Indian-US nuclear deal criticized


This video is called India nuclear deal controversy.

From the Afro-Asian Peoples’ Solidarity Organization:

AAPSO on U.S. India Nuclear Deal:

The nuclear deal which culminated in signing an agreement between President Bush and Prime Minister Man Mohan Singh in 2005 has a long history.

In 1974 India detonated a nuclear devise that used plutonium harvested from a heavy water reactor supplied by Canada and the United States in violation of bilateral peaceful nuclear use agreement. This raised loud agitations around the world.

The U.N. Security Council Resolution 1172 calls on India and Pakistan to sign the comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and stop producing fissile material for weapons. This had not happened. India at the same time refuse to sign the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) perhaps with a sound argument that the NPT does not provide ultimate elimination of nuclear weapons which would be exclusively held by the “Nuclear Club” – U.S; Russia, France, Britain and China. Moreover the nuclear powers will continue to modernize, improve and stockpile nuclear weapons which posed a danger to the world.

According to NPT, non-nuclear countries have the right to get assistance through the IAEA once they become signatory to the NPT. Since India did not sign the NPT, it does not have such rights but under the deal between the U.S. and India; the U.S. could provide nuclear know how to India once the 45 nation Nuclear supply group exempt India from the rule.

Both within India, the United States and around the world, this issue because a debating point. The treaty also has other implications as it was bound by the 123 agreement and the Hyde Act, which the Indian critics believe violate the sovereignty of India by linking with the U.S. strategic Alliance.

123 agreement is the relevant clause in the U.S. Atomic Energy Act which is binding to operationalise the U.S. India bilateral nuclear agreement which the U.S. congress has to accept in order 45 nation nuclear suppliers group (NSG) must grant India a special exemption from nuclear trade.

The left parties in India which supported the congress party led coalition government in Delhi from outside refuse to support the deal but ultimately as the Prime Minister Singh was determined to accede, the left-parties on their meeting on 8th July 2008 withdrew their support to the government thereby reducing into a minority. Meanwhile another regional party Samajawadi Party with 39 members of parliament had agreed to prop up the central government and whether government has a majority could be seen only when they seek a vote of confidence in the Indian Parliament.

The treaty has international implications. AAPSO from the very beginning joined with other peace forces around the world against this treaty as it violates the NPT and provoke more nuclear proliferation around the world. More over India being a strong pillar in the Non-Aligned Movement, this action contradicts the NAM principles.

Under this condition, AAPSO is of the opinion that IAEA and the 45 nation NSG need to thoroughly study the request of India for a safeguard exemption before granting such a privilege in keeping with the interest of the world public opinion.

Bush’s Nuclear Deal with India Is a Disaster for World Safety and the Environment: here.

Nuclear Supplier Group gives India unique “waiver,” but only after row between Delhi and Beijing: here.

Update November 2008: here.

On December 6, 2010, France took many by surprise by becoming the first country to sign agreements to build nuclear reactors in India. The event came 12 years after India’s nuclear weapon tests (of May 11, 1998) and two years after the deal preceded by the death of the Nuclear Suppliers’ Group’s anti-India sanctions (October 8 and September 6, 2008, respectively): here.

The leaders of India and Japan signed a tariff-slashing trade deal on Monday and agreed to speed up talks toward a civilian nuclear energy deal despite New Delhi’s refusal to sign the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty: here.

India: The Biggest Arms Recipient, by Sajjad Shaukat: here.

India should…not overstate the value of its Western allies and the profits it could gain from participating in a containment of China. If it equates long range strategic missiles with deterrence of China, and stirs up further hostility, it could be sorely mistaken: here.

HOW INDIA’S NUCLEAR PROGRAM POISONED ITS OWN PEOPLE “The water was adulterated with radioactive alpha particles that cannot be absorbed through the skin or clothes, but if ingested cause 1,000 times more damage than other types of radiation. In some places, the levels were 160 percent higher than safe limits set by the World Health Organization.” [The Center for Public Integrity]

How The US & Japan See India As Ripe For Nuclear Exploitation: here.

From India: Keep your nuclear power, Mr. Shinzo Abe. We can do without a Fukushima: here.

Indian Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar has publicly called for India to renounce its pledge to never mount a nuclear “first strike.” Speaking last Thursday at a New Delhi book launch, Parrikar argued that the “No First Use” policy India has adhered to since proclaiming itself a nuclear-weapons state in 1998 is tantamount to “giving away strength”: here.

20 thoughts on “Indian-US nuclear deal criticized

  1. This deal is a recognition of India’s emerging status as a global power and should not be seen from nuclear proliferation perspective. India is not a signatory to the NPT because it considers the treaty discriminatory in nature and not because it is unwilling to abide by proliferation laws. In fact no other nuclear power can claim to have a more impeccable record in nuclear non-proliferation as India can. Further, this agreement would allow supply of nuclear fuel to India for civilian sector only. Can a country of a billion people, developing at a good pace, forever depend on fossil fuels ?

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  2. Hi Aryan, it is sad days indeed when the greatness or otherwise of countries is measured in terms of whether or not they have deathly nuclear power. Even civilian nuclear energy is a big problem: if, in the days of Emperor Ashoka, over 2,000 years ago, there would have been nuclear power, then its waste would still have been lethal today. So: no “civilian” nuclear power as long as the waste problem is not solved. Surely, you do not want a tragedy, even bigger than the Union Carbide-Bhopal scandal?

    As for military nukes, the criminal mass destruction of human lives in Hiroshima and Nagasaki speaks for itself. So: down with all nuclear weapons in all countries. For India, there is also the problem that the agreement with the Bush regime ties it to the butchers of the Iraqi and Afghan people. This is against the principles of non-alignment, as the AAPSO statement says correctly.

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  3. Nuke deal a conduit to import US crisis into India

    By Dipankar Bhattacharya, general secretary, Communist Party of India
    (Marxist-Leninist) Liberation

    October 14, 2008 — India’s United Progressive Alliance (UPA) government
    finally sealed the nuclear deal with the US on October 10. For the
    Congress Party and the coalition of “Unashamed Partners of America”
    headed by it, the nuclear deal is the supreme achievement of the
    government. On the eve of signing the deal, India’s external affairs
    minister Pranab Mukherjee reiterated India’s commercial commitment to
    the US nuclear energy industry: “We look forward to working with US
    companies on the commercial steps that will follow to implement this
    landmark Agreement.” In a second statement issued after the agreement’s
    signing he also reiterated India’s commitment to implement the agreement
    in good faith even though no such reciprocal assurance was made by the
    US to confirm New Delhi’s claim regarding the so-called US “guarantee”
    on uninterrupted fuel supply.

    * Read more http://links.org.au/node/680

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  4. Indian arms buy attracts dealers

    India: Arms corporations have flocked to New Delhi this week in the hope of winning a share of one of the world’s largest defence budgets.

    This year’s DefExpo-India – the sixth such event – has drawn about 650 firms from 35 countries, including Boeing, Lockheed Martin, Thales and BAE Systems.

    India, which is seeking to replace equipment bought from the Soviet Union in the 1970s and 80s, led the world in the purchase of military hardware in 2004.

    It is expected to spend £50bn between 2012 and 2022 to upgrade its military.

    http://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/index.php/news/content/view/full/86943

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  6. Military prepares for missile test

    INDIA: Technicians are poised to test fire a solid-fuel, three-stage missile designed to carry a 1.5-ton nuclear warhead.

    Defence research and development organisation spokesman Ravi Gupta said the launch window opens tonight and closes on Thursday.

    The Agni-V missile has a range of 3,100 miles.

    Mr Gupta said the new missile was “purely for deterrence and to meet our security needs.”

    http://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/news/content/view/full/117988

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  9. India activates sub’s reactor

    INDIA: Engineers activated the atomic reactor on board India’s first locally designed and built nuclear submarine on Saturday, paving the way for its deployment by the navy in the next two years.

    The vessel is the first ballistic missile submarine to be built outside the five recognised nuclear powers – the United States, France, Russia, Britain and China.

    India acquired a Russian Nerpa nuclear submarine for its navy last year on a 10-year lease from Russia at a total cost of nearly £640m.

    http://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/news/content/view/full/136383

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