Africans tortured in NATO’s ‘new’ Libya


This video is called LIBYA The Racist Lie Of “Black African Mercenaries” Perpetuated By Rebels, Western Media.

From the Daily Trust, in Abuja, Nigeria:

Libya Deports 1500 Africans

By Abdulkadir Badsha Mukhtar, 30 May 2013

Many Nigerians and some other African nationals are now stranded in Agadas, Niger Republic after been deported by Libyan authorities. Two people were reported dead on their way to Niger out of about 1500 Africans who claimed to have been tortured while in detention before transported in 10 vehicles which took them to Agadas.

Some of them who spoke to BBC Hausa Service said they were arrested in their houses and shops where they run their daily business.

BBC reported that among the deported persons included Niger, Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal, Mali, Gambia, Cameroon, and Cote d’ Ivoire nationals among others.

A Nigerian explained that “when they arrested me, I asked them to let me wear my clothes but one of them said no, you are going to wear your clothes when you get back to your country, but not here.”

“They took us to a place where there were no toilets. Now we are here, some of us do not even have decent clothes,” he said.

United States war in Africa


This video is called Africom: The New American Empire in Africa.

By Bill van Auken in the USA:

US troops to Niger: A new stage in the scramble for Africa

26 February 2013

President Barack Obama’s terse notification to Congress last week that American troops are being deployed to the northwest African nation of Niger confirms that a whole new stage in the imperialist recolonization of Africa is now in progress.

The dispatch of the first 100 troops—with hundreds more reportedly to follow—is bound up with a deal signed last month between Washington and the Niger government allowing the US military to set up a drone base on the country’s territory, creating the conditions for spreading the Obama administration’s remote-control killing spree throughout the region.

The buildup of US forces in Niger comes in the immediate wake of last month’s French intervention in neighboring Mali, carried out with critical US logistical and intelligence support, and aimed, in the words of French Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian, at the “total reconquest” of the former colony.

Both Paris and Washington have justified their military incursions into the African continent in the name of defeating Al Qaeda and associated organizations in Africa. British Prime Minister David Cameron chimed in last month, warning that the prosecution of this war in Africa could span “decades.”

The glaring contradiction between this pretext for war in Africa’s Sahel region and the line-up of these imperialist powers behind Al Qaeda-linked militias in the sectarian-based war to overthrow the Assad regime in Syria is passed over in silence by the media and the political establishments in all three countries.

No one in the US press, for example, bothered noting that Obama’s announcement of the deployment of US troops in a supposed war against Al Qaeda in Africa came on the same day that Washington blocked a United Nations Security Council resolution condemning an Al Qaeda terror bombing that massacred scores of civilians in Damascus.

Behind the incoherence of the pretexts for imperialist intervention, the real forces driving it are clear. Washington finds itself being economically eclipsed in Africa by China, which has emerged as the continent’s leading trade partner. Increasingly in competition over strategic resources—West Africa is soon expected to account for 25 percent of US petroleum imports—US imperialism is relying on its residual military superiority to combat this economic challenge.

In the prosecution of this predatory strategy, Al Qaeda serves a dual purpose—providing shock troops for the toppling of regimes seen as obstacles to US hegemony, and serving as a pretext for other interventions carried out in the name of combating “terrorism” and “extremism.”

Setting up the new base in Niger places US drones just across the border from Nigeria, which until recently has supplied 10 percent of US foreign oil imports and where the Pentagon has grown increasingly involved in an internal conflict involving Boko Haram, an indigenous Islamic sect that appears to have no ties to Al Qaeda nor any ambitions outside of Nigeria.

In light of these developments, the significance of the US-NATO intervention to bring down the regime of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in Libya in 2011 emerges with ever greater clarity. Claiming the lives of some 80,000 Libyans and leaving an entire society in rubble, this was the first war to be commanded by AFRICOM, the regional command set up under the Bush administration in 2007. It was waged to pave the way for new and more far-reaching military interventions.

The Gaddafi regime served as the linchpin of security and economic relations that maintained a semblance of stability in the Sahel region, providing economic aid, for example, that served to cushion the longstanding conflicts between the Tuareg people and the regimes in Mali and Niger.

The toppling and murder of Gaddafi had the altogether foreseeable consequence of destabilizing the region, sending Tuaregs fleeing Libya into Mali, followed by the very Islamist elements that Washington had backed in the war for regime-change in Libya, and thus providing the pretext for both US and French imperialism to intervene again, putting troops on the ground in the region.

Plans for these interventions were well advanced before the first bomb was dropped on Tripoli. The region has been a focus of US strategic calculations for the past decade, beginning with Washington’s Pan Sahel Initiative in 2003, followed by its Trans-Saharan Counter-Terrorism Partnership in 2005.

In this context, the role played by a whole layer of pseudo-lefts internationally in justifying and promoting the war against Libya, touting it as a humanitarian intervention, a crusade for democracy, and even a “revolution,” also becomes clearer than ever.

The academic scoundrel Juan Cole of the University of Michigan used his inflated reputation as a critic of the Iraq war to sell the war in Libya. Gilbert Achcar, a member of the international Pabloite United Secretariat and a professor at the School of Oriental and African Studies in London, condemned NATO for not dropping more bombs on the country.

Gambian’s hell in NATO’s ‘new’ Libya


This video says about itself:

Racism of the new Libyan government unveiled

Al Arabya TV (English) 27 November 2011 reports on demonstrations that are taking place on Martyrs square in Tripoli since five days denouncing the ostracism and the blatant discrimination that is being implemented by the self-proclaimed Libyan authorities and the newly formed cabinet of Abdel Rahim Al Kib who is systematically and methodically excluding the Amazigh population (also called “berbers” and who are the indigenous native people of Libya) as well as other non-Arab population of Libya such as the Tebus (living in the South of the country) from ministerial positions and reflecting what a growing number of the Libyan population is seeing as a blatant and institutionalized racism put in place against non-Arab population of Libya living in the country since centuries.

From FOROYAA newspaper (Serrekunda, the Gambia):

Gambia: A Returnee From Libya Narrates His Ordeal to Foroyaa

By Ousman Njie, 21 December 2012

Alagie Sankung Jabbi, a 23-year-old man and a resident of Latrikunda Sabiji, returned from Libya and shares his experience with the public. Mr. Jabbi stated that he left the Gambia in June this year to Libya and then later to proceed to Italy and he had D15,000 (fifteen thousand dalasi) on him. He said while on the journey any check point they arrived at, they are asked to pay 10,000 CFA Francs (ten thousand) which is equivalent to D600 (six hundred Dalasi) for non Gambians and for Gambians they are asked to pay 15000 to 20,000 CFA Francs which is equivalent to ten thousand two hundred dalasi and failure to pay, he said the police would search the individual and extort anything they could find on him. He said if they fail to see anything valuable on you, that results in lashing.

Jabbi further informs this reporter that when they arrived at Agadez in Niger, they had to pay (six hundred Dinar) DN600 which is equivalent to (nineteen to twenty thousand dalasi) for them to be smuggled into a village called Druku at the border between Niger and Libya where they were taken around 1am and dropped off by their guides and directed which route to embark on to reach Tripoli, he asserted. Mr. Jabbi also said when they arrived at the Libyan capital; they were arrested and jailed for one month. He added that while in prison, they were given “garri” and tomato paste for food. He said he was part of a group (27) twenty-seven prisoners who tried and escaped by jumping over a 15 metre fence by 2am.

He said before they escaped, a prison with forty inmates was burnt down by the Libyan rebels and there were Gambians in prison. So he said when they jumped over the fence, one Gambian died and twenty-six of them were fortunate to escape. He also said the prison was located at the centre of the desert which took them three days to get to town and during the trip another escapee also died due to hunger and starvation before they arrived at the nearest village to the desert called Druku.

Jabbi who agrees to share his experience with our readers after his trip to Libya said while trekking the only thing they had to eat was dates locally called “Tandarma” which they got the third day of the journey, and when they arrived at that village they were given a twenty litre gallon to drink and they even requested more. He said after drinking water some of them were returned to Tripoli and some stayed at the village to work, he stated. He also went on to say the only job available in Libya is either by breaking dilapidated concrete walls or roof and offloading arms and ammunition from trucks of the soldiers. Mr. Jabbi said he was completely dissatisfied with those jobs because he said they were either paid food for working or paid a Dinar a month. “And if anyone dares to complain your employer would just take you behind and kill you because everyone has a gun”, explained Mr. Jabbi who recently came from a horrendous trip from Libya.

Mr. Jabbi further said he was fortunate to get a Libyan friend who hosted him for a few months and provided all his basic needs and he also helped him meet the United Nations personnel by arranging with one truck driver to take him with other Gambians to the United Nations base. He said the driver agreed to take them there if they would lie under the goods he was carrying which they did and were carried to the (UN) base where they were well taken care of by the (UN) personnel, who provided them with toothpaste, soap, mats etc. He added that they were given one thousand five hundred CFA Francs which is equivalent to eighty-five dalasi per day for two weeks. Jabbi said the UN later took them to the (UN) headquarters in central Tripoli and separated the Gambians from the Senegalese and then hired two buses from a company called Limpo that repatriated them up to Farafenni in the Gambia, where they were received by the Commissioner of police and other officers of the security apparatus of the Gambia. He also said they were given some advice by the Commissioner of police and then they were also interviewed by the Media.

Mr. Jabbi finally concluded by saying that there are hundreds of Gambians stranded in Niger, because it’s only (UN) that helps and they cannot help anyone if they are not in Libya; that they desperately wanted to come back but could not and some were jailed for over 8 (eight) to 9 (nine) months without proper food and water. He said for him even if he is issued with a free visa to Libya he won’t go, because he could not narrate all what he saw transpired in Libya. He would advise any one to work in the Gambia rather than go to Libya at this time.

Anti-Gambian racism in NATO’s ‘new’ Libya


This video is called Libyan rebels cage black Africans, force-feed them flags.

From Foroyaa newspaper (Serrekunda, the Gambia):

Gambia: 1195 Gambians Stranded Between Libya and Niger; UN Starts to Evacuate Them to Safety

By Fabakary B. Ceesay

14 November 2012

Credible information reaching Foroyaa from Libya and Niger stated that 1195 Gambian youth are currently stranded in the cities in both Libya and Niger. The information added that most of these Gambians were seriously manhandled by Libyan security officials before they were detained in camps and later parked in open trucks and dumped in the desert.

The information indicated that most of them were beaten and had their monies and valuable belongings seized from them by armed Libyan militias called the “Ashma Boys”, who are said to be roaming the desert looking for would be migrants. The information also added that United Nations [UN] officials in Libya are currently evacuating hundreds of would be migrants to safety in a camp in Agadez, Niger, where they were left with little food and water.

According to one of the desperate youth, who spoke to Foroyaa through telephone from Agadez in Niger, some 500 young Gambians are currently stranded in a camp in Agadez without enough food and shelter. The youth stated that most of them are currently roaming the streets of Agadez as they cannot stand the conditions of living in the camp. He indicated that they are waiting to receive money from their family members back home and those in Europe. The youth said those who have received money from their families use that money to buy food for themselves and their Gambian counterparts who are yet to receive money from relatives. The young man indicated that Agadez is now becoming a Gambian town where Wollof and Mandinka are frequently heard in almost all parts of the town. He jokingly remarked that the town is now becoming little ‘Serrekunda’ in Niger.

Another young Gambian, who also spoke to Foroyaa from the Niger capital of Niamey, said there are 200 Gambians stranded there and are waiting to receive money from relatives to continue their journey either to Algeria, Tunisia or to Morocco. The youth said most of them are finding it very difficult to return home only to find themselves in the same hardships or difficult conditions after having already spent huge amounts of money from their families which brought them to where they are now. He however said that some of the Gambian young men are really desperate to return home before they lose their lives on the way. The young man said the UN is currently evacuating another batch of 495 Gambian youth from the Libyan town of Sebha via Baie and Durug to Agadez, where they are left in a camp with little food and water.

The massive search for would be migrants in the town of Sebha and their detention in camps by the “Ashma Boys”, who are heavily armed with guns and using four wheel drive vehicles to chase them in the open desert has become a menace that puts the lives of many of the Gambian youths at risk, lamented the source. The young man said most of them were mercilessly beaten by these armed militias before confiscating their valuable items. He stated that several Gambians sustained injuries at the hands of the militias who would threaten to kill anyone who insisted on not handing over his money and items to them.

The young Gambians said they are not all that safe in Niger as some bandits use their vulnerability as an advantage to attack them at night with the belief that they have money. They said the Nigerien security officials have on many occasions come to their rescue from the attacks made by the bandits and have asked them to remain in the camp. They said they cannot always stay at the camp as they have to move to the main city to facilitate communication with their relatives back home or those in Europe for help. The young man admitted that many of them are now fed up and desperate to return home.

He therefore appealed to the home authorities to come to their aid in Niger before many would perish there.

Update 22 November 2012: here.

Libya’s new government, sworn in on November 14, 2012, should put the illegal detention of more than 8,000 people atop its agenda: here.

New national park in Niger


This is an addax video.

From Wildlife Extra:

One of Africa’s largest National Parks created in Niger

March 2012. More than a decade’s efforts have been crowned as Niger’s Council of Ministers have decreed the formal establishment of the Termit & Tin Toumma National Nature and Cultural Reserve.

At 100,000 km² (38,610 sq. ml) the reserve is one of the biggest in Africa. Created to conserve some of the world’s rarest desert species, like the addax, dama gazelle, cheetah and Barbary sheep, it also contains a large variety of desert habitats, ranging from mountains and valleys to grassy plains, open desert and sand seas. The inclusion in its title of both “natural” and “cultural” underlines the fundamental interrelatedness of both ecological and social aspects in the reserve’s management.

See also here.

Drought and Big Oil kill Niger’s addax


This is a video about addax.

In the present world of imperialist capitalism, not just its uranium has become a curse for the African country Niger.

Its oil has become a curse as well. From Wildlife Extra:

Niger’s addax hit by drought & oil

15/11/2010 23:43:53

Courtesy of the Sahara Conservation Fund – By John Newby, CEO

November 2010. The failure of the rains in 2009 was a disaster for many parts of the Sahel, with countries like Chad and Niger suffering major crises, widespread famine and loss of livestock.

Although highly adapted to cope with extremes of heat and aridity, desert wildlife, too, suffers when drought is severe and pastures poor in quality and quantity. For the first time in several years our project team in Niger witnessed firsthand the impact of drought on Termit’s addax, with several dead animals found. Surviving addax were dreadfully thin and as such at greater risk from other impacts on their survival, such as the exploration and drilling for oil in their Tin Toumma stronghold. The construction of drilling sites and the constant heavy vehicle traffic is keeping the addax out of many key areas of pasture.

One of the multinational corporations with their fingers in Niger oil is ExxonMobil.

Already the indelible and totally inadmissible smudge of oil spills is polluting an environment that has remained pristine since its creation eons ago. On raising the issue with one person, I was told glibly that it didn’t matter because it was only a desert!

Another significant impact of prolonged drought or poor grazing on desert ungulates is a reduction in breeding. Not only do pregnancies fall off but foetuses are aborted and young calves abandoned. Luckily, these same gazelles and antelopes seem capable of switching the reproductive process back on rapidly when conditions improve. We sincerely hope to see a bumper crop of young animals following this year’s excellent rainfall.

As we recently saw in Chad, not only has the rain brought on a major crop of annual plants but has also kick-started a new age class of perennials that will hope-fully grow rapidly, establish themselves and prosper. Once well established, the tussock grasses and thorny shrubs will often last many years, providing addax and gazelles with food, moisture and even protection when big enough to provide shelter against the wind and sandstorms.

From daily The Independent in Britain:

Niger Wildlife: In search of the addax

Playboy hunters with helicopters and Kalashnikovs are driving the Sahel’s fragile population of wild animals to extinction. Stanley Johnson travelled to Niger to witness the devastation.

From Wildlife Extra:

Chad’s Dama gazelles surveyed

21/11/2010 08:47:50

Dama and Dorcas gazelle in Chad

Courtesy of the Sahara Conservation Fund

November 2010. In August this year an SCF Pan Sahara Wildlife Survey team carried out a highly productive and exciting three week fieldtrip to western Chad. The mission, lead by Dr. Tim Wacher, was a return to one of the first areas surveyed by the fledgling SCF in 2001, and thus an important opportunity to see how rare Saharan wildlife had fared over the intervening years. As before, the mission was conducted in close partnership with Chad’s Environment Ministry.

GUATEMALA: Legal Battle Over Wetland Oil Drilling: here.

USA: Revised Drilling Plan Protects Some Areas, Leaves Polar Bears Vulnerable: here.

Help protect Africa’s critically endangered hirola antelope from extinction: here.

French neocolonial uranium war in Niger


This Greenpeace video is called Left in the Dust – Areva’s uranium mining in Niger.

Remember Niger? A former French colony in Western Africa. Treated by the Sarkozy regime in Paris as if it still were a colony. Like in other (ex?) French colonies, where French soldiers run around waging war.

Remember Niger? Where the small “pro-Western” ruling elite is rich and corrupt. And where most people are again and again in danger of starvation.

Remember Niger? A country with natural riches, including uranium. Uranium, craved by warmongers for nuclear weapons and energy sector capitalists for nuclear reactors.

The United States Bush administration lied that uranium supposedly from Niger would provide Iraq with weapons of mass destruction. This lie was their main justification for the bloody Iraq war, along with at least 934 other lies.

This is called the Plamegate scandal. The Plamegate scandal, which saw Dick Cheney‘s assistant “Scooter” Libby sentenced to jail, but which saw Dick Cheney himself and George W Bush go scot-free. See also: Fair Game: Hollywood liberals treat the drive to war in Iraq: here.

Remembering all this about Niger, here is a Radio France International report on that country. It shows that Sarkozy is not just waging war on Roma, Muslims and African immigrants in France, but is waging a neocolonial war for uranium money from Niger as well (maybe Mr Sarkozy thinks that all that money from his Karachigate and Ms BettencourtL’Oreal scandals is still not enough?)

The Radio France International report also shows that there are not just French neocolonial nuclear interests and French neocolonial wars, but also French neocolonial media reports, as we shall note.

Here comes the RFI report:

Radio France Internationale (Paris)

Niger: France Deploys 80 Troops in Niamey

20 September 2010

France has dispatched 80 troops to the Niger capital Niamey following the abduction of seven people including five French nationals, diplomatic and security sources said Monday.

How would Sarkozy react if some Paris gangsters would abduct citizens of Niger or of another African country staying in France, and if that African country would react by sending soldiers to France? Sarkozy would have some hissy fit about “the sovereignty of France” and not one African soldier would be allowed to cross the French border.

… They have French Breguet-Atlantique reconnaissance planes at their disposal.

“They have already carried out 21 hours of reconnaissance flights in the area in an effort to locate the hostages,” a source said. The seven were kidnapped on Thursday from their homes in Arlit in northern Niger by suspected Al Qaeda-linked gunmen,

Every dictatorship which gets Western military aid, but which thinks it should get even more, whether it is the regime in Uzbekistan which boils dissidents alive, or some African NATO friendly potentate, is sure to define its opponents as “Al Qaeda”. Whether those opponents are really pro Al Qaeda, very devout but not pro Al Qaeda Muslims, Muslims who go to a mosque just once every twenty years, or non-Muslims. Of course, all Somali, Iraqi and Afghan civilians killed by United States or US allied armed forces are “Al Qaeda” as well. The only proof needed for that is that NATO soldiers killed them.[sarcasm off]

or Tuareg bandits

The Tuareg are the people of the sparsely populated north of Niger (with very different ideas about Islam and the position of women in society, than the real Al Qaeda). Though they are the inhabitants of the uranium rich part of the country, they are very poor. The ruling clique in Niamey treats them with ethnic discrimination and violence. As a consequence of that, some Tuareg wage armed opposition against the Niamey rulers. Does that make them “bandits”, as RFI says? Very probably, if the Tuareg rebels would be pro Sarkozy and the Niamey government would be anti-Sarkozy, not the reverse as things stand now, then RFI would call the Tuareg “heroes” and “freedom fighters”. And the Niamey regime (shock horror) “a dictatorship“. Africa-based journalist Tristan McConnell reported already three years ago:

In Niger’s desert north almost fifty soldiers have been killed since February 2007 yet, according to President Mamadou Tandja’s twitchy government, there is no rebellion. It blames bandits and drug-smugglers for the attacks and has responded by declaring a “state of alert” and deploying thousands of troops to the region.

Apparently, since 2007 the Niamey rulers have come to the conclusion that just appealing to rich countries with “war on drugs” references does not bring in enough military aid euros or dollars, and that they may get a better chance by screaming loudly Al Qaeda. Back to the RFI report:

who may have planned to sell them on to the Islamists.

They are five French nationals, including a married couple, one Togolese and one Madagascan. All worked for French companies involved in uranium mining in the Arlit region.

See also here.

Local Tuaregs have seen little benefit from Niger’s natural wealth: here.

Niger’s former second-in-command junta leader, Colonel Abdoulaye Badie, and another officer are being held for “attempting to destabilise the regime” and “eliminate” junta chief General Salou Djibo, a security source said Saturday: here.

100,000 protest against government nuclear policy in Berlin: here.

USA: Tea Party Senate Candidate Mike Lee Tried to Dump 1,600 Tons of European Nuclear Waste on Utah: here.

For the second time in less than four months, Canadian Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan has travelled to West Africa with a view to finalizing plans for Canada’s participation in French and US-led counter-insurgency warfare on the continent: here.

Niger giraffes on the way up again


This video is about giraffes in South Africa.

From Associated Press:

KOURE, Niger, Nov. 7, 2009

West African Giraffes Defy Extinction

Numbering Only 50 in 1996, Niger Subspecies of Giraffe Swells to 200 Today Thanks to Conservation Efforts

A crisp African dawn is breaking overhead, and Zibo Mounkaila is on the back of a pickup truck bounding across a sparse landscape of rocky orange soil.

The tallest animals on earth are here, the guide says, somewhere amid the scant green bush on one side, and the thatched dome villages on the other.

They’re here, but by all accounts, they shouldn’t be.

A hundred years ago, West Africa’s last giraffes numbered in the thousands and their habitat stretched from Senegal’s Atlantic Ocean coast to Chad, in the heart of the continent. By the dawn of the 21st century, their world had shrunk to a tiny zone southeast of the capital, Niamey, stretching barely 150 miles long.

The numbers of the Western subspecies dwindled so low that in 1996, they numbered a mere 50.

Instead of disappearing as many feared, though, the giraffes have bounced miraculously back from the brink of extinction, swelling to more than 200 today.

It’s an unlikely boon experts credit to a combination of concerned conservationists, a government keen for revenue, and a rare harmony with villagers who have accepted their presence – for now.

There are nine subspecies of giraffes in Africa, each distinguished by geographic location and the color, pattern and shape of their spotted coats.

The animals in Niger are known as Giraffa camelopardalis peralta, the most endangered subspecies in Africa. They have large orange-brown spots that fade into pale white legs.

Ten years ago, an estimated 140,000 giraffes inhabited Africa, according to Julian Fennessy, a Nairobi, Kenya-based conservation expert. Today, giraffes number less than 100,000, devastated by poaching, war, advancing deserts and exploding human populations that have destroyed and fragmented their habitats. Around half the giraffes live outside game parks in the wild, where they are more difficult to monitor and protect, Fennessy said.

Giraffe hunting is prohibited in many countries. And some, like Kenya, have taken giraffe meat off the menu of tourist restaurants that once served them up on huge skewers. Even so, Fennessy said the plight of giraffes has largely been overlooked in conservation circles.

“We’re trying to increase awareness, educate people, help governments put conservation practices in place,” said Fennessy, who founded the Giraffe Conservation Foundation to draw attention to the animals’ plight. “If we don’t, giraffe numbers are going to continue to drop.”

Supercharged’ heart pumps blood up a giraffe’s neck: here.

Baby Giraffe Born on Easter at Netherlands’ Rotterdam Zoo: here.

New carnivorous dinosaur discovered in Niger


This video says about itself:

A tribute to Carcharodontosaurus, with the song “Numb” by Linkin Park.

From LiveScience:

New Blood-Thirsty Dinosaur Identified

By Dave Mosher, LiveScience Staff Writer

A graduate student has identified the remains of one of the planet’s largest meat-eating dinosaurs ever found.

Steve Brusatte, a paleobiologist at the University of Bristol in England, determined fossils discovered during a 1997 Nigerian expedition belong to a new breed of meat-eating dinosaur called Carcharodontosaurus iguidensis.

The upright-walking creature grinned with a mouth full of banana-sized teeth, stood taller than a double-decker bus and weighed more than two standard-sized cars.

Brusatte said evidence of the 95-million-year-old theropod has been extremely hard to come by.

“The first remains of Carcharodontosaurus were found in the 1920s, but they only consisted of two teeth which have since been lost,” Brusatte said. “Other bits … were found in Egypt and described in the 1930s, but these were destroyed when Munich was bombed in 1944.”

The new skull and neck fossils, described in the today’s issue of the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, come from the Republic of Niger.

See also here.

PHYLOGENETIC ANALYSIS OF REPRODUCTIVE TRAITS OF MANIRAPTORAN THEROPODS AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR EGG PARATAXONOMY: here.

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