16 thoughts on “Hitler’s Holocaust and big business

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  13. Königsberg (now Kaliningrad), September 2 [1917]: Founding of the far-right German Fatherland Party

    The far-right German Fatherland Party (DVLP) is founded in Königsberg (now Kaliningrad).

    In leading circles of the army and naval command, the corporate headquarters and state authorities, anger and resentment grows throughout the summer of 1917 over the increasingly rebellious opposition in the population to war and the “lax approach” of the imperial government. The imminent danger of the proletarian revolution spreading from Russia to Germany forces them to act.

    The final push toward the founding of their own party comes in July with the peace resolution approved by a majority of the Reichstag. This enrages them not because of its content, which is completely meaningless, but because it came into existence “under pressure from the streets.”

    In the weeks that follow, Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz and captains of industry like Carl Duisberg (Bayer AG, IG Farben) campaign in the nationalist press against the “negotiated peace” called for in the resolution, denouncing it as a “sacrificial peace” and a “Jewish peace,” and ranting against “feebleness” and “treason” on the “homefront.” They say a “victor’s peace” with the most annexations possible should be achieved whatever the cost. This would include:

    • The annexation of Belgium
    • The annexation of the ore basins of Briey and Longwy in France
    • The annexation of the French channel coast including Normandy
    • The annexation of Luxemburg
    • A subjugation of the Netherlands to German policy (up to annexation)
    • A self-contained colonial empire in Africa including the Belgian Congo
    • The creation of a Polish state subordinate to Germany
    • Annexation of the Russian Ostsee governorates and Lithuania (and a large-scale “Germanization” of the region)
    • The annexation of parts of western Belarus and western Ukraine
    • “Freedom of the Seas”—in the sense that the German fleet must be capable of securing worldwide “German interests”
    • The surrender of Gibraltar and Cyprus by Great Britain
    • Payment of vast amounts of compensation by the hostile powers

    The founders of the party issue a barely disguised call for the installation of the dictatorship of a “strongman” and the dissolution of the Reichstag, because it places party interests over the well-being of the fatherland. Instead of a collaboration of the military and the government with the trade unions and the Social Democratic Party (SPD) as part of a “state of truce,” they want a “ruthless military intervention” against protest demonstrations, strikes and meetings of the working class. Even Kaiser Wilhelm II is too soft for them. They would prefer a person like the militarist crown prince or General Field Marshal von Hindenburg.

    Anti-Semitism, extreme nationalism and ethnic ideology are naturally a part of their arsenal, with which they seek to build an extra-parliamentary mass movement as the social basis for a dictatorship against the working class.

    Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz and civil servant Wolfgang Kapp, who three years later will organize a putsch against the Weimar Republic, are chosen as leaders of the party. The title of honorary chairman is bestowed upon Duke Johann Albrecht zu Mecklenburg.

    Practically every leading industrialist is a member of the party, including Max Roetger (formerly of Krupp, then representative of industrial interests), Carl Duisberg (Bayer AG, IG Farben) Wilhelm von Siemens, Carl Ziese (shipbuilding industry), Ernst von Borsig (metal industry), Hugo Stinnes (mining and electrical industry), Emil Kirdfort (coal and steel industry), Alfred Hugenberg (media), Freiherr von Wangenheim (agriculture and landowner representative), Johann Christian Eberle (banking), and Herman Röchling (Völklingen Ironworks). The Bavarian state association founded shortly after includes writer Ludwig Thoma and Cosima Wagner, the widow of composer Richard Wagner.

    The captains of heavy industry provide key financial support to the new party. Nevertheless, the party exists for barely more than a year. It breaks up in the days of the November Revolution of 1918-1919, but many commanders and members of the counterrevolutionary Freikorps troops and even many of the first members of the Nazi party come from within its ranks.

    http://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2017/08/28/twrr-a28.html

    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deutsche_Vaterlandspartei

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