British nazi murderer Thomas Mair on trial


This video says about itself:

16 June 2016

The suspected murderer of British politician Jo Cox MP being arrested and treated at the scene for a head injury. Mother of 2 Jo Cox was shot and stabbed multiple times in a brutal attack while meeting members of her constituency on the 16th of June 2016. Thoughts and prayers are with her family in this tragic time that has shocked the nation.

From daily The Morning Star in Britain:

Nazi eagle found in Mair’s home, jurors told

Tuesday 22nd November 2016

THE man accused of murdering Labour MP Jo Cox had a Third Reich eagle ornament and a large collection of neonazi literature in his bedroom, a court heard yesterday.

Thomas Mair, 53, is on trial for allegedly shooting and stabbing [Jo Cox], a mother of two, outside her Batley and Spen constituency surgery … .

The jury was shown photos of belongings found in his home in Birstall, including books and magazines on the “theory” of white supremacy.

Prosecutor Richard Whittam QC said Mair also kept printouts on white supremacist groups as well as nazi badges and runes with neonazi group initials on them.

Police also found a double-page press cutting on Norwegian mass killer Anders Breivik and a stack of papers on Ms Cox and her political history.

Officers also seized library computers which Mr Mair had used to view websites about neonazis and rifles.

He denies murder, possession of a firearm with intent to commit an indictable offence and possession of an offensive weapon — a dagger.

Mair also pleads not guilty to causing grievous bodily harm with intent to Bernard Carter-Kenny, who was trying to stop the attack on Ms Cox.

Thomas Mair and the weapons of the Jo Cox murder

Thomas Mair convicted: here.

Flemish neonazi Dewinter supports Greek Golden Dawn neonazis


Vlaams Belang MPs meet Greek Golden Dawn nazis

This photo from Greece shows MPs of the racist Belgian political party Vlaams Belang meeting with Greek Golden Dawn nazis at a Golden Dawn office.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Dewinter criticized because of speech at Golden Dawn‘s

Today, 17:19

The Flemish nationalist party Vlaams Belang MP Filip Dewinter has been reprimanded for his speech for the far-right Greek party Golden Dawn. …

Two fellow Vlaams Belang MPs who were also at the Golden Dawn meeting, Anke Van dermeersch and Jan Penris were also reprimanded. Van dermeersch was also expelled from the party executive. …

According to party chairman Van Grieken the MPs had gone to Greece to see the effects of mass immigration, he said to the Flemish broadcaster VRT. The politicians visited the islands of Lesvos, Kos and Chios, where many refugees arrive.

The party chairman claims, however, not to have known that Dewinter on Chios would do the speech at a meeting of Golden Dawn. …

The Belgian media have published photos in which the prominent members of Vlaams Belang pose at the headquarters of Golden Dawn. Also on social media one could see that the Vlaams Belang MPs had a meeting with members of the Golden Dawn party, which is strongly opposed to immigration.

Of the delegation that traveled to Greece Van dermeersch was the only member of the party executive. She remains a member of the Flemish Parliament. Penris and Dewinter remain parliamentarians as well. The party can not deprive them of their jobs.

So, apparently party Chairman Van Grieken now prefers dog-whistle fascism, as better public relations and less likelihood of problems with anti-discrimination laws in Belgium, to the open fascism of Vandermeersch, Dewinter, Penris and Golden Dawn (though Van Grieken himself a few years ago established links with the German NPD neonazis). Will ex-Vlaams Belang party leader Dewinter now split the party into two?

British nazi murderer of MP Jo Cox on trial


This video from the USA says about itself:

As Britain Mourns MP Jo Cox, Her Killer Is Linked to Neo-Nazi National Alliance & Pro-Apartheid Club

17 June 2016

Britain is in a state of mourning after a rising star in the British Parliament died Thursday when she was stabbed and shot in her district. Jo Cox was a 41-year-old mother of two who worked at Oxfam before being elected as a Labour MP last year. She was known for her passionate support for Syrian refugees and was a member of Labour Friends of Palestine. …

During the attack, eyewitnesses said, her assassin, Thomas Mair, shouted “Britain first“—a possible reference to the far-right, anti-immigrant political party of the same name

We speak with Richard Cohen, president of the Southern Poverty Law Center, which has revealed that Mair is a longtime supporter of the neo-Nazi National Alliance. He notes Mair’s attack comes on the first anniversary of when self-declared white supremacist Dylann Roof murdered nine people in the historic Emanuel AME Church in Charleston, South Carolina.

Nazi regalia found at Thomas Mair´s home by police: here.

By Richard Tyler in Britain:

Trial of fascist accused of murdering UK Labour MP Jo Cox begins

19 November 2016

The trial of Thomas Mair, the fascist charged with murdering Labour Party MP Jo Cox on June 16, began this week.

Cox, who represented the Batley and Spen constituency in West Yorkshire, was shot and stabbed multiple times in broad daylight on the way to her surgery at the local library in Birstall, near Leeds.

When asked to confirm his name at an earlier hearing before the trial, Mair told the court, “My name is death to traitors, freedom for Britain.” He refused to enter a plea and the court recorded a not guilty plea.

Opening for the prosecution, Richard Whittam QC said Mair “clearly held views that provided him with a motive–utterly misplaced of course. The prosecution suggests that motive was such that he killed her because she was an MP who did not share his views.”

Whittam introduced evidence to substantiate the political nature of Cox’s killing. Police had discovered Mair had spent at least six days researching the attack on computers at the public library where Cox’s surgery was due to take place, the court heard. The day before Cox was killed, Mair had accessed several far-right websites. These included Occidental Observer, which covers “politics and society from a white nationalist and anti-Semitic perspective,” Whittam said.

Computer records from two days before the murder showed that Mair had also looked at Nazi material and had researched the effectiveness of .22 ammunition, including a site that answered the question, “Is a .22 round deadly enough to kill with one shot to a human’s head?”

His research included viewing the Wikipedia entry for the Conservative MP Ian Gow, the last parliamentarian to be murdered, who was killed by an IRA bomb in 1990.

The jury were shown CCTV footage of the vicious attack, in which passer-by Bernard Carter Kenny was also seriously injured. The 77-year-old former miner, who had intervened to try and help Cox, has recovered following surgery.

The jury were told Cox had been shot twice in the head and once in the chest using a .22 Weihrauch bolt-action weapon with its stock and most of its barrel removed, leaving it just 12 inches long. The effect was “what the pathologists describe as ‘through and through’ gunshot injuries to her hands, consistent with her hands being used to protect herself,” Whittam said. She also received 15 stab wounds to her heart, lungs, abdomen and right arm from a doubled-edged dagger with a seven-inch blade.

Although the emergency services arrived promptly and carried out an emergency operation, her injuries were too traumatic and Cox died at the scene.

Cox had arrived at the library with her constituency manager Fazila Aswat, and case-worker Sandra Major. According to Aswat, Mair approached Cox from behind, stabbing and then shooting her. He then stabbed both Cox and Carter Kenny before shooting Cox again. Aswat said she could hear Mair shouting, “Britain first, this is for Britain, Britain will always come first.”

Taxi driver Rashid Hussain, whose cab was immediately behind the car in which Cox had arrived, confronted Mair demanding that he leave Cox alone. Mair then told him, “You just go away, otherwise I’m going to stab you.”

According to Hussain, Mair said words to the effect of “Britain first”. Another witness, Jack Foster, who saw Mair shoot Cox, also says he shouted, “Britain first.”

When Mair was arrested shortly afterwards, a knife and a firearm were found in his bag. As police recovered the weapons, Mair stated, “I’m a political activist.”

When they searched his home following his arrest, police found extensive evidence of Mair’s links to fascist and far-right groups. Mair had purchased books from the US-based neo-Nazi group National Alliance, founded by William Pierce, author of the notorious racist tract The Turner Diaries. These included guides on how to build homemade explosives, guns and a copy of Ich Kampfe, a handbook for members of Hitler’s Nazi Party. He also subscribed to the South African white supremacist S.A. Patriot. A note in a 2006 newsletter of the London-based far-right Springbok Club read, “Thomas Mair, from Batley in Yorkshire was one of the earliest subscribers and supporters of ‘S.A. Patriot.’”

What have not yet been addressed in the trial are the broader circumstances that led the undoubted fascist Mair to carry out his heinous murder of Cox.

… In January, she took to Twitter to denounce a demonstration … near her constituency by the neo-fascist and anti-immigrant organization, Britain First.

Both the Leave and Remain campaigns [in the European Union referendum] engaged in whipping up nationalism and xenophobia, particularly around the issue of immigration. The Leave campaign focused on the issue of immigration almost exclusively in the last weeks of the campaign. On the day Cox was murdered, the leading proponent of Leave, United Kingdom Independence Party (UKIP) leader Nigel Farage was photographed standing in front of a massive poster depicting a long line of refugees and the slogan “Breaking Point. The EU has failed us all.”

Top Labour pro-Remain figures, including deputy leader Tom Watson, declared that Labour too would no longer support free movement and would demand stronger policing of borders.

Nationalist, racist and Islamophobic violence spiked in the immediate aftermath of the Brexit referendum. On August 27, 2016, 40-year-old factory worker Arkadiusz Jóźwik, a Polish citizen, was attacked in Harlow, Essex. He died two days later as a result of his injuries. Police are treating the attack as a hate crime and are also investigating an assault on two Polish men in Kitson Way, Harlow on the following day. In September, the National Police Chiefs’ Council released figures showing a 49 percent rise in such incidents to 1,863 in the last week in July, compared with the previous year. The following week logged a 58 percent increase in recorded incidents to 1,787.

Speaking at the end of September at a hearing at London’s City Hall, Metropolitan Police Commissioner Sir Bernard Hogan-Howe said hate crime showed signs of decreasing after a sharp rise in June and July, but that it had still not returned to pre-referendum levels. Hogan-Howe told the hearing, “We couldn’t say it was absolutely down to Brexit, although there was obviously a spike after it. Some of them were attributed to it because of what was said at the time. We could attribute that, and eastern Europeans were particularly targeted within the race-hate crime [category].”

In October, the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI) published its fifth report on the UK. It noted “considerable intolerant political discourse” in the UK, particularly focusing on immigration. “It is no coincidence that racist violence is on the rise in the UK at the same time as we see worrying examples of intolerance and hate speech in the newspapers, online and even among politicians,” said ECRI Chair Christian Ahlund.

US government fails to condemn Ukrainian neo-nazis


This video says about itself:

1 March 2016

As a tribute to Ukrainian soldiers who have lost limbs while fighting in eastern Ukraine the two major TV channels TSN and 1+1 and the magazine VIVA! started the project ‘Help the Hero’ to raise money for them so they could become “contributing members of society”. This resulted in a number of photos that were first exhibited in Ukraine and later in the European Parliament during Ukraine Week.

What didn’t cause any concern in Ukraine was that one of the men on the photos has a swastika tattoo on both his chest and his right arm. What does that tell about the society they are building after the revolution?

By James Tweedie:

US and Ukraine fail to condemn nazism

Saturday 19th November 2016

THE US and Ukraine were left isolated at the United Nations on Thursday night as they opposed condemning the glorification of nazism.

Only Pacific Ocean archipelago Palau joined Washington and the Kiev regime it supports in voting against the resolution co-authored by 55 states, including Russia, which passed with 131 votes in favour.

There were 48 abstentions in the vote by the UN social, humanitarian and cultural affairs committee, mostly from states in the EU, which also backed the 2014 Kiev coup.

US deputy representative to the economic and social council Stefanie Amadeo claimed the motion was “politicised” and restricted “freedom of expression and association.”

The text expressed “deep concern about the glorification, in any form, of the nazi movement, neonazism and former members of the Waffen SS organisation.”

That includes erecting monuments and memorials and holding public demonstrations celebrating nazism past and present.

Since 2014, Ukraine has seen frequent marches and rallies in honour of World War II nazi collaborator Stepan Bandera and the quisling Galician SS divisions — some attended by MPs.

Members of the far-right Svoboda party and the neonazi paramilitary Aidar and Azov battalions occupy senior government, military and police positions.

In the Baltic states, authorities have allowed surviving members of their SS divisions to march in a mockery of military veterans’ parades. The text also condemned “contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance.” …

The resolution also opposed ongoing attempts to “desecrate or demolish monuments erected in remembrance of those who fought against nazism during the second world war,” along with Holocaust denial.

Neonazi appointed Ukrainian police chief


This video, by a usually pro-post 1914 Ukrainian government source, says about itself:

9 November 2014

Ukraine faces a potential PR disaster as a suspected member of a neo-Nazi group heads Kyiv police

In a highly disputed move Ukraine’s Minister of Internal Affairs Arsen Avakov has appointed a suspected member of a neo-Nazi paramilitary organization and deputy commander of the Azov battalion Vadim Troyan as the Kyiv police chief.

That was two years ago. Meanwhile, the Ukrainian government has decided that being the boss of just the Kyiv police was not enough power for this neonazi …

By James Tweedie in Britain:

Ukraine: Appointment of neonazi police chief sparks fury

Wednesday 16th November 2016

ANTI-FASCISTS condemned Ukraine’s appointment of a neonazi militant as acting national police chief yesterday.

Ukrainian Interior Minister Arsen Avakov named Vadim Troyan as head of the national police force on Monday after his predecessor Khatiya Dekanoidze resigned over MPs’ interference in her efforts to clean up corruption.

Mr Troyan was appointed Kiev’s chief of police in November 2014.

Before that, he was was deputy commander of the neonazi Azov Battalion and an active member of the fascist Patriot of Ukraine.

Several websites reported this year that Mr Troyan had organised surveillance of journalist Pavel Sheremet before his assassination in a car bombing on July 20.

Ms Dekanoidze was one of several former Georgian government officials given senior posts in the Kiev regime that came to power in the 2014 Maidan Square coup.

Alex Gordon of Solidarity with the Anti-fascist Resistance in the Ukraine (Saru) said his British-based campaign’s warnings that the Western-backed Kiev regime “would increasingly depend on neonazis to maintain its power” had been vindicated.

“Now Vadim Troyan has been installed as head of Ukraine’s national police force, we have a corrupt, Nato-backed state in Europe with self-declared, open neonazis in charge of internal security,” he stressed.

He said all supporters of democracy should urge the British government to withdraw training support for Kiev’s armed forces and stop “propping up this corrupt oligarchic state alongside open neonazis such as Troyan.”

Hitler’s Holocaust in the Soviet Union, Berlin exhibition


This video says about itself:

Germany: Steinmeier opens exhibit on Nazi Germany’s ‘forgotten’ Soviet Union holocaust

27 September 2016

German Foreign Minister Frank-Walter Steinmeier opened an exhibition titled “Mass shootings, the Holocaust from the Baltic to the Black Sea 1941-1944″ in the Topography of Terror museum, in Berlin, on Tuesday.

By Verena Nees in Germany:

Berlin exhibition—“Mass Shootings: The Holocaust from the Baltic to the Black Sea 1941-1944”

28 October 2016

Mass Shootings: The Holocaust from the Baltic to the Black Sea 1941–1944, September 28, 2016–March 17, 2017

A small, but nonetheless very significant exhibition—75 years after the invasion of the Soviet Union and the massacre of thousands of Jews at Babi Yar in Ukraine—is currently on display at the Berlin Documentation Centre, a history museum in Berlin located on the site where the Gestapo and SS had their headquarters from 1933 to 1945. The Documentation Centre displays documents, photos, videos and audio exhibitions related to the Nazi crimes.

The exhibition, “Mass Shootings: The Holocaust from the Baltic to the Black Sea 1941–44,” draws attention to the little known fact that shortly after the invasion of the Soviet Union by the German military on June 22, 1941, Nazi paramilitary death squads collaborated with the military and police in a systematic campaign of mass shootings of Jews, other civilians and Soviet Red Army members. The commanders later introduced the use of special vehicles for gassing victims so as to spare the soldiers the images of screaming women and children.

One feature of the Second World War that generally goes unexamined is the fact that of the 6 million Jews who were exterminated, more than 2 million died in the Soviet Union as a result of such mass executions and not in concentration camps.

The visitor in Berlin stands shocked and shaken in front of a map near the entrance to the exhibition. The Babi Yar massacre of September 29–30, 1941, in which 34,000 Jews from Kiev in Ukraine were killed, is notorious. But the sheer scale of the mass shootings marked on the map by black points is less well known.

Some 570 locations are marked on the map on territory that stretches from Riga in Latvia to the Black Sea. In this area, according to current research, there were 1.5 million victims. As a text explains, the black points only count the towns, cities and villages where at least 500 Jewish women, children and men were shot. In addition, there were many crime scenes where non-Jews were massacred: Communist officials, Roma, or patients of psychiatric institutions. There were also a great number of massacres with smaller victim totals that remain to be examined sufficiently by researchers.

The documents at the Berlin exhibition include shocking pictures of the mass shootings at Babi Yar and other locations, which were taken secretly by Wehrmacht [German military] soldiers and not handed in to the commanders in violation of orders. There are also operational reports from the heads of various army units, which detail the numbers shot, and documents from legal proceedings after the war, in which many of the convicted commanders of the Wehrmacht units were rapidly set free. The German army’s participation in the mass shootings was kept quiet for years.

A large portion of the exhibition treats the destruction of the Jewish community of Mizocz in the western Soviet border area of Volhynia (which today straddles Poland, Ukraine and Belarus). The Polish section of Volhynia, which includes the small town of Mizocz, was given to the Soviet Union in the secret protocol of the Stalin-Hitler pact in 1939. In Volhynia alone, some 160,000 Jews were murdered between May and December 1942.

With its timeline of events in Mizocz, the exhibition gives the mass shootings a face. Photos from the period prior to 1941 show a Catholic kindergarten; women taking a walk; a sugar factory, in the vicinity of which the mass shootings occurred in October 1942; pictures from family albums; members of the Socialist-Zionist youth association Gordonia with a sign reading “Workers’ Group.”

Executions in the forest, public executions and finally the brutal mass shooting in October 1942, in which all 1,500 Jewish men, women and children lost their lives, are all documented. A gendarme’s post captured the shooting in photos. The rescue efforts of one Gräbe, a leading engineer in the firm of Josef Jung that employed many Jewish forced labourers, are documented, as is the formation of a youth resistance group in September 1942, which armed itself with axes, knives and iron bars.

In addition, the “Mass Shootings” exhibition makes clear the central role played by the Ukrainian Resistance Army (UPA) in the persecution of the Jews. It was the UPA that drove the Jews out of Mizocz to the trenches. In the subsequent period, members of the UPA, who are celebrated today by Ukrainian fascists as heroes, hunted down Jews who survived.

The Berlin exhibition, however, is not limited to documenting the horror. It makes clear that the mass shootings were not the result of excesses by one or several commanders, but rather the outcome of a policy deliberately pursued by the Nazi leadership.

Prominent place is given to a June 6, 1941 order. More than two weeks before the beginning of Operation Barbarossa [the invasion of the USSR by the German military], it was issued by the Wehrmacht leadership and ordered that all political commissars in the Red Army be “in principle eliminated immediately.”

“It cannot be expected that in the struggle against Bolshevism, the enemy will behave according to the standards of humanity or international law,” the order of the OKW (supreme command of the Wehrmacht), which was signed by Alfred Jodl, declared by way of justification. “Leniency and the respecting of international law when dealing with these elements” would therefore be wrong, and further, “The originators of the barbaric-Asiatic methods of combat are the political commissars. Therefore, all ruthlessness must be used immediately and without restraint.”

On July 2, 1941, the chief of the security police and the SD [SS intelligence agency], Reinhard Heydrich, issued an order to the leading SS and police commanders, “All officials of the Comintern, (as well as all professional communist politicians) are to be executed; the middle and radical officials of the party, the central committees of regional party organisations; people’s commissars; Jews in the party and state positions; other radical elements (saboteurs, propagandists, snipers, attackers, agitators and so forth.)”

Two things become clear as a result. First, the central goal from the outset was to exterminate the “Jewish-Bolshevik” leadership of the Soviet Union. Hitler hated the Jews above all because they had played an important role in the October Revolution and the workers movement. A left-wing journalist during the Weimar Republic, Konrad Heiden, summarised this point, “Not Rothschild the capitalist, but Karl Marx the socialist provoked Adolf Hitler’s anti-Semitism.” (Konrad Heiden, Der Fuehrer, 1944, p. 58)

Second, the war against the Soviet Union, unlike the war in the West, was planned as a war of annihilation. This was underscored by the opening lecture of the current Berlin exhibition titled “Barbarossa: strategic planning and political decisions, June 1940–June 1941,” delivered by the Freiburg-based historian Ulrich Herbert. Already in July 1940, less than a year after the Hitler-Stalin pact, Hitler informed the army leadership of his decision “to eliminate Russia.”

Herbert noted that under the slogan “Lebensraum [living space] in the east,” Hitler intended to conquer colonial territory for German big business to exploit raw materials and create space for settlement and the securing of foodstuffs. To this end, long before the beginning of the war, SS leader Heinrich Himmler requested a group of academics at Berlin University, led by agricultural scientist Konrad Meyer, to prepare the Generalplan Ost [General Plan East]. It envisioned the conquered territories to be free of people, thus requiring the extermination or deportation of the existing population.

Herbert rejects the claim by the German revisionist [amateur] historian Ernst Nolte in the 1980s that the Nazi war of annihilation was a preventive strike and an “understandable reaction” to the violence of the Bolsheviks, which triggered the famous “historians’ dispute.”

Stalin’s terror in the late 1930s directed against the Bolshevik leaders of the October Revolution, which also virtually decapitated the Red Army, played into Hitler’s hands. When the Wehrmacht invaded, the Soviet Army was taken by surprise and suffered severe losses. The numbers of dead in the USSR, 27 million in total, including 14 million civilians, speak for themselves.

Nolte justified his position in words almost identical to those of the Nazis’ “commissar” order: “Did Hitler perhaps carry out an Asiatic act because they and others like them feared becoming potential or real victims of an Asiatic act?” (Ernst Nolte, Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung, “The Past That Will Not Pass”, June 6, 1986)

Today, this historical revisionism in Germany is being revived and intensified by the occupant of the chair of Eastern European history at Humboldt University, Professor Jörg Baberowski. In his books Scorched Earth: Stalin’s Reign of Terror and Spaces of Violence, he attacked the “mass violence” of the “Bolsheviks,” which allegedly laid the basis for the acts of violence by the Wehrmacht. In a 2007 publication, Baberowski went on to claim, “Stalin and his generals imposed a new type of war on the Wehrmacht, which no longer spared the civilian population.” Unlike Nolte, Baberowski removes the question mark.

The Berlin exhibition on “Mass Shootings” provides a stunning refutation of this historical falsification and demonstrates how similar it is to the propaganda of the Nazis themselves.

American nazi band not playing in Scotland


This video from the USA says about itself:

Teenage Sisters Singing: Neo-Nazi Beliefs Have Changed as These Two Girls Grew Up

20 July 2011

Two girls who used to play in a neo-Nazi band explain what drove them to change. For more, click here.

By Zoe Streatfield in Britain:

People power forces neonazis to cancel gig

Tuesday 18th October 2016

ANTI-RACIST campaigners claimed victory yesterday after a neonazi concert due to be held in Scotland later this month was cancelled.

US white power band Bound for Glory were booked to perform in Falkirk this Saturday but cancelled the gig due to fears that anti-racist activists would target the event.

The cancellation was announced on Sunday by organiser Vicky Pearson, who said the concert had to be called off due to a combination of adverse media attention, the likelihood that the US band members would be refused entry into Britain and fears that the venue would pull out.

A spokesman for anti-racist and anti-fascist campaign group Hope not Hate said: “While obviously we will remain vigilant to ensure that she [Ms Pearson] is true to her word, we can celebrate a huge victory for people power.”

Labour MSP Neil Findlay, who also pushed for the gig’s cancellation said: “This is really good news — groups like this have no other purpose than to spread division and hate.

“We must always to be vigilant to ensure they don’t play in any of our communities.”

More than 1,700 people contacted their MPs and MSPs over the weekend expressing their disgust at the event.

However, more than 500 tickets had been sold for what was believed to be the biggest-ever white supremacist gig in Scotland.

Scotland’s Cabinet Secretary for Justice Michael Matheson had pledged to write to Westminister Home Secretary Amber Rudd recommending that she refuse the entry of the band to Britain.

Mr Matheson said: “There is no place for hatred of this kind in Scotland.”

Last week The Washington Post published a story about Derek Black, son of Don Black, the founder of the white nationalist website Stormfront. The story is about a boy who grew up taught to hate other races and religions. He became a leader for his family’s cause. Then he went to college, and everything changed. Eli Saslow, the reporter, tells Derek Black’s story with an empathetic eye. We spoke to Saslow about this story by phone on Thursday. This interview has been condensed and edited: here.