Bermuda petrels shake heads, why?

This video from Bermuda says about itself:

Why Do Bermuda Petrels Shake Their Heads? – Jan. 23, 2017

Some viewers have been wondering why the Bermuda Petrel (aka cahow) often shakes its head when sitting on the nest. According to Jeremy Medeiros, Bermuda Petrel expert and senior terrestrial conservation officer for the Bermuda Department of Environment and Natural Resources, this is a common behavior among gadfly petrels. These birds have salt-excreting glands in their nostrils, and shaking the head helps them remove the salt from these glands in the form of briny droplets. This is also why the cahow’s bill often looks wet!

The CahowCam is a collaboration between the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the Nonsuch Expeditions. You can watch the cam live here; and learn more about Nonsuch Island‘s environs (including the cahow) here.

Endangered Bermuda petrel couple caress each other

This video from Bermuda says about itself:

Tender Preening as Male Returns to the Burrow on the Bermuda Cahow Cam

The male petrel returned to the burrow for the first time tonight (January 15, 2017) and greeted the female after being away for possibly two months. The two will spend from a few hours to a day or two together in the burrow courting and reaffirming their bond before she leaves for about the next 30 days to forage and replenish her reserves.

The CahowCam is a collaboration between the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the Nonsuch Expeditions. You can watch the cam live here.

And learn more about Nonsuch Island‘s environs (including the cahow) here.

Endangered Bermuda petrel nest webcam

This video says about itself:

Female Bermuda Cahow Returns and Lays Egg, January 11, 2017

On January 11, 2017 the female (banded E0197) returned to the same nesting burrow she has used for the last 6 years, and within an hour or so of arriving she laid a single egg that will be the singular focus of the pair’s efforts for the next 5-6 months.

The CahowCam is a collaboration between the Cornell Lab of Ornithology and the Nonsuch Expeditions. You can watch the cam live here, and learn more about Nonsuch Island‘s environs (including the cahow) here.

We’re excited to share a brand new live viewing experience featuring the critically endangered Bermuda Cahow, a kind of gadfly-petrel that nests nowhere in the world except rocky islets off the coast of Bermuda. In the early 1600s, this once-numerous seabird was thought to have gone extinct, driven out of existence by the invasive animals and habitat changes associated with the settlement of the island. In 1951, after nearly 300 years, a single bird was rediscovered, and since then the species has been part of a government-led conservation effort to revive the species.

Much of this conservation work by the Bermuda Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) has centered on the creation of manmade burrows to increase nesting habitat, and to create new colonies on larger islands that are more robust to the increasing threats of hurricanes. The Cornell Lab entered into a partnership with the innovative Nonsuch Expeditions, a multimedia and outreach effort centered on Nonsuch Island that is committed to raising awareness and conserving the unique animals and environments on and around Bermuda. They have successfully broadcasted from a cahow burrow in past years, and this year we are working together to create an experience that will blend both live footage from a new camera as well as interaction with DENR Senior Terrestrial Conservation Officer Jeremy Madeiros during his weekly nest checks throughout the nesting season.

This on-camera pair has been together since 2009, using this same burrow each of those years, and has fledged successfully for the last three years. During the nesting season, the cahows only visit and court under the cover of night, then head out to sea during daylight hours. The pair returned to the island in mid-November to court and mate, then disappeared out to sea for the month of December. Last night (January 11), the female returned, and within an hour or so of arriving she laid a single egg that will be the singular focus of the pair’s efforts for the next 5-6 months. Sometime during the night of January 12 or 13th, the male should return to take over incubation duties for the next month while the female heads out to sea, and hatch won’t be for another 52-55 days—likely around the end of the first week of March.

There’s no external mic at this point (we’ll be adding one in the coming weeks), but if you turn up the sound or listen through headphones you can hear the rhythmic crash of the surf on the island. You can follow updates and ask questions via the cahow cam’s Twitter feed —we look forward to learning about this cryptic species alongside you.

Bermudian woman against United States police brutality

Bermudian Kaurie Daniels in Bermuda T-shirt in protest against the death of Eric Garner

This photo from the USA shows Bermudian Kaurie Daniels in a Bermuda T-shirt in a protest against the death of Eric Garner.


From the Royal Gazette in Bermuda:

Bermudian fights US police brutality

By Nadia Arandjelovic

Published Feb 24, 2015 at 8:00 am (Updated Feb 24, 2015 at 2:32 am)

A year ago, Kaurie Daniels would never have imagined herself leading protests against police brutality in the US.

The 28-year-old Bermudian had just moved to Atlanta, Georgia. Her dream was a successful acting career.

And then Michael Brown’s fatal shooting in Ferguson, Missouri, caught her attention. …

“The way it affected me and many others is what forced me to get involved,” she said of the incident which gained international press last August. “There hasn’t been another movement like this in the US since the Black Power movement of the 60s and 70s.”

Atlanta knows Ms Daniels as “Queen K”.

This video says about itself:

14 December 2014

Queen K speaks to protest participants in South Atlanta.

“Stop The Violence, We Want Healing & Peace” march and rally at Baby Grand Piano Bar (5328 Old National Highway) #ItsBiggerThanYou

The Royal Gazette article continues:

She’s organised and led protest rallies and been Maced for those efforts. She’s also been nominated for a Courageous Woman Award 2015, handed out by the Emmett Till Legacy Foundation. The charity is named after an African-American teenager who was killed in the 1950s because he allegedly flirted with a white woman.

Everything changed for the former Berkeley Institute student after Michael Brown was shot.

She heard about a town-hall meeting in her area to discuss police shootings and brutality against African-Americans and decided to get involved.

The first rally they organised attracted nearly 200 people. More than 5,000 showed up for a second protest at the CNN Center.

“That was definitely a humbling experience and it was from that point forward that we realised we had a responsibility because people were angry and wanted to see change,” Ms Daniels said.

“From that day forward I got more involved. I’ve been to Ferguson, Missouri four times since and one of those times I saw the racism first-hand.

“We were Maced, there was tear gas and some of the friends I went with were hit with batons by police officers.

“The police, they followed us everywhere we went in helicopters and some even put their middle fingers up to us as we were walking. So racism is still a very real thing there and very prevalent.”

Her team encouraged thousands of shoppers to patronise black-owned businesses at Christmas instead of Atlanta’s massive shopping centre, the Lenox Mall. They also managed to block part of the Atlanta highway to send the message to everyday commuters that black lives matter.

Ms Daniels’ work has also garnered attention from BET host Big Tigger, rapper Big Mike and singer Angie Stone, who shot an honorary video featuring scenes from the protests.

“It’s a huge deal to even know that people are watching and recognise what we do,” Ms Daniels said of being nominated for the Courageous Woman Award 2015. “The only reason why people today know about Emmett Till is because of his mother.

“She was extremely brave, especially in those days, to have an open casket funeral after they told her she had to keep it closed. She constantly talked about it and pursued justice for her son, which in those days was almost suicidal. So to be nominated for an award in her honour is huge for me.”

Although it might seem to some like the rallying against Ferguson has quieted down, Ms Daniels insists there are many people still fighting for change.

“The news doesn’t capture everything that has happened,” she said. “There may be those no longer following it or people who don’t know what’s going on who think it died out, but people are still doing things every day.”

She said she was always interested in activism but wasn’t able to act on that passion until a student at North Carolina’s A & T State University. There she joined an organisation called STAND, which aimed to raise awareness about genocide in Darfur, Sudan.

“That was the first time I was able to actually do something rather than just talk about it,” she said.

She and a friend Natalia Hall, recently started The CommUNITY of Atlanta Inc. It focuses on developing educational, social and economic programmes to empower people from disadvantaged communities. Members will also go into schools to teach young people about black history prior to slavery.

“We want to perform drama productions starting in the summer or fall so that children understand there were heroes around that looked just like them,” Ms Daniels said. “There is such a rich history which we are trying to highlight.”

Ms Daniels is known to wear a sweatshirt with Bermuda emblazoned across it, at protests and rally events.

She plans to bring her activism efforts back to the Island one day, but feels her efforts are needed in the US right now.

“There is this one area in Atlanta with a row of houses where all the stores there are all black-owned, but it’s all boarded up and barely running,” she said. “There are people standing on the side of the street just hanging out and not doing much. Once it starts to look different and those businesses and houses are cleaned up and those residents are empowered then that’s when I’ll know Atlanta is moving into a positive direction. That’s when I intend to bring my force back to Bermuda.”

This video from Georgia in the USA says about itself:

Queen K Speaks at Ebenezer (Its Bigger Than You)

8 December 2014

Doctor Raphael Warnock hosted another Community Forum Monday night (12/8/14) at Ebenezer Baptist Church to tackle questions about police brutality and accountability.

The Department of Justice will not file charges against George Zimmerman for the 2012 killing of 17-year-old Trayvon Martin, ABC News and CBS News reported Tuesday: here.

On Monday, the US Justice Department’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) released a report revealing that over the past eight years, Philadelphia Police Department officers were involved in 394 shootings, amounting to about one per week: here.

Bermuda coral reefs research, video

This video says about itself:

11 August 2014

2014 Bermuda Deep Reef Expedition

California Academy of Sciences
Bermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences
Ocean Support Foundation

Initial Characterization of Bermudian
Mesophotic Coral Ecosystems:
Visual Census of Mesophotic Biodiversity
Impact Assessment and Culling of Invasive Lionfish

Hudson Pinheiro
Gretchen Goodbody-Gringley
Elliott Jessup
Alex Chequer

Equipment Support:
Hollis Gear

Elliott Jessup

Small crab’s journey from Bermuda to England

This video from England says about itself:

27 Jan 2014

Columbus Crab, Planes minutus, Gulf weed Crab, washed up on long line buoy, Broad bench, Kimmeridge, Dorset, UK, January 2014.

From daily The Guardian in Britain, with photo there:

Columbus crab crosses the Atlantic – big picture

A tiny crab from Bermuda washes up on Dorset beach after an epic voyage hitching a ride on marine litter carried by the Gulf Stream

Thursday 30 January 2014 10.56 GMT

This Columbus crab (Planes minutus), just 10mm long, was found among common goose barnacles on a longline buoy last week, washed ashore on the Chesil beach, a natural catchment area for marine litter in Dorset. Native to the Sargasso Sea near Bermuda, it drifted away along the Gulf Stream and ended with many objects from the American and Canadian fishing industry on British shores.

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Bermuda bluebirds in trouble

This video from Maine in the USa is called Tree Swallows and Eastern Bluebird.

From the University of Chicago in the USA today:

Bluebirds struggle to find happiness on island paradise

55 minutes ago

Island plants and animals are often different from their mainland relatives. In general, the lack of top predators and large herbivores on isolated oceanic islands influences traits of island organisms. Consider, for example, the dodo: this island-dwelling, flightless bird was so fearless that it was hunted to extinction by humans within 200 years of first contact. Human interaction is just one threat to conservation. Differences in the threats posed by pathogens and parasites may also be important for conservation of today’s extinction-prone island populations.

Eastern bluebirds (Sialia sialis) are familiar to many people living in the eastern United States, and also to residents and tourists in Bermuda, an archipelago with a total area of about 54 square kilometers that lies in the North Atlantic about 1,100 km off the East Coast of the United States. Although the current outlook for the bluebirds in the U.S. is good, their Bermuda relatives have been designated as threatened and vulnerable.

Comparisons of island and continental bird populations can offer new insights to people interested in conserving island birds. We compared island (Bermuda) and continental (Ohio, U.S.) populations of the Eastern bluebird, studying these birds from egg to adult. We investigated how nestlings and adults differed in growth, size and shape, immune function, numbers of eggs and nestlings that pairs produce, and how frequently parents deliver food to their young. We also attempted to identify differences between continental and island birds that, either individually or as part of a broader phenomenon, might intensify the risks of decline typically associated with small and geographically isolated populations, such as the Bermuda bluebirds.

Our study showed that bluebirds in Bermuda differed in a variety of ways from bluebirds in Ohio. For example, adults in Bermuda were lighter weight and had longer wings than the Ohio birds. These differences contrast with the usual changes associated with small animals living on isolated islands. Parents fed their nestlings at equal rates throughout the season in both locations. However, island nestlings grew slower and, as the breeding season progressed, more chicks died in their nests in Bermuda, though no similar seasonal pattern was observed in Ohio. Overall, our results suggest that the Bermuda bluebirds may be adjusted to certain aspects of the island environment but not to others.

Efforts to conserve Bermuda bluebirds may be improved by focusing on the intraseasonal patterns in nestling mortality and, more generally, the survival rates of birds of all ages. Furthermore, conservation planners in Bermuda may benefit by considering the consequences of (1) introduced mammalian and avian predators and competitors and their removal and (2) human-driven changes in populations of the insects that bluebirds eat and feed their chicks. These factors may not only affect survival and mortality rates but may also shape bluebird physiology and reproduction. Ultimately, our study highlights the value of considering the match between an organism, its environment, and its evolutionary history on a population-specific scale. Without this context, identifying detrimental trends is a more challenging proposition.

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