Animals of Tibetan highlands

This video is called Snow Leopard: Species Spotlight- Big Cat TV.

From Chinanews:

Many rare animal species live along with Tibetan antelopes

Lhasa, Aug. 5 – In Qiangtang, a place in the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau situated 5,000 meters above sea level, Tibetan antelopes and many other rare animal species all live here.

A recent investigation shows that these animals living harmoniously together have formed a symbiotic relationship with each other.

“For any single animal species, they can not survive in a particular environment without living together with other animals.

This is the result of nature selection and the rule has governed the evolution of animals for thousands of years,” said Liu Wulin, former director of the Forestry Investigation and Planning Research Institute in the Tibet Autonomous region.

Liu said that in the Tibetan antelopes’ habitats, there also live wolf, lynx, brown bear, and snow leopard, which are enemies of the Tibetan antelope, and wild yak [see also here], Tibetan wild donkey, Tibetan gazelle, and Tibetan argali, which are Tibetan antelopes’ friends.

U.S. nature expert: Tibet’s biodiversity little known: here.

Insects in Tibet: here.

Saiga antelope in Mongolia: here.

Snow leopard radio collared: here.

Mountain gazelle in Arabia: here.

Plants flowering later on the Tibetan Plateau: here.

15 thoughts on “Animals of Tibetan highlands

  1. China Seizes Record Cache Of Himalayan Snow Leopard Furs
    Aug 07 2007 10:34AM

    BEIJING – Chinese police have seized a record cache of 27 snow leopard furs in far western China, state media said Monday.

    Acting on a tip, police raided the apartment of a suspected illegal fur trader in Gansu province’s Linxia city on July 28 and discovered the furs of 104 bears, snow leopards, clouded leopards and lynxes, the official Xinhua News Agency said.

    The collection of snow leopard furs was the largest seized since authorities began keeping records in 1949, it said.

    Skins of the animal, which are a smoky-gray with dark gray spots, can sell for more than $1,200 – a small fortune for people living in remote rural areas.

    The snow leopard lives in mountains and plateaus scattered across China, Mongolia, Afghanistan, India and Nepal, among other countries. The number surviving in the wild is estimated at 3,500 to 7,000, more than half of which are thought to be in western China.

    The suspect, identified only by his surname Ma, told police he began buying the furs in Tibet and the northwestern province of Qinghai starting from November last year, it said.

    Xinhua did not say how much Ma spent but said that he alleged to have made a profit of $530 from the sale of two snow leopards furs.

    Bones of the animals also were found in the apartment, it said.

    On the Net:
    Snow Leopard Trust:

    Copyright 2007 by The Associated Press


  2. Mon, 31 Mar 2008 14:32:13 +0200 [31-03-08 14:32 CEST]
    From: aapso

    Consultative Status- ECOSOC, DPI, UNCTAD, UNIDO, UNESCO.
    Observer Status- NAM and African Commission on Human and Peoples Rights.

    89, Abdel Aziz Al-Saoud St. Manial El Roda, P.O.B.: 61-11559 El Malek El Saleh, Cairo, Egypt

    Tel: (202)2 3622946 -2 3636081 Fax: (202)23637361

    E.Mail: /


    AAPSO on Anti-China Campaign on Tibet

    AAPSO was carefully watching the antecedents culminating in the disturbances in Tibet and the continued media campaign against holding of Olympic games in China particularly, and the hate mongering against China in general.

    The position of AAPSO is not to take any side, denouncing one or the other. But it is important to look beyond and know the truth of the unfortunate developments.

    As we all know that China has made tremendous progress in her economic development and has come forward to assist developing countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America. These tendencies are not to the likings of Western powers who would otherwise wish to see Chinese progress retarted and its position in the world weakened.

    People cannot forget the history, when China was intruded by predators who extracted extra-territorial rights. No western imperialist nation left China alone. The British with its expanded eastern empire used opium grown in India and despatched to China to make them addicted to opium thereby weakening the Chinese nation. The opium addiction was a painful episode which the Chinese people ultimately defeated.

    It took more than 25 years for the United States to recognise the legitimate government in China which united for the first time the whole nation in 1949. Tibet was never a free and independent country. Until the over throw of Manchu dynasty in 1911, it was virtually under the direct control of the central government in Beijing. Owing to the imperialist intruders China remained weak until it was liberated in 1949. Up to then Tibet remained in oblivion till the peoples Liberation Army entered Tibet in 1951 and signed a 17 point agreement with the local authorities maintaining the autonomy of the Tibetan region.

    The Indian government under Nehru which was the earliest to recognise the Beijing regime in 1949 entered into a peace treaty with China in 1954 known as the “Panchsheel Agreement” in which India recognised the sovereignty of China over Tibet. Until 1959 Dalai Lama too remained in his position when enticed by foreign agents and outside forces instigated an uprising leading to Dalai Lama taking refuge in India. He was an immature boy at the time but the feudal hierarchy who controlled Dalai Lama collaborated with external forces to launch an uprising against the central government which failed.

    Whatever motivation of the Dalai Lama, AAPSO does not contest his sincerity and non-violence motives.

    Ever since the Olympic committee decided to hold the 8th Olympic games in Beijing, international Western control media became active in finding ways and means to demonise China. The unfortunate incidents that took place were the culmination of these tendencies. Despite these China says that a dialogue with Dalai Lama still remain open which is a positive sign to defuse the situation. AAPSO believes the saner opion will prevail and settle this situation once and for all in the interest of people of China including Tibetans.

    AAPSO Permanent Secretariat


  3. TIBET : Investigation about
    a manipulated « satellite photo »

    Take a good look at this picture, “Chinese soldiers dressed as monks”, which you might have already, or will soon receive. It’s going around a lot on the Internet, with the caption:

    The photo

    This picture is supposed to prove it, and, thus, has provoked indignation. Now, take a closer look and let’s play what wrong with this picture . . .

    The 7 mistakes

    1. You ever seen a “satellite photo” taken from this particular angle ? Physically impossible : from that angle, there would be only blue fog! When you are in a plane, you can see only below the plane, not very far.
    2. They tell us that these soldiers are dressing up like monks to act as agents provocateurs. Are they stupid enough to run a top secret operation like this in broad daylight–and in the middle of Main Street?
    3. They tell us that this picture is fresh, taken just before the riots. What is prooving it this prove?
    4. I asked a friend of mine who’s familiar with Tibet. He says this photo could not have been taken on 14 March, not under that Springtime sun, because Spring did not arrive in Tibet until the 21st of March this year.
    5. He also told me that the roofs on the taxi-bikes in Lhasa have been a different color since 2005.
    6. He also said that the police uniforms in the picture have not been in use for a long time.
    7. We have to run a little investigation here that will uncover a whole different version of the story . . .

    So where did it come from?

    On the for-real side, this picture was taken back in 2003, during the shooting of a film, because the monks had refused to be extras in the movie. So they hired the soldiers and here they are getting their wardrobe. A common practice over there? Whatever. In any case, it has nothing to do with the recent TV images of monks taking part in violent attacks against property in Lhasa.
    So, this back-lot story seemed outrageous enough that we had to run another check on it, as well. And, sure enough, you can find the confirmation on the site of the pro-independence outfit that sent out the incriminating photo:

    Here the caption reads: This is not an uncommon ‘tactical move’ from the Chinese government, as could be seen on the back-cover of the 2003 annual TCHRD Report [Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy]. This photo was apparently made when monks refused to play as actors in a movie, so soldiers were ordered to put on robes.

    Asked about this misrepresentation, the webmaster said that he went ahead and associated the photo with the text that accused the Chinese “in order to show the sort of dirty tricks the Chinese used in the recent riots”. Everybody will appreciate this kind of journalistic license.

    Then, all kinds of groups just cut the caption explaining the photo so people would believe that the picture was recent and showed a Chinese Army conspiracy. And since then, the photo has gone around the world. . .

    “Satellite Photos” ? Not the first time

    1. This is not the first time that we have been shown the purported truth with satellite photos. In 1990, the US alleged it had satellite photos (which were never shown) “proving” Saddam Hussein was going to invade Saudi Arabia.This trumped-up demonization played a large part in the manipulation of public opinion. I analyzed this media lie in my book “Attention, médias!” (pg 21)
    2. In 2003, the US put out satellite photos “proving” that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction.
    3. More recently, they have repeated this trick against Iran (hushing up the fact that Israel possesses 200 illegal nuclear warheads).

    Can a photographic image lie?

    Now’s the time to rememeber that you can lie with photographs. We’re not talking here just about Photoshopping or CGIs. Great filmmakers like Chris Marker have brilliantly demonstrated how a caption or a commentary can make photos and films say whatever the author wants, and make it seem credible. In fact, the picture itself does not tell us:

    1. When it was taken.
    2. What it is really showing.
    3. What it is hiding (on the side, before, after . . .)

    All of us have been tricked by such images in the past. And of course, everyone has to make up her or his own mind about Tibet by fully checking out the two versions of the story, and studying the interests at stake on both sides, especially those of George Bush so admired by the Dalai-Lama. But, in any case, we have the right to be honestly informed. We would suggest to anyone who has sent around this picture to also send out this correction. Thank you for your attention.



  4. Tibet, the ‘great game’ and the CIA

    Posted by: “Compañero”
    Wed Apr 2, 2008 10:51 pm (PDT)

    Tibet, the ‘great game’ and the CIA

    Mar 26, 2008
    By Richard M Bennett

    Given the historical context of the unrest in Tibet, there is reason to believe Beijing was caught on the hop with the recent demonstrations for the simple reason that their planning took place outside of Tibet and that the direction of the protesters is similarly in the hands of anti-Chinese organizers safely out of reach in Nepal and northern India.

    Similarly, the funding and overall control of the unrest has also been linked to Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama, and by inference to the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) because of his close cooperation with US intelligence for over 50 years.

    Indeed, with the CIA’s deep involvement with the Free Tibet Movement and its funding of the suspiciously well-informed Radio Free Asia, it would seem somewhat unlikely that any revolt could have been planned or occurred without the prior knowledge, and even perhaps the agreement, of the National Clandestine Service (formerly known as the Directorate of Operations) at CIA headquarters in Langley.

    Respected columnist and former senior Indian Intelligence officer, B Raman, commented on March 21 that “on the basis of available evidence, it was possible to assess with a reasonable measure of conviction” that the initial uprising in Lhasa on March 14 “had been pre-planned and well orchestrated”.

    Could there be a factual basis to the suggestion that the main beneficiaries to the death and destruction sweeping Tibet are in Washington? History would suggest that this is a distinct possibility.

    The CIA conducted a large scale covert action campaign against the communist Chinese in Tibet starting in 1956. This led to a disastrous bloody uprising in 1959, leaving tens of thousands of Tibetans dead, while the Dalai Lama and about 100,000 followers were forced to flee across the treacherous Himalayan passes to India and Nepal.

    The CIA established a secret military training camp for the Dalai Lama’s resistance fighters at Camp Hale near Leadville, Colorado, in the US. The Tibetan guerrillas were trained and equipped by the CIA for guerrilla warfare and sabotage operations against the communist Chinese.

    The US-trained guerrillas regularly carried out raids into Tibet, on occasions led by CIA-contract mercenaries and supported by CIA planes. The initial training program ended in December 1961, though the camp in Colorado appears to have remained open until at least 1966.

    The CIA Tibetan Task Force created by Roger E McCarthy, alongside the Tibetan guerrilla army, continued the operation codenamed “St Circus” to harass the Chinese occupation forces for another 15 years until 1974, when officially sanctioned involvement ceased.

    McCarthy, who also served as head of the Tibet Task Force at the height of its activities from 1959 until 1961, later went on to run similar operations in Vietnam and Laos.

    By the mid-1960s, the CIA had switched its strategy from parachuting guerrilla fighters and intelligence agents into Tibet to establishing the Chusi Gangdruk, a guerrilla army of some 2,000 ethnic Khamba fighters at bases such as Mustang in Nepal.

    This base was only closed down in 1974 by the Nepalese government after being put under tremendous pressure by Beijing. After the Indo-China War of 1962, the CIA developed a close relationship with the Indian intelligence services in both training and supplying agents in Tibet.

    Kenneth Conboy and James Morrison in their book The CIA’s Secret War in Tibet disclose that the CIA and the Indian intelligence services cooperated in the training and equipping of Tibetan agents and special forces troops and in forming joint aerial and intelligence units such as the Aviation Research Center and Special Center.

    This collaboration continued well into the 1970s and some of the programs that it sponsored, especially the special forces unit of Tibetan refugees which would become an important part of the Indian Special Frontier Force, continue into the present.

    Only the deterioration in relations with India which coincided with improvements in those with Beijing brought most of the joint CIA-Indian operations to an end.

    Though Washington had been scaling back support for the Tibetan guerrillas since 1968, it is thought that the end of official US backing for the resistance only came during meetings between president Richard Nixon and the Chinese communist leadership in Beijing in February 1972.

    Victor Marchetti, a former CIA officer has described the outrage many field agents felt when Washington finally pulled the plug, adding that a number even “[turned] for solace to the Tibetan prayers which they had learned during their years with the Dalai Lama”.

    The former CIA Tibetan Task Force chief from 1958 to 1965, John Kenneth Knaus, has been quoted as saying, “This was not some CIA black-bag operation.” He added, “The initiative was coming from … the entire US government.”

    In his book Orphans of the Cold War, Knaus writes of the obligation Americans feel toward the cause of Tibetan independence from China. Significantly, he adds that its realization “would validate the more worthy motives of we who tried to help them achieve this goal over 40 years ago. It would also alleviate the guilt some of us feel over our participation in these efforts, which cost others their lives, but which were the prime adventure of our own.”

    Despite the lack of official support it is still widely rumored that the CIA were involved, if only by proxy, in another failed revolt in October 1987, the unrest that followed and the consequent Chinese repression continuing till May 1993.

    The timing for another serious attempt to destabilize Chinese rule in Tibet would appear to be right for the CIA and Langley will undoubtedly keep all its options open.

    China is faced with significant problems, with the Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang province; the activities of the Falun Gong among many other dissident groups and of course growing concern over the security of the Summer Olympic Games in August.

    China is viewed by Washington as a major threat, both economic and military, not just in Asia, but in Africa and Latin America as well.

    The CIA also views China as being “unhelpful” in the “war on terror”, with little or no cooperation being offered and nothing positive being done to stop the flow of arms and men from Muslim areas of western China to support Islamic extremist movements in Afghanistan and Central Asian states.

    To many in Washington, this may seem the ideal opportunity to knock the Beijing government off balance as Tibet is still seen as China’s potential weak spot.

    The CIA will undoubtedly ensure that its fingerprints are not discovered all over this growing revolt. Cut-outs and proxies will be used among the Tibetan exiles in Nepal and India’s northern border areas.

    Indeed, the CIA can expect a significant level of support from a number of security organizations in both India and Nepal and will have no trouble in providing the resistance movement with advice, money and above all, publicity.

    However, not until the unrest shows any genuine signs of becoming an open revolt by the great mass of ethnic Tibetans against the Han Chinese and Hui Muslims will any weapons be allowed to appear.

    Large quantities of former Eastern bloc small arms and explosives have been reportedly smuggled into Tibet over the past 30 years, but these are likely to remain safely hidden until the right opportunity presents itself.

    The weapons have been acquired on the world markets or from stocks captured by US or Israeli forces. They have been sanitized and are deniable, untraceable back to the CIA.

    Weapons of this nature also have the advantage of being interchangeable with those used by the Chinese armed forces and of course use the same ammunition, easing the problem of resupply during any future conflict.

    Though official support for the Tibetan resistance ended 30 years ago, the CIA has kept open its lines of communications and still funds much of the Tibetan Freedom movement.

    So is the CIA once again playing the “great game” in Tibet?

    It certainly has the capability, with a significant intelligence and paramilitary presence in the region. Major bases exist in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan and several Central Asian states.

    It cannot be doubted that it has an interest in undermining China, as well as the more obvious target of Iran.

    So the probable answer is yes, and indeed it would be rather surprising if the CIA was not taking more than just a passing interest in Tibet. That is after all what it is paid to do.

    Since September 11, 2001, there has been a sea-change in US
    Intelligence attitudes, requirements and capabilities. Old operational plans have been dusted off and updated. Previous assets re-activated. Tibet and the perceived weakness of China’s position there will probably have been fully reassessed.

    For Washington and the CIA, this may seem a heaven-sent opportunity to create a significant lever against Beijing, with little risk to American interests; simply a win-win situation.

    The Chinese government would be on the receiving end of worldwide condemnation for its continuing repression and violation of human rights and it will be young Tibetans dying on the streets of Lhasa rather than yet more uniformed American kids.

    The consequences of any open revolt against Beijing, however, are that once again the fear of arrest, torture and even execution will pervade every corner of both Tibet and those neighboring provinces where large Tibetan populations exist, such as Gansu, Qinghai and Sichuan.

    And the Tibetan Freedom movement still has little likelihood of achieving any significant improvement in central Chinese policy in the long run and no chance whatever of removing its control of Lhasa and their homeland.

    Once again it would appear that the Tibetan people will find themselves trapped between an oppressive Beijing and a manipulative Washington.

    Beijing sends in the heavies
    The fear that the United States, Britain and other Western states may try to portray Tibet as another Kosovo may be part of the reason why the Chinese authorities reacted as if faced with a genuine mass revolt rather than their official portrayal of a short-lived outbreak of unrest by malcontents supporting the Dalai Lama.

    Indeed, so seriously did Beijing view the situation that a special security coordination unit, the 110 Command Center, has been established in Lhasa with the primary objective of suppressing the disturbances and restoring full central government control.

    The center appears to be under the direct control of Zhang Qingli, first secretary of the Tibet Party and a President Hu Jintao loyalist. Zhang is also the former Xinjiang deputy party secretary with considerable experience in counter-terrorism operations in that region.

    Others holding important positions in Lhasa are Zhang Xinfeng, vice minister of the Central Public Security Ministry and Zhen Yi, deputy commander of the People’s Armed Police Headquarters in Beijing.

    The seriousness with which Beijing is treating the present unrest is further illustrated by the deployment of a large number of important army units from the Chengdu Military Region, including brigades from the 149th Mechanized Infantry Division, which acts as the region’s rapid reaction force.

    According to a United Press International report, elite ground force units of the People’s Liberation Army were involved in Lhasa, and the new T-90 armored personnel carrier and T-92 wheeled armored vehicles were deployed. According to the report, China has denied the participation of the army in the crackdown, saying it was carried out by units of the armed police. “Such equipment as mentioned above has never been deployed by China’s armed police, however.”

    Air support is provided by the 2nd Army Aviation Regiment, based at Fenghuangshan, Chengdu, in Sichuan province. It operates a mix of helicopters and STOL transports from a frontline base near Lhasa. Combat air support could be quickly made available from fighter ground attack squadrons based within the Chengdu region. The Xizang Military District forms the Tibet garrison, which has two mountain infantry units; the 52nd Brigade based at Linzhi and the 53rd Brigade at Yaoxian Shannxi. These are supported by the 8th Motorized Infantry Division and an artillery brigade at Shawan, Xinjiang.

    Tibet is also no longer quite as remote or difficult to resupply for the Chinese army. The construction of the first railway between 2001 and 2007 has significantly eased the problems of the movement of large numbers of troops and equipment from Qinghai onto the rugged Tibetan plateau.

    Other precautions against a resumption of the long-term Tibetan revolts of previous years has led to a considerable degree of self-sufficiency in logistics and vehicle repair by the Tibetan garrison and an increasing number of small airfields have been built to allow rapid-reaction units to gain access to even the most remote areas.

    The Chinese Security Ministry and intelligence services had been thought to have a suffocating presence in the province and indeed the ability to detect any serious protest movement and suppress resistance.

    Richard M Bennett, intelligence and security consultant, AFI Research.

    (Copyright 2008 Richard M Bennett.)


  5. ORIGINAL FRENCH ARTICLE : L’étrange modèle tibétain de théocratie

    By Jean-Luc Mélanchon
    The Strange Tibetan Theocratic Model

    Translated Monday 14 April 2008, by Isabelle Metral
    Are Western leaders truly defending human rights?

    Is it possible to criticize the Chinese government without embracing the Dalai Lama’s theocratic project? For such is the impasse we are heading for as a result of the media-sustained agitation and brainwashing initiated by supporters of a boycott of the Beijing Olympics. So history will have taught us nothing. So we have forgotten all about the US boycott of the 1980 Moscow Games to protest the Red Army’s invasion of Afghanistan in support of Babrak Karmal’s communist government. And how, when it came to condemning this campaign and discrediting communism, just anything went: the US then did not stop at arming and financing all those who fought against the communist government and the Soviets, first among whom the Taliban, then Al Qaeda.

    The threat of an Olympics boycott commits us to the same preposterous logic. Apparently, solidarity with the religious Tibetan faction and Tibetan supporters of independence is a must. Never mind if China is severed of a quarter of its territory: that is not something that should make us pause. The feudal regime of the Tibetan monks and their exiled king, the 14th Dalai Lama, must be supported. And the Dalai Lama should be extravagantly recognized as a living God and absolute ruler over the Tibetan people. His grotesque claim to choose, with his higher clergy, the person in whom he professes he will be reincarnated should be assented…

    Not content with all that silly stuff we should also negate the historical links between Tibet and China since the fourteenth century. Forget the fact that the independence movement was instigated in the twentieth century by Western powers at the height of their imperialist supremacy in order to carve China up. Keep mum about what “the 1959 Chinese crackdown” really cracked down upon: the Tibetan monks’ revolt against the abolition of serfdom and feudal taxes and codes, by virtue of which there was a scale of prices for diverse categories of human beings and the monasteries’ masters had the power of life and death over their serfs…

    We are also expected to protest indignantly against the police suppressing the demonstrations in Lhassa, and make nothing of the fact that these started with a pogrom of Chinese shopkeepers. Waste no pity on those who were clubbed to death and burnt in their shops with their families by those who claim to support the Dalai Lama. Have no scruple about calling “genocide” the more than doubling of the Tibetan population since the 1950s. Bow low before the Tibetans’ so-called religious identity at a time when those populations have embarked on the secularizing process characteristic of all developing countries. Turn a blind eye to the strange social code that fidelity to tradition and Tibetan identity as preached by Tibetan monks entails: the condemnation of abortion and homosexuality (deemed unnatural by the Dalai Lama himself), of mixed marriages between Tibetans and Chinese, considered impure, the recruitment of children at a very early age by the monasteries… Say nothing about the recent campaign against the railway linking Beijing and Lassa, with arguments that were used in the nineteenth century, e.g. the condemnation of railways by Pope Gregory XVI as a devilish means to spread new ideas and subvert religious tradition.

    How can one invoke human rights and accept the negation of the secularist separation of church and state?

    The present campaign in favour of an Olympics boycott therefore amounts to a manipulation; it is a trap for the setting of which the rights of Tibetans and Chinese merely serve as a pretext. If the real aim was to put pressure on the Chinese government, why did Western leaders allow China to submit its application and why didn’t they say anything when it was elected to play host to the Games? Why do they keep signing contracts worth billions of dollars? Is China an eligible partner for the purchase of nuclear power stations or US Treasury bonds, but not for the organization of the Games? And why choose to meet it on the ethnic field rather than the social field? Is it not because Western powers would have a problem if social claims in China were met?

    All this hypocrisy binds the US and Europe to an aggressive escalation against China as a nation: the result will be a unanimous surge of national feeling across the country. The strategists behind this worldwide campaign have rested their hopes precisely on this. The fact it is headed by Robert Ménard [1] is a sure indication that US neo-conservatives are behind it. When all’s said and done, the sorcerer’s apprentices will be found to have once more befuddled us all.

    Jean-Luc Mélanchon is a Socialist senator.

    [1] Co-founder and general secretary (for life) of the French association Reporters Sans Frontières (RSF). Mélenchon remarks in his blog that the RSF “has shrunken, becoming this one individual” whose defense of civil liberties depends, in an opportunistic way, on the government in question, “being incapable of even token criticism of the use of torture by the U.S., or of seeking legal aid for those detained in Guantanamo.”


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