Indonesian orchids and medicine

This video says about itself:

18 June 2015

Black orchid (Coelogyne pandurata) is the mascot flower of East Kalimantan Province (Indonesia).

Translated from the Hortus Botanicus in Leiden, the Netherlands:

Phylogenetic study of orchids (Coelogyne) from Indonesia

Right now there is in the Hortus Botanicus a PhD study of orchids from Indonesia. Richa Kusuma Wati MSc aims to bring clarity about the still unresolved evolutionary biology of a group of orchids. This orchids group is one of the largest flowering plant families and is best known for its decorative value. Most species have been investigated traditionally because of their beautiful flowers, but the medical values ​​have not been studied at all.

The aim of this PhD research, funded by the LPDP (Indonesian Endowment Fund for Education) is to investigate the genus Glomera and their relatives. The group is the least known group within the Coelogyninae. Richa will first map out orchid species in which she will look at the evolutionary relatedness among species. She will use for this technology on DNA bar coding and molecular phylogenetics. Finally, she will look at the biochemistry so she will be able to map species, useful for Indonesian medicine.

December 1, 2015

PhD researcher Ms Richa Kusama

New photos of Dutch war crimes in Indonesia discovered

Six Indonesians, killed, lying in a ditch

Translated from NOS TV:

New pictures surfaced of atrocities in the Dutch East Indies

16 October 2015, 18:28

In an armored safe of the resistance museum in South Holland in Gouda 179 photographs and slides have surfaced from the time of the so-called police actions in the former Dutch East Indies. The discovery has caused again calls for a thorough investigation into this period in Dutch history.

Among the materials are images of executed Indonesians, interrogations and arrests by Dutch colonial army soldiers and the arrival of Dutch army soldiers. The photos were discovered by Joost Lamboo, the man responsible for the images in the collection of the museum.

According to Lamboo the photos taken by one or more individuals who were on the side of the Dutch military. …

[Photo historian] Zweers believes that the photograph of the six men shot was made in Bandung, in the spring of 1946. …

There were no police actions yet then, Zweers says. “There were no Dutch army soldiers present. They came much later. This was the colonial army, with Dutch officers living in Indonesia and indigenous troops, under Dutch command. From the early days of the independence struggle very much is unclear.”


Henk Schulte Nordholt, professor of Indonesian history at Leiden University, confirms this. “We still have no insight into the true nature of that war, while it is the biggest war the Netherlands has ever had.”

According to the professor people have mostly looked away until now. … “We have to take our responsibility and finally make a major investigation into who did what when, and especially why. This was very much a dirty war. We need to understand why that could happen.”

Dutch war crimes in Indonesia, 1945-1949

This 13 April 2015 video says about itself:

Indonesian War of Independence 1945-1949 (true story)

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

“Time is running out for compensation for ‘police action’ crimes”

Today, 05:20

The Dutch government must hurry with compensating victims of Dutch war crimes during the war of decolonization in Indonesia. It is high time that the Dutch state recognizes what has happened, says Jeffry Pondaag of the Dutch Debts of Honour Committee. Many relatives of people who were executed are old, says Pondaag. He has been doing research in the former Dutch colony for years.

Today will be a court case in The Hague to discuss compensation for a woman who in 1949 in the village Peniwen was allegedly raped by soldiers of the Dutch army. Also, a claim will be discussed by eighteen widows and five children, relatives of men who were killed by Dutch soldiers.

Lawyer Liesbeth Zegveld, assisting Indonesian next of kin legally, will at the court in The Hague ask for information from the Dutch state, among other things, lists of the national archives with names of men who were executed. Zegveld calls for independent inquiry into the actions of Dutch soldiers during the so-called police actions.


The thesis of historian Remy Limpach must be made public according to the lawyer. In his study “Die brennenden Dörfer des Generaal Spoor. Niederländische Massengewalt im Indonesischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg 1945-1949” Limpach concludes that extreme violence by Dutch soldiers did not happen occasionally but structurally.

The violence was widespread and the military leadership did not prevent it. This conclusion differs greatly from those of previous reports, such as the Note on Excesses in 1969. Then, Dutch violence was described as excesses and incidents.

Limpach is now working for the NIMH, the Dutch Institute for Military History, a part of the Ministry of Defence. There, the claims of Indonesian relatives are investigated. Limpach will only publish his research in mid-2016. Zegveld wants to have the information earlier.


After a long court case, the Dutch state in 2010 reached a settlement with the widows of men who were executed by Dutch soldiers in Rawagade. Also a group of widows from South Celebes, Sulawesi received compensation a few years later. The women were given a sum of 20,000 euros and an apology from the Dutch state.

Jeffry Pondaag of the Dutch Debts of Honour Committee hopes that the struggle for the relatives will not be long. It’s not about the money, he says. “The important thing is that the Dutch state admits guilt.”

Rare Javan rhino calves, video

This video says about itself (translated):

September 11 2015

On the Indonesian island Java camera traps have made extraordinary images of three new-born calves of the Javan rhinoceros, one of the rarest animals on earth. Images: WWF.

See also here.

‘Ten thousands of Dutch war crimes in Indonesia’, new research

This 2012 video about the 1945-1949 Dutch-Indonesian war is called War memory of Indonesian freedom fighter.

Translated from Leiden University in the Netherlands:

Leiden research confirms: structural and excessive violence in Indonesia

Dutch troops were using structural and extreme violence against the Indonesians, according to new research. In his book Soldaat in Indonesië (published end of October) historian Gert Oostindie, basing himself on other sources, draws the same conclusion. He presents new findings and makes clear what moved the soldiers.

100,000 Indonesians were killed

The question of whether Dutch were guilty of structural and excessive force during the period 1945-1950 was never properly answered. The conclusion of historian Remy Limpach, who will get his PhD this fall at the University of Bern, was front page news in the run-up to the commemoration of 70 years of independence in Indonesia. In his book Soldaat in Indonesië Gert Oostindie, Leiden Professor and Director of the Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies (KITLV), describes the war on the basis of testimony from Dutch soldiers. In the struggle for independence, roughly estimated, 100,000 Indonesians and nearly five thousand Dutch soldiers died, in addition to a higher but unknown number of European civilians.

What is your reaction to the conclusion of Remy Limpach?

“I largely agree with his conclusion that ‘excessive violence’ was not as exceptional as has long been asserted also by the Dutch government. It is good that Limpach has thoroughly investigated the context of this violence. He relies, I understand, especially on government archives. … From my research together with KITLV colleagues about personal documents of Dutch soldiers and veterans also emerges the picture that frequently war crimes were committed.”

Where do you rely on?

“We examined 700 published testimonials, together by about 1,400 soldiers, diaries, correspondence, memoirs and biographical sketches. We found in these personal documents about 700 individual cases of war crimes. That is staggering. Especially if you extrapolate this, then I fear that one, though one should be cautious, should think in terms of tens of thousands rather than in thousands of cases. Indeed, over the period there were 220,000 soldiers on the Dutch side. ”

“Some explain the violence with an attitude of ‘better safe than sorry’, saying it is better to deal ruthlessly with the opponent than becoming a victim oneself. Others write that also purely out of revenge war crimes were committed.”

“But most soldiers do not write about violence, and there are those who explicitly state that they oppose brute force, or afterwards regretted the actions of the armed forces.” …

Oostindie conducted the research with colleagues from the KITLV, especially Ireen Hoogenboom and Jonathan Verwey. Also Leiden students and trainees worked on this.

You call for more investigation into the violence in Indonesia. What questions are there?

“In 2012, the KITLV, the NIOD and the NIMH (Dutch Institute for Military History), called for a broad investigation into this war. The argument has not changed: this is the biggest war ever fought by the Dutch armed forces, but a balanced view of it is not there. We want to understand the war and come to a balanced judgment on how the armed forces acted. That includes questions about war crimes and the manner in which the military leadership and ultimately the politicians coped with it. It’s not moralizing. But the Netherlands owes it to its own position and foremost ambitions to allow unprejudiced research: for we are often the first to let others know how important respect for human rights is“.

Soldaat in Indonesië, 1945-1950 1945-1950 Getuigenissen van een oorlog aan de verkeerde kant van de geschiedenis
Gert Oostindie m.m.v. Ireen Hoogenboom and Jonathan Verwey
(Prometheus, Bert Bakker, 2015)

The book will be presented on October 31 during History Night at the Rijksmuseum.

(August 18, 2015 – LVP)