Architecture, hermit crabs and migrants

This 2013 video from Japan is called Why Not Hand Over a ‘Shelter’ to Hermit Crabs?” AKI INOMATA.

This 2015 video from Japan is called AKI INOMATA: Why Not Hand Over a “Shelter” to Hermit Crabs? -White Chapel.

Translated from Dutch NOS TV:

Japanese woman says hermit crabs deserve artistic homes

Today, 18:10

A Japanese artist has presented a special project with live hermit crabs. Aki Inomata made with a 3D printer transparent cabins for the aquatic animals in the form of well-known buildings.

“Why would we allow the hermit crabs no shelter,” the art project is called. “I want the crabs all over the world to have homes,” says the artist from Tokyo, “and also to make it possible for them to move to other cities.” One of her crab houses represents a windmill in [Dutch open air museum neighbourhood] Zaanse Schans.

With this project, Inomata wants to draw attention to the themes of immigration and national identity.

Wildlife bridge saves animals’ lives

This video says about itself:

Animal Bridges – Life Saving Wildlife Crossings

8 October 2014

Collisions with automobiles claim the lives of incalculable numbers of animals every year, especially in areas where roads cut across the natural habitats of numerous species. Since humans aren’t exactly likely to cede our roads to the animal kingdom any time soon (as much as some of us would be okay with that), we have to come up with other solutions. Wildlife crossings built to allow land-based creatures to pass safely from one side of the road to another make a huge difference for all sorts of species, and they’re beautiful, too.

Banff National Park Alberta, Canada
Modular Green Wildlife Bridge Concept
ARC International Wildlife Crossing Competition
Highway A50, Netherlands
Wildlife Crossing, France
Birkenau, Germany
E314, Belgium
Flathead Indian Reservation, Montana
Borkeld, The Netherlands
Watchung Reservation, New Jersey
Keechelus Lake, Washington

Warden Albert Henckel in Drenthe province in the Netherlands writes today about the new wildlife bridge, linking nature reserve Terhorsterzand with Dwingelderveld national park.

Before the wildlife bridge had been built, animals had to cross the dangerous A28 motorway. Henckel used to see many animals killed by the traffic there. Dead badgers, pine martens, roe deer, red squirrels, rabbits, adders, a wild boar. Also, a dead raccoon dog and a dead beech marten.

Already during its construction, roe deer discovered the new bridge. Badgers, rabbits, martens and red foxes followed.

Probably, many more animals, including, eg, amphibians, will discover this wildlife bridge.

Dwingelderveld wildlife bridge: here,

With climate change forcing many species to shift their distributions, improving connectivity among key sites and policy responses to make the wider countryside more biodiversity-friendly are helping species to cope with climate change: here.

Egyptian Queen Nefertiti buried in Pharaoh Tutankhamun’s tomb?

This video says about itself:

25 March 2014

Queen Nefertiti – Greatest Mystery of Ancient Egypt (History Documentary)

LOVED BY A KING. HATED BY AN EMPIRE. ERASED FROM HISTORY. SHE COULD BE THE BIGGEST FIND SINCE KING TUT. Has the famed Egyptian beauty, Queen Nefertiti, been found in a secret chamber deep in the Valley of the Kings? A Discovery Channel Quest expedition, led by Dr. Joann Fletcher and a team of internationally renown scientists from the University of York Mummy research Team, hopes to find out.

If they’re right, the finding will be one of the greatest archaeological discoveries since Nefertiti’s stepson – King Tutankhamen – was discovered in 1922. “Great Royal Wife” of the “renegade” pharaoh Akhenaten, Nefertiti was a mother of six who helped lead a religious revolution that changed Egypt and the world forever. Yet after her death, her enemies destroyed all evidence of Nefertiti’s life.

Now, drawing on 13 years of research, Fletcher and her team bring Nefertiti’s turbulent reign to life as never before using cutting-edge computer animations to recreate ancient Egypt’s great temples; x-rays to reveal the telltale signs of foul play on her mummy; and forensic graphics to recreate the mummy’s face. Have they found the ancient world’s greatest beauty?

From the Egyptian Streets site:

’90 Percent Chance’ King Tutankhamun’s Tomb Holds a Hidden Chamber: Egypt’s Antiquities Minister

November 28, 2015

There is a 90 percent chance a hidden chamber lies behind King Tutankhamun’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings, Egypt’s Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh Damaty announced at a Saturday press conference in Luxor.

According to Damaty, the scans, conducted by Japanese radar specialist Hirokatsu Watanabu, covered the southern, western and northern sides of the pharaoh’s burial chamber.

“The primary results of the scan gave us very positive results, very good results,” Damaty said. “We have here something behind the west and the north walls…We believe that there could be another chamber.”

The findings, which lend credence to British archaeologist Nicholas Reeves’ theory that Queen Nefertiti’s tomb is hidden behind that of King Tutankhamun, may lead to “one of the most important finds of the century,” Damaty said.

However, these findings are only preliminary and need more work to yield accurate results, the minister stressed. Damaty said the scans will be sent to Japan for further analysis, which will take around one month to complete.

Reeves had publicized his hypothesis in July, after which the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities invited him to Egypt to present his theory to antiquities officials.

In October, the panel of experts approved using radars to search inside King Tutankhamun’s tomb for a hidden chamber.

Based on the detailed scans and photographs of Tut’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings in Luxor which were published last year by Factum Arte, a Spanish specialist in art and replication, Reeves noted that beneath the layers of paint, the texture of walls revealed cracks which may suggest the presence of two doors leading to passageways.

While the first door likely leads to a storage room which has already been discovered, the other passageway situated at the north wall of the burial chamber is speculated to lead to a bigger room which may be Nefertiti’s tomb.

The archaeologist also believes Tutankhamun’s tomb and death mask were originally made for Nefertiti, who is strongly believed to be his stepmother. According to Reeves, Tutankhamun’s sudden death likely resulted in his “hurried” burial in a mausoleum that had not been intended for him.

Not only was Nefertiti famous for her beauty, which remains evident through her world-renowned 3,300-year-old painted limestone bust housed at the Egyptian Museum in Berlin, but she was also the Great Royal Wife of the Pharaoh Akhenaten and his chief consort.

Nefertiti’s burial site has long been a mystery as archaeologists have so far failed to find the queen’s tomb.

King Tutankhamun’s tomb was found in 1922 under the supervision of another British archaeologist and Egyptologist, Howard Carter.

What the discovery of Nefertiti’s tomb would mean for the Egyptian economy.

Bridge for bats in the Netherlands

The new bat bridge, photo by Raymond Rutting

Translated from the Dutch Mammal Society:

Architecture award for Westland bat bridge

Nov 26, 2015 – In October 2015 in the municipality Westland a “bat bridge” was opened. The bridge across the Vlotwatering is part of the landscape redevelopment of the Poelzone, an elongated area located in Westland, between the towns of ‘s-Gravenzande, Naaldwijk and Monster.

LOLA Landscape made for this area a design aiming at strengthening the existing green and ecological connectivity, where natural and recreation values complement each other. This green leisure link contains many ecological aspects: a cycle route along the Vlotwatering and the Monster canal and a bridge as well. This bridge you make then of course an ‘ecological’ bridge. A good initiative by Westland and Lola Landscape! And if you’re at it, then why not a “bat bridge”, so thought NEXT Architects. The courage to do that has won NEXT Architects a nice price.

This bridge was built especially so that various local bat species could stay there, both in summer and in winter. Local bat species are common pipistrelle and Nathusius’ pipistrelle, Daubenton’s bat and pond bat, serotine and noctule bat.

Vermeer’s Little Street painting, address found?

Vermeer's Little Street

Translated from NOS TV in the Netherlands today:

The original location of The Little Street by Johannes Vermeer appears to be at the Vlamingstraat 40-42 in Delft. Until now it was not clear where the famous painting was created. Frans Grijzenhout, Professor of Art History at the University of Amsterdam, says the address has been found.

Grijzenhout consulted for his research records which had been kept exactly how much tax canal house owners had to pay for the deepening of the canals and the maintenance of the wharfs at their doors.

This registry gives the researchers an up to fifteen centimeter accurate picture of the breadth of all the houses and the gates at the time of Vermeer. Thus Grijzenhout discovered two houses at the narrow canal along the Vlamingstraat.

Vlamingstraat now

Much has changed with the buildings of Vlamingstraat 40-42 since the age of Vermeer, as this 2015 photo shows. Basically, only the gate is left. When Vermeer painted, mostly poor refugees from Flanders lived there. The name Vlamingstraat still reminds today about them.

Bats in churches in Dutch Friesland

This 2007 video shows Daubenton’s bats at the famous Kapellbrücke in Lucerne, Switzerland.

Translated from the Dutch Mammal Society:

Monday, November 9th, 2015

During large-scale church attic research in Friesland last summer many new Daubenton’s bats homes were discovered. It was also examined what could be the possible reason why this species stays in church attics.

More than 200 churches were examined for the presence of bats. The study was conducted by two students from Van Hall Larenstein College in Leeuwarden, commissioned by the Office of the Mammal Society. The churches prove to be very important places for bats. In total, 36% of these churches house bats and bats’ traces were found found in 84%.

The most commonly found species were common long-eared bat (Plecotus auritus), serotine bat (Eptesicus serotinus) and Daubenton’s bat (Myotis daubentonii). Also found was the rare Natterer’s bat (Myotis nattereri), this was only the third time that this species in the Netherlands was found in a church attic. The research has provided valuable data on the distribution of bats.

The high number of churches in which colonies of Daubenton’s bats were found was most remarkable. This is a species that is best known as a tree dweller and of which in the Netherlands hardly colonies in buildings were known. Of this species was also discovered the largest known colony of the Netherlands: as many as 242 animals were counted in a church.