US nuclear weapons in Europe, who decides?

This 9 August 2016 video from the USA says about itself:

Donald Trump’s comments on nuclear weapons are alarming.

Translated from Dutch NOS radio today:

Secret US documents: The Netherlands had nothing to say about stored nuclear weapons

Recently, top-secret 1961 documents from the United States military revealed new information about the storage and role of nuclear weapons in the Netherlands. This shows that the Netherlands had no say in what happened to those weapons. It is not clear why this is because the Dutch government has never confirmed or denied the presence of nuclear weapons.

The United States National Security Archives have published the documents “to spark a broad discussion about the different facets of nuclear history.”

The documents reveal an “unmistakable nuclear hierarchy”, writes geopolitical expert Ko Colijn in Clingendael Spectator. The United States was allowed to decide whether to use nuclear weapons in the Netherlands, without our country having any say in that. The same was true for the weapons in Denmark, Greece, Italy and Portugal.

Other countries, such as France, the United Kingdom, … Japan and Canada, did have this authority. “They always negotiated a kind of veto and could have their say if circumstances allowed,” writes Colijn. Eg, the documents state that the British Prime Minister must be called before the weapons are used.


It has long been an open secret that US American nuclear weapons are stored in Volkel in North Brabant, but the Dutch government has never confirmed this.

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