy Limpach, which was presented today.

Limpach consulted official archives for his research, as well as diaries, letters and memoirs. “I encountered in them thousands of cases of extreme violence. All forms of violence that you can imagine. Torture, rape, the killing of prisoners and the burning of villages.”

The governments in Batavia and The Hague, the main culprits, did not intervene. “They had started the war and approved the policy. They also had made available little resources and manpower, and that stimulated the occurrence of extreme violence.”

According to Limpach the government demanded the impossible from soldiers. “There was not enough material. Soldiers had to monitor huge areas with too few troops. That meant that the soldiers were exhausted and weary. Through grueling long patrols they got a short fuse.”

Excesses report

More than 200,000 Dutch soldiers fought between 1945 and 1950 against Indonesian independence. In 1969 Parliament had asked for a so-called Excesses Memorandum. Historian Cees Fasseur was commissioned by the government to investigate the violence in Indonesia. In the report were listed 110 cases of exceptional violence. Fasseur spoke then of “excesses” and not of war crimes.

How many soldiers were involved in extreme violence, Limpach can not say. …

The government does not rule out a new investigation into the war which the Netherlands waged in the Dutch East Indies, said Ministers Koenders (Foreign Affairs) and Hennis (Defense) after the publication of the book by Limpach.

See also here. And here. And here. And here.

Also from Dutch NOS TV today (translated):

“It’s been a lot dirtier war than we had assumed for a long time or wanted to face,” said Peter Romijn at the NIOD Institute for War, Holocaust and Genocide Studies. He talks about a new publication by historian Remy Limpach.

Pilot whales beached in Indonesia


This video says about itself:

16 June 2016

At least eight pilot whales have died after around 32 whales were found stranded on the coast of Randu village in the Bojonegoro Regency of Indonesia’s main island of Java, Thursday, reportedly due to extreme weather patterns occurring over the previous few days.

The stranded whales, discovered on Wednesday, prompted a rescue-attempt by hundreds of locals in the East Java province, including fishermen and local officers, who attempted to push the whales back to sea using their vessels.

Some locals took to the water using their boats to drive other whales in the area further out of the area in fear of further whales being stranded, while rescuers used tarpaulins to wrap around the beached sea mammals and pull them back out to sea.

A total of 23 whales were successfully pushed out to sea, however despite their best efforts, at least eight of the whales had died by Thursday morning with several left extremely weak.

The situation is thought to have been caused by recent changes in sea temperature. Local residents are preparing the deceased whales for burial, as part of a local tradition grounded in the belief that whales purposely come ashore to end their journey.

From the International Business Times:

Dozens Of Pilot Whales Stranded On Indonesia Beach, Several Feared Dead

By Mary Pascaline On 06/16/16 AT 7:55 AM

Over 30 whales were stranded on a beach in Java, Indonesia an official said Thursday. At least eight of those are reportedly feared dead.

The whales are most likely short-finned pilot whales that live in tropical and subtropical waters. At least 32 of them came ashore during high tide early Wednesday in Probolinggo, East Java province, Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported.

“At first there were just one or two whales swimming near the shore, and the nature of whales is that if they are sick they will come near the shore,” a spokesman for the local maritime and fisheries office told AFP. “But whales have such high social interaction – when one fell ill, they approached the sick one to swim back to sea… When the tide fell, all of them were trapped.”

A mass rescue operation involving hundreds of fishermen and local officials managed to pull most of the stranded whales into deep sea. Rescuers used tarps to wrap around the stranded whales and pull them out to sea while swimmers dove into the water to drive others out of the area.

The number of whales feared dead is unclear with some reports saying at least eight whales have died while others report numbers as high as 15.

Indonesian wild birds and cage birds


This video is called Birds of Indonesia.

From BirdLife:

One more in a cage; no more in the wild

By Shaun Hurrell, 27 May 2016

A new study shows that, without action, soon the only places to see and hear Indonesian bird species will be in cages.

Keeping birds as pets is an integral part of Indonesia’s national culture. From town to village throughout the archipelago, you’re very likely to find caged birds in restaurants, shops and homes. But as with many things, when a trend becomes popular, it can get out of hand. Beneath the sweet sound of a restaurant songbird or the colourful feathers of the family prized-and-caged-possession, a chaotic demand for pets is decimating Indonesian bird populations.

The work showed that 13 bird species found in Sundaic Indonesia are at serious risk of extinction. Surely holding the status of Indonesia’s national bird would render the Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi immune to wanton over-harvesting? No, even this incredible species is rapidly disappearing.

The study, which is co-authored by BirdLife’s Research Fellow Dr Nigel Collar, also found that an additional 14 bird subspecies are in danger of extinction.

Besides the Javan Hawk-eagle, the other full species at risk include the Silvery Woodpigeon Columba argentina, Helmeted Hornbill Rhinoplax vigil, Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea, Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet Trichoglossus forsteni, Javan Green Magpie Cissa thalassina, Black-winged Myna Acridotheres melanopterus, Bali Myna Leucopsar rothschildi, Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus, Javan White-eye Zosterops flavus, Rufous-fronted Laughingthrush Garrulax rufifrons, Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor and Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora.

Although most of them are kept as pets, the Helmeted Hornbill is an exception: thousands of these birds are being illegally killed and traded for their unique solid bill casques, carved as a substitute for elephant ivory, to meet demand in China.

The Javan Green Magpie was recognised as a full species as recently as 2013; it was simultaneously documented as being in grave danger of extinction owing to trade pressure. In direct response, the Threatened Asian Songbird Alliance (TASA), operating as a formal body of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), initiated a programme of captive breeding in a number of zoos, creating assurance colonies for security and propagation purposes.

Such conservation breeding is the last hope for some of the taxa affected. According to the study: “Regrettably five subspecies…are probably already extinct, at least in the wild, due primarily to trade.” They include one subspecies of a parrot (Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet), three subspecies of the accomplished songster White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus and one subspecies of the Hill Myna Gracula religiosa, popular because of its ability to mimic human voices.

“Whether it’s species or subspecies, the message is the same: excessive trade is wiping out Indonesia’s wild bird species at an alarming rate”, said Dr Chris Shepherd, TRAFFIC’s Director for Southeast Asia and a co-author of the study. “Despite the alarming scale and consequences of the bird trade, governments and even conservation organisations often don’t view this issue as a high priority. This hampers efforts to prevent further losses.”

The solutions to the bird trade crisis in Indonesia lie in a combination of better law enforcement, public awareness campaigns, in situ management, conservation breeding, conversion of trappers to wardens and field, market and genetic surveys, say the study’s authors.

Meanwhile as certain favoured species disappear because of trapping, others are targeted as “next-best” substitutes, while commercial breeders sometimes hybridise taxa for “better” effects, leading to further conservation complexities.

The study’s authors also consider whether commercial breeding could help alleviate the situation, but conclude that “while attractive in theory, [commercial breeding] presents difficulties that are probably insurmountable in practice.”

Adapted from TRAFFIC press release.

Dutch colonial army’s ISIS-style beheading in Indonesia


This video says about itself:

Libya, Feb 16 2015 (ANI): Islamic State [ISIS] released a video purporting to show the mass beheading of Coptic Christian hostages in Libya. Egypt’s state news agency MENA quoted the spokesman for the Coptic Church as confirming that 21 Egyptian Christians believed to be held by Islamic State were dead. In the video, militants in black marched the captives, dressed in orange jump suits, to a beach that the group said was near Tripoli. They were forced down onto their knees, then beheaded.

At present, there is only one internationally recognized country where cruel beheading is official government policy: Saudi Arabia.

It is also the official policy of ISIS, not internationally recognized as a government, inspired in many respects by the Saudi government.

It is the policy of the extreme right pro-Kiev government Aidar paramilitary gang in Ukraine.

It used to be government policy in Hitler’s Germany.

Marine Le Pen, neo-fascist candidate for the French presidency, would like this cruelty to become official policy in France once again.

Few people know that these atrocities used to be Dutch government policy during its 1945-1949 war against Indonesian independence.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Son of officer decapitated in Sulawesi demands apology from the Netherlands

Today, 09:25

The son of an Indonesian captain who was beheaded by Dutch troops in 1947 claims in a lawsuit an apology from the Dutch government. Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld is acting as counsel for the plaintiff in a trial that will start next week, reports NRC Handelsblad daily.

Zegveld was counsel before at a number of court cases on behalf of victims of outrages by the Dutch army in the years since Indonesia had declared its independence from the Netherlands.

The case is about the beheading of Andi Abubakar Lambogo, captain of the Indonesian National Army in Celebes, Sulawesi today. He got with his men into an ambush by Dutch troops who tried to put down the revolt of the Indonesians. Abubakar was injured and was beheaded in captivity. …

Bayonet

Dutch soldiers impaled the head on a bayonet and forced villagers to kiss it, thus discouraging other insurgents. Zegveld speaks in the NRC of a “very shameful action.”

Historians have noted that Dutch governments in the past were aware of summary executions in Indonesia, but have done nothing.

The son of Abubakar wants the Dutch government to offer apologies to the Indonesian people for all military operations during the colonial era which were contrary to the Geneva Convention. It contains the international agreements on the protection of civilians in wartime.

Research on Dutch war crimes in Indonesia: here.

‘Publish CIA files on mass murder of Indonesians’


This music video says about itself:

Evil Triumphs Over Good – Indonesia 1965-66

The lyrics and music of this Steven Edward Duren song really describe the events of Suharto’s “New Order”, placed over Indonesia.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Indonesia asks for ’65 massacre files

Saturday 12th March 2015

Human rights commission wants US to hand over documents

by Our Foreign Desk

INDONESIA has asked Washington to release its files on the 1965-66 US-backed massacres of communists and alleged sympathisers that left millions dead.

The Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights (HAM) made an unusual direct request this week to US President Barack Obama, who lived in the country with his stepfather from 1967 to 1971.

HAM commissioner Muhammad Nurkhoiron met US State Department officials before asking Mr Obama to declassify intelligence documents relating to the anti-communist bloodbath.

His request states that the files held by the CIA, the Defence Intelligence Agency and other bodies will help in “encouraging the Indonesian government to redouble its own efforts to establish the truth” and promote reconciliation.

In 2012, HAM called for prosecutions for crimes against humanity committed during the purge, but the attorney general took no action.

“We need the US to immediately release those documents to help our efforts,” Mr Nurkhoiron said in an interview. He warned that when Mr Obama leaves office early next year, momentum for US action could be lost.

US National Security Council spokesman Myles Caggins said the administration supports the declassification of any relevant documents from the period which do not pose a national security risk.

While the US has released some documents, others remain classified.

The anti-communist witch-hunt began following an abortive military coup against President Sukarno which was blamed on his supporters in the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).

General Suharto used the coup as a pretext for the slaughter of up to three million people.

Suharto finally deposed Sukarno in 1967, ruling for three decades more until his death in 1998.

Mr Obama played down the death toll in his memoirs, putting it at “a few hundred thousand, maybe half a million.”

Redacted meeting notes from a meeting of the National Security Council covert action committee — finally declassified last month following a 2004 freedom of information request — show that the US endorsed “obstructive action” against the PKI.

The freedom of information request was made by University of Connecticut historian Brad Simpson, who said that the US had organised covert operations to provoke violence that would serve as an excuse for the crackdown.

Colonial bloodbaths in Indonesia and the Dutch government


This 2012 video is called Traumatic memory of Dutch war veteran in Indonesia.

Translation of the first part of an article by Maurice Ferrares in the Netherlands:

Can the truth about the war crimes in Indonesia still be concealed?

Maurice Ferares

February 22, 2016

Rengat massacre, Central Sumatra. January 5th 1949. Regularly there are still new reports of war crimes by Dutch soldiers in the years 1945-1950, committed in Indonesia. Eg, Anne-Lot Hoek wrote about the atrocities in Rengat, Central Sumatra, by the Depot Special Forces (NRC daily, 13-02-2016). A police report on the events is said to have been for decades in the National Archives in The Hague without the government having done anything about it.

Anne-Lot Hoek: “According to a part of an official report on January 5, 1949 in that place there were 270 deaths. Indonesian sources, however, speak of 1,500 to 2,000 victims. The Dutch Resident M.D. Pros reported 400 victims. On the fifth of January at eleven o’clock in the morning 180 paratroopers landed under the command of Lieutenant R. F. de Mey (a confidant of Captain Westerling) in the kampong [village] Skip and there caused a bloodbath among women, men and children after having raped a number of women. Their bodies were thrown into the Indragiri river.”

Corps Special Troops

Those who wanted to know have known for a long time that war crimes were committed in Indonesia. Those committed by Captain Westerling and the men of the Corps Special Forces in South Sulawesi were known, after the English newspaper The Daily Worker on June 7, 1947 had written about them. Ten to twenty thousand people were killed. No one was brought to justice, while the law was clear enough: “With life imprisonment or a term of imprisonment not exceeding twenty years or a fine of the 5th category will be punished those soldiers who in time of war by joining forces for violence against one or more people in committing this crime abuse or threaten to abuse power, opportunity or means given them as soldiers.” (Article 142 of the Code of Military Criminal Justice)

Excesses Report

In December 1968 Joop Hueting, who had been sent to Indonesia as a soldier, stated during a television broadcast of Achter het Nieuws that he and other Dutch soldiers had committed war crimes in Indonesia. The Hague circles were upset. There followed a debate in parliament and the government was asked to start an inquiry into the true events.

The then government De Jong had to do something about it. A committee appointed by them published already in March 1969 the so-called Report on Excesses. This title already showed that it was a very limited investigation. All previous governments had made every effort to avoid investigation. Their reasons? First, they were afraid of financial claims by the relatives of the victims. Secondly, they wanted to prevent from becoming clear what the consequences of the colonial war which their political friends had waged against Indonesia in the years 1945-1950 were.

The Excesses Commission had for two months delved into archives and did not go outside to hear witnesses. The result was indeed very limited and repeated the lies by military commanders in their reports. We pointed out earlier that according to the Report on Excesses twenty people were slain in Rawagede in Java in December 1947, while in the village there are 431 graves of the entire male population (men and boys) who were killed by Dutch troops.

Prime Minister De Jong could not deny the narrowness of the research, writing in the concluding remarks: “With this letter and its attachments in the opinion of the government as much as is currently possible, has been met the legitimate desire for openness in this matter. (…) The government intends to continue and complete the work by a general historical investigation.”

A follow-up study has not been commissioned by the De Jong government or at the request of any later Dutch government.