After 1945, the economic and political center of gravity, and also the center of gravity in arts, shifted from Western Europe to the United States.
Like in the early part of the century, many artistic tendencies developed, with at least initially, a strong position for movements like abstract expressionism.
Techniques of expression also became more varied, with the rise of forms like first photography, later video art, still later computers.
Again, women participated in all this, influenced by movements in society like the feminism of the 1960s and later.
They include British sculptor Barbara Hepworth, 1903-1975.
Associated with abstract expressionists, though with style elements of her own, is Helen Frankenthaler from New York City in the USA, born in 1928.
Eva Hesse, 1936-1970, also worked in New York City, but was born in Germany, from where her Jewish family had to flee from Hitler.
She was an abstract sculptor, often using non-traditional materials, like latex, fiberglass, and plastics.
This kind of materials also features in the work of French sculptor Niki de Saint Phalle, 1930-2002.