Trump’s revenge on K-pop TikTok teenage opponents

This 23 June 2020 video from the USA says about itself:

Teens Use TikTok to Sabotage President Trump’s Tulsa Rally

Was President Donald Trump’s Saturday rally in Tulsa, Oklahoma sabotaged by an army of internet-savvy teenagers? That’s who’s taking credit for the rally’s paltry turnout of 6,200 in an arena that holds 19,000. Trump’s campaign had boasted that over 1 million people had signed up to attend the rally, only adding to the embarrassment of a mostly-empty stadium. Teenagers across the country are now taking credit for the disaster. They did it by reserving large amounts of free tickets.

In this way, these TikTok teenage K-pop music fans saved many lives (though not, eg, the life of Trump-supporting coronavirus denialist Republican politician Herman Cain who did attend in Tulsa). If the Tulsa arena would have been jampacked with 19,000 people, then the Trump propaganda rally would have caused still many more COVID-19 infections than it already did with 6,200 persons present.

Now, Trump plots revenge against these teenage opponents.

By Kevin Reed in the USA:

White House engineering a takeover of TikTok by Microsoft

3 August 2020

In a state-sponsored hostile takeover, Microsoft Corporation announced late Sunday that it was moving forward with plans to acquire the mobile app TikTok from the China-based corporation ByteDance following a discussion with President Donald Trump.

In a blog post, Microsoft said its CEO Satya Nadella spoke with the president and “is committed to acquiring TikTok subject to a complete security review and providing proper economic benefits to the United States, including the United States Treasury.” The post said the acquisition would be completed “no later than September 15, 2020.”

The takeover would involve the absorption by Microsoft of the operations of the social media video sharing platform in the US, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. According to Microsoft, the TikTok acquisition will be conducted with an unprecedented level of White House involvement. The statement says, “During this process, Microsoft looks forward to continuing dialogue with the United States Government, including with the President.”

Additionally, Microsoft is indicating that the new owners of the extremely popular app will operate TikTok under the direct supervision of the state security institutions within the countries where it will operate. “The operating model for the service would be built to ensure transparency to users as well as appropriate security oversight by governments in these countries.”

The Microsoft announcement comes as no surprise, following the appearance of Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on the Fox News “Sunday Morning Futures” earlier in the day. Pompeo said that President Donald Trump “will take action in the coming days” on mobile apps, including TikTok, as part of a growing White House offensive against China.

Although he stopped short of saying precisely what the president was going to do, Pompeo claimed without any evidence that “Chinese software companies doing business with the United States, whether it’s TikTok or WeChat” are feeding data directly to the “national security apparatus” in China.

In a statement clearly designed to whip up anti-Chinese sentiments, Pompeo added that Americans using TikTok were having their facial profiles and “information about their residence, their phone numbers, their friends, who they’re connected to” scraped by the Chinese government. He went on to say that these are “true privacy issues for the American people” and that “President Trump has said, ‘Enough’, and we are going to fix it.”

Pompeo concluded, “I promise you, the President when he makes this decision will make sure that everything we have done drives this as close to zero risk for the American people.”

The short-form video sharing platform has approximately 80 million users in the US, 800 million worldwide and has been downloaded 2.2 billion times. ByteDance has said that its servers are located in the US and Singapore, and tech experts have pointed out that TikTok gathers user data in a manner similar to other popular social media apps.

That Pompeo is making hysterical and unsubstantiated statements is a demonstration of the desperate nature of the aggressive moves by the Trump White House against China. The administration is attempting to deflect the mass opposition to Trump’s response to the coronavirus pandemic and the authoritarian police measures against protesters across the country in the intensifying anti-China campaign in order to prop up his collapsing reelection prospects.

Meanwhile, it is well-known internationally—primarily due to the exposures by the former national security contractor Edward Snowden in 2013—that the US National Security Agency (NSA) is the number one electronic surveillance operation in the world, gathering data on every single person on earth and storing it in massive server farms such as the Utah Data Center.

On Friday, Trump told reporters that he was going to act soon to ban TikTok. Speaking with reporters on board Air Force One on a flight back to Washington from Florida, he said, “As far as TikTok is concerned, we’re banning them from the United States.” He then called the ban a “severance” and said he had the authority to make the decision. “I can do it with an executive order.”

However, news of Microsoft’s involvement in a forced divestiture of TikTok by ByteDance emerged before the weekend as it was revealed that the Committee on Foreign Investment in the US (CFIUS) was involved. According to a report in the Wall Street Journal, CFIUS began its investigation into TikTok last year following concerns raised in Congress. “The Treasury-led foreign-investment committee is made up of federal agencies and reviews deals involving foreign money to ensure they don’t put the country’s national security at risk.”

No doubt a major consideration in the negotiations over TikTok is the fact that the company has recently valued at $150 billion with major investments from US equity firms Coatue Management and Sequoia Capital. Along with the huge US user base, the entanglement of the American financial elite with TikTok make an outright ban a double-edged sword for President Trump and, in the end, it appears that it will be much better to just steal the company from ByteDance under the auspices of national security concerns.

An article in Forbes by Peter Cohen indicates the thinking among American business pirates. “If that deal goes through for the roughly $5 billion, I estimate TikTok’s US operations are worth, you should buy Microsoft shares. … the triple-digit acceleration of TikTok’s user base could add oomph to Microsoft’s top line,” Cohen wrote on Saturday.

The role of the Democrats in the US seizure of TikTok exposes the fact that they have no fundamental differences with the Trump White House. Stephen Mnuchin, who heads CFIUS and has been leading the negotiations with Microsoft and the TikTok investors over the takeover, said on “ABC News” on Sunday that the view that “there has to be a change” is shared by House Speaker Nancy Pelosi (Democrat of California) and Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer (Democrat of New York).

Schumer began ringing alarm bells about TikTok last November in a letter to Army Secretary Ryan McCarthy over the US military’s use of TikTok to recruit young people. Schumer wrote, “I urge you to assess the potential national security risks posed by China-owned technology companies before choosing to utilize certain platforms.”

Schumer’s campaign was echoed by Senator Marco Rubio (Republican of Florida), who took the issue to CFIUS, and Senator Josh Hawley (Republican of Missouri), who held a hearing on TikTok’s relationship with the Chinese government.

In this particular instance, it is apparent that Pompeo and Trump have now borrowed a few lines from Schumer, who wrote another letter to Transportation Safety Administration Director David Pekoske in February that said, “National security experts have raised concerns about TikTok’s collection and handling of user data, including user content and communications, IP addresses, location-related data, metadata, and other sensitive personal information.”

Amazon, Microsoft killer robots threaten

This 29 March 2019 video says about itself:

Killer robots: Scientists concerned over ethics of military Artificial Intelligence

A global ban on so-called killer robots – lethal autonomous weapons that can hunt and kill without a human involvement – has drawn the attention of tech giants and their role in developing military artificial intelligence that might cross an ethical line.

Al Jazeera’s Science and Technology Editor Mereana Hond reports.

From the site of Dutch Christian peace organisation Pax, 19 August 2019:

Don’t be evil?

Don’t be evil is an official Google corporation slogan; which Google does not always practice.

A survey of the tech sector’s stance on lethal autonomous weapons

This report investigates the role of the global tech sector in the development of lethal autonomous weapons, or killer robots.

Tech companies involved in making relevant technologies should put in place policies to make sure their products do not (unintentionally) contribute to the development of killer robots. Some companies, including Google, are already taking positive steps to this end,

Any ‘positive steps’ by Google bosses were forced on them by a massive revolt by their workers against Google militarism.

but others such as Amazon and Microsoft have so far refused to say no to killer robots. The report profiles 50 companies from around the world and ranks them low- to high-risk based on their public statements, policies and whether they have relevant military contracts.

Download the report Don’t be Evil?

Read the summary.

Read the highlights.

Windows 10 and privacy

This video says about itself:

Windows 10: Privacy Settings to Stop Microsoft Spying

3 August 2015

Here’s how to turn off as much Windows 10 data collection as possible. It’s best if you use a Local account instead of a Microsoft Live account, but that disables some big features.

By Mark Blackwood:

Windows 10: An operating system that gathers data on everything you do

10 August 2015

Microsoft launched the latest version of its Windows operating system (OS) on July 29, promoting the event as the largest software update ever. Unlike previous releases, the new version has been offered by Microsoft to all domestic users as a free upgrade. Over 14 million users are reported to have downloaded and installed it within the first 24 hours of its release.

One question that remains unanswered, however, is: out of the 14 million who upgraded in the first 24 hours, how many had the time to read and study the 45 page privacy policy and service agreement in the End User License Agreement (EULA) prior to installation?

Following the customary corporate fanfare that generally accompanies a Windows OS release, reports rapidly emerged about marked changes to the company’s privacy policy and service agreement. The new agreement, by default, effectively gives permission for Microsoft to monitor users’ activities via the use of keylogger type spyware.

Spyware is software that enables the information about a computer and the activities that take place on it to be transmitted covertly from their hard drive to another computer. A keylogger is a type of spyware or surveillance software created to log every keystroke made on the infected machine.

A keylogger like the one in Windows 10 can record instant messages, emails, search requests, credit card details, the contents of documents and spreadsheets, or anything else that is typed on a keyboard. The log file created by the keylogger can then be sent to the designated receiver, in this case Microsoft.

According to the Guardian, the default settings of Windows 10 also permit Microsoft to control a user’s bandwidth in order to “upload data to other computers running the operating system, share Wi-Fi passwords with online friends and remove the ability to opt out of security updates.”

The main reason Microsoft wants to monitor its users en masse is to monetize information about them and their habits. With 90 percent of the world’s laptops and PCs running a Windows operating system, the company’s monopoly position gives it a huge potential for harvesting data on its customers and emulate the likes of Google and Apple.

According to Heini Järvinen, Community and Communications Manager at European Digital Rights, “Microsoft basically grants itself very broad rights to collect everything you do, say and write with and on your devices in order to sell more targeted advertising or to sell your data to third parties. The company appears to be granting itself the right to share your data either with your consent ‘or as necessary’.”

Many users, when installing Windows 10, will not know how to configure it to prevent the automatic installation of the new default software. Moreover, the vast majority of PC and laptop users download and install software without fully reading the EULA.

Web developer Jonathan Porta described the tactics used by Microsoft during the installation process of its OS, “Everything about this screen is urging me to just accept the default configuration and get on with life. … With all of these settings on these two screens enabled I might as well relocate my computer to Microsoft headquarters and have the entire company look over my shoulder.”

What makes Microsoft’s new operating system all the more concerning is the corporation’s close relationship with the National Security Agency (NSA) and FBI, which have been engaged in the systematic and illegal violation of the democratic rights of computer users for years.

In 2014, NSA whistle blower Edward Snowden described the aim of his employer as wanting to “collect it all”—in other words, capture the entire content of the world’s Internet activity in order to analyze and profile all potential opponents of the American government, above all, political opposition from the working class.

Snowden revealed the depth of collaboration between the NSA and Microsoft (and other IT corporations) as they sought to monitor and collect data on users of Microsoft products. Documents sent via, Skype and SkyDrive were monitored. Microsoft even worked with the NSA to create a backdoor to its own encryption software to ensure the agency’s fullest possible access to user data.

Rather than be greeted with excitement for being a free operating system upgrade, the question that should be asked by everyone is why is a corporation like Microsoft, with such history, is so willing to give out this operating system for free.

British protest against Microsoft’s role in NSA Internet spying

This video is called Microsoft Accused of Helping NSA With Encryption. It says about itself:

12 July 2013

A report from The Guardian says Microsoft helped the NSA to get around its own encryption programs to read Outlook messages.

By Luke James in Britain:

‘Ditch Microsoft about Snowden spy leaks’

Saturday 31st May 2014

LECTURERS have called on universities to ditch agreements with Microsoft over the company’s role in the online spying scandal exposed by Edward Snowden.

Goldsmiths College academic Des Freedman warned colleagues at the UCU union congress on Thursday evening that outsourced email and data storage systems have been putting research at risk.

Documents leaked by Mr Snowden, now taking refuge in Moscow, show that Microsoft helped the US National Security Agency (NSA) spy on millions of internet users using its Outlook email service.

Last summer’s revelations came just a month after the government-funded Janet education network used by academics linked up with Microsoft.

Dr Freedman said delegates should be “pissed off” that a company “complicit with the surveillance operations that were endemic across the UK and the US are presiding over our emails and data storage.”

And the media specialist said it was another symptom of the privatisation of higher education.

Goldsmiths is just one of Britain’s universities and colleges that have handed lucrative IT contracts to global corporations with poor security records.

The decision at the London college brought a number of “infuriated” academics into their trade union for the first time, explained Dr Freedman.

He added: “This is the kind of issue that speaks to the changing nature of higher education.

“The fact is that there’s more outsourcing, more marketisation, that we’re losing whatever control we had over where our research and email are stored.”

The union committed to call on university leaders to review their IT contracts in light of the surveillance scandal.

Skype under investigation in Luxembourg over link to NSA. Ten years ago, the calling service had a reputation as a tool for evading surveillance but now it is under scrutiny for covertly passing data to government agencies: here.

USA: House Republicans Vote To Let Your Internet Service Provider Share Your Web History. The change could also expose your Social Security number and information pertaining to your children and health: here.

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Spying scandal update

This video is called Amnesty International on Edward Snowden.

By Eric London:

Snowden denounces US campaign of threats and aggression

13 July 2013

NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden met with human rights officials in Sheremetyevo airport in Moscow yesterday to consider his options for safe asylum, while the Obama administration intensified its campaign of international thuggery against the former Booz Allen Hamilton contractor.

Snowden, who has forced to seek refuge for weeks in an airport transit zone, announced that he had accepted asylum offers from Venezuela, Bolivia, Nicaragua, and Ecuador. He also announced that he had requested temporary asylum in Russia in order to facilitate passage to Latin America, which the US government has relentlessly blocked.

In his remarks, the young whistleblower issued a defiant defense of his actions and made a damning appraisal of the “historically disproportionate aggression” brought against him by the Obama administration.

“I believe in the principle declared at Nuremburg in 1945,” Snowden said in a statement released after meeting with human rights organizations. “Individuals have international duties which transcend the national obligations of obedience. Therefore individual citizens have the duty to violate domestic laws to prevent crimes against peace and humanity from occurring.”

“That moral decision to tell the public about spying that affects all of us has been costly, but it was the right thing to do and I have no regrets,” he added.

Snowden noted that “[t]he 4th and 5th Amendments to the Constitution of my country, Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and numerous statutes and treaties forbid such systems of massive, pervasive surveillance.” He framed the Obama administration’s relentless campaign to bully other nations with threats of retribution as an assault on democratic rights.

“Since [the revelations were made public], the government and intelligence services of the United States of America have attempted to make an example of me, a warning to all others who might speak out as I have. I have been made stateless and hounded for my act of political expression. The United States Government has placed me on no-fly lists. It demanded Hong Kong return me outside of the framework of its laws, in direct violation of the principle of non-refoulement—the law of nations. It has threatened with sanctions countries who would stand up for my human rights and the UN asylum system. It has even taken the unprecedented step of ordering military allies to ground a Latin American president’s plane in search for a political refugee.

“These dangerous escalations represent a threat not just to the dignity of Latin America, but to the basic rights shared by every person, every nation, to live free from persecution, and to seek and enjoy asylum.”

Snowden’s remarks come amidst an intensification of the US government’s attempts to imprison—and possibly kill—the young whistleblower.

With visible irritation, State Department spokeswoman Jen Psaki said yesterday that Snowden “is not a whistleblower, he is not a human rights activist. He is wanted on a series of serious criminal charges.”

Psaki’s comments echoed those made earlier by White House Spokesman Jay Carney, who said that “Mr. Snowden is not a human rights activist or a dissident,” but rather, a criminal on-the-lam.

The mafia-boss character of the US hunt for Snowden was made clear in an account published by Wikileaks yesterday, in which a Human Rights Watch representative reportedly “had received a call from the US Ambassador to Russia [Michael McFaul], who asked her to relay to Mr. Snowden that the US Government does not categorize Mr. Snowden as a whistleblower and that he has broken United States law.”

The US government’s intensifying campaign against Snowden’s safety and right to asylum runs counter to the mass sympathy that Snowden has won from the population of the world.

Despite the mobilization of the entire political establishment against Snowden, a Quinnipiac University poll released recently revealed that 55 percent of Americans consider Snowden a whistleblower, against only 35 percent who said he is a traitor. Support for Snowden is overwhelming amongst young people, with 68 percent saying they regard him as a whistleblower.

Yet the relentless pursuit of Snowden continues.

Newly released documents show that Microsoft worked with the NSA to break the company’s own encryption, ensuring the fullest possible access for the agency to its data: here.

Angela Merkel tells Die Zeit that she stands behind the US spying in Germany and throughout the world: here.

Microsoft acquires Skype, bad news for internauts

This video is called Microsoft to buy Skype in $8.5bn deal.

By Mike Ingram:

Microsoft and the future of Skype

16 May 2011

The announcement Tuesday May 10 that Microsoft paid $8.5 billion for the online voice and video service, Skype, has prompted much speculation as to Microsoft’s motives and the future of the Skype service.

By any estimate, the deal was overpriced for a company that last year made a net loss of $7 million on revenues of $860 million. The projected Initial Public Offering for Skype was estimated at 50 percent less than what Microsoft paid for the service. This is Microsoft’s largest ever acquisition but still represents a small fraction of the software giant’s massive wealth. Microsoft has a net worth of around $220 billion.

Skype was first launched in 2003 by software developers Niklas Zennström and Janus Friis. The two had previously developed the peer-to-peer file-sharing service Kazaa. Skype is based on the same underlying technology, which allows the service to utilize the power of user’s computers rather than investing in expensive server technology.

The ability to make international voice calls from computer to computer, and later to landlines, independently of the telecommunication giants proved instantly attractive. Skype had 50,000 registered users by September 2005, doubling that figure to 100,000 by April 2006. Today, an estimated 170 million people worldwide are Skype users. By 2010, Skype was said to be responsible for a quarter of all international telephone calls.

Skype’s overwhelming success made it an early target of corporations seeking ways to capitalize on the user base. Online auction site eBay bought Skype for $2.6 billion in 2005 with a view to integrating it into its auction services. The integration never happened, and in 2009 eBay sold 70 percent of Skype to an investment group that included former founder of Netscape, Marc Andreessen. The 70 percent stake was valued at $2.75 billion.

The purchase by Microsoft poses a real threat to democracy and the free exchange of ideas. What has become an essential utility for millions of people is now controlled by one of the world’s largest corporations, and one that has a record of subverting technological advances in the interests of maintaining its own monopoly. (See, “The Microsoft law suit, software development and the capitalist market“)

It is not yet clear how Microsoft intends to make a profit out of the Skype technology, or if Skype will go the way of so many previous purchases by the company, including Groove, Placeware, Massive, LinkExchange and WebTV, all of which were shut down.

Bill Gates: here.

Richard Stallman, free software movement, interviewed

This video from Australia says about itself:

Richard Stallman delivers a lecture at the Australian National University in Canberra October 2004. Topics covered include free software development, privacy, copyright, the history of GNU, Linux, and the GNU/Linux operating system. A lively presentation in which RMS wears a hat as worn by IT deities. This recording covers the second half of his two-hour presentation. Courtesy The National Institute of Engineering and Information Sciences (NIEIS) and The Australian Computer Society (ACS).

By Greg Adamson in Australia:

Richard Stallman and the free software movement

Wednesday, September 29, 2010

Richard Stallman is something of a legend in the global software community. In 1983, he created the free software movement, through which highly trained and often highly paid professionals give their time to producing software for the public good.

The movement produced the GNU operating system, a free alternative to proprietary software such as the Microsoft or Apple operating systems. GNU is a both a humorous “recursive acronym” standing for “GNU is Not Unix”, and a gnu (or wildebeest) is the mascot of the GNU system and GNU Project.

The free software movement is one of several strands of technology development in the past half-century that have defied market theories on how the economy must work. Others have included the Wikipedia peer-created and reviewed encyclopedia, and the work undertaken by many voluntary technology organisations.

However, the free software movement goes further than most others. It identifies the need to carry out an activist campaign to achieve its goals, rather than simply relying on the power of a good example.

In 1989, Stallman wrote the first GNU General Public License, which provides a framework for licensing “to ensure that this voluntary work brings freedom for users, and cannot be transformed into an instrument for someone to gain power over others”.

Stallman’s work and the work of the free software movement have influenced vast areas of technology.

Today, Stallman spends much of his time travelling and speaking to audiences about the importance of free software as a political and ethical need for people. He is currently touring Australia. For details, visit Stallman spoke with Green Left Weekly’s Greg Adamson.

Bill Gates’ Microsoft exploits teenage workers

This video says about itself:

19 April 2010 — Microsoft has announced it is investigating reports that a factory manufacturing its products in China is forcing teenagers to work 15 hour shifts in sweatshop conditions.

A investigation by the US based National Labour Committee found that workers at the KYE factory, a producer of webcams and mice for Microsoft, were being ill-treated.

The report claims that the workers were forced to sleep 14 to a room and wash in a bucket.

They then had to work long shifts in high temperatures and under strict conditions, all for very little pay.

Microsoft says that while they were not previously aware of any problems at the factory they would take ‘appropriate action’ if necessary.

From British daily The Morning Star:

Microsoft bosses told ‘child slavery’ must end

Monday 19 April 2010

by Tom Mellen

Investigators found 385 underage workers toiling at the factory

Beijing has given bosses at two Chinese factories contracted by computing giant Microsoft a week to rectify their “illegal practices” after they were found guilty of trampling young workers’ rights.

The state-owned China Daily quoted Dongguan Human Resources Bureau (DHRB) officials on Monday as saying that KYE Systems management had presided over illegal and inhuman working conditions at its Kunying and Xieying facilities.

The two sites employ 4,000 workers manufacturing webcams, computer mice and video game controllers for the world’s biggest software company and others including Hewlett-Packard, Samsung, Acer, Logitech and Asus.

The DHRB launched an investigation into conditions at the factories after the New York-based non-profit National Labour Committee (NLC) published a report last week accusing Microsoft of super-exploiting teenagers as “slave labour.”

The NLC report alleged that workers aged 16 and 17 worked 15 hour shifts six and seven days a week for just 37p an hour.

And it charged that youngsters on the production line were not allowed to talk or use the toilet.

Chinese law prohibits employers from employing people under the age of 16.

Bosses are only allowed to employ “underage workers” – workers aged 16 to 18 – if they register the practice with the local labour administration authority.

DHRB official Xie Yanfang said that investigators did not find any evidence proving the two factories had employed any child labourer younger than 16.

But Ms Xie said the DHRB probe had established that managers had indulged in “some illegal labour practices.”

Investigators found that 385 underage workers from secondary schools at Sichuan and Guizhou provinces toiled at the facilities – 326 of whom had not been registered with the local labour administration.

Managers had also failed to give employees a copy of their labour contract and forced them to work excessive overtime, she said, noting that workers on the production line were forced to work an average of 280 hours in March.

Ms Xie declared that KYE bosses “have been ordered to rectify these illegal practices within a week, or they will be fined or face other administrative penalties in accordance with the law.

“We’ll closely follow the factories’ rectification to safeguard the lawful rights of workers,” she vowed.

In how many other countries do Microsoft and other big corporations make similar profits by exploiting teenage (or even younger) workers? What will authorities there do about it?

Bill Gates of Microsoft is often considered to be the richest man in the world. How will people like pop star Bono, promoting Bill Gates as an honest kind-hearted anti-poverty fighter, react to this scandal?

Bill and Melinda Gates, private charity and pollution

Bill Gates and Microsoft, cartoon

By Andre Damon:

The Gates Foundation and the rise of “free market” philanthropy

22 January 2007

A number of revealing details have surfaced in recent weeks concerning the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the world’s largest charitable concern.

According to a report published January 7 in the Los Angeles Times, the Gates foundation invests its assets in companies whose operations induce some of the health problems it seeks to combat.

The report notes that 41 percent of the foundation’s holdings are invested in corporations whose policies “countered its charitable goals.”

It also claims that the foundation has holdings in over 60 of the highest-polluting companies in the US.

In one example mentioned in the report, a recent medical study found that half of the children attending a high school in Merebank, South Africa suffer from asthma and other respiratory disorders.

The study attributed its findings to high concentrations of sulfur dioxide and other pollutants spewed out by nearby mills and refineries operated by BP and Anglo American.

Dr. Nonyenim Solomon Enyidah, a local health commissioner, told the newspaper that the immense amounts of pollution generated by these plants weaken local residents’ immune systems and leave them vulnerable to polio and measles.

Yet the Gates Foundation, which is ostensibly in the business of combating these diseases, continues to invest hundreds of millions of dollars in the companies that help to create them.

Also, there is the ideological neo-conservative pollution financed by Bill Gates’ Microsoft, including the Edmund Burke Stichting in The Netherlands