Indonesian wild birds and cage birds


This video is called Birds of Indonesia.

From BirdLife:

One more in a cage; no more in the wild

By Shaun Hurrell, 27 May 2016

A new study shows that, without action, soon the only places to see and hear Indonesian bird species will be in cages.

Keeping birds as pets is an integral part of Indonesia’s national culture. From town to village throughout the archipelago, you’re very likely to find caged birds in restaurants, shops and homes. But as with many things, when a trend becomes popular, it can get out of hand. Beneath the sweet sound of a restaurant songbird or the colourful feathers of the family prized-and-caged-possession, a chaotic demand for pets is decimating Indonesian bird populations.

The work showed that 13 bird species found in Sundaic Indonesia are at serious risk of extinction. Surely holding the status of Indonesia’s national bird would render the Javan Hawk-eagle Nisaetus bartelsi immune to wanton over-harvesting? No, even this incredible species is rapidly disappearing.

The study, which is co-authored by BirdLife’s Research Fellow Dr Nigel Collar, also found that an additional 14 bird subspecies are in danger of extinction.

Besides the Javan Hawk-eagle, the other full species at risk include the Silvery Woodpigeon Columba argentina, Helmeted Hornbill Rhinoplax vigil, Yellow-crested Cockatoo Cacatua sulphurea, Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet Trichoglossus forsteni, Javan Green Magpie Cissa thalassina, Black-winged Myna Acridotheres melanopterus, Bali Myna Leucopsar rothschildi, Straw-headed Bulbul Pycnonotus zeylanicus, Javan White-eye Zosterops flavus, Rufous-fronted Laughingthrush Garrulax rufifrons, Sumatran Laughingthrush Garrulax bicolor and Java Sparrow Padda oryzivora.

Although most of them are kept as pets, the Helmeted Hornbill is an exception: thousands of these birds are being illegally killed and traded for their unique solid bill casques, carved as a substitute for elephant ivory, to meet demand in China.

The Javan Green Magpie was recognised as a full species as recently as 2013; it was simultaneously documented as being in grave danger of extinction owing to trade pressure. In direct response, the Threatened Asian Songbird Alliance (TASA), operating as a formal body of the European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA), initiated a programme of captive breeding in a number of zoos, creating assurance colonies for security and propagation purposes.

Such conservation breeding is the last hope for some of the taxa affected. According to the study: “Regrettably five subspecies…are probably already extinct, at least in the wild, due primarily to trade.” They include one subspecies of a parrot (Scarlet-breasted Lorikeet), three subspecies of the accomplished songster White-rumped Shama Copsychus malabaricus and one subspecies of the Hill Myna Gracula religiosa, popular because of its ability to mimic human voices.

“Whether it’s species or subspecies, the message is the same: excessive trade is wiping out Indonesia’s wild bird species at an alarming rate”, said Dr Chris Shepherd, TRAFFIC’s Director for Southeast Asia and a co-author of the study. “Despite the alarming scale and consequences of the bird trade, governments and even conservation organisations often don’t view this issue as a high priority. This hampers efforts to prevent further losses.”

The solutions to the bird trade crisis in Indonesia lie in a combination of better law enforcement, public awareness campaigns, in situ management, conservation breeding, conversion of trappers to wardens and field, market and genetic surveys, say the study’s authors.

Meanwhile as certain favoured species disappear because of trapping, others are targeted as “next-best” substitutes, while commercial breeders sometimes hybridise taxa for “better” effects, leading to further conservation complexities.

The study’s authors also consider whether commercial breeding could help alleviate the situation, but conclude that “while attractive in theory, [commercial breeding] presents difficulties that are probably insurmountable in practice.”

Adapted from TRAFFIC press release.

Dutch colonial army’s ISIS-style beheading in Indonesia


This video says about itself:

Libya, Feb 16 2015 (ANI): Islamic State [ISIS] released a video purporting to show the mass beheading of Coptic Christian hostages in Libya. Egypt’s state news agency MENA quoted the spokesman for the Coptic Church as confirming that 21 Egyptian Christians believed to be held by Islamic State were dead. In the video, militants in black marched the captives, dressed in orange jump suits, to a beach that the group said was near Tripoli. They were forced down onto their knees, then beheaded.

At present, there is only one internationally recognized country where cruel beheading is official government policy: Saudi Arabia.

It is also the official policy of ISIS, not internationally recognized as a government, inspired in many respects by the Saudi government.

It is the policy of the extreme right pro-Kiev government Aidar paramilitary gang in Ukraine.

It used to be government policy in Hitler’s Germany.

Marine Le Pen, neo-fascist candidate for the French presidency, would like this cruelty to become official policy in France once again.

Few people know that these atrocities used to be Dutch government policy during its 1945-1949 war against Indonesian independence.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Son of officer decapitated in Sulawesi demands apology from the Netherlands

Today, 09:25

The son of an Indonesian captain who was beheaded by Dutch troops in 1947 claims in a lawsuit an apology from the Dutch government. Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld is acting as counsel for the plaintiff in a trial that will start next week, reports NRC Handelsblad daily.

Zegveld was counsel before at a number of court cases on behalf of victims of outrages by the Dutch army in the years since Indonesia had declared its independence from the Netherlands.

The case is about the beheading of Andi Abubakar Lambogo, captain of the Indonesian National Army in Celebes, Sulawesi today. He got with his men into an ambush by Dutch troops who tried to put down the revolt of the Indonesians. Abubakar was injured and was beheaded in captivity. …

Bayonet

Dutch soldiers impaled the head on a bayonet and forced villagers to kiss it, thus discouraging other insurgents. Zegveld speaks in the NRC of a “very shameful action.”

Historians have noted that Dutch governments in the past were aware of summary executions in Indonesia, but have done nothing.

The son of Abubakar wants the Dutch government to offer apologies to the Indonesian people for all military operations during the colonial era which were contrary to the Geneva Convention. It contains the international agreements on the protection of civilians in wartime.

‘Publish CIA files on mass murder of Indonesians’


This music video says about itself:

Evil Triumphs Over Good – Indonesia 1965-66

The lyrics and music of this Steven Edward Duren song really describe the events of Suharto’s “New Order”, placed over Indonesia.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Indonesia asks for ’65 massacre files

Saturday 12th March 2015

Human rights commission wants US to hand over documents

by Our Foreign Desk

INDONESIA has asked Washington to release its files on the 1965-66 US-backed massacres of communists and alleged sympathisers that left millions dead.

The Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights (HAM) made an unusual direct request this week to US President Barack Obama, who lived in the country with his stepfather from 1967 to 1971.

HAM commissioner Muhammad Nurkhoiron met US State Department officials before asking Mr Obama to declassify intelligence documents relating to the anti-communist bloodbath.

His request states that the files held by the CIA, the Defence Intelligence Agency and other bodies will help in “encouraging the Indonesian government to redouble its own efforts to establish the truth” and promote reconciliation.

In 2012, HAM called for prosecutions for crimes against humanity committed during the purge, but the attorney general took no action.

“We need the US to immediately release those documents to help our efforts,” Mr Nurkhoiron said in an interview. He warned that when Mr Obama leaves office early next year, momentum for US action could be lost.

US National Security Council spokesman Myles Caggins said the administration supports the declassification of any relevant documents from the period which do not pose a national security risk.

While the US has released some documents, others remain classified.

The anti-communist witch-hunt began following an abortive military coup against President Sukarno which was blamed on his supporters in the Communist Party of Indonesia (PKI).

General Suharto used the coup as a pretext for the slaughter of up to three million people.

Suharto finally deposed Sukarno in 1967, ruling for three decades more until his death in 1998.

Mr Obama played down the death toll in his memoirs, putting it at “a few hundred thousand, maybe half a million.”

Redacted meeting notes from a meeting of the National Security Council covert action committee — finally declassified last month following a 2004 freedom of information request — show that the US endorsed “obstructive action” against the PKI.

The freedom of information request was made by University of Connecticut historian Brad Simpson, who said that the US had organised covert operations to provoke violence that would serve as an excuse for the crackdown.

Colonial bloodbaths in Indonesia and the Dutch government


This 2012 video is called Traumatic memory of Dutch war veteran in Indonesia.

Translation of the first part of an article by Maurice Ferrares in the Netherlands:

Can the truth about the war crimes in Indonesia still be concealed?

Maurice Ferares

February 22, 2016

Rengat massacre, Central Sumatra. January 5th 1949. Regularly there are still new reports of war crimes by Dutch soldiers in the years 1945-1950, committed in Indonesia. Eg, Anne-Lot Hoek wrote about the atrocities in Rengat, Central Sumatra, by the Depot Special Forces (NRC daily, 13-02-2016). A police report on the events is said to have been for decades in the National Archives in The Hague without the government having done anything about it.

Anne-Lot Hoek: “According to a part of an official report on January 5, 1949 in that place there were 270 deaths. Indonesian sources, however, speak of 1,500 to 2,000 victims. The Dutch Resident M.D. Pros reported 400 victims. On the fifth of January at eleven o’clock in the morning 180 paratroopers landed under the command of Lieutenant R. F. de Mey (a confidant of Captain Westerling) in the kampong [village] Skip and there caused a bloodbath among women, men and children after having raped a number of women. Their bodies were thrown into the Indragiri river.”

Corps Special Troops

Those who wanted to know have known for a long time that war crimes were committed in Indonesia. Those committed by Captain Westerling and the men of the Corps Special Forces in South Sulawesi were known, after the English newspaper The Daily Worker on June 7, 1947 had written about them. Ten to twenty thousand people were killed. No one was brought to justice, while the law was clear enough: “With life imprisonment or a term of imprisonment not exceeding twenty years or a fine of the 5th category will be punished those soldiers who in time of war by joining forces for violence against one or more people in committing this crime abuse or threaten to abuse power, opportunity or means given them as soldiers.” (Article 142 of the Code of Military Criminal Justice)

Excesses Report

In December 1968 Joop Hueting, who had been sent to Indonesia as a soldier, stated during a television broadcast of Achter het Nieuws that he and other Dutch soldiers had committed war crimes in Indonesia. The Hague circles were upset. There followed a debate in parliament and the government was asked to start an inquiry into the true events.

The then government De Jong had to do something about it. A committee appointed by them published already in March 1969 the so-called Report on Excesses. This title already showed that it was a very limited investigation. All previous governments had made every effort to avoid investigation. Their reasons? First, they were afraid of financial claims by the relatives of the victims. Secondly, they wanted to prevent from becoming clear what the consequences of the colonial war which their political friends had waged against Indonesia in the years 1945-1950 were.

The Excesses Commission had for two months delved into archives and did not go outside to hear witnesses. The result was indeed very limited and repeated the lies by military commanders in their reports. We pointed out earlier that according to the Report on Excesses twenty people were slain in Rawagede in Java in December 1947, while in the village there are 431 graves of the entire male population (men and boys) who were killed by Dutch troops.

Prime Minister De Jong could not deny the narrowness of the research, writing in the concluding remarks: “With this letter and its attachments in the opinion of the government as much as is currently possible, has been met the legitimate desire for openness in this matter. (…) The government intends to continue and complete the work by a general historical investigation.”

A follow-up study has not been commissioned by the De Jong government or at the request of any later Dutch government.

Chinese crested terns discovery in Indonesia


This 2014 video is called The Bird of Legend: Chinese Crested Tern.

From BirdLife:

Survey confirms Chinese Crested Terns in Indonesia

By Ed Parnell, Tue, 09/02/2016 – 08:45

A survey team led by Burung Indonesia (BirdLife in Indonesia) and BirdLife’s Asia Division has confirmed a wintering site of the globally threatened Chinese Crested Tern Thalasseus bernsteini in eastern Indonesia.

At least one adult and possibly one first-year Chinese Crested Tern were seen in a flock of up to 250 Greater Crested Terns T. bergii near Seram Island (approximately midway between Sulawesi and Papua). Threats to the site and the birds were assessed in detail during the one-week survey that was carried out in mid-January 2016, and the team also visited local university and government institutions to raise awareness of the nearby presence of this Critically Endangered seabird.

Despite its name, the Chinese Crested Tern was first found near Halmahera, in the Wallacea region of eastern Indonesia. However, since its discovery in 1861 the species had not subsequently been recorded in Indonesia (apart from an unverified record in Bali) until December 2010, when a lone bird was photographed near Seram. As a result of this initial sighting (and further reports in 2014/15), BirdLife and Burung Indonesia believed the area to perhaps be a regular wintering site. A survey team was formed, including local conservationists and three university students from Hong Kong.

“Although the number of Chinese Crested Terns found during the survey is low, it does confirm that the species is a regular wintering bird to the Seram Sea, and it is very likely that Wallacea is a main wintering area for this species. As the local authorities and community are starting to be aware of and feel proud of its presence, it will surely only be a matter of time before more sightings are reported from the region,” said Simba Chan, adding that more surveys and outreach work are planned by BirdLife around Seram in the future.

“The involvement of local communities in conservation actions is one of Burung’s main strategies,” added Ria Saryanthi, Head of Communication and Knowledge Center, Burung Indonesia. Burung has been focusing its work in the Wallacea region which includes Sulawesi, the Lesser Sundas and the Moluccas, since it was established in 2002.

It is also hoped that another recent project – in China itself – may help to build more knowledge of this little-known species. In August 2015 some 31 crested tern chicks (probably all Greater Crested Terns, which share the colony with their rarer relatives) were banded at Tiedun Dao, the largest Chinese Crested Tern colony. The birds were ringed with numbered red bands, the first step in a systematic study that aims to investigate the movements of the colony’s terns.

Ocean Park Conservation Foundation (OPCFHK) Foundation Director Ms. Suzanne Gendron said, “The Foundation has been supporting the conservation efforts on Chinese crested terns since 2008.  We are excited to know that after years of efforts, there is a higher hope for the recovery of this critically endangered species. I believe our sponsored students benefit from and are inspired by Mr. Simba Chan’s passion and experience.

Indonesian woman, raped by Dutch soldiers, compensated after 67 years


This video about music from the Netherlands says about itself:

This newsreel report was aired on October 25, 1996, at the occasion of the première of Peter Schat‘s ‘Indisch Requiem’ (‘Indic Requiem’) for tenor, choir, and orchestra.

Direct inspiration was the last colonial war of the Netherlands (still euphemistically called ‘police action’) in 1947 and 1948, a last attempt to keep Indonesia in Dutch possession.

The report contains an interview with the composer and impressions of the rehearsals.

NOTES:

1/
In Holland the word ‘Indian’ [Indisch] is used when describing anything involving former Dutch East India, (Indonesia). To avoid misunderstanding I used the word ‘Indic’ instead, more commonly used to identify the entire group of Indo Aryan languages..

2/
The poem Schat mentions is the poem ‘Love letter to our tortured bride Indonesia‘ which the poet/painter Lucebert (1924-1994) wrote in 1947 as a protest against the Dutch war in Indonesia

3/
The ‘police action’ referred to in the clip is a set of military operations in 1947 and 1948 carried out by the Dutch army against the nationalist groups. However, the entire military presence aimed at crushing the uprising against Dutch rule of Indonesia spanned the time period between 1945 and 1949 (the year of Indonesian independence [as recognized by the Dutch government; the Indonesian declaration of independence had been in 1945]) and involved an army well over 100.000 troops and was in fact a full-scale colonial war.

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Dutch government must pay for rape in Indonesia

Today, 11:07

The court in The Hague has ordered the Dutch government to pay damages to a woman who was raped by Dutch soldiers in 1949 in the then Dutch East Indies.

The Indonesian woman, who was then 18 years old, will receive 7500 euros. It is the first time that a Dutch court has ordered the government liable for war crimes other than executions.

Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld had demanded compensation for the woman.

The court considered it proven that the woman under threat of a firearm was raped by several soldiers. That happened during an attack on Java, in the village Peniwen. The government can not invoke the statute of limitations, the court ruled.

Torture

In the case of a man who says he was tortured by the military in 1947 the government did not have to pay damages. The government in this case disputes the facts.

The Indonesian man says he has been tortured with electric shocks. The court wants to know what research has been done in that case. Here, too, the time bar does not apply.

Widows and children of executed men in South Sulawesi have filed a claim against the government. The court will have the Australian historian Robert Cribb investigate these cases.

Dutch colonial army recruited child soldiers


This video says about itself:

Syrian Child Soldier: “I’ve Gotten Used to Killing Soldiers.”

18 September 2014

Lebanese channel LDC TV aired on September 13 a news report about the phenomenon of child soldiers in Syria. The report included an interview with 12-year-old Midyan, who had become a sniper in the ranks of the Syrian opposition after his father was killed in battle.

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Dutch East Indies Army recruited child soldiers

Today, 08:36

The Royal Dutch East Indies Army (KNIL) during the Second World War recruited at least three child soldiers, according to reports that have been received by the Ministry of Health.

The three former child soldiers have reported to the Ministry for the scheme known as the backpay issue. With this scheme, former soldiers and officers who worked in the Dutch East Indies [the official Dutch colonial name for Indonesia] during the Japanese occupation will receive a fee of 25,000 euros. The scheme was set up because this group during the occupation for 41 months has received no salary.

Unknown

According to De Telegraaf daily the youngest man during the war was seven years old. …

The ministry tells De Telegraaf that there was nothing known until now about the presence of child soldiers in the Dutch East Indies. The NIOD was unaware of child soldiers in Dutch service as well. There are, as the NIOD knew already, cases of young people of around 16 years working for the KNIL.