‘Dutch king, apologize for war crimes in Indonesia’


This video from Australia says about itself:

Student Protest Over Dutch Policy (1947)

Sydney, Australia – August 1947.

Students of Sydney University demonstrate against Dutch action in Indonesia. C/U of placards protesting against Dutch policy in Indonesia.

General view of students lined up in Wynyard Park, Sydney. C/U of one of the students addressing the gathering outside the Dutch consulate. Shots of people demonstrating in the streets, marching along with banners.

M/S of police arriving upon the scene. M/S of students fighting with police and being bundled off by them. Plain clothes policeman try to wrestle placards from students. Students are put in patrol vans. Police disperse the crowd.

General view of the meeting breaking up.

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Survivors of people executed in the Dutch East Indies want the king to apologize

Today, 09:44

Survivors of Indonesians who in the 1940s were executed by Dutch soldiers ask for an apology by King Willem-Alexander. They say the royal family has always been silent about the issue and about the suffering of the affected relatives.

The Committee Dutch Debts of Honour has collected three letters from relatives and sent them to the king, Prime Minister Rutte and the Parliamentary Committees for Interior and Foreign Affairs. The letters were signed by 110 survivors from the villages Suppa, Manjalling and Bulukumba on Sulawesi.

Two years ago, the Dutch ambassador to Indonesia apologized for all extrajudicial killings in the former Dutch East Indies. The committee says that the relatives with their letters want to show that they are still struggling with what happened between 1945 and 1949. “We hope that the king would like to comment on it,” says a spokesman.

The request for an apology from the king comes on the day that on Sulawesi victims of the Dutch so called police actions are commemorated. It happens every year on 11 December.

Indonesian orchids and medicine


This video says about itself:

18 June 2015

Black orchid (Coelogyne pandurata) is the mascot flower of East Kalimantan Province (Indonesia).

Translated from the Hortus Botanicus in Leiden, the Netherlands:

Phylogenetic study of orchids (Coelogyne) from Indonesia

Right now there is in the Hortus Botanicus a PhD study of orchids from Indonesia. Richa Kusuma Wati MSc aims to bring clarity about the still unresolved evolutionary biology of a group of orchids. This orchids group is one of the largest flowering plant families and is best known for its decorative value. Most species have been investigated traditionally because of their beautiful flowers, but the medical values ​​have not been studied at all.

The aim of this PhD research, funded by the LPDP (Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education) is to investigate the genus Glomera and their relatives. The group is the least known group within the Coelogyninae. Richa will first map out orchid species in which she will look at the evolutionary relatedness among species. She will use for this technology on DNA bar coding and molecular phylogenetics. Finally, she will look at the biochemistry so she will be able to map species, useful for Indonesian medicine.

December 1, 2015

PhD researcher Ms Richa Kusama

New photos of Dutch war crimes in Indonesia discovered


Six Indonesians, killed, lying in a ditch

Translated from NOS TV:

New pictures surfaced of atrocities in the Dutch East Indies

16 October 2015, 18:28

In an armored safe of the resistance museum in South Holland in Gouda 179 photographs and slides have surfaced from the time of the so-called police actions in the former Dutch East Indies. The discovery has caused again calls for a thorough investigation into this period in Dutch history.

Among the materials are images of executed Indonesians, interrogations and arrests by Dutch colonial army soldiers and the arrival of Dutch army soldiers. The photos were discovered by Joost Lamboo, the man responsible for the images in the collection of the museum.

According to Lamboo the photos taken by one or more individuals who were on the side of the Dutch military. …

[Photo historian] Zweers believes that the photograph of the six men shot was made in Bandung, in the spring of 1946. …

There were no police actions yet then, Zweers says. “There were no Dutch army soldiers present. They came much later. This was the colonial army, with Dutch officers living in Indonesia and indigenous troops, under Dutch command. From the early days of the independence struggle very much is unclear.”

Research

Henk Schulte Nordholt, professor of Indonesian history at Leiden University, confirms this. “We still have no insight into the true nature of that war, while it is the biggest war the Netherlands has ever had.”

According to the professor people have mostly looked away until now. … “We have to take our responsibility and finally make a major investigation into who did what when, and especially why. This was very much a dirty war. We need to understand why that could happen.”

Dutch war crimes in Indonesia, 1945-1949


This 13 April 2015 video says about itself:

Indonesian War of Independence 1945-1949 (true story)

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

“Time is running out for compensation for ‘police action’ crimes”

Today, 05:20

The Dutch government must hurry with compensating victims of Dutch war crimes during the war of decolonization in Indonesia. It is high time that the Dutch state recognizes what has happened, says Jeffry Pondaag of the Dutch Debts of Honour Committee. Many relatives of people who were executed are old, says Pondaag. He has been doing research in the former Dutch colony for years.

Today will be a court case in The Hague to discuss compensation for a woman who in 1949 in the village Peniwen was allegedly raped by soldiers of the Dutch army. Also, a claim will be discussed by eighteen widows and five children, relatives of men who were killed by Dutch soldiers.

Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld, assisting Indonesian next of kin legally, will at the court in The Hague ask for information from the Dutch state, among other things, lists of the national archives with names of men who were executed. Zegveld calls for independent inquiry into the actions of Dutch soldiers during the so-called police actions.

Structurally

The thesis of historian Remy Limpach must be made public according to the lawyer. In his study “Die brennenden Dörfer des Generaal Spoor. Niederländische Massengewalt im Indonesischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg 1945-1949” Limpach concludes that extreme violence by Dutch soldiers did not happen occasionally but structurally.

The violence was widespread and the military leadership did not prevent it. This conclusion differs greatly from those of previous reports, such as the Note on Excesses in 1969. Then, Dutch violence was described as excesses and incidents.

Limpach is now working for the NIMH, the Dutch Institute for Military History, a part of the Ministry of Defence. There, the claims of Indonesian relatives are investigated. Limpach will only publish his research in mid-2016. Zegveld wants to have the information earlier.

Recognition

After a long court case, the Dutch state in 2010 reached a settlement with the widows of men who were executed by Dutch soldiers in Rawagade. Also a group of widows from South Celebes, Sulawesi received compensation a few years later. The women were given a sum of 20,000 euros and an apology from the Dutch state.

Jeffry Pondaag of the Dutch Debts of Honour Committee hopes that the struggle for the relatives will not be long. It’s not about the money, he says. “The important thing is that the Dutch state admits guilt.”

Rare Javan rhino calves, video


This video says about itself (translated):

September 11 2015

On the Indonesian island Java camera traps have made extraordinary images of three new-born calves of the Javan rhinoceros, one of the rarest animals on earth. Images: WWF.

See also here.