Belgian colonial atrocities in Congo. Film review


CongoFrom the Google cache.

1/31/06 at 3:27AM

Mood: Thinking Playing: Get up, Stand up, by Bob Marley

From Martin Frazier:

Colonial exploitation and the rape of the Congo

People’s Weekly World Newspaper, 01/30/06

Movie Review

Congo: White King, Red Rubber, Black Death
Peter Bate, director, 2004,
Belgium/UK ArtMattan Productions (U.S. distributor) 100 min.,
English/French/Dutch with English subtitles

An African proverb reminds us “Until the lions have their historians, tales of the hunt shall always glorify the hunter.”

I reflected on variations of this sentiment as I made my way home teary-eyed after seeing “Congo: White King, Red Rubber, Black Death” recently in New York.

British filmmaker Peter Bate’s stirring documentary brings to the silver screen the unspeakable horrors of Belgian colonialism in the Congo.

The crimes committed by the Belgians were met with American and European acquiescence, well described by Mark Twain in his book, “King Leopold’s Soliloquy,” more than a century ago.

The film begins with scenes of terror — Congolese children, men and women without their hands.

We learn that their hands were cut off by the colonizers or their puppet troops in a macabre system of accounting.

Sometimes hands were cut off because workers didn’t work fast enough.

Sometimes the puppet troops brought back hands as evidence they had killed workers who had failed to meet their rubber bounty.

Other times such hands helped the puppet troops “prove” they hadn’t wasted any bullets on hunting game, an offense in the eyes of the colonialists.

Children’s hands were chopped off as punishment for late deliveries of rubber.

Later in the film an African chief employs another kind of accounting: a fact-finding commission views a huge bundle of sticks representing the chief’s many “missing” villagers.

Such stories about the destruction of villages, rape and torture abound in the film.

The fanatical rush for colonies, rubber and other raw materials was part of the drive to industrialize Europe.

These valuable resources helped usher in Europe’s motorized transportation and the proliferation of many other commodities.

African raw materials were prime targets of these insatiable demands.

For example, during the Belgian reign of terror, John Dunlop created the pneumatic tire, setting off a surge in bicycle sales and creating a huge demand for rubber latex and wild Congolese vine rubber.

In order to properly manage and maximize exploitation of Africa and to ease conflict among themselves, European imperialists powers sat around tables in Berlin, Germany, between 1884 and 1885 and decided the partition and colonial fate of Africa.

Like butchers with knives dripping blood, the imperialists divided the continent into spoils.

No regard was given to traditional borders or other historical factors.

It was to Congo’s misfortune that King Leopold was given this the largest and, soon to become evident, richest chunk of the richest continent.

The film presents in almost elementary fashion the machinery of colonialism.

It sheds light on how Belgium used European soldiers, administrators, businesspersons, missionaries, journalists and African collaborators to set in motion a system that transformed the huge, resource-rich, heart of Africa into a zone of death and conflict.

That legacy is still with us today, and the region remains among the poorest areas on earth.

Over the next 20 years of direct Belgian rule, 10 million Africans would die by murder, disease and the deplorable conditions of life.

Resistance was put down by wanton murder and what today we would call “ethnic cleansing.”

In the meantime, the Anglo-Belgian India Rubber and Exploration Company was racking up 700 percent profits on its shipments of rubber from the Congo.

The company’s stock-market valuation increase 30 times in six years.

King Leopold was celebrated in European capitals as a humane and progressive pioneer of Christian values to the “darkest Africa.”

The film includes intermittent scenes from an imaginary trial of Leopold, placing the responsibility for “civilizing” the Congo on his shoulders.

The bearded monster appears in full regalia all too often in the film for my tastes, but his trial for Hitler-like crimes, when it does take place, seems long overdue.

Yet this writer feels that Leopold’s role was given too much emphasis, while a wider concert of sadistic players in a global system got too little attention.

Today the colonial exploiters of the Congo are, under a different, neocolonial guise, still reaping profits from its land and people.

In the meantime, the people of the area known as Great Lakes Africa still bleed.

Director Peter Bate and the film’s narrator, Congolese Professor Elikia M’Bokolo (Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris), follow the tradition of Mark Twain in proving to us that the “lions can have their historians.”

The film should also remind us that the hunt for the Congo’s enormous riches, including metals like colton for the burgeoning telecommunications, gaming, and electronics industries, is not yet over.

You can see “Congo: White King, Red Rubber, Black Death” in Chicago at Facets Cinematheque, 1517 W. Fullerton Ave., Chicago, Jan. 27 – Feb. 2.

E mail: mfrazier@pww.org.

Art and colonialism in Congo: here.

Mining and war in Congo today: here. And here.

16 thoughts on “Belgian colonial atrocities in Congo. Film review

  1. Pingback: Spielberg’s Tintin film | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  2. Pingback: ‘Bloody’ statue of colonialist Belgian King Leopold II | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  3. Pingback: Unilever and mass murder in Congo | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  4. Pingback: Kwame Nkrumah and the independence of Ghana | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  5. Pingback: NATO expansion, anti-Semitism, Ukraine and Russia | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  6. Pingback: Africa, from 19th century colonialism to 21st century wars | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  7. Pingback: Archduke shot in Sarajevo, World War I started 100 years ago | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  8. Pingback: Afghanistan: Dutch military gives fort name from Indonesian colonial war butchery | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  9. Pingback: Ebola in Africa and Band Aid | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  10. Pingback: Belgian Foreign Minister Reynders dons blackface | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  11. Pingback: First world war, new book | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  12. Pingback: Nuclear weapons waste health catastrophe in St. Louis, USA | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  13. Pingback: Belgian King Leopold II’s crimes in Congo, statue in Ostend | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  14. Pingback: ‘Belgian Africa Museum still neocolonialist’ | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  15. Pingback: No more blackface in Brussels, Belgium | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  16. Pingback: Anti-racism news update | Dear Kitty. Some blog

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.