This video says about itself:
Inside the Svalbard Seed Vault
4 May 2016
A rare look inside the Svalbard Global Seed Vault which is closed ~350 days a year
Translated from Dutch NOS TV today:
The Norwegian government is investing more than 10 million euros in a renovation of the World Seed Bank on Spitsbergen island. About 900,000 seeds are stored in the bunker, so that the DNA is retained in the event of a major natural disaster or nuclear disaster. The seeds are important for the food supply chain on earth.
The world seed bank is 120 meters deep in a mountain near Longyearbyen town, where the temperature is brought to -18 degrees Celsius.
The money includes a separate room for electrical appliances that generate heat, so that the bunker itself remains as cold as possible. There will also be a new watertight entrance. Late 2016 showed that the current entrance was leaking, when the permafrost melted unexpectedly. …
The seeds from the database were used for the first time three years ago. During the civil war in Syria, thousands of seeds were stored and secured from that country, which were later brought back when the situation became more peaceful.
In 1614, Dutch whalers established the camp, later village, Smeerenburg on Arctic Amsterdam island close to bigger Spitsbergen island. They especially aimed at killing slow-swimming bowhead whales.
From Groningen University in the Netherlands:
PhD defence Sandra Comis
Excavated Seventeenth and Eighteenth Century whalers’ clothing from Spitsbergen
15 November 2017
A series of archaeological excavations carried out by the Ar[c]tic Centre of the University of Groningen between 1979-1981 uncovered the remains of a Dutch whaling station on Spitsbergen. Hundreds of textile fragments were found in and around the houses and the blubber furnaces, that were exploited from 1614 to around 1600 [sic; 1660]. Amongst the finds were fragments of felt hats, jackets, breeches, stockings and mittens. The men evidently wore their normal winter clothing at work. The remains of textiles were also found in the graves of seven whalers who died during the overwintering attempt of 1634-1635.
In 1980, excavations were also conducted on the island Zeeuwse Uitkijk [now: Ytre Norskøya]. Here the graves of 50 whalers were investigated. The graves contained a total of 33 knitted caps, one fur-brimmed leather cap, eight jackets and four pairs of breeches, either complete or in fragments, as well as several stockings. On the basis of the clothing styles some of the graves can be dated to the period between 1650 to around 1750. This forms the largest collection of workmen’s clothing from this period in Europe.
In an interview with Dutch daily De Volkskrant of 22 November 2017, Ms Comis said these clothes, made for winter in the temperate Netherlands, were wholly inadequate for Arctic Svalbard.
Climate foiled Europeans’ early exploration of North America. ‘A Cold Welcome’ examines how the Little Ice Age and other factors shaped colonial history: here.
This video is about great skuas.
I saw these birds, eg, off Spitsbergen.
This video is about the red phalarope, Phalaropus fulicarius.
I saw these beautiful birds in Spitsbergen.
This is a black guillemot video.
I have been privileged to see these beautiful birds; both in summer plumage in Svalbard and in winter plumage off the North Sea coast.