Hurricane Arthur threatens USA, what will birds do?

This video from the USA says about itself:

31 August 2011

These tiny baby birds were found by caring citizens in the aftermath of Hurricane Irene. They were brought to Evelyn’s Wildlife Refuge, a non- profit wildlife rehabilitator in Virginia Beach, VA. They are expected to make a full recovery and be released back into the wild.

From eNature Blog in the USA:

How Do Birds Deal With Hurricanes Like Arthur?

Posted on Thursday, July 03, 2014 by eNature

Hurricane Arthur is working its way up the East Coast, threatening the beach vacationers from Florida to Maine with bad rain, highs winds and big surf.

While Arthur’s wind, rain and storm surge will certainly affect many people, some folks are also wondering about the effects the hurricane may have on birds.

Numbers are hard to come by, but it’s clear that many birds are killed outright by hurricanes. This is especially true of seabirds, which have nowhere in which to seek shelter from these storms. Beaches may be littered with seabird carcasses following major storm events. Most Atlantic hurricanes occur in late summer and early fall—and fall storms coincide with bird migration and may disrupt migration patterns severely.

Many birds get caught up in storm systems and are blown far off course, often landing in inhospitable places or simply arriving too battered and weakened to survive. Others, while not killed or displaced by storms, may starve to death because they are unable to forage while the weather is poor. The number of birds that die as a result of a major hurricanes may run into the hundreds of thousands.

Healthy bird populations are able to withstand such losses and have done so for eons. However, hurricanes can have severe impacts on endangered species, many of which occur on tropical islands, often among the places hardest hit by hurricanes. For example, Hurricane Hugo in 1989 killed half of the wild Puerto Rican Parrots existing at that time. The Cozumel Thrasher, found only on Mexico’s Isla Cozumel, was pushed to the edge of extinction by Hurricane Gilbert in 1988. Hurricane Iniki may have wiped out the last survivors of as many as three bird species when it hit Hawaii in 1992.

Apart from the direct, physical effects hurricanes may have on birds, they also can have detrimental effects on bird habitats. Cavity-nesting species can be especially hard hit because the trees in which they nest often are blown down or snapped off at the cavity. Hurricane Hugo, which hit the Carolinas in 1989, destroyed most of the area’s nest trees of the endangered Red-cockaded Woodpecker; one forest lost 87 percent of its nest trees and 67 percent of its woodpeckers. Only through the installation of artificial nest boxes have these populations been restored to pre-storm levels.

Although birds blown out of their normal haunts by storms often don’t survive, bird-watchers by the hundreds may flock to see them. Usually, such sightings involve seabirds blown inland and appearing on lakes and reservoirs. First state records of many species have been obtained in this way. Some birders even head into hurricanes to see lost birds.* Others raptly study weather maps to try to predict where hurricane-swept birds will wind up. A few years back, during Isabel, birders were staked out in an organized fashion around New York’s Cayuga Lake to see what showed up. Land birds blown out to sea typically perish unnoticed.

It’s important to remember that the long-term effects of hurricanes on birds aren’t necessarily negative. Every disturbance event is bad for some species but good for others. For instance, hurricanes create gaps in forests, creating habitat for species that require a brushy understory. Birds blown off course occasionally establish entirely new populations; such events may be responsible for much, if not most, colonization of remote islands by birds. Furthermore, hurricanes have been around for a long time and are part of the system in which birds evolved. It is only when they have impacts on species already pushed to the brink by humans, or if hurricane activity is increased by global climate change, that there is cause for concern.

*Epitaph for a hurricane-chasing birder (not original):

Here he lies
A little wet
But he got
His lifelist met.

Have you noticed changes in bird or other animal populations in the wake of hurricanes or other disturbances?

We’re always interested to hearing (or read) your experiences and stories.

Where do the birds go for protection during severe weather such as blizzards, hurricanes, and tornadoes? Here.

What You Need to Know About Hurricane Arthur, the July Fourth Party-Crasher: here.

For some birders who live inland, the August-October period often brings around a strange yearning: the want for massive, untamed hurricanes. These enormous storms can bring incredibly rare birds; once-in-a-lifetime birding events that can include species that you may normally have to go dozens or hundreds of miles offshore to see. Earlier this month, Arizona realized this hurricane dream, giving some lucky birders a pelagic trip more than 100 miles from the sea, in the heart of the Sonoran Desert. We’re excited to share four first-hand accounts of birding in Newton‘s aftermath—including tales of Pterodroma petrels over yards, storm-petrels in highway rest areas, and much more: here.

Problems caused by unnatural disasters such as oil spills, airplane strikes and window collisions generate a lot of interest in bird conservation, but natural disasters can be just as devastating to wild birds. In many cases, a large scale natural disaster can be even more detrimental than an unnatural event because not only is it harmful, but its effect is relatively unnoticed and the affected birds may receive little assistance: here.

New York neglected pre-Hurricane Sandy warnings

This video from the USA is called Hurricane Sandy Aftermath Video: New York at a Stand Still.

By Dan Brennan in the USA:

In advance of Hurricane Sandy, New York warned on vulnerable infrastructure

20 November 2012

In the aftermath of Hurricane Sandy, a common refrain from politicians, responders and victims alike was that the effects of the storm were like nothing they had ever seen before. The extent of damage, indeed, far exceeds any other recent storm in the New York area.

This, however, does not mean that the scale of the storm’s impact was unforeseeable. In fact, the opposite is the case for those in positions of power and authority. The scope of devastation wrought by Sandy actually was predicted by numerous scientific studies commissioned by government agencies over the past decade.

Warming oceans and melting ice have already led to significant sea level rise over the past century. The Battery in lower Manhattan has recorded a twelve-inch rise in sea level since 1900.

Climate scientists project that in the coming decades the rate of this rise will accelerate. This is particularly important for the New York region, where ocean currents and land subsidence result in a higher than average rise.

One recent assessment for New York determined the need to plan for up to 5 additional feet of sea level rise by 2080. The scientific community, as well as all levels of government, has recognized the increasingly likely danger of a severe storm such as Sandy generating never-before-seen flooding.

The US Global Change Research Program, a federally funded research body that published its most recent major assessment of climate change impacts in 2009, warned: “The densely populated coasts of the Northeast face substantial increases in the extent and frequency of storm surge, coastal flooding, erosion, property damage, and loss of wetlands. New York State alone has more than $2.3 trillion in insured coastal property. Much of this coastline is exceptionally vulnerable to sea-level rise and related impacts.”

Detailed studies specific to the region began more than a decade ago. The Metropolitan East Coast Assessment examined the potential impacts of climate change on the transportation infrastructure of the New York metro area in 2001. The report noted the vulnerability of many critical facilities, which, at between 6 and 20 feet above the current sea level, lie well within the range of storm surges from hurricanes and nor’easters.

However, it doesn’t take the threat of a hurricane to expose New York’s vulnerabilities. A Transportation Research Board special report from four years ago noted: “The New York metropolitan area is no stranger to the devastating impacts of flooding. For example, the nor’easter of December 1992 produced some of the worst flooding in the area in 40 years, resulting in an almost complete shutdown of the regional transportation system and evacuation of many seaside communities. More recently, heavy rainstorms in September 2004 and August 2007 crippled the New York City transit system.”

Hurricane Irene, which made landfall in the city as a tropical storm last year, came within a foot of paralyzing the transportation system, according to Columbia University scientist Klaus Jacob. In 2011, Jacob and a team of researchers completed the most comprehensive assessment of climate change vulnerabilities in New York to date. ClimAID, as it was known, included a case study that modeled the impacts of a storm surge very similar to Sandy.

The study projected extensive flooding within an hour to most subway, rail and vehicle tunnels linking Manhattan to the rest of New York and New Jersey. It estimated that complete restoration of transit service could take weeks, and the economic damages reach near $50 billion, even without further sea level rise. A similar storm after 70 years of sea level rise could increase costs by 75 percent.

The report recommended a number of short, medium, and long-term measures to reduce vulnerability. “Raise or relocate to higher ground… critical infrastructure to avoid current and future flood zones,” was one. Another suggested looking at “constructing levees, sea walls, barriers, and pumping facilities, and… designing innovative gates at subway-, rail- and road-tunnel entrances.”

Just a little more than a month prior to Sandy hitting the East Coast, the New York Times quoted Jacob on the city’s preparedness for potential flooding. “We’ve been extremely lucky. I’m disappointed that the political process hasn’t recognized that we’re playing Russian roulette,” he said.

Of course, transportation was not the only critical infrastructure impacted by the flooding. Over 8.5 million homes lost electricity immediately following the storm, as substations, transformers and power lines throughout the region collapsed.

Gasoline shortages still persist, as petroleum terminals and major refineries in New York and New Jersey were damaged and remain shuttered.

Wastewater treatment plants were overwhelmed during the storm, leading a dozen drinking water systems to issue boil water advisories and hundreds of millions of gallons of untreated sewage to spill into waterways during the week following the storm.

These impacts were also not unforeseen. The ClimAID report notes that a majority of the city’s largest power plants are located at an elevation less than 16 feet above sea level, vulnerable to hurricane storm surges. Much of the city’s critical transmission infrastructure is also extremely vulnerable, the report found.

As utilities have cut workforces and under-funded investment, their resiliency to storms has deteriorated drastically. The US Global Change Research Program explained: “The number of [weather-related electric grid] incidents caused by extreme weather has increased tenfold since 1992. The portion of all events that are caused by weather-related phenomena has more than tripled from about 20 percent in the early 1990s to about 65 percent in recent years. The weather-related events are more severe, with an average of about 180,000 customers affected per event compared to about 100,000 for non-weather-related events.”

With the known threats from rising seas, warming temperatures and other climate change impacts growing, the complete inability and/or refusal to implement protective measures has exposed the irrationality of development in the country’s largest city, whose gross metropolitan product approaches $4 billion per day.

In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, popular outrage has grown over the failure of the government and corporations to adequately prepare for and respond to the storm’s devastating impact: here.

Hurricane Sandy brings deaths, destruction to USA

This video from the USA is called Hudson River FLOODS Overflows Hurricane Sandy New York & New Jersey.

By Fred Mazelis in the USA:

Massive hurricane hits Northeastern US

30 October 2012

A deadly hurricane hit the densely populated northeastern United States on October 29, affecting tens of millions of people and posing a grave threat to the region’s transit and power infrastructure.

The storm, Hurricane Sandy, made landfall in southern New Jersey, only about 100 miles from the New York metropolitan area, on Monday evening. Wind gusts of up to 75 miles per hour were accompanied by steady rain and storm surges of 6 to 11 feet that led to widespread flooding.

As of Monday evening, there were reports of thousands of people stranded in flooded homes, and reports of fatalities, including some caused by fallen trees, had also begun to come in. Whole communities were cut off by the storm on the coast of Connecticut, and the Connecticut Governor Dannel Malloy told a news conference of a “Katrina-like” situation.

The entire area from Virginia to Massachusetts was battered by hurricane or gale force winds. Governors in nine states declared states of emergency, and 2 million homes lost electricity in the tri-state region of New York, New Jersey and Connecticut alone. In Connecticut 37 percent of utility customers, some 460,000, reported no power as of Monday evening. In New York state the number without power had reached 1 million and in New Jersey it was 500,000.

Unheard of scenes of massive flooding in lower Manhattan were reported, with 2-3 feet of water damaging countless street level businesses in the area. Battery Park, the well-known tourist destination from which ferries to Staten Island and the Statue of Liberty depart, was totally flooded. Electric power in this area was almost completely gone, with many skyscrapers in the business district totally dark. Some subway stations were flooded, but the extent of the damage to the transit system was not clear and would not be clear for some time as the storm surge and flooding continued.

The destructive power of the storm in the New York area was primarily the product of wind and storm surges, with relatively little rain, at least up to Monday night. Wind gusts of 50 miles per hour were forecast until at least 12 noon on Tuesday.

On Sunday afternoon, New York Mayor Bloomberg had ordered the evacuation of 370,000 people living in the low-lying areas of the city’s five boroughs, including the Rockaways in Queens, Coney Island and Red Hook in Brooklyn, Battery Park City in Manhattan and City Island in the Bronx.

Bloomberg, insisting that 45,000 residents of buildings managed by the city’s Housing Authority leave, ordered the shutdown of power to building elevators, along with heat and hot water. Some residents pointed out that residents of luxury apartment buildings in low-lying areas, such as Battery Park City, were not pressured similarly to leave their homes.

The city’s subways were shut down at 7 p.m. on Sunday, and transit officials predicted they might not reopen until Wednesday at the earliest, and then only in part. The public schools were shut for at least Monday and Tuesday, along with government offices and most of the city’s business and commerce. The New York Stock Exchange was also closed for Monday and Tuesday, the first time it had been shut for two consecutive days for weather-related reasons since the 19th century.

The storm. developing toward the end of the August-October season in which the great majority of hurricanes and tropical storms hit the eastern US, packed an especially life-threatening punch because of its unusually wide path and also its westward track.

Most hurricanes weaken and turn out to the Atlantic as they approach the northeast, but this one was being drawn to the west by a huge trough of high pressure. As a result of this, it was expected to turn into a winter storm, dumping up to two feet of snow in parts of Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and Ohio before weakening in the Ohio Valley.

What made the storm especially destructive was its enormous size, at least 1,000 miles in diameter. The prolonged high winds and storm surges, coupled with the full moon on Monday night that increased high tides, all contributed to the massive, almost unprecedented flooding over such a wide area.

The wind, high tides and storm surges were expected to pose a grave threat of flooding to the New York City subway system. As of Sunday night, a maximum water level of 11.7 feet was forecast for the Battery in lower Manhattan, breaking the record of 10.5 feet that was set by Hurricane Donna in 1960. One meteorologist on the Weather Underground web site warned of “a 50 percent chance that Sandy’s storm surge will end up flooding a portion of the New York City subway system.” The lower Manhattan areas of the system would be flooded at levels of 10.5 feet “unless efforts to sandbag the entrances are successful.”

The destructive potential of the storm surge was put at a record high of 5.8 on a scale of 0 to 6, according to Weather Underground. This is a higher potential than any recent hurricane, including Hurricane Katrina. As of Monday night the extent of the flooding of the New York subways that would be taking place over the next six to 12 hours was not yet clear.

If the subway’s electrical system becomes saturated with salt water, parts of the system could be out of operation for a month or more, at an economic cost of some $55 billion. In addition, underground electrical infrastructure used by Con Edison and other utilities could also be badly damaged by salt water.

According to Klaus Jacob, a climate scientist at Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Tropical Storm Irene, only 14 months ago, came, on average, just one foot short of paralyzing transportation into and out of Manhattan. If the surge had been just that much higher, Dr. Jacob told the New York Times last month, subway tunnels would have flooded, segments of the Franklin D. Roosevelt Drive and roads along the Hudson River [the two north-south highways serving Manhattan] would have turned into rivers, and sections of the commuter rail system would have been impassable or without of power.

Climate scientists have warned with increasing urgency of the dangers posed by extreme weather, particularly under conditions in which the infrastructure has been allowed to decay. The surge of the current storm is predicted to be more than a foot higher than that of Irene. In the period following that major storm, however, nothing has been done about the threats to New York’s transit and electrical distribution systems.

This Massive Indoor Hurricane Simulator Could Save Your Life: here.

What Controls Atlantic Tropical Cyclone Development? Here.

Chris Williams, author of Ecology and Socialism: Solutions to Capitalist Ecological Crisis, examines the man-made factors contributing to the disaster of Hurricane Sandy: here.

Hurricane Irene aftermath

This video from the USA is called Irene Isolates: towns in Vermont, New Jersey cut off as bridges washed out.

The massive power outages resulting from Hurricane Irene serve as a stark reminder of the decrepit state of the US infrastructure: here.

Irene: Flooding Cuts Off Towns in Vermont, New York: here.

Vermont Towns Battle Historic Floods From Irene As Death Toll Tops 40: here.

The death toll from Hurricane Irene rose to 42 yesterday as inland areas of the Northeast US were still experiencing severe flooding: here.

What My Hurricane Irene Evacuation Taught Me About Poverty: here.

The 5 Dumbest Right-Wing Reactions to Hurricane Irene: here.

Video: Images from Space Capture Hurricane Irene’s Rise, Fall: here.

Irene Destroys Sea Turtle Nests up and Down Florida’s Coast: here.

Hurricane Irene deaths in the USA

Time Lapse: Hurricane Irene Hits New York from Ben Leshchinsky on Vimeo.

Hurricane Irene hit the East Coast of the US this weekend, leaving more than 4 million people and businesses without power and killing at least 18: here.

Hurricane Irene 2011: Upstate New York, Vermont Face Major Flooding: here.

Michele Bachmann: Earthquake, Irene Were A Wake Up Call From God For Politicians: here.

Pat Robertson: D.C. earthquake ‘means we’re closer to the coming of the Lord’: here.

Hurricane Irene kills baby turtles

From Florida Today in the USA:

Irene deadly for Brevard’s baby sea turtles

The beaches survived but baby sea turtles died by the hundreds.

Hurricane Irene‘s surf chipped away at Brevard County beaches, unearthed and killed unhatched and just-hatched endangered sea turtles or kept hatchlings from making their way into the ocean.

Beachgoers brought in more than 100 baby turtles to the Sea Turtle Preservation Society, a nonprofit group in Indialantic. But the turtles’ odds are usually better if left alone, group volunteers said, especially during cooler morning and evening hours.

“There were a lot of people out there thinking they’re doing the right thing,” said Dave Hochberg, member of board of directors for the Sea Turtle Preservation Society.

But capturing the turtles often results in turtles expending their first burst of energy, vital to carrying them out to a seaweed line where they feed near the Gulf Stream’s edge.

Just one in every 1,000 hatchlings survives to adulthood.

Volunteers with the Sea Turtle Preservation Society handle each turtle wash-in on a case-by-case basis, depending on the circumstances.

“The first thing is give us a call, then we go from there,” Hochberg said.

Volunteers let the turtles rest up Friday, then planned to put them back into the ocean.

Countywide, the beaches withstood Irene‘s heavy surf with little damage. …

About half the area’s loggerhead eggs have hatched by now, the other half remain in the sand. “We’re right about 50-50 with the loggerheads,” said LlewEhrhart, a University of Central Florida professor emeritus of biology.

Green sea turtles nest later in the year, he said, so about 80 percent of their eggs are still incubating.

But green sea turtles generally nest higher up on the beach, and dig deeper nests, so they are safer from the storms. Baby turtles don’t survive if the eggs get washed out of the nest.

Pets During Hurricanes: What To Do: here.

The world’s most threatened and healthiest sea turtle populations revealed: here.

Less Sea Turtles Killed In US Fisheries, But Still Too Many, Study Finds – Huffington Post: here.

Leatherback turtles in the North Sea: here. And here.

A rehabilitated loggerhead sea turtle was released by staff from the Turtle Hospital in Marathon, Florida. Discovery News reporter Jessica Marshall was there to witness the turtle’s return to its habitat: here.

The Center for Biological Diversity and Turtle Island Restoration Network ( filed a formal notice of intent to sue the Obama administration today seeking to protect critical habitat for endangered Pacific loggerhead sea turtles along the U.S. West Coast and across the Pacific Ocean. North Pacific loggerheads, which nest in Japan and cross the Pacific to feed along the coasts of Southern California and Mexico, have declined by at least 80 percent over the past decade: here.

Hurricane Irene threatens New York

This video from the USA is called 4:00 pm Hurricane Irene Carolina Beach, NC 8/26/2011.

From Al Jazeera:

Hurricane Irene has the skyscrapers of New York firmly in her sights and the Mayor Michael Bloomberg’s taking no chances. The time to leave is right now.

In an unprecedented move the mass transit system’s being shut down completely.

A mandatory evacuation ordered for low lying parts of the city – a quarter of a million people are being told to head for higher ground.

New York City: Rikers Island Prisoners Left Behind to Face Irene: here. And here.

Falling tree limb kills man in Nash County, N.C.; tropical storm conditions extend into Va., Md., Del.: here.

Hurricane Tracker Apps for iPad, iPhone, Android to Avoid Irene: here.

This site will focus on hurricane Irene (and its effects on our environment, especially birds) starting from August 24, 2011. This site will be updated twice daily (for one week) until Irene fades away around August 31.

Waiting for Irene, and remembering Katrina: here.

Hurricane Irene Update: here.

Track Hurricane Irene Up the East Coast: here.

First Irene-Related Deaths Reported: here.

Hurricane’s health risks likely to linger: here.

7 Surprises Hurricane Irene May Have In Store: here.

Nuclear Reactors on East Coast Brace for Hurricane Irene’s Wrath: here.

Connecticut, New York work with Nature Conservancy to prepare coasts for hurricanes: here.

Hurricane Irene damages turtle nests

From the Palm Beach Post in the USA:

Sea turtle nests bore the brunt of Irene’s wrath

By Bill DiPaolo

Palm Beach Post Staff Writer

Updated: 2:41 p.m. Friday, Aug. 26, 2011

Posted: 12:23 p.m. Friday, Aug. 26, 2011

JUPITER — Turtle nests sustained significant damage from Hurricane Irene, but county beaches generally stood up well to the storm, according to county officials.

“There was some damage to plants and dunes,” said Dan Bates, environmental director for Palm Beach County’s Department of Environmental Resources Management. “Some beaches lost a little width and height. But nothing major. And there was no structural damage to coastal buildings.”

While the predicted 18-foot waves did not slam into Palm Beach County beaches, the storm did destroy many sea turtle nests. The six-month nesting season ends Oct. 31.

Loggerhead Marinelife Center officials, who report about 2,300 sea turtle nests this year on north county beaches, inspected 600 of the nests. Eighty nests had been destroyed by the storm, said Loggerhead Biologist Kelly Martin.

About 250 silver-dollar-sized hatchlings were brought in Thursday by beachgoers who found them wandering on the sand. The tiny turtles will be kept for two to four weeks. They will be taken out by boat and released at the weedline, Martin said.

The eggs remaining 1-3 feet below the sand are loggerhead and green sea turtles, with a few leatherbacks, Martin said.

The amount of nests destroyed this summer by storms is about the same as any other year, Martin said.

“Unfortunately, the turtle nesting season is the same (time) as the hurricane season,” she said.

Hurricane Irene’s dangerous power can be traced to global warming says Bill McKibben—and Obama is at fault for his failed leadership on the environment: here.

Irene and birds: here.

How Hurricane Irene Will Help Predict Future Floods: here.

September 2011. As part of President Obama’s America’s Great Outdoors Initiative, Secretary of the Interior Ken Salazar has formally proposed the establishment of a new national wildlife refuge and conservation area in the Kissimmee River Valley, south of Orlando, Florida, to preserve one of the last remaining grassland and longleaf pine savanna landscapes in eastern North America: here.

ScienceDaily (Sep. 28, 2011) — Marine turtles worldwide are vulnerable and endangered, but their long lives and broad distribution make it difficult for scientists to accurately determine the threat level to different populations and devise appropriate conservation strategies. To address this concern, researchers have developed a new method to evaluate spatially and biologically distinct groups of marine turtles, called Regional Management Units, or RMUs, to identify threats and data gaps at different scales: here.

Hurricane Irene threatens USA

This video is called: US braces for hurricane Irene.

From Associated Press:

Hurricane Irene Marks First Big U.S. Threat In Years

First Posted: 8/23/11 08:11 AM ET Updated: 8/23/11 08:20 AM ET

MIAMI — The rapidly intensifying Irene that’s already cut a destructive path through the Caribbean is the first hurricane to seriously threaten the U.S. in almost three years, a worry for some emergency management officials who hope people haven’t become complacent about the dangers.

The U.S. National Hurricane Center in Miami said Irene was likely to become a major Category 3 hurricane on Tuesday. By Thursday as it roars toward the U.S. coast over warm open waters, it could become a Category 4 with winds of 131 mph (210 kph) or more, NHC hurricane specialist John Cangialosi said late Monday.

The last hurricane to make landfall in the U.S. was Ike, which pounded Texas in 2008.

For now, the first Atlantic hurricane of the season had maximum sustained winds early Tuesday around 100 mph (160 kph) and was centered about 50 miles (85 kilometers) northeast of Puerto Plata in the Dominican Republic. The hurricane was moving west-northwest near 12 mph (19 kph) and could land this weekend in Florida, Georgia or the Carolinas.

See also here.

Hurricane Irene intensifying over warm waters as it roars toward Carolinas: here.

Hurricane Irene: U.S. Prepares For The Storm: here.

Bill Quigley and Davida Finger, The Louisiana Justice Institute: “Six years ago, Hurricane Katrina hit the Gulf coast. The impact of Katrina and government bungling continue to inflict major pain on the people left behind. It is impossible to understand what happened and what still remains without considering race, gender, and poverty. The following offer some hints of what remains”: here.

Why Quakes Travel Farther on East Coast: here.

Minor East Coast Earthquake Damages Major Washington Landmarks: here.

Radical Rabbi Blames Gay People for Earthquake: here.

In the latest preventable tragedy in the United States, four people drowned during a heavy rainstorm and flash flooding in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Friday: here.