From the BBC:
The find is revealed on the BBC documentary Decade of Discovery.
Primate expert and president of Conservation International, Russ Mittermeier, first spotted the lemur during an expedition in 1995, but has confirmed its existence whilst filming the documentary this year, when he and his colleagues captured and took blood samples from the small primate before returning it to its forest home.
Genetic testing of these samples should confirm whether the animal is indeed a new species.
Dr Mittermeier, however, is already convinced that it is.
Following the call
Dr Mittermeier first saw the squirrel-sized creature in Daraina, a protected area in the northeast of Madagascar.
“I was surprised to see a fork-marked lemur there, since this animal had not yet been recorded from the region,” he recalled.
“I immediately knew that it was likely a new species to science, but didn’t have the time to follow up until now.”
So in October of this year, the researcher led an expedition – including geneticist Ed Louis from the Omaha Zoo and a film crew from the BBC’s Natural History Unit – to the same area, where they managed to track down the animal. …
Phaner lemurs have a black, Y-shaped line that starts above each eye and joins together as a single line on the top of the head, creating the fork that gives these animals their common name
Their large hands and feet help them grip onto trees
The lemurs vocalise with the loud, high-pitched night-time call
They tend to run rapidly along horizontal tree branches and to jump from one branch to the next without pausing
Their diet consists of a high proportion of gums exuded by trees and nectar from flowers
A long tongue enables them to slurp up nectar and a specialised toothcomb acts as a scraping tool to bite into tree bark
See also here.
Dwarf and mouse lemurs are the smallest primates on the planet: here.
Poacher is caught in Madagascar with 32 grilled lemurs: here.
Contrasting coat colours make the red ruffed lemur one of the most beautiful lemurs: here.
Indri video: here.
Greater bamboo lemurs are a step further from extinction as new populations are discovered: here.
Golden bamboo lemur: here.
Like its larger relatives Archaeoindris and Palaeopropithecus, Babakotia was a specialized type of primate known as a “sloth lemur,” a ponderous, long-legged, sloth-like mammal that lived high up in trees, where it subsisted on leaves, fruits and seeds. No one knows exactly when Babakotia went extinct, but it seems to have been around the time the first human settlers arrived on Madagascar, between 1,000 and 2,000 years ago: here.
WWF to Madagascar’s president: keep your promise and stop illegal logging: here.
Tenrec discovery on Madagascar: here.
A new species of Paretroplus (Teleostei: Cichlidae: Etroplinae) from NE Madagascar: here.
In an effort to help address this critical need for data about the diversity and distribution of life on our planet, scientists from the California Academy of Sciences have spent the past year exploring some of the most diverse—and often most threatened—habitats on Earth, searching for new species and creating comprehensive biodiversity maps. In 2010, these scientists have added 113 new relatives to our family tree, including 83 arthropods, 20 fishes, four corals, two sea slugs, two plants, one reptile, and one fossil mammal. The new species were described by a dozen scientists from the California Academy of Sciences along with several dozen international collaborators: here.
A new evolutionary history of primates: here.