Rare fungi in the Netherlands


Funnel cap fungi

Translated from the Dutch Mycological Society:

Jan 20, 2016 – On the Papenberg dune a number of endangered goblet funnel cap fungi has been found. Things go badly for this rare mushroom. Acidification of its habitat will probably cause that. The discovery on the Papenberg raises many questions. A few decades ago they were still found massively here. It is likely that fungi in the area have not been monitored for a long time.

The Papenberg is a high dune just west of railway station Castricum.

Rare fungi in Dutch Ilperveld: here.

Wigeons, great egrets and fungi


This 9 September 2015 Dutch video is about Duivenvoorde estate, near Voorschoten town.

We went there again on 16 January 2016. The video shows Duivenvoorde in summer. However, we went there on a wintry and windy day. Often sun, sometimes a hailstorm.

Near the entrance, coots swimming.

Great egret and grey herons on a meadow.

Egyptian geese.

A buzzard calls.

Blackbirds and a redwing on a meadow.

In a pond, a male tufted duck, mallard and gadwall ducks. And moorhens.

A robin on a bush.

Under a big tree, dozens of earthstars.

We continued to De Horsten estate. Two hares in a meadow.

Near the entrance of De Horsten, coral spot fungi on a fallen tree.

Before we returned, hundreds of wigeons swimming and on a canal bank. Grey lag geese and mute swans. A northern lapwing.

And a group of siskins in woodland.

Rare fungus discovered on Vlieland island


Microglossum rufescens

Translated from the Dutch Mycological Society:

Jan 13, 2016 – Due to the continuing mild weather until the end of December 2015 people could search for mushrooms. Also on Vlieland where an enthusiastic mushroom loving woman on Boxing Day on the road side along the road near the Kroonspolders found extremely rare earth tongues.

Surprise

She was there looking for the rare olive earth tongue (Microglossum olivaceum), which had been found there in 2011. The earth tongues she saw now looked a bit like that species but were different. They had to be a different earth tongue species. Further identification by two mycologists found that it was Microglossum rufescens, a species that is extremely rare and does not even have a Dutch name. In November 2014 this species of earth tongue was first found in the Netherlands on an old graveyard in Zutphen. The discovery on Vlieland makes it the second site in the Netherlands.

Over 140 new plant species discovered by Kew Gardens scientists in 2015


This 5 June 2015 video from England says about itself:

Carlos Magdalena, Kew Gardens – People of London

22 January 2015

There are thousands of species at Kew; here are a few important ones …. Kew Gardens‘ Carlos Magdalena.

From daily The Independent in Britain:

Why this year’s bumper harvest of new plant species has exciting implications

More than 140 species new to science were uncovered by researchers at Kew Gardens in 2015

Lewis Smith

Sunday 27 December 2015

A three-metre orchid, a 45-metre tree and 25 types of acanthus were among the new species of plants and fungi discovered in the past year by Kew scientists. More than 140 species new to science were uncovered by researchers at the botanic gardens in 2015, twice as many as the previous year, raising hopes that new types of medicines, essential oils and crops will be developed.

The discoveries were made across the world as botanists sought to catalogue and study unknown plants and fungi, and to determine their chemical properties. Among the most exciting are 22 new species of trees and shrubs in the myrtle family. They were identified in Brazil’s coastal rainforest, and have potential for use in medicines, perhaps as antiseptics or diuretics, and by the aromatherapy industry.

Several of the finds have potential uses in agriculture, including a type of sweet potato found in Bolivia. It was one of 18 new species belonging to the Ipomoea family – familiar to British gardeners as morning glory. The new sweet potato is unlikely to be grown as a crop in its own right, but it could be cross-bred with the commercial species to create new varieties that might be more disease-resistant or able to grow in drier or wetter areas. Specific genes might also be transferred to create genetically modified strains.

Other discoveries likely to interest commercial growers include five that are relatives of the custard apple, or sugar apple, and ylang-ylang, another important source of essential oils; these were unearthed in Malaysia and Indonesia.

The largest and heaviest discovery of the year was a tree, Gilbertiodendron maximum, which grows 45m high and has a 1.4m-diameter trunk. It grows only in Gabon and was one of eight rainforest giants located in the Cameroon-Congolian region.

Six new orchids were described by Kew researchers, including a 3-metre slipper orchid, Selenipedium dodsonii, from Ecuador. It was identified from a specimen taken from the wild decades ago and stored unnoticed in a US herbarium.

Five new species of toadstool, discovered in Europe and North America, are believed to play a vital role in the survival of some conifer forests by supplying nutrients in return for carbohydrates.

Researchers identified 25 new acanthuses, more than any other family of plants this year, while in Mozambique a small patch of land described by botanists as “highly threatened” by a French petroleum company yielded an astonishing 36 previously unknown species.

Dr Martin Cheek, a senior scientist at Kew, said finding new plants is vital. “They could be important to our survival. If we wipe them out they aren’t going to be of any help.”

Lion’s mane mushroom, fungus of the year 2016


This is a lion’s mane mushroom video.

Translated from the Dutch Mycological Society:

30 December 2015 – The lion’s mane mushroom has not been in vain chosen as mushroom of the year 2016. Lion’s mane fungi are mainly found in forests where old trees and trunks are tolerated. Because of its colour, size and shape, the lion’s mane mushroom is one of the most outstanding representatives of this type of forests. An ideal ambassador of monumental beech forests where trunks and ancient trees are available.

Four earthstar fungi species discovered in the Netherlands


Weather earthstars, photo by Piet Brouwer

The Dutch Mycological society reports today (translated):

Christmas 2015: Splendid stars seen at Jagersplas

23 Dec 2015 – The Dutch dune area has a reputation when it comes to earthstars living there. Although it is not easy to find earthstars because of their inconspicuous colours make the sand dunes the most likely place. The discovery of four rare earthstar species beyond the dunes near the recreation lake Jagersplas in Zaandam initially caused quite a bit of disbelief.

Earthstar paradise

During a mushroom survey in recreation area Jagersplas in Zaandam a week ago a surprising amount of earthstars were were found. After identification they turned out to be the rosy earthstar (Geastrum rufescens, Red List: Endangered), the weather earthstar (Geastrum corollinum, Red List: Endangered), the rounded earthstar (Geastrum saccatum, Red List: Endangered) and striate earthstar (Geastrum striatum ).

Sanderlings, goosanders and salt-shaker earthstar fungi


Meijendel, 19 December 2015

This photo shows scenery of nature reserve Meijendel in the Netherlands. We went there on 19 December 2015.

A blackbird sings. Very early, like that other blackbird.

Jay sounds.

Sulphur tuft fungi.

On a lake: mallards, tufted ducks and a female common pochard.

On the lake on the other side of the footpath: both male and female common pochards.

A young mute swan. A little grebe, diving every now and then.

And three goosanders, swimming to the west.

Meijendel sand dunes, 19 December 2015

On some parts of the sand dunes there is not much plant cover.

Meijendel, trees, 19 December 2015

Elsewhere, there is more: common sea-buckthorn and other shrubs and gnarled trees.

A great cormorant flies overhead. A dunnock sits on the top of a shrub.

Meijendel, European beachgrass, 19 December 2015

Eventually, we reach the last sand dune ridge just east of the North Sea, where European beachgrass grows.

On the beach, a few sanderlings, running fast.

As we walk back, some salt-shaker earthstars grow.

Meijendel, salt-shaker earthstar, 19 December 2015

This rare fungus is the biggest earthstar species. Maybe because of the unusually warm December, they are still here. Normally, they are finished in November.

As we continue, two fieldfares in a tree.

A male chaffinch in another tree.

Along the footpath, some more salt-shaker earthstars grow.

A nuthatch calls in woodland.