French Revolution too late in Dutch newspaper


This video from the USA is called History 1C: Modern Civilization 1750-Present, Lec 3, UCLA; about the French Revolution.

Dutch daily, the Leeuwarder Courant, published an article in 1789 about people storming the French royal prison, the Bastille in Paris. This is usually seen as the beginning of the French Revolution.

The Bastille was stormed on 14 July. However, the Leeuwarder Courant published about it, not on 14 July, and not on the next day, 15 July.

They wrote about it ten days later, on 25 July.

Translation of part of the Leeuwarder Courant article:

On Tuesday morning, after sunrise, a big crowd of people, some of them well-dressed, went to the Bastille. They conquered the city arsenal next to it. They took about 200,000 rifles from it. After that, and after many more people had joined the crowd, they attacked the Bastille. About 6pm, they conquered it. They had lost many people in this, because of a stratagem by the defenders, who had enticed some of the people to enter the Bastille. Then, the defenders violently killed the people who had entered with bullets. After that, the attackers hanged the [Bastille] governor and seven gunners.

Urban foxes in Paris


This video from England is about young foxes playing in London.

From Discovery News:

Foxes Run Wild in Paris: DNews Nugget

by Christina Reed

Tue Nov 27, 2012 05:52 AM ET

In the 1990s, the city of lights exterminated all their foxes in an anti-rabies campaign. Now about 15 wild foxes have returned to the streets of Paris, where an estimated 40 to 70 pounds of leftover food per person is thrown away each year, according to Food Industry Minister Guillaume Garot.

The foxes are taking advantage of the leftover food trash, and have skipped the forested parks along the borders of the city in favor of the more touristic and restaurant-lined gardens in the center, such as Jardin du Luxembourg. Philippe Jacob, head of the newly set up Parisian Biodiversity Observatory, said their return was an encouraging sign of a healthy ecosystem. About 10,000 foxes are said to inhabit London.

French president Hollande acknowledges 1961 massacre of Algerians


This is a French video on the 1961 massacre of Algerians. It says about itself:

Commemoration and demonstration for the victims of the massacre of Algerians in Paris on the 17th of October 1961.

By Antoine Lerougetel and Alex Lantier in France:

French president Hollande acknowledges 1961 massacre of Algerians in Paris

29 October 2012

On the 51st anniversary of the police massacre of hundreds of unarmed Algerian protesters in Paris, French Socialist Party (PS) president François Hollande offered the first official recognition by the French government that the massacre actually occurred.

His brief communiqué stated: “On October 17, 1961, Algerians who were demonstrating for the right to independence were killed in an act of bloody repression. The Republic recognizes lucidly these facts. Fifty-one years after the tragedy, I pay tribute to the memory of the victims.”

The massacre took place during Algeria’s war for independence against France, when the Algerian National Liberation Front (FLN) called a peaceful protest in Paris against a curfew for “Muslim Algerians” imposed by then-President Charles de Gaulle. Some 30,000 Algerians marched. They were attacked by police under the orders of Paris prefect Maurice Papon, a former official in France’s fascist Vichy regime who played a major role in the deportation of Jews to Nazi Germany during World War II.

Large numbers of Algerian demonstrators, who had come to a peaceful protest with their entire families, were murdered–shot, drowned in the Seine River, or beaten to death. The exact number of victims is unknown, as police archives have not been made public, a key demand of victims’ relatives and survivors of the massacre. Historian Jean-Luc Einodi, who wrote La Bataille de Paris (The Battle of Paris) about the massacre, estimates the death toll at 250, though Papon’s absurd tally of 3 dead and 64 wounded still stands as the French state’s official toll. (French filmmaker Alain Tasma made a moving film in 2005, Nuit noire (October 17, 1961), about the incident.)

Police arrested 11,538 demonstrators and detained them in locations throughout Paris, including the Vél D’Hiv cycling stadium–where, 19 years before, Paris police under the orders of René Bousquet had detained thousands of Jews before sending them to Nazi death camps.

President Francois Hollande has acknowledged the brutality of France’s colonisation of Algeria, but stopped short of a full apology: here.

Opera against anti Jewish bigotry, La Juive, on stage


This music video is called Wiener Staatsoper 2003 – Neil Shicoff sings the aria “Rachel, quand du Seigneur…”.

From European Jewish Press:

Historic opera makes plea for tolerance

By Rebecca Assoun

Updated: 18/Mar/2007 12:19

PARIS (EJP)— “La Juive” (The Jewess), a renowned 19th-century opera by French composer Halévy is currently on show in Paris.

Created in 1835, “The Jewess” marked a whole generation of French musicians and drew praise from masters such as Wagner and Berlioz.

The 19th-century composer and music teacher Jacques Fromental Halévy was is the author of numerous works, including 22 operas that went on stage in Paris.

He is best known for his monumental opera, “The Jewess”, which received wide acclaim in Paris.

It was performed 562 times before being dropped from the repertoire and gained worldwide popularity.

The story is set in early 15th-century Switzerland, during a period of religious upheaval, and deals with the history of an impossible love between a Christian man and a Jewish woman.

The work is also a real plea for the tolerance and thus is very topical today.

On the musical level, “the Jewess” is especially known for the aria “Rachel, quand du seigneur”, especially written for tenor Adolphe Nourrit, who interpreted the role of Eléazar.

Halévy was born in 1799 in Paris to a German-Jewish father and a French-Jewish mother, just 10 years after the French Revolution.

He grew up under the early years of the Napoleonic regime, a time of great freedom for Jews and he assimilated entirely into society.

Napoléon offered French citizenship to all Jews in his empire no matter where they lived and he tore down all ghetto walls.

The goal of the libretto was to re-evaluate the status of the Jew in society, as some novels of the time did (for example Balzac’s “the Human Comedy”).

Once considered to be one of the masterworks of the French lyrical theatre, “La Juive” has been neglected in recent years, mainly because of its subject matter — Roman Catholic religious intolerance and anti-Semitism in medieval Europe.

It is for example no coincidence that the piece was never shown during the 1930s, during the rise of fascism in Europe.

Halévy’s ‘La Juive’ is showing at the Opéra Bastille until 25 march 2007.

That even the anti-Semite Richard Wagner, from whom one might not expect that, praised this opera, may say something on its musical quality.

The US Bush administration’s links to Holocaust revisionists: here.

US religious Right bans Gounod opera: here.