Anne Frank’s diary, new film

This German video is the trailer of the new film The Diary of Anne Frank by Hans Steinbichler.

By Bernd Reinhardt in Germany:

66th Berlin International Film Festival—Part 4:

Flight and persecution—yesterday and today (The Diary of Anne Frank and Meteorstraße)

14 March 2016

This is the fourth and final article on the recent 66th Berlin International Film Festival

“Only a few subjects in the world are known globally. Anne Frank is someone who one can speak to a Muslim about, and they know who you are talking about. Or people from Africa, they also know Anne Frank,” observed director Hans Steinbichler about his new and valuable film version of Anne Frank’s diary.

Frank’s The Diary of a Young Girl appeared for the first time in German in 1950 (and in English in 1952) and has moved generations ever since. It has been translated into more than 60 languages.

Little more than 70 years after the death of the refugee Jewish girl—arrested in the Netherlands after escaping the Nazi threat in her native Germany—at the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in 1945, millions of people are now fleeing from war and the lack of hope for the future around the world.

Refugees stranded in Germany with no perspective is the subject of a second memorable film, Meteorstraße by Aline Fischer.

The Diary of Anne Frank is one of the best known and moving testimonies of life under Nazi rule in Europe. Together with her parents Otto Frank (Ulrich Noethen) and Edith (Martina Gedeck), and sister Margot (Stella Kunkat), Anne (Lea van Acken) flees from Frankfurt in 1933 to the Netherlands to escape the Hitler regime. No longer safe in Amsterdam, the Jewish family conceal themselves in 1942 in the back rooms of an unused part of Otto Frank’s business.

Two families and a Jewish dentist from Berlin, a total of eight people, live in 50 square metres for two years until their hideout is betrayed and discovered in August 1944. Only Anne’s father Otto survived the concentration camp and ensured the publication of the diary.

The material has been adapted for the theatre and filmed numerous times. The George Stevens’ film with Millie Perkins (1959), based on a play, is one of the most prominent. There is also an opera based on Anne’s story.

Hans Steinbichler’s moving new version focuses directly on the ever-present lack of space: darkened windows, hardly any private sphere, rarely any relaxation. There is always the fear that workers in the floors below will hear something. Only during their dinner break, at nights and weekends is it possible to move freely and speak normally. Even the use of the toilet is strictly regulated due to the sound of flushing. The only contact with the outside is via a radio and with close collaborators, who at extreme risk procure the daily necessities of life for the hidden families. The atmosphere becomes increasingly tense as time passes, arguments break out over trivialities and the group become less careful.

Lea van Acken is very convincing as Anne Frank, an adolescent girl for whom any kind of confinement is insufferable. She resists regulations, and is also firmly against any intellectual restraints. Her entire being is directed towards life, to the future. She is contemptuous of her mother due to her patience and Petronella van Daan (Margarita Broich) for her narrow-mindedness. Anne stubbornly defends her writing as it becomes clear to her that her diaries are more than just a pastime. The actress’ sensitive portrayal focuses on the fragile, uncertain and unforgiving in Anne. It is precisely her contradictions that reveal her potential. The ending is thus even more brutal, when Anne peers at the camera with a shaved head.

The film makes clear that people who were in all respects no different from other Germans were turned into the hunted and into victims by the obligation of wearing a yellow star on their clothing. Only such a star on clothes left on a beach incites a group of young Dutch Nazis to force a girl swimming in the sea to leave.

Jewish traditions play a very subordinate role in the Frank family. At birthdays, the popular German song “Many best wishes and blessings” is sung. Anne goes to a Montessori school until the Nazis ban it. Otto fought as a German patriot in the First World War. When it emerges during their arrest that the man standing before the SS soldier is a former German officer who fought for his “fatherland,” the soldier is somewhat confused, and even shows a certain respect.

In a morbid way, the arrest initially appears for a short moment to be somewhat liberating, from the unbearable and inhumane situation. One of the Nazis cannot believe the family lived concealed for two years. Bathed in sunlight, they emerge onto the street for the first time after this long period, only shortly afterwards to climb into a darkened truck to be deported.

The contemporary significance of the film is obvious and also intentional. Walid Nakschbandi, one of the producers, was born in Afghanistan. In the early 1980s, his parents sent him and his siblings to Germany for a better future. A German teacher recommended Anne Frank’s diary to the 14-year-old Walid to help improve his German language skills. Prior to this film, he helped produce the television series My Daughter Anne Frank (directed by Raymond Ley, 2015) about Otto Frank.

This January, on the occasion of Holocaust Memorial Day, Eva Schloss, the step-sister of Anne Frank who lives in London, publicly compared the situation facing Syrian refugees with her own during the Nazi era. The Auschwitz survivor declared that she was shocked that so many countries were closing their borders. “Fewer people would have died in the Holocaust if the world had accepted more Jewish refugees.” Eva Schloss stated that Anne Frank and her family would probably not have died if the United States had approved Otto Frank’s desperate application in 1940.

This fact is hardly known and not referred to in the film. It also emerged only a few years ago that the Gestapo officer Karl Josef Silberbauer, who arrested the Frank family, was able to continue to work in his area of expertise after the war. Now under a “democratic” flag. He worked for the notorious Gehlen organisation (named after Wehrmacht general Reinhard Gehlen, one of the leading figures in German intelligence during World War II), the West German spy agency set up by the CIA in 1946 to spy on the USSR and Eastern Europe. The Gehlen organisation employed many former Nazis, including several implicated in war crimes. Silberbauer later worked directly for the BND, Germany’s foreign intelligence service.

Hardly anyone was held accountable for the Frank arrests and deaths. An investigation into Silberbauer was halted in 1964 because the SS man had acted under orders. He died in Vienna in 1972 without ever having been convicted. According to Enttarnt by Peter-Ferdinand Koch, Silberbauer’s boss in Amsterdam, only known as Wilhelm H., continued working for the BND after the war. Later, the jurist became a senior government official in the Bavarian ministry of the interior.

‘Donald Trump Hitler-like’, Anne Frank’s step-sister says

This video from the USA says about itself:

Eva Schloss, step-sister of Anne Frank tells her story in Northridge, California.

On January 23 2013 Eva Schloss, step-sister of Anne Frank was invited by the Chabad group at California State University Northridge to tell her story of survival in the early years of occupation in Amsterdam and how the Diary of Anne Frank came to be published. This one time event was presented to “filled to capacity” auditorium of both young and old. A rare event for those who would rather learn from history, then repeat it.

From daily The Independent in Britain:

Anne Frank‘s step-sister says Donald Trump is ‘acting like Hitler’

A win for the Republican frontrunner in the presidential elections would be a ‘complete disaster’, Eva Schloss says

Charlotte Beale

3 hours ago

Anne Frank’s step-sister has said Donald Trump is “acting like another Hitler by inciting racism”.

Eva Schloss – whose mother married the father of the German born diarist who became one of the most well known Jewish victims of the Nazi regime – spoke out about the would-be Republican presidential candidate in an interview to mark Holocaust Memorial Day.

“If Donald Trump became the next president of the US it would be a complete disaster,” Ms Schloss told Newsweek.

Criticising the current British, American and Canadian refugee policies, Ms Schloss said: “Fewer people would have died in the Holocaust if the world had accepted more Jewish refugees.”

It is “even harder for today’s Syrian refugees,” Ms Schloss said, because they have “a very different culture”.

As “assimilated” European Jews, Schloss’ family was still “treated as if we had come from the moon” when they arrived in the Netherlands in 1938, she said.

“I was shocked that I wasn’t accepted like an ordinary person,” she said.

Her family fled Austria in 1938 after it was annexed by Nazi Germany, settling in Amsterdam where they knew the Franks.

Both families went into hiding in 1942, but were betrayed and taken to concentration camps two years later. While Ms Schloss was liberated from Auschwitz in 1945, Anne Frank died of typhoid weeks before her camp, Bergen-Belsen, was reached by Allied troops.

Anne Frank’s father, Otto, married Ms Schloss’ mother, Fritzi, after the war. …

Anne Frank and her family would have lived, Ms Schloss suggested, had the US accepted Otto Frank’s visa applications in 1940.

“He tried everything to save his family from the Holocaust…but his request was rejected,” she said.

“America didn’t want to take any more refugees.

“The situation today is worse than it was under Hitler because at that time all the Allies – the US, Russia and Britain – worked together to combat the terrible threat of Nazism. If we don’t work together, the world will never be able to resolve the threats it faces today.”

‘Don’t Stand By’ is the theme of this year’s Holocaust Memorial Day, but “more people than ever are being bystanders”, said Ms Schloss.

“We haven’t really learnt anything—I’m depressed by the current situation.”

She is not the first to compare Donald Trump to Hitler.

Following the presidential nominee’s December call for a ban on Muslims entering the US, Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter accused Mr Trump of taking “a page from the play book of Hitler”, saying his comments “engender a level of fear mongering that we have not seen literally since the 1930s and 1940s”.

Former New Jersey Republican Governor Christine Todd Whitman also told CNN that Mr Trump‘s remarks were “the kind of rhetoric that allowed Hitler to move forward.”

“You have people who were scared the economy was bad – they want someone to blame,” she said.

The Philadelphia Daily News responded to Mr Trump‘s call for a ban with a cover that punned on Führer, the German word for ‘leader’ and Hitler’s title.

Philadelphia Daily News front page on Donald Trump

In November, fellow presidential nominee Jeb Bush’s advisor Max Boot also called Mr Trump “a fascist” on Twitter.

From CNN:

“I remember how upset the world was when the Berlin Wall was erected in 1961,” Schloss said. “And now everybody is building walls again to keep people out. It’s absurd.”

Donald Trump is not only infamous for attacking, eg, Muslims and African Americans. He also wants to deport Mexicans and Mexican Americans, whom he smeared as ‘rapists’. Ironically, about a hundred years ago, Jews who had to deal with anti-Semitism in Europe, jokingly called themselves ‘Mexicaner’ (Mexicans); derived from Yiddish language ‘’s meg sie kaner‘, nobody likes them.

DESPITE APPEALS FROM O’REILLY, TRUMP VOWS NOT TO APPEAR AT DEBATE TONIGHT “Bill O’Reilly wants Donald Trump to be the bigger man in his ongoing feud with Fox News, but Trump is promising an ‘eye for an eye’ instead.” Take a look at why Trump’s latest move is another example of him “hacking the media,” and here’s what the Republican debate will look like without him. [Ed Mazza, HuffPost]

ARIANNA HUFFINGTON: ‘CALLING ALL TEENS WHO DON’T WANT TO GROW UP IN DONALD TRUMP’S AMERICA’ “We’re launching a contest for teens to tell us: why don’t you want Donald Trump to be president? Because as we approach this election, it’s more important than ever to hear the voices of young people who will live with its consequences, even if they aren’t able to cast a vote.” [HuffPost]

Dear Kitty, song about Anne Frank

This 1 May 2015 music video from the Netherlands is called Dear Kitty, and is by the band MainStreet.

MainStreet are involved in the celebrations of the 5 May national holiday in the Netherlands (commemoration of 5 May 1945, when Adolf Hitler’s occupation forces in the Netherlands surrendered).

They wrote this song about Anne Frank and her diary (‘letters’ to ‘Dear Kitty’).

The lyrics are:

Dear Kitty, what have they done?
When so many lives are lost how can a war be won?
Dear Kitty, you showed the world
You made a dream come true when you told us about this girl
Dear Kitty
You kept al her secrets safe
Listening each day and while she sleeps
You’re the voice when she can’t speak

Dear Kitty, where do we go?
When you run from who you are and lose everyone you know
Dear Kitty, you lost a friend
But words can come alive so her story never ends
Dear Kitty
You kept al her secrets safe
Listening each day and while she sleeps
You’re the voice when she can’t speak

‘Anne Frank died earlier in Hitler’s concentration camp than thought’

Symbolic tombstone for Anne and Margot Frank in Belgen-Belsen concentration camp

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Anne Frank died earlier than thought”

Today, 12:11

Anne Frank and her sister Margot died probably earlier than hitherto assumed. The Red Cross said in the 1950s that the date when the Jewish sisters died in the camp Bergen-Belsen from typhus should be between 1 and 31 March 1945. New research by the Anne Frank Foundation shows that they probably died a month earlier.

The exact date when Anne and Margot died is not known. As stated in the statement of one of their fellow camp inmates: “One day they were just not there anymore”.

Researchers looked therefore at archives of the Red Cross and testimonies of survivors of Bergen-Belsen. The girls arrived in November 1944 at the camp.

Twelve days

The Anne Frank House in its research about the last months of Anne and Margot Frank concluded that it is unlikely that the girls were still alive in March. The sisters in early February 1945 had already, according to statements from inmates, symptoms of typhus. According to the National Institute for Public Health and Environment most people die about twelve days after the first symptoms.

Anne Frank statue in Argentina

Anne Frank statue, Merweedeplein, Amsterdam

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Anne Frank statue unveiled in Argentina

Wednesday, December 10, 2014, 21:39

In Argentina, a statue of Anne Frank has been unveiled. The statue is in Buenos Aires on the Plaza Reina de Holanda.

The artwork is a replica of the bronze statue which stands on the Merwedeplein in the Amsterdam Rivierenbuurt neighbourhood, by sculptress Jet Schepp. The 74-year old artist was present at the unveiling in Argentina.

The statue of Anne Frank has been put there on the International Human Rights Day. The monument is a joint initiative including the Argentine Ministry of Education, the Dutch Embassy in Argentina and Centro Ana Frank Argentina.

The statue at the Amsterdam Merwedeplein was unveiled in 2005. Anne Frank lived for almost ten years at the square before the Frank family went into hiding in 1942 at the Prinsengracht.

Dutch neo-nazis vandalize Anne Frank musical poster

Nazi vandalism in Velserbroek, photo by Jan Bregonje

Translated from Dutch site

Anne poster daubed all over with Nazi symbols

Published: May 11, 2014 15:00 Last Updated: May 11, 2014 15:15

In a bus shelter in Velserbroek, a poster of the musical Anne has been defaced with Stars of David, swastikas and Nazi slogans.

According to a bus driver, this probably happened this morning.

RTV Noord-Holland reports this. Also the rest of the bus shelter is covered with vandals’ black marker’s pollution. The musical Anne, which is about the story of Anne Frank, was premiered last week. The posters of the musical hang mostly in bus shelters.

Bus driver Jan Bregonje discovered this result of vandalism this morning. According to him, it must have happened this morning, because yesterday, he said, it was not there yet.

Bregonje has immediately contacted the local police. Passersby are also said to be shocked.

This Dutch TV video is about the musical Anne.

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Anne Frank’s toys rediscovered

Anne Frank playing with marbles, photo Anne Frank Stichting / Anne Frank Fonds

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands:

Marbles of Anne Frank rediscovered

Update: Monday, 3 Feb 2014, 18:48

Almost seventy years after the Second World War toys owned by Anne Frank have resurfaced. A neighbour of the Frank Family on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam brought a can with Anne‘s marbles to the Anne Frank House.

The girl next door, the now 83-year-old Toosje Kupers, says she got the marbles when it became clear that Anne and her family had to hide. She says she had never realized that the toys would be so valuable for the Anne Frank House.

The marbles are on display at an exhibition in the Kunsthal in Rotterdam which the king will open tomorrow.

See also here. And here.Anne Frank's marbles