Suriname 19th century slavery now online

Suriname slave register, NOS photo

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Surinamese slave registers now accessible to everyone

Today, 15:22

For those looking for more information about his or her Surinamese ancestors, doing research on Surinamese slavery or preparing lessons on slavery, the search from today will be easier. The Surinamese slave registers are now available online from today on.

The slave registers consist of 43 big books with a total of almost 30,000 pages. They are classified by the names of the slave owners or plantations. The name of the enslaved person is registered, just like the date of birth, the sex and the name of the mother (the father was not registered). Information about sales, contagious diseases, release and other information that was important for the status and monetary value of people in slavery can also be found in the register. Approximately 80,000 people are registered who lived in slavery in Suriname from 1830 to 1863.

“The slave registers are unique, it is the only source with detailed information that gives the possibility to follow all people in slavery over 35 years”, says initiator Coen van Galen.

Coen van Galen of the Radboud University in Nijmegen and Maurits Hassankhan of the Anton de Kom University of Suriname are the initiators of the project ‘Make the Surinamese slave registers public’. Together they have recruited 1500 volunteers who have contributed to digitizing the registers. The volunteers have put the information of all scans in a database within four months. With a crowdfunding campaign and donors, the initiators have raised money for the project.

“The slave registers in the National Archive of Suriname were not easily accessible, for example there was no index, so you could not search easily”, says Hassankhan. That has changed now. “It is now easily accessible to everyone worldwide.”

The fact that the registers are now digitally accessible is important both for the public and for science. “People need to know where they come from and learn more about their ancestors”, says Hassankhan. “This is important for your identity as an individual and as a group.” This source is also important for science. According to Van Galen, it gives scientists the opportunity to understand what slavery was and meant for people. …

The slave registers are from today on online and accessible to everyone via the website of the National Archives in The Hague and the Nationaal Archief Suriname. The symbolic launch date of the slave registers is July 1st during Keti Koti. …

On July 1, the Netherlands, Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles celebrate the abolition of slavery during the Keti Koti Festival. Keti Koti is Surinamese for ‘broken chains’.

Italian government arrests for helping refugees escape from slavery

This 28 November 2017 video says about itself:


I bumped into this documentary and I decided to upload it on YouTube so as to shed more light on what is going on in Libya. Ross Kemp covered this months ago and till now, no European or Western country has condemned the act. We need to stop the slave trade in Libya!!

Translated from Dutch NOS TV, 18 March 2018:

Italy seizes aid organization’s ship

The Italian authorities have seized a relief organization’s ship. The ship had 218 migrants aboard, who left at the port of Pozzallo in Sicily. The aid agency ProActiva refused to transfer the migrants at sea to Libya ….

Indeed, to Libya. Where they would have been sold into slavery.

The present Italian government is a ‘center left’ caretaker government. The leader of the extreme right Northern League party wants to become the new prime minister, but neither his party nor any other party has a majority, meaning there is no new government after the election yet. It looks like the ‘center left’ caretaker government is emulating the extreme right’s xenophobia.

Italy has now reluctantly allowed them in.

The crew was detained and the commander and coordinator of the ship were charged with cooperating with illegal migration …

They are accused of bringing the migrants to Italy instead of transferring them to Libya.

Italy wants to reduce the flow of migrants, only allowing ships from non-governmental organizations affiliated with Frontex, the EU agency that monitors the external borders of Europe.

A pro-refugee non-governmental organization, if it affiliates with anti-refugee governmental Frontex, of course ceases to be ‘non-governmental’ and ceases to be humanitarian.

THE head of a Spanish aid group said today he fears human-trafficking charges may be brought against his staff after they refused to hand over a group of rescued migrants to the Libyan coastguard in a tense standoff at sea, instead taking them to Italy. Proactiva Open Arms founder and director Oscar Camps said Italian authorities seized his group’s boat yesterday in the Sicilian port of Pozzallo. Officers were investigating the rescue group for suspected criminal association and aiding illegal immigration: here.

Second Amendment, guns and white supremacy in the USA

This video from the USA says about itself:

White Supremacy and the Second Amendment

6 March 2018

The sanctity of the Second Amendment for all Americans is a myth. It is a myth today and it has been a myth from the beginning.

Gun rights in this country were forged on the idea that white people had the right to take native people’s land by the barrel of the gun. They were forged on the idea that black people were living pieces of property that needed to be kept in place by armed slave patrols, militias, and posse justice.

No matter what your position on guns is, the Second Amendment stems from an ideology that is rooted in the belief that white people have the right to control others with their weapons.

The 11-year-old girl whose address at a gun control march in Washington D.C. galvanized activists said she faces taunts because she is black and Jewish: here.

Students at an estimated 2,500 high schools and middle schools across the United States participated in a nationally-coordinated walkout against violence in schools on Friday. The event was organized through social media by high school students from Connecticut to mark the 19th anniversary of the massacre at Columbine High School: here.

At least 57 white supremacists have been charged in a yearlong meth operation in Texas.

FBI: PROUD BOYS ARE ‘EXTREMISTS’ A 2018 internal affairs report from the Clark County Sheriff’s Office in Vancouver, Washington, states that the “FBI categorizes the Proud Boys as an extremist group with ties to White Nationalism.” [HuffPost]

PEDOPHILE PREACHES ‘BENEVOLENT WHITE SUPREMACY’ Nathan Larson is a 37-year-old accountant from Charlottesville, Virginia, who is running for Congress as an independent candidate in his native state. He is also a pedophile, as he admitted to us on Thursday. Larson’s campaign manifesto includes protecting gun ownership rights, establishing free trade and protecting “benevolent white supremacy,” as well as legalizing incestuous marriage and child pornography. [HuffPost]

ADL: White Supremacists’ Propaganda Efforts Up 182% In 2018: here.

Stop slavery in Libya, The Hague, 18 December

This 24 November 2017 video is called The football world did not remain silent on slave trade in Libya.

From In-EUmanity Amsterdam and No Border Network in the Netherlands:

Monday 18 December 2017 14:00 till 16:00

Europahuis, Korte Vijverberg 5/6 2513 AB The Hague

Stop Europe Funding Slavery in Libya: Stop Wars on Migrants

We are going to organize action days against European funding of atrocities in Libya.

In Libya, everyday migrants are imprisoned in private detention centers, tortured and sold as slaves. They suffer extreme exploitation and violence.

Europe [rather: the European Union] is funding the expansion of these detention centers. Meanwhile by implementing the Malta agreement, Europe is training and technically supplying the Libyan “coastguard” to carry out illegal refoulements that they call “rescue operations”.

We stand up against the criminal regime of Fortress Europe.

We demand the immediate cessation of the funding of the Libyan torturers.

End slavery and detention in Libya.

Free passage, healthcare and protection to all the victims of torture and trafficking.

Common Day of Action on the 18th of December, International Day of Migrants

A video of the demonstration is here. One of the speeches is here.

Dutch Leiden slavery history

This 6 November 2017 Dutch video is about the new book Sporen van de slavernij in Leiden, Traces of slavery in Leiden.

The history of Dutch city Leiden at first sight seems to have little to do with slavery. Already since the 16th century, slavery was illegal in the Netherlands itself; though legal in the overseas colonies until 1863. The ships of the Dutch transatlantic slave trade departed from seaboard harbours; inland Leiden did not have such a harbour. The slogan of Leiden University was and is: Praesidium Libertatis, bulwark of freedom. Slavery surely does not agree with that?

However, recently a book came out, Sporen van de slavernij in Leiden. The book is by Leiden historians Karwan Fatah-Black and Geert Oostindie.

This 2014 video says about itself:

The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you – Anthony Hazard

Slavery has occurred in many forms throughout the world, but the Atlantic slave trade — which forcibly brought more than 10 million Africans to the Americas — stands out for both its global scale and its lasting legacy. Anthony Hazard discusses the historical, economic and personal impact of this massive historical injustice.

Read more here.

Leiden citizen Johannes de Laet was one of the founders of the transatlantic slave trading Dutch West India Company (WIC), founded in 1621. The Leiden city government invested so much money in that company that it was represented on the WIC board.

Hugo de Groot in Leiden Groot Auditorium

The Couderc-Temming couple were rich slave owners in 18th century colonial Suriname. After her husband died, widow Johanna Baldina Temming moved to Leiden. She had three servants there. One of them free; two others slaves. Not legal; but it still was like that.

How about Leiden university?

This photo shows a stained glass window in the Groot Auditorium, the most important hall of Leiden university. It shows famous Dutch jurist Hugo de Groot (Grotius, 1583-1645), who studied law at Leiden university. In his hands, his book De juri belli ac pacis. In that book, De Groot defended slavery.

Hugo de Groot was not by any means the last ex-Leiden student defending slavery.

Thomas Hees, with his nephews and African slave

This 1687 painting by Michiel van Musscher depicts diplomat Thomas Hees, who had studied philosophy and medicine in Leiden. It also depicts Hees’ two nephews and, in the background, ‘Thomas the negro’, his African slave.

Samuel Arnoldus Coerman, born in Curaçao, studied law in Leiden. In Dutch law, there was no difference between black and white people. Coerman went back to Curaçao as public prosecutor, intending to make that law work. However, the practice of the Curaçao slavery-based society and its court soon disillusioned him. He went back to Leiden, where he died in 1821, 41 years old.

Johan Rudolph Thorbecke (1798-1872) studied at Leiden university and later became a professor there. He became the leader of the Dutch liberal party and managed to limit the power of the monarchy and increase the power of parliament in 1848, when revolutions all over Europe scared the king into making concessions.

However, Thorbecke was not as progressive on slavery as on the parliament-monarchy relationship. He saw slaves mainly as property, and according to his bourgeois liberalism, property was sacrosanct.

From NATO war to Libyan slavery

This video says about itself:

Should NATO Answer for Libya’s Slave Trade?

2 December 2017

CNN has revealed that African migrants are being sold at slave auctions in Libya for as little as $400. As the UN weighs sanctions, professor and author Horace Campbell says the NATO powers who tore Libya apart should own up to their responsibility.

As EU policies drive migrants away, Libyan authorities push them into dire detention centres. For some who reach Europe, it is worth the risk: here.

Libyan hell for African refugees

This video says about itself:


28 November 2017


I bumped into this documentary and I decided to upload it on YouTube so as to shed more light on what is going on in Libya. Ross Kemp covered this months ago and till now, no European or Western country has condemned the act. We need to stop the Slave Trade in Libya!!

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Hundreds of thousands of migrants face inhuman conditions in Libya

Friday 1st December 2017

UP TO 700,000 African migrants are suffering “inhuman” conditions in Libyan camps, African Union (AU) commission chairman Moussa Faki Mahamat said yesterday.

Mr Mahamat spoke at the end of a summit between the AU and European Union where migration was a top issue.

He said that 3,800 people in one camp in Tripoli need to be removed as soon as possible.

“That’s just one camp,” he said. “The Libyan government has told us there are 42” and some contain even more people.

Several stories about African refugees being sold at open-air slave markets in Libya have been published recently in Western media.

However, there have often been reports of black Africans being horrendously abused and killed since Nato overthrew the Libyan government in 2011, plunging the country into bloody chaos.

Oxfam said yesterday that a EU deal to support Libya’s coastguard, agreed at the joint summit, would lead to many refugees trying to reach Europe being returned to “violence and abuse” in Libya.

Libyan slavery and the European Union

This video says about itself:

The EU Silently Welcomes Slavery In Libya

1 December 2017

The European Union was awarded the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize “for over six decades [having] contributed to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe.”

At the same time, EU officials know that once refugees can’t make it to Europe—whether because they become enslaved in Libya or are too fearful to make the trip—they are no longer a problem for the Union.

The European Union (EU) and African Union (AU) held a joint summit November 29-30 in Abidjan in the Ivory Coast. The meeting was overshadowed by the unfolding disaster caused by imperialist wars in Libya and the Sahel region, and escalating neo-colonial interventions of the EU powers, particularly France. It brought together leaders of 50 African and European countries to concentrate on EU plans to block immigration from Africa and, without saying it openly, to undermine China’s growing influence in the continent. In the lead-up to the summit, protests erupted across Africa and in France against the barbaric treatment of African refugees by the Islamist militias controlling Libya, where CNN filmed the operations of slave markets that have re-appeared since the 2011 NATO war. After these protests, African regimes withdrew their diplomats from Tripoli. The reappearance of slavery expresses the political essence of European imperialism’s neo-colonial intervention in Africa: here.

Tortured ex-slaves in Libya interviewed

This video says about itself:

Cameroon: Migrants tell of Libya’s slave market hell

23 November 2017

Translated from Dutch NOS TV, 30 November 2017:

Slave Adaman was cut with machete to extort his family

Adaman Ouattara has huge scars on his left upper leg. The Ivorian was cut by a Libyan slave owner with a machete, to blackmail his mother to free him.

Ouattara had her on the phone while the slave owner cut him with the machete. He screamed out loud. “My mother heard that, then the money comes quickly.” …

Ouattara wanted to travel to Europe via North Africa and was already on a dinghy when he was intercepted by the Libyan Coast Guard and ended up in a detention camp.

There he was bought and taken away by a trader. “We had to plant potatoes while we were constantly being held at gunpoint by a man with a kalashnikov gun.” After a month and a day he was released.

Stop Libyan slavery, The Hague demonstration

Demonstrators in the Hague against slavery in Libya, photo: Charyta Virgillia

Translated from Charyta Virgillia in the Netherlands:

Protest against slavery in Libya

Tuesday, November 28, 2017, 5:00 PM

Black refugees are held in concentration camps in Libya and even traded as slaves. When images of this European Union-encouraged policy spread last week, people across Europe went out into the streets. Similarly in The Hague last Saturday.

The protest was organized by two people who wanted to make their voice heard via Facebook, but more people joined quickly. The plan was to march from the Malieveld to the embassy of Libya, as is customary in other European countries, but this was forbidden by the mayor of The Hague. There was a lot of police, in the beginning there were more police than demonstrators.

The first speaker, Tob Juland, sang the anti-apartheid song Asimbonanga. The next speakers included Alphonse Muambi who made the link with [Dutch Prime Minister] Rutte, who in his opinion is partly responsible for this human trafficking. The Rutte-backed war in Libya in 2011 is the reason for the situation in Libya. In combination with the deals that the EU concludes with states such as Libya to stop refugees. One lady bursts into tears while speaking. She spoke French, but everyone understood her: everyone could feel her emotion, frustration, fear and anger.

Western countries rob and still destroy African countries. They do this undisturbed. Refugees want to go to Europe for a better life because of the consequences. This is one of the reasons why we can not refuse refugees: because we destroy their countries.

The [paramilitary] forces in Libya seem to be able to do what they like. For example, there are also stories about the trade in organs into which refugees are forced. How bad do the images have to be in Libya before it is stopped? Many speakers spoke out against the trade of refugees as slaves and the silence about this in the media. As one speaker said, the ass of a Dutch dog is treated even better than African youth.

Bouba Koné of the Collective of the African Diaspora in the Netherlands stated afterwards: ‘There is a front arising of African youth in the Netherlands who feel the duty to distribute information that is not covered in the mainstream media. Many white Dutch people also state that the situation in Libya can not continue. The problem, and therefore the solution, must come from two sides: from Africa itself and from countries such as the Netherlands in which established politics creates this policy.’

Protests like those last Saturday in The Hague – or the much bigger protests in Brussels and London last weekend – are necessary to draw attention to what is happening in Libya. The protests point out the EU’s responsibility for this drama: its war policy, Fortress Europe and spending money in Turkey and Libya to keep refugees outside the EU. This policy not only leads to terrible human rights violations, but also legitimizes the racism and nationalism of the extreme right.

Let your voice be heard and sign the petition of the Collective of the African Diaspora in the Netherlands (CADN).