This video about a North American bumblebee species says about itself:
18 December 2014
This is a video about wild boar, adults and youngsters, in winter in Sweden.
At Christmas, quite some people in the Netherlands eat meat types they don’t usually eat at other times; like turkey; or various wild animals.
Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:
Who wants to serve wild boar during Christmas dinner won’t find this on the shelves at Albert Heijn. The supermarket chain will sell this year no meat from that animal, because a high percentage of them are probably radioactive.
Many wild boar live in the forests of Central Europe. The radioactivity in that area was caused by the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. “Pigs eat mushrooms. Mushrooms get super high radioactivity levels,” tweeted Simone Hertzberger of Albert Heijn. …
Last year Albert Heijn did sell wild boar meat for the holidays, but that came from France. “Boar from France was not an option this year, because simply not enough wild boars live there,” said [Albert Heijn spokesman] Hellendoorn. …
Instead of boar there is other game on the shelves, such as deer venison and saddle of hare. “Consumers do not have to worry about radioactivity in those products because these animals do not eat mushrooms.”
This video says about itself:
Backstage in the Wild: Yale Insights into Chimpanzee
20 April 2012
In the Ugandan national park Ngogo, Yale anthropologist David Watts and colleagues at the University of Michigan study the behavior of chimpanzees. Watts, who served as a consultant for newly released Disney nature Chimpanzee, describes his experiences with our with our primate cousins – and the urgent need to protect them in the wild.
Wild chimpanzees plan their breakfast time, type, and location
How do large-brained primates maintain high rates of energy intake when times are lean? By analyzing early-morning departure times and sleeping nest positioning of female chimpanzees as a function of the ephemerality of next day’s breakfast fruit and its location, we found evidence that wild chimpanzees flexibly plan when and where they will have breakfast after weighing multiple factors, such as the time of day, their egocentric distance to, and the type of food to be eaten. To our knowledge, our findings reveal the first clear example of a future-oriented cognitive mechanism by which hominoids, like great apes, can buffer the effect of seasonal declines in food availability and increased interspecific competition to facilitate first access to nutritious food.
Not all tropical fruits are equally desired by rainforest foragers and some fruit trees get depleted more quickly and carry fruit for shorter periods than others. We investigated whether a ripe-fruit specialist, the chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus), arrived earlier at breakfast sites with very ephemeral and highly sought-after fruit, like figs, than sites with less ephemeral fruit that can be more predictably obtained throughout the entire day.
We recorded when and where five adult female chimpanzees spent the night and acquired food for a total of 275 full days during three fruit-scarce periods in a West African tropical rainforest. We found that chimpanzees left their sleeping nests earlier (often before sunrise when the forest is still dark) when breakfasting on very ephemeral fruits, especially when they were farther away. Moreover, the females positioned their sleeping nests more in the direction of the next day’s breakfast sites with ephemeral fruit compared with breakfast sites with other fruit.
By analyzing departure times and nest positioning as a function of fruit type and location, while controlling for more parsimonious explanations, such as temperature, we found evidence that wild chimpanzees flexibly plan their breakfast time, type, and location after weighing multiple disparate pieces of information. Our study reveals a cognitive mechanism by which large-brained primates can buffer the effects of seasonal declines in food availability and increased interspecific competition to facilitate first access to nutritious food. We discuss the implications for theories on hominoid brain-size evolution.
The research was in Ivory Coast.
This video from Texas in The USA is called Feeding homeless people BANNED IN HOUSTON!
From Common Dreams in the USA:
Tuesday, October 21, 2014
US Cities Criminalizing Sharing Food with Homeless: Report
At least 21 cities have adopted ordinances restricting where and how nonprofits and individuals can share food with homeless
by Nadia Prupis, staff writer
As the number of U.S. cities criminalizing sharing food with the homeless continues to rise as a result of burdensome requirements on food pantries and individuals, rights groups are condemning the cities for their focus on punishment over solutions.
A report released Monday by the National Coalition for the Homeless (NCH) found that ordinances which have been adopted in 21 cities target food pantries, individuals, and homeless populations alike by perpetuating harmful myths about the effects of food-sharing and restricting the ways communities can do it.
“One of the most narrow-minded ideas when it comes to homelessness and food-sharing is that sharing food with people in need enables them to remain homeless,” states the NCH report, Share No More: The Criminalization of Efforts to Feed People In Need (pdf).
“There is the myth that sharing food with low income people enables someone to stay homeless,” Michael Stoops, NCH director of community organizing, told Common Dreams. “Another myth is that these food-sharing programs are not necessary as hunger or food insecurity is not a problem in the U.S. There is a ‘food fight’ going on in downtown America between the interests of economic development [and] tourism, versus people experiencing homelessness and the agencies that help them.”
In Fort Lauderdale, Florida, the city council is poised to pass an ordinance that would forbid food-sharing nonprofits from setting up shop within 500 feet of residential properties, while any groups that do find a space to operate will not be issued more than one food service license for the same address in the same quarter.
Proposed legislation in Sacramento, California, would require organizations and individuals who wish to use public spaces like parks and picnic areas for food-sharing to buy permits—ranging from $100 to $1,250—several times a year to host those events.
According to the NCH, these ordinances are examples of a three-fold legislative process: restricting the use of public property, imposing food-safety regulations, and community actions targeting homeless rights groups. Other similar restrictions have already passed in cities with large homeless populations in Texas, California, Washington, and Oregon, among others.
“It seems harmless on the surface, but they’re part of a series of laws that criminalizes activities homeless people need to perform in order to stay alive,” Nathan Pim, a volunteer with a food-sharing nonprofit in Fort Lauderdale, states in the NCH report.
In 2008, a federal judge struck down a homeless feeding ban in Orlando, Florida, which he said had “no rational basis” and violates the First Amendment.
“Rather than address the problem of homelessness in these downtown neighborhoods directly, the City has instead decided to limit the expressive activity which attracts the homeless to these neighborhoods,” Judge Gregory A. Presnell wrote in his decision.
The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Florida had argued against the legislation. “Freedom of religion and freedom of speech are the cornerstones of the First Amendment and this ordinance flew in the face of the most basic constitutional rights of people using the parks to share food with the homeless,” ACLU senior attorney Glenn Katon said after the ban was struck down.
But despite the landmark ruling, ordinances against food-sharing—and other activities associated with homelessness, such as lying on benches—have spread.
“These punitive measures involve gross human and civil rights violations,” says homeless rights organization Western Regional Advocacy Project (WRAP).
Stoops added that “the motivation behind such laws is to push people experiencing homelessness out of sight, out of mind.”
The push against food-sharing organizations comes not only from city councils but from local businesses and residents, NCH says, who often “join together to put pressure on local government or directly on individuals and organizations that share food with people experiencing homelessness.”
“These groups are harassed and in result feel compelled to relocate their food-sharing efforts or cut the program [altogether],” NCH says.
WRAP director Paul Boden told Al Jazeera, “Regardless of income and housing status, people are going to perform these activities (like sharing and eating food), but only a homeless person is going to see the inside of a jail cell for performing these activities,” adding that city councils and other local governments are adopting laws that they know people will break.
NCH also noted that many of the individuals seeking help from food-sharing groups are not always homeless—but are on the cusp. Dani Skrzypek, a volunteer at the Unitarian Universalist Church of St. Petersburg, Florida, states in the report, “When you’re feeding up to 150, that means there is a huge need… many are working people who are paid minimum wage that are trying to pay rent and feed a family. Money is so tight for them; to come and get a meal once a week is a huge help.”
In September, the Department of Agriculture (USDA) published a report that found that in 2013, despite the so-called “economic recovery,” nearly 50 million Americans continued to struggle with food insecurity.
CHILD HOMELESSNESS HIGHEST IN YEARS “The number of homeless children in the U.S. has surged in recent years to an all-time high, amounting to one child in every 30, according to a comprehensive state-by-state report that blames the nation’s high poverty rate, the lack of affordable housing and the impacts of pervasive domestic violence.” [AP]
THE US National Centre on Family Homelessness warned yesterday that the number of homeless children has surged in recent years to an all-time high — one child in 30: here.
America’s Youngest Outcasts, a study released this week by the National Center on Family Homelessness at American Institutes for Research (NCFH), reported that 2.5 million American children were homeless at some point last year, a historic high. The authors of the report warn if these brutal social conditions persist or worsen it will result in the establishment of a “permanent Third World in America”: here.
Forty-seven percent of Americans have incomes under twice the official poverty rate, making half of the country either poor or near-poor, according to figures released last week by the Census Bureau: here.
Last Thursday, residents were forcibly removed from their dwellings at the homeless encampment known as “The Jungle,” a 68-acre shantytown at Story and Keyes roads along Coyote Creek in San Jose, California. The Jungle was thought to be the largest homeless encampment in the United States, with recent estimates of the size approaching 300 residents: here.
FOOD-SHARING REPORT: The Criminalization of Efforts to Feed People In Need: here.
This video says about itself:
10 October 2013
A look inside the horrific dog meat trade that claims a half a million dogs all around Asia.
Petitioning President Geun-Hye Park:
This petition will be delivered to:
President – South Korea
President Geun-Hye Park:
Take Dog & Cat Meat off the Menu!
The consumption of dog and cat meat in South Korea, where it is known as “Gaegogi” has a long history in that country, as well as that of other East Asian cultures. In recent years, it has been controversial both in South Korea and around the world, due to animal rights and sanitary concerns. Dog meat is also consumed in North Korea, but the extent or form of this activity is currently unclear.
Dogs and cats are loaded into small rusty cages sometimes 25 at a time from which they await the executioner. Dogs and cats are consumed in Korea for their supposedly medicinal properties that has no proven evidence at all to back these claims up.
Cat juice better referred to as goyangi is also another hideous and appalling method of slaughtering felines. Goyangi – Cat; is mashed into a liquid. Then drunk as a tonic in the hope it will cure some human ailment or make one much stronger.
Other dishes that are consumed in the market and outside are Bosintang; Gaejangguk – Stew containing boiled dog meat and vegetables, Gaegogi Jeongol, – An elaborate dog stew made in a large Jeongol pan. Gae Suyuk,- Boiled dog meat, Gaegogi Muchim, – Steamed dog meat, Korean leeks and vegetables mixed with spices, Gaesoju- Mixed drink containing dog meat and other Chinese medicine ingredients such as ginger, chestnut, and jujube to invigorate one’s health.
Say No To Dog Meat are campaigning via many ways from which we aim to raise before 2015 at least one million signatures in an attempt to close this market down and/or remove dog and cat meat of the menu for good, and increasing animal welfare laws. Say No To Dog Meat’s 7 Point plan that will be addressed to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and President of South Korea is listed below.
7 point plan to aid animal welfare / introduction off new legislation;
1. Removal off dog and cat meat/ tonic from restaurant menus within South Korea.
2. Moran meat market; to remove all dogs and cats and allow welfare officers in to aid ill and dying animals, alleviate any suffering and re-home remaining animals. Whilst this would be a colossal operation dog and cat fosters/adopters and/or/ re-homing centres to be increased in size to allow for any excess over flow off dog and cats that are taken from the market.
3. Standards of welfare and animal abuse laws (any existing laws) altered and made stronger for both animal and human health thus reducing viral and infectious disease.
4. Dog meat farms to be closed down, animal welfare officers to be brought in to alleviate suffering, increase welfare, locate and re-home any remaining canine and feline.
5. Dog meat traffickers to be punished to the highest possible tariff, with repeat offenders imprisoned and/or fined heavily.
6. Whilst it is still seen by some that dog and cat meat consumption is culture, we as millennium citizens can now rightfully state that South Korea can adequately provide alternative and healthier forms of dietary needs for its people and foreigners. We call on the Culture and Tourism Minister – Yoo Jin-ryong as well as President Park Geun-hye to now engage animal and conservation organisations to adopt a programme thus creating awareness and education that will push people to healthier alternatives and provide more vegetarianism, safer and environmentally friendly foods.
7. Say No To Dog Meat.Net is fighting to end the barbaric dog and meat trade, however as an animal welfare organisation it is our responsibility to now push for higher “all animal” welfare laws, standards and provisions. We call upon the now and future presidents of South Korea to adopt more stringent and tougher animal welfare laws thus reducing neglect, abuse, hording, and inhumane slaughter.
We ask you the citizens off Mother Nature to support this petition to the highest extent. You’re support will not only provide a better and humane standard of welfare to canine and felines but also strengthen existing laws for other animals within the agricultural trade and slaughter houses too.
Whilst we see that meat consumption is never going to end, we must at least push for more tougher animal welfare laws in the farming sector and within the slaughter house in the hope that one day our constant badgering will set all animals free. South Korea and Korea as a whole will be a tough battle for us and you. By ignoring other areas we are failing in our duty and mission statement to aid welfare.
Say No To Dog Meat.Net officers have been actively monitoring the dog and cat meat trade for the past decade. We have started this petiton and now officially registrating our Non Governmental Organisation due to the horrifc and barbaric nature in which dogs and cats are treated within South and North Korea. We can no longer allow this to go on. The consumption of dog and cat is not culture, and has never proved to be of any medicinal cure for any ailment. Please view our site on fact and myth here.
By signing this petition you are helping us to provide a better standard off welfare for both our companion animals, and agricultural animals too. You signature counts in the hope that sooner rather than later we can put this myth off (cruel culture) to bed. By helping us, you are helping the voiceless.
Please sign and share and lets stop this now. You can also help by clicking the video link after signing here and signing the Humane Society off the United States petition.
When you have signed, your signature does count. We have placed all contacts to the Korean President and Culture Minister from which will view our letter and seven point plan everytime someone signs. We will also be adding more people to this petition to gain a higher chance off making change happen
Every little helps.
This video is called 10 Poisonous Mushrooms.
From eNature Blog in the USA:
There’s A Fungus Among Us— Here’s How To Avoid Poisonous Mushrooms
Posted on Wednesday, October 15, 2014 by eNature
With fall’s arrival, mushrooms have been popping up all over. And as you might expect, there’s been a sharp increase in reports of people poisoned by eating wild mushrooms.
When we recently tweeted the blog entry below about dealing with poisonous mushrooms, it ended up being one of our most popular tweets ever.
Mushrooms are among the most mysterious of life forms. Some kinds are edible—and delicious. Others cause hallucinations and other psychological and perceptual effects, and have been used in spiritual rituals. Many species are unstudied, their ingestibility unknown. And a number of species contain dangerous toxins, many of which are not yet fully understood.
Every year poison centers and emergency rooms treat people who have been poisoned or made ill by mushrooms. These range from people taking “magic mushrooms” for their hallucinogenic effects to gourmands who have tragically misidentified a species to toddlers who have swallowed mushrooms growing in the backyard.
Unfortunately, no simple test can determine whether a mushroom is edible or poisonous. The only way to be certain is to positively identify the species you have found. Only experience can teach you to recognize characteristics that differentiate edible species from poisonous ones, and with some species you cannot be too careful. Some mushroom hunters will even examine a mushroom’s spores microscopically to be sure their identification is correct.
In short, before you eat any wild mushroom, check every possible feature and clue, consult field guides or scientific literature, and be 100 percent sure of proper identification (consulting experts if necessary). Only those who truly know what they’re doing should even consider eating wild mushrooms. If any doubt remains about the edibility of a species, do not eat it.
Many mushrooms cause mild to severe poisoning, and only a few cause life-threatening illness. Some mushroom toxins affect the central nervous system, others the peripheral nervous system, and most cause mild to severe gastrointestinal upset. Some people react adversely to species that are harmless to most or to species that they have eaten before without ill effects.
Below is a list of mushroom toxins, some of the species that contain them, and a description of the symptoms known to occur. (This is not a comprehensive list of all poisonous mushrooms.) If you suspect you have mushroom poisoning, contact a poison control center (call 1-800-222-1222 or visit the American Association of Poison Control Centers website) and seek medical attention immediately. Bring along samples, preferably uncooked, of the mushrooms you have eaten.
Mushrooms: Amanita species including A. phalloides (Death Cap), A. virosa complex (Destroying Angel), A. verna, A. bisporigera, A. ocreata; Galerina species, including G. marginata, G. autumnalis, G. venenata; Lepiota species, including L. josserandii, L. helveola, L. castanea; and Conocybe filaris.
Symptoms of this very dangerous toxin occur 6 to 24 hours (rarely 48 hours) after ingestion, typically in 10 to 14 hours. They include severe abdominal pains, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, lasting for one or more days. A short remission takes place, and the victim may believe he or she has recovered. By the third or fourth day, however, pain recurs, along with liver dysfunction, jaundice, renal failure, convulsions, coma, and without adequate treatment, death within five to ten days. With sustained medical assistance, recovery can take place in one to two weeks. Toxic amanitas have caused about 90 percent of all fatal mushroom poisonings, and 50 percent of those who ingest amanitin die. As a rule of thumb, do not eat any Amanita species, and be especially careful in identifying Amanita look-alikes or any other white mushrooms.
Toxin: Monomethylhydrazine (MMH)
Mushrooms: Gyromitra species, including G. esculenta and G. brunnea; and related Helvella, Verpa, and Cudonia species.
Symptoms occur 6 to 12 hours (rarely 2 hours) after ingestion. They include a bloated feeling, nausea, vomiting, watery or bloody diarrhea, abdominal pains, muscle cramps, faintness, loss of coordination, and in severe cases convulsions, coma, and death. With medical attention, recovery can occur within hours. The toxin, also known as gyromitrin, develops a compound similar to one used in the manufacture of rocket fuel. It is advisable to avoid ingesting any false morels.
Mushrooms: Cortinarius species, including C. gentilis and others.
Symptoms occur 3 to 14 days (rarely to 21 days) after ingestion, and ultimately result in acute or chronic renal failure, which can result in death. A kidney transplant is sometimes required, and recovery can take as long as six months. Symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, thirst, frequent urination, and the sensation of being cold, accompanied by shivering. The seriousness of orellanin poisoning makes it advisable to avoid eating any “little brown mushrooms,” or LBM’s, that resemble Cortinarius species.
Mushrooms: Clitocybe species, including C. dealbata and C. dilatata; most Inocybe species; some Boletus species.
Symptoms occur within a half hour and include profuse perspiration, salivation, tears, blurred vision, tunnel vision, abdominal cramps, watery diarrhea, constriction of the pupils, a fall in blood pressure, and slowing of the pulse. Although symptoms usually subside in 6 to 24 hours, severe cases may require hospitalization, and death has been reported in people with preexisting illness.
Toxins: Ibotenic Acid and Muscimol
Mushrooms: Amanita species, including A. muscaria, A. frostiana, A. pantherina.
Symptoms occur 30 minutes to 2 hours after ingestion. They include dizziness, lack of coordination, delusions, staggering, delirium, raving, profuse sweating, muscular cramps and spasms, hyperactivity, and deep sleep. Recovery usually takes place within 4 to 24 hours; some cases require hospitalization. Other Amanita species are implicated in most fatal mushroom poisonings, and it is wise to avoid this genus altogether. Be sure to positively identify any look-alike species before eating them.
Mushrooms: Coprinus atramentarius, Clitocybe clavipes.
Symptoms are precipitated by the ingestion of alcohol, as a substance in the mushroom inactivates an enzyme that detoxifies alcohol in the system. This effect can occur as long as five days after eating the mushrooms. Symptoms, usually occurring about 30 minutes after the alcohol is taken, include flushing of the face and neck, distension of neck veins, swelling and tingling of hands, a metallic taste in the mouth, palpitations, and a drop in blood pressure. Nausea, vomiting, and sweating may then occur. Recovery is spontaneous and usually occurs within 2 to 4 hours.
Toxins: Psilocybin and Psilocin
Mushrooms: Psilocybe species, including P. baeocystis, P. caerulipes, P. coprophila, P. cubensis, P. cyanescens, P. pelliculosa, P. semilanceata, P. stuntzii; Conocybe smithii; Gymnopilus spectabilis; Panaeolus cyanescens, P. subbalteatus.
These are the toxins that give hallucinogenic mushrooms their effects. The reactions that result from ingesting these mushrooms vary considerably; none should be eaten casually. Symptoms occur within 30 to 60 minutes, rarely as long as 3 hours later. They include mood shifts, which can range from pleasant to apprehensive. Symptoms may often include unmotivated laughter, hilarity, compulsive movements, muscular weakness, drowsiness, visions, then sleep. Recovery usually takes place within six hours. The victim should be assured that the symptoms will pass.
Mushroom: Paxillus involutus
Symptoms occur one to three hours or more after ingestion. They result from a gradually acquired sensitivity to the species, and include destruction of red blood cells, vomiting, diarrhea, cardiovascular irregularity, and possibly kidney failure. They usually disappear in two to four days, but can last much longer in severe cases and may require hospitalization.
Mushroom: Amanita smithiana
Symptoms occur 4 to 11 hours after ingestion, and include abdominal pain and diarrhea, followed by kidney or liver failure. These poisonings are not well studied. They resemble orellanin poisonings, but the onset of symptoms is much quicker.
A large number of mushrooms can cause gastrointestinal illness. Symptoms occur 30 minutes to 3 hours after ingestion. They include mild to serious and severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain. Recovery can take several hours or days, depending on the species, the amount eaten, and the health of the victim. Hospitalization is sometimes required.
Some edible mushrooms are also known to cause occasional adverse reactions, even in people who have eaten them before without any side effects. Symptoms occur within 2 hours. They include nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Recovery usually takes place within a few hours.
So to sum it up— stay clear of wild mushrooms unless you’ve got expert advice and guidance. The stakes are too high to gamble with your health!
We’ve noticed lots of strange mushrooms recently here in the mid-Atlantic. And have had to keep the dogs from eating them…
Are they showing up in your neck of the woods?
North American Mycological Association website: here.
This video is called Inside Story – Horsemeat scandal: Who is to be blamed?
From daily The Morning Star in Britain:
Sausages 46 per cent horse meat
Saturday 4th october 2014
The Bulgarian-manufactured salami product had been imported by Expo Foods Limited, based in Enfield, north London.
A KCC trading standards spokesman said the firm did not test the sample, despite widespread media coverage about undeclared horse meat in various food products.
The company pleaded guilty to a charge under the Food Safety Act at Dartford magistrates’ court, the spokesman added.
As well as being fined £5,000 the firm was ordered to pay £2,500 towards the council’s costs, plus a £120 surcharge.