This video from Africa says about itself:
Silverback gorilla stops traffic to cross road – Gorilla Family and Me – BBC Earth
29 December 2017
This silverback gorilla causes the road to come to a standstill when his family needs to cross it.
This video says about itself:
Dian Fossey Narrates Her Life With Gorillas in This Vintage Footage | National Geographic
11 September 2017
This 2012 video is called Cross River Gorillas, Endangered, Caught on Camera.
From the Wildlife Conservation Society:
At any minute, bulldozers could plow through one of the last rainforests in Nigeria.
As the heavy machinery tears its way through thousands of acres of lush, ancient forest, they will demolish some of the only remaining habitat of the highly endangered Cross River gorilla.
There are just 300 Cross River gorillas left in the wild – they might not survive a blow like this.
For thousands of years, the Ekuri people have lived in and worked cooperatively to maintain this beautiful rainforest – one of the last remaining in densely populated Nigeria. But now Cross River State Governor Ben Ayade has plans to build a massive superhighway that would destroy this precious wild place.
Cutting through the heart of Cross River State, it would destroy a national park, adjoining forest reserves, indigenous communities, and vulnerable wildlife. What’s worse, the plans call for approximately 6 miles of “buffer” on either side.
To put this in perspective, the average Nigerian interstate highway has approximately 300 feet of buffer on either side. That means that a 12-mile swath of ancient forest, extending the entire length of the 160-mile highway – 100 times the usual area – will be bulldozed for absolutely no reason.
Governor Ayade is pushing hard for construction to start immediately but Nigeria’s federal government has the power to protect this land. Please, sign the petition to Nigeria’s President Buhari and help stop the Cross River State superhighway before it’s too late for this precious rainforest, the Ekuri people, and wildlife like gorillas, elephants, and chimpanzees.
I know you care about wildlife and wild places, which is why I’m writing you about this urgent crisis.
The superhighway would annihilate the habitat of hundreds of endangered and vulnerable species, including many found nowhere else on earth. And the livelihood of 180 indigenous communities will be completely destroyed. A powerful movement is building to stop it. The Ekuri Initiative has already organized the support of 253,000 people to take action to protect their forests – will you add your voice before it’s too late?
Thank you for all that you do to protect wildlife and wild places around the world.
John F. Calvelli
Executive Vice President, Public Affairs
Wildlife Conservation Society
Irreplaceable – Cross River National Park, Nigeria. By BirdLife News, 8 Nov 2016: here.
Ray of hope for endangered Cross River Gorilla in West Africa Forest: here.
Rare Cross River gorilla still faces serious threat: here.
This video says about itself:
VIRUNGA Documentary on Congo & National Park
30 apr. 2014
VIRUNGA, the documentary on Congo’s UNESCO world heritage national park that is under threat from oil companies. Complete with the trailer and film clips, we talk with filmmaker Orlando von Einsiedel at the Tribeca film festival about making a documentary that explores the Congo, corruption, and foreign exploitation on BYOD-the world’s only all documentary talk show.
From weekly The Observer in Britain:
Saturday 7 February 2015 20.05 GMT
The Church of England is considering withdrawing its investment in a controversial British mining firm whose operations in a war-torn region of Africa have alarmed both human rights groups and environmentalists.
The church – led by archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, a former oil executive – has said that it may sell its near £3m stake in Soco International unless it receives a number of reassurances from the company, whose decision to carry out a seismic survey in Virunga national park in the Democratic Republic of the Congo features in an acclaimed documentary backed by Leonardo DiCaprio.
Soco, which is valued at almost £1bn on the London Stock Exchange, is adamant that it does not operate in the mountainous Mikeno sector of the park, which is home to around half of the world’s 950 mountain gorillas. In a statement on its website, it explains “that it will never seek to have operations in the mountain gorilla habitat, the Virunga volcanoes or the Virunga equatorial rainforest, and this remains the company’s position”.
Last year the company announced that it was pulling out of Virunga following discussions with the World Wildlife Fund. The move came after pressure from the British government, Unesco and high-profile individuals, including Sir Richard Branson. The decision was presented as a coup for the environmental lobby. However, Soco made the announcement only after it had finished its survey. And despite the move there are fears that it may yet resume operations in the park.
Now Virunga, a Netflix film shortlisted for best documentary at this year’s Oscars and Baftas, has heaped pressure on the company to clarify its intentions. The movie’s website carries a statement explaining: “We are asking Soco to make a written commitment to the Democratic Republic of Congo’s government to never again work within Virunga national park’s existing borders.”
The Church of England has become so concerned by Soco’s position on Virunga – partly in response to concerns raised in the film – that it is threatening to divest its stake if the company fails to provide it with reassurances in the near future.
In a statement issued to the Observer, the church said: “Following board-level engagement between the Church of England Ethical Investment Advisory Group (EIAG) and Soco International plc, the EIAG has raised serious concerns about the company’s determination to satisfactorily address, in an open and transparent manner, allegations concerning the operations of Soco in and around the Virunga national park in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” Joanna Natasegara, the film’s producer, said she was delighted with the way in which the film had focused attention on what was happening in the park: “We always hoped the film would bring the story of Virunga to the fore. We are truly excited that the Church of England has responded in this way.”
It is highly unusual for the church to proactively reveal its investments, and almost unheard of for it to announce that it may sell a stake due to ethical concerns. Its decision to go public highlights its mounting frustration following 18 months of talks with Soco during which it sought reassurances regarding the company’s anti-corruption policies, human rights commitments and environmental obligations.
The church now wants a “transparent independent inquiry of Soco’s operations in and around” the park, and an “amendment of the previously issued statement agreed between Soco and WWF … so that there are without exception no circumstances in which Soco would conduct further exploration or production activities in the Virunga national park”.
Emmanuel de Mérode, director of the national park, who was seriously injured when he was shot during an ambush last year, applauded the church’s stance: “The church has worked very hard to understand exactly what is happening. They have taken direct responsibility to fully inform themselves on what’s been happening in Virunga. We think that is an extremely responsible position for a major investor to take.”
Soco claims it is authorised by the Congolese government to explore for oil in the park, but De Mérode disputes this. “They were given a concession called Block 5, but that concession is much bigger than the national park,” he said. “The fact is, in the initial agreement signed in 2007, it specifically says they have to respect conservation laws. They chose to go in the park, and that decision is illegal. Just because they were given a concession doesn’t mean they can do what they want.”
Soco said it did not comment on investors or investors’ decisions.
This video from Uganda is called Touched by a Wild Mountain Gorilla (HD Version).
From the BBC:
Wild gorilla creates a food tool in ‘eureka’ moment
For the first time, a wild gorilla is seen using a tool to eat food
It’s a scene that would grace the opening of any Planet of the Apes movie.
But rather than being fiction, this is fact, and one that is new to science.
For the first time, a gorilla in the wild has been seen using a tool to acquire and eat food.
The young female gorilla watched another older male attempt to collect ants from a hole in the ground, only to see the ants bite his arm, scaring him away.
The female gorilla tried to put her own arm in the hole, and she too was bitten.
But instead of giving up, the young ape then had her very own ‘eureka’ moment.
She looked around for a suitable implement, and selected a piece of wood approximately 20 cm long, tapering from 2 cm wide at one end to 1 cm long at the other.
She then inserted the stick into the hole, withdrew it, and licked off ants clambering over it, avoiding being stung.
Other great apes have been seen to use tools in the wild, and captive gorillas have been known to fashion and use a range of tools in their enclosures.
But the incident is surprising because wild gorillas were, until now, rarely known to have created and used tools.
The only known examples are when a western lowland gorilla was documented using a stick to gauge the depth of water before crossing a waterway. Another was been seen using bamboo as a ladder for her young infant to climb up.
But until now wild gorillas have never been seen using implements to eat with.
Lisanga, a very clever ape
The use of the stick was witnessed by Dr Jean-Felix Kinani, the head veterinarian with Gorilla Doctors, an organisation of vets that works with wildlife authorities to monitor the health of wild gorillas.
He and colleagues were observing one of eight mountain gorilla groups habituated to humans in the Volcanoes National Park, in Rwanda.
Within the group live 23 gorillas, including three silverback males, a younger male, and seven adult females, as well as juvenile gorillas and infants.
The veterinarians saw a gorilla named Kigoma, the second ranking silverback in the group, insert his left hand in to a hole in the ground, attempting to catch driver ants to eat.
He quickly withdrew it, and ran from the hole, shaking his arm, presumably remove the biting ants, report Dr Felix and colleague Dr Dawn Zimmerman, who are both affiliated to the University of California, US.
All the time, a younger female, Lisanga, watched his actions, they report in the American Journal of Primatology.
She approached the hole and for approximately two minutes watched the ants enter and leave it.
She then put her own hand in the whole, suffering Kigoma’s fate.
Undeterred however, she found her tool, a broken branch lying some 2 m from the hole, and preceded to use it to dine on the ants.
Chimpanzees are well known to use tools in the wild, with different groups using different implements; some use sticks to dig out termites or to fish or dip for ants. They have even been seen using spears to hunt monkeys.
Wild orang-utans in Asia have spontaneously created hammers, probes and scrapers made of sticks.
And in captivity, gorillas have been seen using sticks as weapons, using coconut fibres as sponges, and logs as ladders.
Which begs the question, why don’t they in the wild?
One answer is that they do, but it goes unnoticed.
Another is that gorillas are observed more in captivity, making it more likely that scientists spot novel behaviours.
But it could also be that captive gorillas have less to do than their wild counterparts, so are more inclined to experiment to fill the time, Mike Cranfield, Director of Gorilla Doctors told BBC Earth.
Captive gorillas often have new objects placed in their enclosures to enrich their environments, providing more opportunity for them to be turned into tools.
“Lisanga is a curious gorilla,” explained Dr Kinani. “She is known to have an investigative personality.”
For example, one anecdotal report details her showing more than casual interest in a researcher’s bag, quietly approaching behind the researcher and attempting to take the bag away.
“This looks to be an idiosyncratic behaviour,” he adds, referring to her use of the stick to catch and eat ants.
No other gorillas witnessed Lisanga’s actions, so it is unlikely that they too will learn the same trick, developing a culture of stick use.
This time, at least.