New duck-billed dinosaur discovery in Japan


This 6 August 2019 video says about itself:

New duck-billed dinosaur, Kamuysaurus japonicus, discovered by scientists

A dinosaur that was unearthed from 72-million-year-old marine deposits in northern Japan belongs to a new genus and species, researchers announced. A partial tail was first found in 2013 in Mukawa Town, Hokkaido, in Japan. Later excavations discovered a nearly complete skeleton that is the largest ever found in Japan.

From Hokkaido University in Japan:

A new duck-billed dinosaur

September 5, 2019

The dinosaur, whose nearly complete skeleton was unearthed from 72 million year old marine deposits in Mukawa Town in northern Japan, belongs to a new genus and species of a herbivorous hadrosaurid dinosaur, according to the study published in Scientific Reports. The scientists named the dinosaur Kamuysaurus japonicus.

A partial tail of the dinosaur was first discovered in the outer shelf deposits of the Upper Cretaceous Hakobuchi Formation in the Hobetsu district of Mukawa Town, Hokkaido, in 2013. Ensuing excavations found a nearly complete skeleton that is the largest dinosaur skeleton ever found in Japan. It’s been known as “Mukawaryu”, nicknamed after the excavation site.

In the current study, a group of researchers led by Professor Yoshitsugu Kobayashi of the Hokkaido University Museum conducted comparative and phylogenetic analyses on 350 bones and 70 taxa of hadrosaurids, which led to the discovery that the dinosaur belongs to the Edmontosaurini clade, and is closely related to Kerberosaurus unearthed in Russia and Laiyangosaurus found in China.

The research team also found that Kamuysaurus japonicus, or the deity of Japanese dinosaurs, has three unique characteristics that are not shared by other dinosaurs in the Edmontosaurini clade: the low position of the cranial bone notch, the short ascending process of the jaw bone, and the anterior inclination of the neural spines of the sixth to twelfth dorsal vertebrae.

According to the team’s histological study, the dinosaur was an adult aged 9 or older, measured 8 meters long and weighed 4 tons or 5.3 tons (depending on whether it was walking on two or four legs respectively) when it was alive. The frontal bone, a part of its skull, has a big articular facet connecting to the nasal bone, suggesting the dinosaur may have had a crest. The crest, if it existed, is believed to resemble the thin, flat crest of Brachylophosaurus subadults, whose fossils have been unearthed in North America.

The study also shed light on the origin of the Edmontosaurini clade and how it might have migrated. Its latest common ancestors spread widely across Asia and North America, which were connected by what is now Alaska, allowing them to travel between the two continents. Among them, the clade of Kamuysaurus, Kerberosaurus and Laiyangosaurus inhabited the Far East during the Campanian, the fifth of six ages of the Late Cretaceous epoch, before evolving independently.

The research team’s analyses pointed to the possibility that ancestors of hadrosaurids and its subfamilies, Hadrosaurinae and Lambeosaurinae, preferred to inhabit areas near the ocean, suggesting the coastline environment was an important factor in the diversification of the hadrosaurids in its early evolution, especially in North America.

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British Conservatives ban Ecuadorian cycling star


This June 2019 video says about itself:

Richard Carapaz: Giro d’Italia 2019. Best of. Song: Prismo – Stronger (Raiko Remix)

This video is about Carapaz wins and attacks on his winning Giro 2019.

After his victory in this tour of Italy, the first-ever Ecuadorian victory in a big cycling tour, Richard Carapaz wanted to participate with his Movistar team in the Tour of Britain this month.

However, the Conservative Boris Johnson government in Britain decided otherwise.

The British government, as far as Ecuadorians are concerned, prefer to deal with right-wing president Lenin Moreno, with whom they colluded to violate the political asylum of Julian Assange in the Ecuadorian embassy in London. Moreno won the presidential election claiming he would continue the left-wing policies of his predecessor; but then, flip-flopped towards Donald Trump and Boris Johnson.

Loch Ness monster, an eel, no plesiosaur?


This 5 September 2019 video about Scotland says about itself:

Could the Loch Ness Monster Actually Be a Giant Eel?

One team of researchers just released their verdict on the existence of the Loch Ness monster. Geneticist Neil Gemmell told reporters, “There is absolutely no evidence of any reptilian sequences in our samples.” In other words, “I think we can be pretty sure that there is probably not a giant scaly reptile swimming around in Loch Ness.” However, Gemmell’s team did find a lot of eel DNA in the lake. Could Nessie be a giant eel? “Maybe”, said Gemmell.

86-year-old rabbi arrested for protesting Trump’s ICE


This 1 July 2019 video from Philadelphia in the USA says about itself:

Shame!

Arrest of 84-year-old [no, 86-year-old] Philly Rabbi for protesting ICE.

Rabbi Arthur Waskow & group of Elder activists took to nonviolent civil disobedience against the Trump administration‘s policy of separating immigrant families at the U.S. border.

And, now two months later, on the same Rabbi Waskow:

By Alyssa Fisher in the USA:

86-Year-Old Rabbi Arrested Protesting ICE

September 5, 2019

No letup in Trump’s war on immigrants as 37-year-old Mexican man dies in ICE custody: here.