Spider climbs mushroom, video

This video from the Netherlands shows a spider climbing a toque mycena mushroom.

Roland van Dijk made the video.

Fly agaric mushroom video

This is a 9 November 2016 fly agaric mushroom video from the Netherlands.

Italian oyster fungus in Dutch forest

This 26 September 2016 video shows an Italian oyster fungus in the forest near Zeist in the Netherlands.

False tinder fungus video

This video from the Netherlands is about Fomes fomentarius, false tinder fungus.

First European Fungi Day, 24 September 2016

German language fungi day logo

The first European Fungi Day will be on 24 September 2016.

It is an iniative of Ms Karin Montag in Germany.

So far, activities have been announced in seven countries: Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg, Austria, Czech republic and the Netherlands.

On this day, fungi lovers will promote knowledge and conservation of fungi.

The British Mycological Society‘s UK Fungus Day festivities will take place over the weekend of the 8th and 9th of October 2016.

Chanterelle fungi in Dutch Zeeland

This 25 June 2016 video is about chanterelle fungi near Westhove castle in Zeeland province in the Netherlands.

Fungus, oldest land fossil, discovered

This video says about itself:

Life on Earth began in Scotland… with 440mn year old fungus, scientists discover

2 March 2016

University of Cambridge scientists have discovered the origins of land-based life on the Scottish Hebridean Island of Kerrera, in the form of a primitive fungus.

Tortotubus fungus, also found in Gotland, Sweden, is said to be one of the first organisms to make its way from the sea on to land.

By Helen Briggs, BBC News in Britain:

‘Humble little fungus’ is oldest known land fossil

2 March 2016

It is smaller than a human hair, resembles a mushroom, and is thought to be the earliest fossil of a land-dwelling organism.

The fungus, which dates back 440 million years, spent its life under the ground rotting down matter.

Even the scientist who analysed it – Dr Martin Smith – admits it is a ”humble little fungus”.

But the pioneer, known as Tortotubus, could help explain how early life colonised the rocky barren Earth.

Most scientists agree that life moved from the sea to the land between 500 and 450 million years ago.

But in order for plants and animals to gain a foothold on terra firma there needed to be nutrients and soil to support them.

Fungi kick-started this process, by getting nitrogen and oxygen into the rudimentary soil.

Fossil record

Dr Smith says there were probably bacteria and algae already on land – but these are rarely preserved in the fossil record.

This makes Tortotubus probably the oldest fossil of a land-dwelling organism yet to be found.

Dr Smith told BBC News: ”It’s the first fossil of an organism that only lived on land.

”It would have broken down dead, decayed material – essentially rotted it.”

Mushroom-forming fungi

The fossilised fungus has been found in many locations, including Sweden and Scotland.

Each microfossil is shorter than a human hair is wide and has a rope-like structure similar to that of some modern-day fungi.

Scientists think that early fungi contributed to soil formation and the rotting process, thereby paving the way for flowering plants and trees,

The early land plants were not yet flowering plants or trees. These came much later.

then animals.

”During the period when this organism existed, life was almost entirely restricted to the oceans: nothing more complex than simple mossy and lichen-like plants had yet evolved on the land,” said Dr Smith, who carried out the research at the University of Cambridge but is now based at Durham University.

”But before there could be flowering plants or trees, or the animals that depend on them, the processes of rot and soil formation needed to be established.”

The research is published in the Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.

See also here.