United States President Donald Trump update

This video from the USA says about itself:

Iranian-American man heartbroken at LAX [Los Angeles airport] as brother is about to be deported.

30 January 2017

This Iranian-American man was waiting for his brother at LAX, when he received a call saying his brother would be deported.
after Trump’s Muslim ban.

US President Donald Trump fired the acting attorney general, Sally Yates, … after she defied instructions to defend Trump’s executive order banning the entry of refugees and visitors from seven Muslim-majority countriesIran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. … Yates is the first Justice Department official to be fired by a president for defying orders since the infamous Saturday Night Massacre by President Richard Nixon in October 1973, during the Watergate crisis that led ultimately to his forced resignation. Nixon ordered Attorney General Eliot Richardson to fire Watergate special prosecutor Archibald Cox, but Richardson refused and resigned. Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus took the same stance. It was left to the third-ranking official, Solicitor General Robert Bork, to carry out Nixon’s order and fire Cox. The resulting popular outrage led to the beginning of impeachment proceedings against Nixon: here.

PRESIDENT DONALD TRUMP FIRES ACTING ATTORNEY GENERAL SALLY YATES  After she said the Justice Department would not defend Trump’s executive order on immigration. White House spokesman Sean Spicer said Yates had “betrayed the Department of Justice” by refusing to defend the executive order. You can read the full text of Yates’ letter, which says she was not “convinced that the Executive Order is lawful.” Dana Boente, U.S. attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, was named as acting attorney general. And here’s a clip of Sen. Jeff Sessions, Trump’s attorney general nominee, warning Yates during her confirmation that she’d have to say no to the president. [HuffPost]

Thousands of people crowded Boston’s Copley Square Sunday afternoon in a demonstration against Trump’s immigrant ban. Although the authorities provided no official count, the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR), which organized the protest, estimated the attendance at 25,000. Some 19,000 had signed up for the event on Facebook: here.

Emily, Eliza and Anne demonstrate in Boston against Trump's policies

Across the United States and internationally, tens of thousands of people are participating in protests to denounce the brutal and illegal anti-Muslim policies imposed over the weekend by the Trump administration. On Monday, the protests spread to the United Kingdom, where many thousands marched in scores of cities and towns to denounce both Trump and British Prime Minister Theresa May. Protests erupted as well in Mexico and Canada. Those marching in opposition to Trump are motivated by genuine outrage and sympathy for the men, women and children caught up in Washington’s anti-immigrant dragnet. At the same time, Trump’s ban on travelers from seven majority-Muslim countries and on refugees from all countries has provoked a bitter political conflict within the US state: here.

Amid growing protests across the United States and internationally against US President Donald Trump’s order denying access to the United States to travelers from seven Muslim countries, German and French officials criticized the ban this weekend. On Saturday, newly installed German Foreign Minister Sigmar Gabriel and his French counterpart, Jean-Marc Ayrault, pledged to raise the issue in future talks with Rex Tillerson, Trump’s nominee to be US Secretary of State, once he takes office: here.

Australian prime minister defends Trump’s anti-immigrant bans: here.

United States pro-refugee anti-Trump demonstrators interviewed

Demonstrators in San Diego, USA

From the World Socialist Web Site in the USA:

“If any layer of society is not safe, then no one is safe”

Protesters denounce Trump’s anti-immigrant order

By our reporters

30 January 2017

Protests swept across the US this weekend after President Donald Trump issued an executive order targeting immigrants and refugees.

Thousands gathered outside of airport terminals in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C. and other major cities to oppose the measures after reports of individuals, families and even small children being detained en route from the seven majority-Muslim countries named in the executive order.

The protests express the growing hostility to the increasingly dictatorial measures of the new administration. Many attending the protests carried handmade signs, indicating the spontaneous character of the demonstrations.

On Sunday, several thousand gathered outside of the White House to denounce the Trump administration, calling for the recently inaugurated president to leave office immediately. Hundreds gathered outside of both Dulles and Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airports, both in the Washington DC area, on Saturday and Sunday. Nearly 4,000 marched at Atlanta International Airport on Sunday.

At Los Angeles International Airport, protesters on Sunday numbered in the thousands. In Chicago, nearly 1,000 protesters gathered at O’Hare International Airport.

The WSWS spoke to those attending several of the demonstrations.

San Diego, California

Over one thousand people attended a protest at the San Diego airport on Sunday, many carrying handmade signs.

Jackie, a San Diego resident, said, “The entire thing [Trump administration] is symptomatic of authoritarianism. In a globalized world, no country can stand to isolate itself in anyway. We have global problems so we need to be working across borders to solve them.”

Jackie and a friend protesting

WSWS reporters asked what Jackie thought was the root cause of the refugee crisis. She answered that people are often fleeing war-torn countries, adding, “Which are a product of our wars and our guns. We need to remember that if any layer of society is not safe than no one is safe”

On the Democratic Party, Jackie said, “It pains me that the criticism of the Obama administration is so true, but it is. He disappointed us on so many issues, militarism, expanding drone operations, immigration. And the other thing is the precedent set by Obama, like the executive orders he issued, really paved the way for Trump to be able to do what he did.”

Hannah, a University of California, San Diego graduate student, said she considers herself a socialist. “What is going on is not only fundamentally unconstitutional, it defies our humanity.

“I am a socialist, and I also think we need to get rid of national boundaries. The growing nationalism not just here but everywhere I think is deplorable and not good for anybody.”

Hannah demonstrating

“I personally am not a fan of the Democratic Party. They have a tendency to try and compromise, which is a fine thing to do if both sides have something good to say, but of course neither does.”

Cher, who has Iranian family and whose husband works in Mexico, said that her 79-year-old aunt was detained in an airport for over six hours when arriving back from Iran. “She has been coming back and forth for 20 to 30 years. We were outraged, but mostly worried about her health.

“Honestly, I think the US has gotten involved in wars over there [the Middle East] which it shouldn’t be in, and that it is those actions which are really the cause of terrorism.

Nazarian said she came to the protest because “I am realizing that the acts of Trump are completely outrageous. When it comes to the wall, I mean it just isn’t going to solve anything. We have our military all over the world, we don’t need to build it up on the border.”

Ally added, “The problem is that we already have a wall, and one that is heavily guarded, what we need is not to build up but to tear down.”

San Diego demonstrators

Jessica, a middle school history teacher, said she was at the protest “to support my refugee neighbors and refugee students and my students’ parents who are refugees.” Jessica described Trump as “incompetent,” and “a puppet for what used to be a fringe element of society in the United States.”

Jahleh, a graduate student at San Diego State University, attended the protest in part because of the effect of Trump’s executive orders on her father, a legal resident from Iran. Jahleh said that the American government bears a great political responsibility for the current crisis affecting refugees worldwide. She said that animosity toward Muslims that has long been promoted in ruling circles has now “come to a boiling point,” expressed hostility toward the political establishment as a whole and said that now “people have to take action,” pointing to the crowd.

Jahleh added that the wars waged by American imperialism around the globe “only benefit the ruling class. Workers are victims of the wars and are sent to die fighting.” She added, “Growing up, in high school, socialism was always presented as something to fear, but things are changing now. Young people are realizing that capitalism isn’t working.”

Following a discussion about the nature of the Sanders campaign, which she supported, Jahleh conceded that he “is still part of the system and is working within it.”

New York City

Hundreds gathered at Cadman Plaza in Brooklyn in front of the Brooklyn Federal courthouse where a federal judge was deciding the fate of the refugees. They chanted, “No ban, no wall/Liberty for one and all,” and “Put a fence around Mike Pence.” Scores of officers of the New York Police Department were mobilized, many of them in riot gear.

Cynthia from Brooklyn explained, “When I heard what was happening to the refugees I had to come down to protest. I’m against Trump’s promotion of hate and fear, everything he stands for. He appeals to people’s fears, particularly related to terrorism. He takes a very small number of people and uses them to stereotype the entire group.

“If we allow this to happen he’ll single out other groups like African Americans,” she continued. “There are people in every group that do bad things. We can’t allow him to incite hate.

“I don’t know how we got here. I’m still trying to wake up from this nightmare. But we have to unite.”

Matthew told the WSWS that prior to Trump’s victory he had never protested in his life. He attempted to join the protests at JFK airport, but after officials restricted access to ticketed passengers only, he made his way to the downtown Brooklyn courthouse.

“This is now my fourth protest since the election. People have to fight. You’re all in or you’re all out at this point,” he said. “Trump has been in office 7 days. This is only the beginning. After the election people tried to normalize it. But Trump made it clear what his position was during the campaign. We have to do everything we can to stop him. We have to stay active.”

Asked about the prospects for the Democratic Party to resist Trump, Matthew responded, “It’s the people who are going to stop it, not the Democrats. It’s beyond political parties at this point.”

Valerrie explained her fears of the new Trump administration. “People have called Trump a lot of things: a narcissist, a buffoon… I’m calling him Hitler’s reincarnation. I think we’re talking civil war, global war. That’s where we’re headed.

“My mother grew up in the Jim Crow south,” she added. “There is no way we’re going back to those days. I won’t have it.”

Asked about the role of the Democrats, Jen said, “Look at the confirmation hearings. [Senate Minority Leader] Chuck Schumer is letting Trump’s nominees sail through. The same with Cory Booker. We have to get the corporate Democrats out. The days are over where you can just say that the Democrats are better than the Republicans. They need to go.”

Hamtramck, Michigan

About 800 workers and young people rallied in front of city Hall in the Detroit enclave of Hamtramck on Sunday. The city is home to a large immigrant population, including large numbers of workers from Eastern Europe as well as the Middle East. Supporters of immigrant rights attended from throughout the Metro Detroit area.

Hamtramck demonstrators

Jessica, a high school teacher in the Hamtramck public schools, said, “I am here to support my neighbors and students. I have students who are from 15 different countries. I have students whose parents are overseas; a lot of split families. Hamtramck is an immigrant community. Our superintendent of public schools said we are going to be a sanctuary school.”

Speaking of Trump’s announcement banning immigration from predominantly Muslim countries she said, “It is unbelievable. I thought before the election, there is no way. It is hard to believe any of these policies have a large following.


“In the past, I have not considered myself a political person. But now I can’t not follow it. This is only the first week. Any attempt to address the war on terror is out the window. Trump is adding fuel to the fire. He reinforces the belief that Muslims are not welcome, even if they are American citizens.”

Matthew, a retired Hamtramck teacher, said, “I want people to know that this is not how our country is supposed to be. The Constitution is a document; it is not a poem to be interpreted. It is the law of the land.”

Asked what he thought had led to the installation of Trump he said, “The two-party system is controlled by big money. In the last election, they put up the two worst possible choices we ever had. A series of tragic events has now led to this.”

Bryan, a heavy equipment operator from suburban Detroit, said that he was a libertarian, but opposed Trump’s policies. “I want to stand and let immigrants know that they are welcome. We bomb their countries for 10 years and then say they are not welcome. That’s BS. I believe in liberty for everyone.”

Donald Trump presidency, autocracy and resistance

United States President Donald Trump, his adviser Steve Bannon, neonazis and the Ku Klux Klan, cartoon

By Patrick Martin in the USA:

The Trump-Bannon government: Rule by decree

30 January 2017

The Trump administration’s order to halt the admission of refugees into the United States and bar entry to visitors and returning residents from seven countries—all majority-Muslim, all the targets of US military aggression or economic sanctions—underscores the unprecedented nature of the new government.

This is a government that will not be constrained by laws or the Constitution. Notwithstanding the fact that Trump is a minority president, his administration intends to utilize its control over the state to the maximum, operating on the principle that “possession is nine-tenths of the law.” It has already established a pattern of rule by decree.

Without any congressional vote, without any judicial process or finding of guilt for any crime, more than 100 people have been detained by federal customs and immigration agents and in some cases deported. The victims include the elderly, small children, wives returning to their husbands and people who have lived in the United States legally for many years, even decades. Hundreds more have been barred from boarding flights bound for the United States. And this is the toll just of the first weekend. The potential victims number in the many thousands, even millions.

A series of federal judges have issued court orders barring the deportations, ruling that there is a great likelihood that those challenging the Trump-ordered actions will be upheld once their cases are fully adjudicated. While some individuals have been released from detention, federal officials claim that the White House order is still in force and will be carried out.

The actions of the government in its first ten days make all the more sinister the central role being played by Trump’s “chief strategist,” Stephen K. Bannon. The media has largely downplayed the fact that Trump named Bannon, former boss of Breitbart News, a sounding board for the white supremacists, anti-Semites and neo-Nazis of the alt-right, to a White House position coequal with Chief of Staff Reince Priebus.

It was unmistakably Bannon’s voice sounding in Trump’s inaugural address, with its open embrace of the “America First” slogan first popularized by Nazi sympathizer Charles Lindbergh in the early days of World War II. His speech followed the fascist model in appealing to genuine social grievances—the devastating decline in jobs and living standards in many industrial areas—while diverting popular anger away from the American capitalist elite and toward a politically useful scapegoat, in this case China, Mexico and other foreign countries.

Bannon, a former Goldman Sachs executive, Hollywood producer and ultra-right media mogul with no national security experience, is a fervent advocate of the racist and anti-immigrant stance expressed by Trump in a series of statements and executive orders last week, from the order to build a wall on the US-Mexico border, to a crackdown on so-called “sanctuary cities,” to Friday’s ban on travelers and refugees.

Trump underlined Bannon’s central position in his White House with an executive order Saturday restructuring the National Security Council (NSC), the principal White House instrument for directing foreign and military policy. The order added “the Assistant to the President and Chief Strategist,” namely Bannon, to the list of top officials entitled to attend every meeting of the Principals Committee, a subcommittee of the NSC that plays a critical role in preparing decisions for the president, and includes the national security adviser, the secretary of state and the secretary of defense.

The same order removed from the Principals Committee the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the director of national intelligence.

There is one further action at the weekend that provides the most chilling insight into the mentality of Trump’s chief political adviser. The White House issued a statement commemorating International Holocaust Remembrance Day that lamented the “innocent people” murdered by the Nazis, but made no mention of Jews or anti-Semitism. A White House spokesman confirmed that the omission of Jews from the 117-word statement was deliberate and not a mistake.

This is a trope taken straight out of the playbook of the neo-Nazi alt-right: the Holocaust is emptied of its specific content, the attempted extermination of the Jewish population of Europe, and transformed into a generic tragedy in which many people were killed.

The Democratic Party will do nothing to oppose the march of the Trump administration towards authoritarian rule. The Democrats have devoted their efforts to playing down the extreme-right character of the new government while centering its criticisms on Trump’s conflict with US intelligence agencies.

Trump also follows Bush and Obama in excluding from sanctions Saudi Arabia, home of nearly all of the 9/11 hijackers, but also a source of vast wealth for American big business from oil and gas as well as arms contracts. This confirms that the executive order has nothing to do with defending the American people from terrorism: its purpose is to intimidate working people, both immigrant and native-born, and pave the way for a frontal assault on the democratic rights of the American people as a whole.

The events of this weekend have demonstrated the hollowed-out character of American democracy. In its contempt for democratic and constitutional norms, the Trump administration gives naked expression to the oligarchic character of American society. His method of government is the form of rule appropriate to the social forces that his billionaire cabinet and the entire political establishment represent.

The decisive question is the independent intervention of the working class, fighting for its own class interests, including the defense of immigrant workers.

This 28 January 2017 video from Texas in the USA is called A massive crowd at Dallas/Fort Worth Airport protests President Trump’s ban on some foreigners.

By Eric London in the USA:

30 January 2017

Protests against the Trump administration’s executive order banning travelers from seven majority-Muslim countries and all refugees spread across the country on Sunday, as the Homeland Security Department and immigration authorities continued to detain men, women and children denied entry to the US on the basis of the illegal executive order issued Friday by the new president.

Tens of thousands gathered at airports and city centers following initial demonstrations on Saturday after Trump and his top aides insisted the ban would be enforced despite court orders delaying the deportation of foreign citizens caught up in the anti-immigrant dragnet.

Many thousands demonstrated in New York; Los Angeles; Boston; Washington, DC and Houston. Demonstrations also took place in many Midwestern and rustbelt cities such as Cleveland, Wichita, Rochester, Minneapolis, Bloomington, Pittsburgh and Detroit.

Immigrants and legal permanent residents (green card holders) from the countries named in Friday’s order remain in detention, though the exact number is not known. Immigration officials have continued to block migrants from speaking to their attorneys. They have confiscated their personal belongings and searched their phones and computers. Officials reportedly seized the medication of two 80-year-old migrants and refused to return it to them while they were in captivity, placing their lives in danger.

Three federal courts issued stays or restraining orders on the executive order banning immigration from Iraq, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria, Yemen and Sudan. A federal court in Massachusetts ordered the administration to stop deporting and detaining migrants for seven days, while courts in Washington State and New York blocked immediate deportations but not the ongoing detainment of those entering the country.

None of the orders permanently halt the deportation program. Trump senior advisor Stephen Miller told the Associated Press that there was nothing in the court orders to “in any way impede or prevent the implementation of the president’s executive order, which remains in full, complete, and total effect.” Immigration officials at Washington, DC’s Dulles Airport reportedly ignored the federal court order and carried through the deportation of migrants.

Samer Khalef, president of the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC), told the World Socialist Web Site: “We are receiving phone calls from people whose family members are either stuck in another country or are stuck detained. They are breaking down and crying. It gets very emotional. People are fearful more than anything. Things that were previously not said in polite company are now being said by the government, normalizing the racism of the white supremacy movements.”

One Iranian student living in the US told the World Socialist Web Site: “I feel disoriented and I don’t know what the future entails. My 75-year-old grandfather who lives in Tehran has two sons living in the US now, and he has never met his granddaughter. Though he had gotten approved to come visit in March, he has now been declined and I worry we will not be able to ever see him again because if we leave we won’t be let back in.”

In response to the court orders and mass demonstrations, the Trump administration pledged to fully enforce its unconstitutional program. Trump tweeted Sunday: “Our country needs strong borders and extreme vetting, NOW. Look what is happening all over Europe and, indeed, the world—a horrible mess!”

The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) issued a statement Sunday morning saying, “President Trump’s Executive Orders remain in place—prohibited travel will remain prohibited, and the US government retains its right to revoke visas at any time if required for national security or public safety.”

NBC News reported Sunday that the White House did not confer with the Justice Department, State Department or the Department of Defense, and that administration officials prevented National Security Council attorneys from reviewing the orders before their publication. The New York Times reported that Customs and Border Protection and the United States Citizen and Immigration Services were notified of the order only at the time Trump signed it.

Unnamed government officials told CNN that the Department of Homeland Security was briefed on the orders only on Friday night, and that the fascist White House chief strategist, Stephen Bannon, overruled a DHS request that the orders not apply to lawful permanent residents. Bannon insisted that immigration officials could use their discretion to bar green card holders on a case-by-case basis.

The Trump administration is also considering issuing a new order that would require all “foreign visitors to disclose all websites and social media sites they visit, and to share the contacts in their cell phone,” CNN reported. “If the foreign visitor declines to share such information, he or she could be denied entry.”

Immigration attorneys have established volunteer networks to provide legal advice to migrants at many airports across the country. Shani Smith Fisher, an attorney in Los Angeles, spent several hours at the airport yesterday providing support for incoming migrants and told the World Socialist Web Site: “There is a strong and enthusiastic presence from attorneys of all backgrounds. There are so many people joining the protest itself, it’s energized and there is a lot happening.”

The full extent of these orders has not yet been felt. Under the language of the orders, it is possible that immigrants from the seven named countries may be prevented not only from entering the United States, but from acquiring “other immigration benefits under the Immigration and Nationality Act,” meaning they may be barred from applying for legal permanent residency or citizenship, even if they have fulfilled all legal requirements.

The exact meaning of “extreme vetting” also remains unclear, but the order notes that migrants will be evaluated based on their “ability to make contributions to the national interest,” an anti-democratic provision that will be used to bar migrants on the basis of their political views. Though immigrants can already be barred for having left-wing political views under current law, the Trump administration is poised to enforce these reactionary provisos in a manner not seen since the anti-socialist Palmer Raids of the early 1920s.

This “national interest” vetting provision will serve as a further barrier to immigrants from Muslim countries. The racial animus driving Trump’s executive orders is exposed by his decision to prioritize immigrant petitions only from Christians.

The enactment of Trump’s measures lays the basis for police state conditions of rule in the United States. The prospect of mass internment centers for processing hundreds of thousands or millions of immigrants is not a distant possibility, but an imminent threat.

The administration’s efforts to whip up a climate of anti-immigrant hysteria are a sign that the government is preparing to attack the living standards and democratic rights of the entire working class. The defense of immigrants must be carried out as part of a broader defense of democratic rights. This requires a political perspective for the unification and mobilization of the working class, regardless of nationality, religion or immigrant status, on the basis of a socialist program.

Demonstration against Trump’s xenophobia at Dutch airport

Anti-Trump demonstrators at Schiphol airport, photo: NH/Rogier Dankerlui

Translated from Dutch North Holland regional TV today:

Demonstration at Schiphol against Trump’s entry ban

Sunday, January 29th, 2017 | 19:41

SCHIPHOL airport – Several dozen activists have gathered tonight at the entrance of Schiphol to protest against the travel ban that President Donald Trump [of the USA] has set for residents of seven Muslim countries.

KLM refused this weekend, because of the travel ban, to take some passengers aboard who wanted to go to the United States. A spokeswoman for KLM said today that the company thus follows the instructions of the US authorities.

The protesters carried signs with slogans like “Trump psychopath” and “Stop Trump and Wilders“.

And “Stop war and climate chaos. Refugees welcome”.

According to the activists there are about two hundred people around the world stuck at airports because they are not allowed into the USA.

“We protest tonight against the fact that people are stuck at Schiphol, can not go home because their president refused access to their own country because they have a Muslim background,” said Anne-Fleur Dekker, initiator of the protest, to a reporter of North Holland TV. She also spoke out against the plans of [Dutch Trump fan Geert] Wilders, who according to her “has said today to the media that he agrees with Trump.”

Interview with one of the organisers of this protest: here.

Pro-refugee anti-Trump demonstration, The Hague, Wednesday

This 21 January 2017 video says about itself:

Hollaback! Nederland was one of the organizers of the [worldwide anti-Trump] Women’s March in The Hague, Netherlands on 21 January 2017.

Hollaback! Nederland is a Dutch civil and social organisation committed to defying street harassment in the Netherlands and promoting gender and race equality worldwide.

Dutch regional TV reports today that next Wednesday, 1 February at 4pm, there will be a demonstration against the anti-refugee policies of United States President Donald Trump; from the Malieveld to the United States embassy, Lange Voorhout 102, in The Hague city.

The Facebook page of this demonstration is here.

Trump’s anti-refugee policies, parody song

This 29 January 2017 parody music video from Britain is called Donald Trumpsteen – “Banned from the USA”.

The song, about President Donald Trump’s anti-refugee policies, is a parody of Born in the USA by Bruce Springsteen.

The lyrics are:

Muslims who’ve been out of town
You’re in for a shock when you hit the ground
I signed an executive order
To keep you outside of US borders

You’re banned from the USA!

Seven Muslim majority countries
All your immigrants, all your refugees
Green card holders, dual nationalities
Kiss goodbye to your civil liberties

You’re banned from the USA!

Now, all these orders I’m signing and sealing
Don’t apply to countries where I have business dealings
If you’re Turkish, Indonesian or Saudi
I’ll greet you at the airport with a smile and a “howdy!”

You’re not banned from the USA!

Trump's Muslim ban

Trump's anti-refugee policies

Donald Trump’s illegal anti-refugee policies

Refugees' rights in the USA

This video from the USA says about itself:

Visa Ban Excludes Countries with Direct Links to Terrorism and Where Trump Has Commercial Holdings

27 January 2017

The executive order is an effort to keep Muslims out of the country and has nothing to do with security, says New Internationalism Project director Phyllis Bennis.

There Have Been No Fatal Terror Attacks In The U.S. By Immigrants From The 7 Banned Muslim Countries. More evidence that the ban makes no sense: here.

This video from the USA says about itself:

Anti Trump Protests JFK [New York airport], LA LAX [Los Angeles International Airport], Chicago Airport After Muslim Ban

28 January 2017

Court Temporarily Blocks Parts Of Trump’s Syrian Refugee And Travel Ban. The stay applies nationwide and covers those travelers detained at airports or stranded mid-travel: here.

Striking New York Cabbies Join Airport Protest Against Trump’s Muslim Crackdown. Drivers slam the president’s “inhumane and unconstitutional ban”: here.