Ancient Mycenaean jewelry discovery in Greece

Golden chain from the recently discovered grave

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

3500 year old jewelry found in Greek tomb

Today, 20:51

Archaeologists have found a large burial treasure in southern Greece. There were gold signet rings, a necklace, gold and silver chalices, a sword and more than a thousand pieces of gemstone.

The jewels were found in a tomb from about 1500 BCE, says the Greek Ministry of Culture. The ministry says it is the most impressive discovery of prehistoric burial jewels of the last 65 years on the Greek mainland.

The valuables were with a body that was laid in a wooden coffin. The body was of a man of 30 to 35 years old, probably an important fighter of the early Mycenaean civilization.


That this discovery was made in the tomb of a man debunked the assertion that jewels were laid only in female graves, said the ministry. The discovery was made by an international team of archaeologists led by United States Americans at the University of Cincinnati.

The tomb apparently escaped the attention of thieves who have robbed another tomb in the same area.

Greek nazis on trial for murdering rapper

This video says about itself:

Nazi Sunset Golden Dawn – trailer

13 February 2014

Why would you vote for the political descendants of murderers? Across Greece, villages that were once destroyed by the Nazis and their Greek collaborators are now voting to give Neo-Nazis power. Tracing the direct line between Nazism and Golden Dawn, this film provides a unique insight into the party. It is a terrifying look at Greek Nazi history in all its horror and why political memory is so important. How can the Greeks have forgotten their past so quickly?

By Robert Stevens:

Murder trial implicates leadership of fascist Golden Dawn in Greece

13 October 2015

The mother of slain anti-fascist hip-hop musician Pavlos Fyssas testified last week in the trial of members of Greece’s fascist Golden Dawn (Chrysi Avgi) party, who stand accused of having carried out her son’s murder.

Top Golden Dawn figures, including leader Nikos Michaloliakos, are accused of being part of a criminal organisation. Their trial is being held at a purpose-built court in Korydallos Prison, Piraeus, where Michaloliakos and five other Golden Dawn parliamentary deputies have been in custody since late 2013.

Fyssas was surrounded by a group of Golden Dawn members and stabbed to death in September 2013, at a café in Keratsini, near Piraeus. Golden Dawn member Giorgos Roupakias is charged with the murder.

On October 6, Fyssas’ mother, Magda, described Roupakias as “a trained killer.” Roupakias arrived in a car at the café with three other people, but dozens of Golden Dawn members and supporters were already there, she explained. “They cornered [Pavlos] and then the murderer came and stabbed him. He got out of the car and stabbed him twice in the heart.”

She believed Golden Dawn parliamentary deputy Yiannis Lagos played a central role in her son’s murder. “Lagos gave the order. He gave the OK,” Magda said, adding that Michaloliakos had “the ultimate responsibility.”

The same day as Magda gave her testimony, the Efimerida ton Syntakton newspaper posted a video showing Giorgos Patelis, the leader of Golden Dawn’s Nikaia branch, telling a crowd of party supporters about a planned attack at an upcoming fair. In the video, which was not allowed to be heard in court, he states that before the attack can go ahead the order had to come from Lagos.

On the night of Fyssas’s murder, Patelis spoke on the telephone with Lagos.

In the video, whose origin and date are not yet known, Patelis tells Golden Dawn supporters to be ready for an attack at a fair on August 15. He states, “Certain people will get a message on the 15th of the month. … If I get the OK from Lagos. If I don’t, we don’t do it”. Patelis adds, “Whatever they tell us, we must do it.”

Describing what will happen, Patelis says, “A group of 20-30 people will leave from here fully loaded… Nothing will be left standing, nothing! Anything that moves gets slaughtered.”

On the second day of her testimony, Magda Fyssas revealed how Roupakias was treated with kid gloves after being arrested following the murder. She said that Roupakias told police as he was being taken into a police car, “Okay guys, I’m one of your own.”

When he was asked if he too was a police officer, Roupakias replied, “I am from Golden Dawn.”

Magda said she had inside information that when Roupakias was in the police station he was so familiar with the surroundings that police officers mistook him for an employee. When news came through that her son had died in the attack, Roupakias requested he be taken to another part of the police station. She said officers told him to walk up to the third floor on his own: “That is how familiar the environment was to him.”

Golden Dawn is brazen about the murder of Pavlos Fyssas. Just prior to September’s general election, Michaloliakos stated that the party “assumes political responsibility” for Fyssas’s murder.

Golden Dawn has been built up by the state in recent years to provide shock battalions to be hurled against the working class. It placed third in the most recent election, winning 18 seats in the 300-seat parliament with 7 percent of the vote, up slightly from 6.3 percent in January. Overall, it won 379,581 votes, down from 388,387 in January.

Golden Dawn does not have extensive support in Athens and the main urban centres. But as mass austerity has ravaged Greece’s population, it has been able to win a response from layers of the middle class and lumpen workers and youth. Recently it has been exploiting opposition to the arrival of refugees fleeing war and persecution, increasing its vote in Greece’s eastern islands including the third largest, Lesbos. But even on the island of Symi, which has only 2,000 permanent residents but has received 5,500 refugees since March, its vote only climbed from 6.5 to 10.7 percent.

Golden Dawn is clearly not a mass party, but the threat it poses to the working class is real and growing. As the trial of its members reveals, Golden Dawn has extensive ties to the state.

Last year, Panayiotis Baltakos, then cabinet secretary of Greece’s main conservative party, New Democracy, was forced to resign following leaked footage of a conversation between himself and Golden Dawn MP Ilias Kasiadiaris. Baltakos was a confidante of then Prime Minister Antonis Samaras and effectively the number two figure in his government.

Golden Dawn also has well-known ties to the police, especially its riot squad. When the party first won seats in parliament in 2012, election data revealed that close to 50 percent of police officers voted for the party.

At the height of Greece’s financial and political crisis in 2012, Golden Dawn’s members and supporters went on the rampage on an almost daily basis in Athens and other cities. The police turned a blind eye, as immigrants and political opponents were assaulted. A number of the assaults were even led by some of its parliamentary deputies.

Golden Dawn’s ties reach into the highest echelons of the state. In 2014, retired Lieutenant General Eleftherios Synadinos, who once commanded the army’s Special Forces, and Georgios Epitideios, a former director at the European Union Military Staff, stood as European Parliament candidates for the party.

According to their Golden Dawn biographies, Epitideios served as a staff officer at the Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe—the central command of NATO military forces. He served on NATO’s International Military Staff and was director of the department of crisis response and current operations of the European Union Military Staff. …

In his comments on Golden Dawn’s vote, Kasidiaris said the party would only be strengthened because of the social consequences of the further savage austerity that Syriza must impose. The Greek people “have not experienced the worst effects of the memorandum [bailout accord] or illegal immigration,” he said. “When that happens, you will see, Golden Dawn will have a radical increase in support.”

Greek lizards and food shortages, new research

This video is about freeing two Balkan green lizards.

From Wildlife Extra:

Greek lizards change their digestive tracts to cope with food shortages

With little to eat on many Greek islands, Balkan green lizards have evolved their digestive systems considerably compared to members of the same species on the mainland.

Even more surprisingly, these insect-eating lizards have also developed special valves to help them to digest plants.

These facts have emerged from a study led by Konstantinos Sagonas of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in Greece and published in Springer’s journal The Science of Nature.

The new study confirms how some reptiles can adjust their digestive system and food preferences in response to adverse circumstances such as low rainfall and poor food supply.

Previous studies have shown that insect-eating Balkan green lizards (Lacerta trilineata) surviving in the harsh environments of various Greek islands have broadened their diet to include more plants.

To extend this research, Sagonas’ team set out to compare groups of these lizards on the islands of Andros and Skyros with two other populations in mainland Greece.

They found that the island lizards have a longer small intestine and hindgut compared to their mainland counterparts.

Those collected from the island of Skyros also have longer stomachs.

Cecal valves, which slow down food passage and provide fermenting chambers, were found in 62 per cent of the island-dwelling lizards, compared to 19 per cent of the mainland ones. This was a fact not previously known for green lizards.

Cecal valves are typically found in plant-eating lizards, and host micro-organisms that help to ferment and break down plant material into fatty acids.

When these structures do occur in insect-eating lizards, it is generally among populations that have started to eat a varied diet that also includes plants.

Sagonas believes the presence of cecal valves among the island lizards therefore reflects their higher consumption of plant material.

About 30 per cent of their diet consists of plant material, compared to the 10 per cent of the mainland reptiles.

So because of their longer digestive tract and the presence of cecal valves, it takes up to 26 per cent longer for the food of island lizards to pass through their digestive system and the ingested food is exposed for far longer to digestive enzymes.

“Such adaptations allow insular populations to take advantage of the limited food resources of the islands and, eventually, overcome food dearth,” explains Sagonas.

“Energy flow in insular environments, the digestive performance of insular populations and the connections within them, provide insights into how animals are able to colonise islands and maintain viable populations.”

Unlike Greek lizards, Greek humans cannot adapt their digestive systems to the hunger, caused by the European UnionIMF imposition of ‘austerity‘.