Medieval ship discovery

This video, recorded in Kampen town in the Netherlands, is about a reconstructed medieval cog ship.

About cog ships, from Wikipedia:

A cog (or cog-built vessels) is a type of ship that first appeared in the 10th century, and was widely used from around the 12th century on. Cogs were generally built of oak, which was an abundant timber in the Baltic region of Prussia. This vessel was fitted with a single mast and a square-rigged single sail. These vessels were mostly associated with seagoing trade in medieval Europe, especially the Hanseatic League, particularly in the Baltic Sea region.

In the eastern Netherlands, Kampen town was a Hanseatic League member.

Recently, Dutch archeologists announced the discovery of the wreck of a medieval cog in the IJssel river near Kampen.

Dutch NOS TV writes about it today:

At the end of the month it will be decided whether the wreck will be raised and whether it should go to a museum.


In the Netherlands, during the draining of the Flevo polders, already several wrecks of cogs have been found. One was restored with medieval wood. It sails since 1998 under the name Hanseatic Kampen Cog.

That is the ship in the video.

Schiermonnikoog, marine peregrine falcon, Rottum

This is a video of a red-breasted goose, a rare species in western Europe, among a flock of barnacle geese, on Schiermonnikoog island in the Netherlands.

Saturday 29 September 2012.

After yesterday in Schiermonnikoog, the ship spent the night in the harbour.

In the morning, we sail to the east, the direction of our next island destination, Rottum. Not in a straight line, in order to avoid the many sandbanks.

Brent geese flying low above the sea.

Rainbow between Schiermonnikoog and Rottum, 29 September 2012

Sometimes it rains; sometimes, there is a rainbow.

On one of the beacons, marking where it is safe to sail, a peregrine falcon sits. Alone.

On the next beacon, a greater black-backed gull on top, and five great cormorants a bit lower.

About a hundred wigeons flying quite high.

Two female eider ducks fly close to the water surface.

A shelduck flies much higher.

As we approach Rottum from the south, hundreds of eider ducks flying.

A harbour seal shows its head above the waves.

An Arctic skua. It flies sometimes high, sometimes low; a bit like shearwaters.

It is low tide. We allow our ship to run aground. As the sandbanks get bigger and bigger, two bar-tailed godwits come to feed.

We will have to walk on the sand and through now shallow water to reach the desert island Rottum.

Birds of the Wadden Sea

Friday 28 September 2012.

As I described earlier, our ship passed through the lock joining the Lauwersmeer lake to the Wadden Sea.Passing through the lock at Lauwersoog, 28 September 2012

On a jetty in Lauwersoog harbour just outside the lock, scores of noisy turnstones. Black-headed and herring gulls as well.

When we have sailed about half-way to Schiermonnikoog island, two male eider ducks fly past.

When we are just a few hundred meter away from the island, another four eider ducks flying. Six brent geese fly over the harbour.

On the harbour jetty, again turnstones. And redshanks.

A flock of curlews lands on a mudflat.

South west coast of Schiermonnikoog, 28 September 2012

We see the south-west coast of Schiermonnikoog island, looking red from the autumn colour of many glasswort plants.

Trends of Migratory and Wintering Waterbirds in the Wadden Sea 1987/1988-2010/2011: here.
Wadden Sea region nesting birds: here.