Koala survives car collision

Koala Bear Grylls

From the Australian Broadcasting Corporation today:

Bear Grylls‘ survives 100kph impact with car, gets wedged above vehicle’s bumper

By Malcolm Sutton and Brett Williamson

A koala has been affectionately dubbed “Bear Grylls” after it became wedged in the grille of a vehicle travelling 100 kilometres per hour in the Adelaide Hills.

The koala was hit on the South Eastern Freeway and remained stuck until the driver arrived home some ten kilometres down the road.

Driver Loren Davis said she hit the koala just after the Bridgewater exit heading to Mount Barker, where it was dark “with no street lights”.

“I didn’t see the koala until my headlights found it but I couldn’t change lanes because another car was there [on the inside lane].

“I slammed my brakes on but another car was behind me, so there was no choice but to hit the koala.”

Ms Davis said she pulled over after both cars had passed but could not see the koala in the dark.

“I drove home, feeling upset that I’d killed a koala.

“Once I got home and pulled into the garage I turned on the light to see the damage.

“I turned around, saw a koala and just screamed.”

Ms Davis said she thought the koala was dead and ran inside to tell her fiance and his son.

“When they called out and said, ‘he’s alive’, I was teary, thinking of this poor koala in the front of the car.”

Ms Davis said the koala seemed quite “with it” and growled every time they drew close.

They were able to push a blanket underneath its arm and the koala used it to pull himself out of the grille.

“We backed my car out and closed the garage door to let him rest in there. We didn’t want him to wander off until we’d seen he was okay.

“We’re calling him Bear Grylls.”

Michael ‘Bear’ Grylls is a British adventurer and television presenter with a knack for getting himself into dangerous situations and surviving unscathed.

CFS considered to remove the koala

Fauna Rescue of South Australia volunteer and koala hotline operator Don Bigham said the owners of the car talked about calling the Country Fire Service to remove the koala.

Because it would take him 40 minutes to get to the house, Mr Bigham suggested they call the Royal Automobile Association.

“But fairly quickly, the koala got out,” Mr Bigham said.

“They had closed the [car] garage when they got home, so they had it [contained].

“When I got there it was sitting on gym equipment with some obvious minor abrasions.”

The koala was taken to a vet where x-rays and a further examination was undertaken.

Despite the ordeal, the koala was mostly uninjured, suffering only abrasions.

“The koala has come home with us and probably in the next day or so it will be going back home,” Mr Bigham said.

Koalas are a regular occurrence on Adelaide Hills’ roads and often display a casual disregard for traffic conditions.

“They don’t behave in an extremely bright manner sometimes,” Mr Bigham said.

“They walk down the middle of the road, [even] sit on roads.”

This koala reminds me of this snowy owl.

More than 40,000 hectares of koala habitat in Queensland has disappeared since the state’s land-clearing controls were weakened, a conservation group says: here.

Australian archbishop arrested in child abuse scandal

This video from Australia says about itself:

17 March 2015

Adelaide Catholic Archbishop Philip Wilson has been charged with concealing child sex abuse, committed by another clergyman three decades ago.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Archbishop accused of paedophile cover-up

Wednesday 18th March 2015

AUSTRALIAN Catholic archbishop of Adelaide Philip Wilson was arrested yesterday and charged with covering up for a paedophile priest during the 1970s.

He said that he was disappointed that New South Wales state police had decided to charge him with concealing a serious child sexual abuse offence, adding that he would fight the charge, which carries a potential two-year prison sentence.

It is alleged that he failed to report child-sex abuse carried out by James Fletcher in the 1970s when they both served in the town of Maitland, north of Sydney.

Mr Fletcher died in prison in 2006, one year into an almost eight-year sentence for raping an altar boy between 1989 and 1991.

A victim of Mr Fletcher’s paedophilia, Peter Gogarty, expressed relief over the charge yesterday, saying: “I think it’s a very, very important day for Australia that we’ve now had someone in such a high position charged.”

Rare beaked whales off South Australia

This February 2012 video says about itself:

In a lucky encounter, the Australian Antarctic Division research team spotted a group of extremely rare Shepherd’s beaked whales off the coast of Australia.

From Wildlife Extra:

One of the world’s rarest and least known whales photographed off South Australia

“Shepherd’s” delight as survey records extremely rare whale off Kangaroo Island

June 2013. A small pod of extremely rare Shepherd’s beaked whales has been spotted and photographed off South Australia’s Kangaroo Island by a team from the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW) who were conducting an acoustic whale research survey. These whales are so rarely seen that no population estimate for them exists.

“These mysterious whales have been seen in the wild only a handful of times. That our research team encountered this group and was able to capture footage of them at the surface is incredibly special,” said Matthew Collis, IFAW campaigns manager.

Second sighting

The sighting was made very close to another sighting of Shepherd’s beaked whales in the area last year. “To have sightings in close proximity in two consecutive years of one of the world’s most rarely seen whales suggests the waters off Kangaroo Island are very important for this species,” added Mr Collis.

The waters of South Australia have previously been recognised as a worldwide hotspot for beaked whales but based mostly on strandings of dead animals.

Kangaroo Island whale survey

The sighting was made during an acoustic and visual survey for whales being conducted off the west coast of Kangaroo Island. The area, known as the Kangaroo Island Pool and Canyons, is identified in a number of Government documents as an important area for whales but very little detailed scientific research has been undertaken. This was the first ever acoustic survey carried out in the area.

IFAW has pioneered the use of passive acoustics – listening for whales with underwater microphones – as a survey method in various locations around the world. As whales spend very little time at the surface and use sound to communicate, navigate, and find prey underwater, acoustic monitoring is one of the most effective methods to detect these animals and can be conducted 24-hours a day.

Seismic tests

“That we encountered whales virtually every day of the survey just underlines how important this area is for marine life. Yet this survey was at exactly the time of year that deafening seismic testing to search for oil and gas is planned in the area.

Most vulnerable to seismic tests

“Most worrying of all is that beaked whales are the group of whales thought to be the most susceptible to the negative impacts of man-made noise. Strandings and deaths of beaked whales have been linked with the use of military sonar and it is thought that other noise sources, such as shipping and seismic testing, are likely to affect this acoustically sensitive group of whales,” concluded Mr Collis.

Shepherd’s Beaked whales

At about seven metres long, Shepherd’s beaked whales are around half the length of a humpback whale but are one of the larger species of beaked whale.

Very little is known about most beaked whales even though they represent a quarter of all whale species. Generally, they are found in deep waters and regularly dive at depths of more than 1000m, for long periods foraging for squid and fish.

Isle of Man, Scotland dolphins

This video is about bottlenose dolphin sounds.

From Wildlife Extra:

Several sightings of dolphins off the Isle of Man – Are Bottlenose dolphins moving north?

Plentiful herring may be luring the dolphins

May 2013. The unusual sight of a large group of bottlenose dolphins near the Isle of Man this week may be further evidence that they are shifting their summer range northwards, says the marine conservation charity Sea Watch Foundation.

The Manx Whale & Dolphin Watch not only reported around 10 bottlenose dolphins in the north eastern part of the Isle of Man on May 19, but later the same day, a large group of 50-60 bottlenose dolphins, including young calves, were seen off the eastern part of the Island.

Have you seen any Bottlenose dolphins off the Isle of Man or nearby?

Both organisations are calling for members of the public to send in photographs to photo@seawatchfoundation.org.uk of bottlenose dolphins off the Isle of Man or off the north east coast of England and the Galloway coast in the northeast Irish Sea, to see whether they can be matched with any known to frequent Cardigan Bay. Photographs need to show their fins side on which are used for ID in much the same way as fingerprints in humans!

20 Bottlenose dolphins off Abbey Head, Dumfries

Another interesting sighting – a group of 20 bottlenose sightings off Abbey Head, Dumfries and Galloway – was also reported to Sea Watch by Regional co-ordinator, Mark Pollitt, manager of the Dumfries and Galloway Environmental Recording Centre on 20 May. Photographs are again being sought to see whether these dolphins match records either from Cardigan Bay in Wales or form Scottish populations on the west and east coast.

Risso’s dolphins

Daphna Feingold, Sea Watch Monitoring officer for the Cardigan Bay bottlenose dolphin Photo ID Project, says: “There were also reports of Risso’s dolphins in the Isle of Man area at the same time and of the two species swimming together. Although this is not unheard of, it is quite unusual in UK coastal waters.


“In recent years we have been noting what may be a shift in the Cardigan Bay population northwards, and we are concerned that this may be due to disturbance since recreational boating has increased and has been shown to have a negative effect on the animals.”

Sea Watch is calling for added protection for bottlenose dolphins around the north coasts of Wales since these are being used extensively by bottlenose dolphins. Current conservation protection for the species exists in the Cardigan Bay Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and Pen Llŷn a’r Sarnau SAC, but not further north.

Increase in the number of Bottlenose dolphins in Manx waters

Tom Felce, Manx Whale & Dolphin Watch, says: “There has been a clear increase in the number of sightings of bottlenose dolphins in Manx waters in the last two or three years, with sighting numbers increasing from around 15 sightings a year, to around 40 or 50 sightings a year. The majority of these sightings are in the winter months, between October and March, so a sighting of such a large group towards the end of May is particularly significant.”

Plentiful herring

Manx fisherman Danny Kermeen, who reported the initial sighting of ten individuals, has been catching lots of herring in the north of the island which may be the reason that the Bottlenose dolphins are in the area at this time of year, as herring do not normally reach the north east of the island until October or November. However, since herring eat sand eels, it may also be those that are attracting the bottlenose dolphins.

National Whale and Dolphin Watch from 27 July – 4 August

Find out more about Sea Watch and how to take part yourself in National Whale and Dolphin Watch from 27July – 4 August via www.seawatchfoundation.org.uk and help protect the UK’s whales and dolphins by adopting a Cardigan Bay dolphin on www.adoptadolphin.org.uk.

A RARE dolphin has died after becoming stranded in a Scottish sea loch. Sightings of what was initially thought to be a pilot whale in Loch Fleet, Sutherland were reported on Monday, but the creature was identified as a Risso’s dolphin when it came ashore on Wednesday afternoon: here.

Warmer seas could lead to more dolphin deaths in South Australia: here.

Good koala news from Australia

This video from Australia says about itself:

A Thirsty Koala Returns and Sneezes

Feb 27, 2009

South Australia has had a three-year drought and as a result eucalypt leaves lose much of their moisture. Koalas normally get enough water from eating leaves but lately it’s been too hot so koalas have been coming to homes looking for water. This wild koala first came to our house during an extreme heat wave (see A Thirsty Koala). Three weeks later it got hot again and he came back looking much more lively.

From Queensland University of Technology in Australia:

World-first research will save koalas

The “holy grail” for understanding how and why koalas respond to infectious diseases has been uncovered in an Australian-led, world-first genome mapping project.

The joint undertaking between QUT (Queensland University of Technology in Brisbane, Australia) and The Australian Museum has unearthed a wealth of data, including the koala interferon gamma (IFN-g) gene – a chemical messenger that plays a key role in the iconic marsupial’s defence against cancer, viruses and intracellular bacteria.

Professor Peter Timms, from QUT’s Institue of Health and Biomedical Innovation (IHBI), said the IFN-g gene was the key to finding a cure for diseases such as Chlamydia and Koala Retrovirus (KoRV), currently threatening the vulnerable species.

“We know koalas are infected with various strains of Chlamydia, but we do not know why some animals go on to get severe clinical disease and some do not,” Professor Timms said.

“We also know that genes such as IFN-g are very important for controlling chlamydial infections in humans and other animals.

Identifying these in the koala will be a major step forward in understanding and controlling diseases in this species. ”

The research team – made up of Professor Timms, Dr Adam Polkinghorne, Dr Ana Pavasovic and Dr Peter Prentis from QUT; The Australian Museum; veterinarians from Australia Zoo and the Port Macquarie Koala Hospital; and bioinformaticians from Ramaciotti Centre and UNSW – have sequenced the complete transcriptome from several koala tissues.

Dr Polkinghorne from QUT’s School of Biomedical Sciences said data sets from immune-related tissues of Birke, a koala who was euthanised following a dog attack, have revealed a wealth of information about the species’ immune system including the sequences of at least 390 immune-related genes.

“Virtually nothing is known about the immune system of the koala and the absence of information has been a major hinderance to our efforts to understand how Chlamydia and KoRV infections lead to such debilitating disease in this native species,” he said.

Since finding the ‘holy grail’ the QUT team has developed a molecular test to measure IFN-g expression in the blood of healthy and diseased koalas, which has already been applied to a small group of wild koalas taken to the Australia Zoo Wildlife Hospital suffering ocular and reproductive tract disease.

The results will allow researchers to pull apart the complex immune response to better understand how to successfully treat and immunise the vulnerable koala population.

The genes, which only represent about 1.8 per cent of the total set identified in the tissues, were involved in B cell and T cell activation and antigen presentation – key components of the adaptive immune response suggesting that koalas have the capability to protect themselves against microbial pathogens, such as Chlamydia.

Professor Timms’ team, who are currently trialling a Chlamydia vaccine for koalas in South East Queensland, said the koala transcriptome data also provided evidence that the KoRV virus’s genes were not just circulating in the blood, but were also fused to some of the animal’s own genes.

“By analysing this information we should be able to determine if KoRV is sitting harmlessly in these koalas or if it’s potentially triggering cancer or resulting in mild Chlamydia infections becoming a serious clinical disease,” Professor Timms said.

The finding will also help researchers understand why Queensland and New South Wales koala populations have been crippled by the spread of Chlamydia while Victorian populations are much less unaffected.

The project will also aid the conservation of other Australian wildlife, with the team of researchers revealing that the majority of koala sequences shared similarities to that of the Tasmanian Devil.

“While this finding alone is not that surprising, it does show that the immune genes of marsupials are fairly closely related,” Dr Polkinghorne said.

“This promises to benefit gene discovery and the development of immunological tools that will help us to fight diseases in our other threatened and endangered wildlife species.”

While the consortium already contains more than 12 scientists, veterinarians and bioinformaticians, Professor Timms said the team had only scratched the “tip of the iceberg”.

“The task is much larger and will require many more people to assist with analysing the data,” he said.

“Funding to date has resulted in a rich koala genetic bank, but it will fall short if we are to use this data to answer key koala survival questions.

“It is planned to expand the consortium and hold a workshop to develop the best approaches to analysing the data and hence ensure the continued survival of this iconic species.”

BirdLife Australia condemns the New South Wales (NSW) government’s decision to allow recreational hunting in the state’s national parks and reserves: here.

During the breeding season, male koalas produce ‘bellow’ vocalisations that are characterised by a continuous series of inhalation and exhalation sections, and an extremely low fundamental frequency (the main acoustic correlate of perceived pitch) [1]. Remarkably, the fundamental frequency (F0) of bellow inhalation sections averages 27.1 Hz (range: 9.8–61.5 Hz [1]), which is 20 times lower than would be expected for an animal weighing 8 kg [2] and more typical of an animal the size of an elephant (Supplemental figure S1A). Here, we demonstrate that koalas use a novel vocal organ to produce their unusually low-pitched mating calls: here.

Lake Eyre flooding makes rare Australian bird paradise

This video from Australia is called Lake Eyre Comes Alive.

From Wildlife Extra:

Lake Eyre floods for the third year in a row.

World’s Largest Salt Lake Comes Back to Life in South Australia

March 2011. Following last year’s spectacular sight as floodwaters filled the once dormant Lake Eyre in South Australia, the remarkable natural phenomenon is occurring for a (potentially unprecedented in recent times) third consecutive year. Visitors can marvel at the reborn lake with scenic flights and expeditions.

At 15 metres below sea level and Australia’s lowest point, Lake Eyre has only filled to the brim three times in the last 150 years. In 2000 the world’s largest salt lake became half full, a rare wonder which was mirrored in 2009 when floodwaters flowed along the normally dormant creeks and rivers to breathe life into the dry lake once more. The 2009 Lake Eyre flood peaked at 1.5 metres deep in late May, a quarter of its maximum recorded depth of 6 metres.

Heavy rains in Queensland and New South Wales over Christmas 2009 and New Year 2010 coupled with good summer rains in the South Australian Outback led to a repeat of the impressive phenomenon in 2010.


After the well documented major floods in Queensland in December 2010, many Queensland rivers and streams have been carrying the water slowly southwards. The usually dry Outback is also looking surprisingly verdant and green. It takes several months for the water to reach Lake Eyre, and it is predicted that water levels in the lake will peak around Easter. It is thought that it may well be the largest flood since 1969. Visit between now and September to catch the spectacle before floodwaters recede.

Birding paradise

One result of this extraordinary event is prolific birdlife returning to the vast inland sea, making it a veritable birding paradise. With a lot of water on the ground it is not uncommon to see red-necked avocets, grey teals and black-tailed native hens. Other birds taking advantage of the conditions in varying habitats are brown songlarks, inland dotterels (with chicks), orange and crimson chats and red-backed kingfishers, which are all being seen readily within the area.

Trilobite fossils of Kangaroo Island, Australia

This video is called Kangaroo Island / Australia.

From the Australian Broadcasting Corporation:

Narration: Kangaroo Island, South Australia. A holiday destination renowned for its beaches and natural splendours.

And soon to be renowned for some of the weirdest relics of ancient marine life in the world. …

Narration: Here in Emu Bay on the island’s north coast an international team of palaeontologists hosted by the South Australian Museum are digging up fossils from the Cambrian Period. They’re around 520 million years old, a time when life had only just begun to diversify.

These animals were living on the floor of an ancient sea. Many of them were arthropods, the group that includes modern crabs, lobsters, spiders, centipedes and insects. And by far the most common type of fossil is this one – a trilobite.

Jim: This is the largest species of trilobite. They’re called trilobites because they’ve got three lobes to them. And you see those ridges? They’re the eye ridges. So this thing could see.

Narration: Diego Garcia – from the University of Madrid – has seen fossils like this before – in the Burgess Shales of western Canada.

Talking about Diego Garcia and islands: it is to be hoped that this scientist Diego Garcia will fare better than the inhabitants of Diego Garcia island in the Indian ocean, driven off their island in order to make space for a US military base, now also a torture prison.

Tiny Trilobites Drifted in Cambrian Currents: here.

Signs of violence on agnostid trilobites found in Cambrian rocks suggest they were attacking each other: here.

Fossils record reveals ancient migrations, trilobite mass matings: here.

A new species of the Lower Ordovician pliomerid trilobite Pseudocybele: here.

It’s easy to travel responsibly on Kangaroo Island, where conservation is key to the wildlife that abounds: here.

July 2011: Nearly 700 people have planted 120,000 seedlings to help restore and protect the habitat on Kangaroo Island, Australia. The annual Kangaroo Island Planting Festival attracted 676 volunteers this year – almost 200 more than last year – with more than 100 different species planted to establish new habitat in the lower Cygnet Valley: here.

Weapons trade fair cancelled by peace movement pressure

This video from England is about DSEi Arms Trade Fair protests, London 2013.

By Jacob Grech in Australia:

The killing business: Australia and the arms trade

6 September 2008

On the 90th anniversary of Armistice Day this November, Adelaide was due to play host to the largest military corporations in the world, who will be displaying the most sophisticated weapons that have ever been created. The planned fair was cancelled on September 7 by the South Australian government on grounds of supposed “violent protests” being planned.

South Australian Premier Mike Rann had called this a fantastic business and investment opportunity. We call it an obscenity.

The Asia Pacific Defence and Security Exhibition (APDSE) was being billed as an opportunity for Australia to take advantage of the “size and significant growth of the Asia Pacific defence and security market”. Citing regional issues — including North Korean instability, regional arms races, security implications of climate change, illegal immigration to Australia and the Australian government’s commitment to increase defence spending over the next five years — APDSE is positioning itself as the place for the international weapons community to meet and network on how to best take advantage of this perceived trend to instability in the region.

The governments of Israel, the United States, France, Italy, Britain, Germany and South Africa, along with companies such as Boeing, Thales and BAe, had already booked major exhibition space at APDSE. This is not to make sales to the Australian military but to network with the military representatives who will be visiting Adelaide for the show. …

The last time an arms fair the size of the APDSE was held in Australia was in 1989 and 1991, when the ALP government, with Kim Beazley as defence minister, set out to openly increase Australia’s military role.

The resulting public outcry was so strong at these events, and the blockades at the gates so effective, that AIDEX ‘93 was banned by the ACT government. After looking around for another home, the organisers, Desiko, quietly cancelled their 1993 event.

Protests against arms fairs are regular occurrences in many countries. In Britain, the largest arms fair in the world, DSEi, attracted so much opposition that the company organising it, Reed Elsevier, sold off its arms fair department last year.

While this was great news for the international peace movement, it was a two-edged sword for Australia: Alex Nicholl, who was employed by Reed to organise DSEi, was suddenly out of work and decided to try his luck in the colonies. What he found here was a military corporate sector desperate to improve its standing in the military community.

The links between the military and corporate worlds have been well-documented, most notably by supporters of the free market. In 1999 New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman wrote: “The hidden hand of the market will never work without a hidden fist — McDonald’s cannot flourish without McDonnell Douglas, the designer of the F-15. And the hidden fist that keeps the world safe for Silicon Valley’s technologies is called the United States Army, Air Force, Navy and Marine Corps.”

This is not only the case for US and global capital, but for Australian capital as well. Australia has a strange place in the international arms trade. With a small population and a diminishing manufacturing sector, exports of Australian-made equipment are quite minor in world terms; but this is not Australia’s only role. Halliburton, Raytheon, BAe and Boeing, among others, maintain a major presence in Australia — out of proportion to the amount of business Australian government and industry generates.

Australia’s position as a Western outpost on the doorstep of Asia makes it an attractive place for US and European arms companies to locate their regional offices and, while the actual weapons themselves may never pass through Australia, in the globalised marketplace, a lot of the lobbying, administration and financial arrangements for international trafficking does.

In many ways this is analogous to Australia’s military role: overseas deployment of troops being largely limited by its small population, Australia plays a major role in hosting military command, control, communications and intelligence bases such as Pine Gap and provides unparalleled access to training facilities for US allies through exercises such as Talisman Sabre in Queensland. …

Peace groups, churches, political organisations and environmental groups had planned a major protest at APDSE. Planned protests included a peace festival on November 9, a picket and vigil for the duration of APDSE, from November 11-13, and a blockade of the setting up of the exhibition up from November 8-11.

See also here. And here.

Woma python re-introduced to Australian nature reserve

This video from Australia says about itself:

The Greater Stick-nest Rat once ranged across the Nullarbor Plain. Now it survives only on a handful of islands, one of them Reevesby Island. Ecologist Dr Joss Bentley from Australian Wildlife Conservancy (AWC) has arrived to organise a mass escape.

Once 40 Stick-nest Rats are safely packed for transport, she’s got less than 20 hours to deliver them to their new home — a 4,000 hectare fenced ‘paddock’, free from feral cats, foxes and predators, in the red sand desert country called ‘Scotia’ owned by AWC.

Here they’ll join the rest of the marsupials that ruled Australia until the 1800s — Bilbies, Bridled Nailtail Wallabies, Boodies, Mala and Woylies.They’re all now endangered on the mainland, and the non-government AWC aims to have them removed from the ‘extinct’ list in NSW.

From the Australian Broadcasting Corporation:

Predators added to wildlife refuge

A conservation area near Roxby Downs for animals that are extinct in the wild in South Australia has been so successful that a natural predator is being introduced.

The arid recovery reserve borders the Olympic Dam copper and uranium mine in outback SA and is a refuge for the greater stick nest rat, burrowing bettong, greater bilby and western barred bandicoot.

The woma python is also endangered in Australia and 10 are about to introduced at the reserve.

Spokesman John Read says there are so many bilbies and bettongs that the pythons will not endanger the population.

“It seems a bit ironic that we are introducing a predator to the arid recovery reserve but what arid recovery is all about is recreating a natural system and we’ve now got hundreds of bilbies and close to a thousand burrowing bettongs,” he said.

Bilbies bring deserts back to life: here.

The gentle rabbit-like bilby – Australia’s stand-in for the Easter bunny – had an ancient relative that was a far more fearsome little beast, a new study has found: here.

Yellow-tailed Black Cockatoos on the brink in Australia

This video from Australia is about Yellow-tailed black cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus funereus).

From Wildlife Extra:

The future of Eyre Peninsula’s population of critically endangered Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos is looking grim after one of the species’ worst breeding seasons in almost a decade.

Department for Environment and Heritage (DEH) Threatened Fauna Officer Ms Sarah Way has estimated that only 10 to 14 Yellow-tailed Black-Cockatoos remain on Eyre Peninsula.

‘The drought has worsened the plight of these birds, which were already under considerable pressure following the 2005 Black Tuesday bushfire that burnt though the cockatoo’s core breeding area,’ said Ms Way.

‘Food resources for the cockatoos are scarce, with Hakea plants regenerating after the fire yet to produce edible cones for the birds.

August 2011: A recent census of Southern Australia’s vulnerable yellow-tailed black cockatoos has found a 2,030-strong population across the Mount Lofty Ranges and Fleurieu Peninsula: here.

Black-billed Amazon Amazona agilis in Jamaica: here.

Canberra Botanical Garden Facing Severe Droughts: Water and Cash: here.