New dinosaur species discovery in Mongolia

Cranial elements of the holotype specimen (MPC-D 102/111) of Gobiraptor minutus gen. et sp. nov. (A) Left premaxilla and maxilla in lateral view. (B) Left postorbital in lateral view. (C) Right quadrate in caudal view. (D) Left ectopterygoid and pterygoid in lateral view. (E-H) Rostral region of the mandible in left lateral (E), right lateral (F), dorsal (G), and oblique ventral (H) views. (I) Left surangular and angular in lateral view. (K) Caudal region of the right mandibular ramus in lateral view. Abbreviations: an, angular; aofe, antorbital fenestra; aqj, articular surface for quadratojugal; ar, articular; bm, bite mark(s); cor, coronoid bone; cp, coronoid process; cvpdg, groove for the caudoventral process of dentary; d, dentary; ect, ectopterygoid; emf, external mandibular fenestra; j, jugal; jp, jugal process of postorbital;ms, intermandibular suture; mx, maxilla; mxf, maxillary fenestra; pl, palatine; pm, premaxilla; pt, pterygoid; sa, surangular; sg, groove for splenial; v, vomer. Scale bars equal 1 cm.Credit: Sungjin Lee et al. A new baby oviraptorid dinosaur (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous Nemegt Formation of Mongolia

From PLOS:

Fossils of new oviraptorosaur species discovered in Mongolia

Incomplete skeleton of Gobiraptor minutus was likely that of a juvenile

February 6, 2019

A new oviraptorosaur species from the Late Cretaceous was discovered in Mongolia, according to a study published in February 6, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Yuong-Nam Lee from Seoul National University, South Korea, and colleagues.

Oviraptorosaurs were a diverse group of feathered, bird-like dinosaurs from the Cretaceous of Asia and North America. Despite the abundance of nearly complete oviraptorosaur skeletons discovered in southern China and Mongolia, the diet and feeding strategies of these toothless dinosaurs are still unclear. In this study, Lee and colleagues described an incomplete skeleton of an oviraptorosaur found in the Nemegt Formation of the Gobi desert of Mongolia.

The new species, named Gobiraptor minutus, can be distinguished from other oviraptorosaurs in having unusual thickened jaws. This unique morphology suggests that Gobiraptor used a crushing feeding strategy, supporting previous hypotheses that oviraptorosaurs probably fed on hard food items such as eggs, seeds or hard-shell mollusks. Histological analyses of the femur revealed that the specimen likely belonged to a very young individual.

The finding of a new oviraptorosaur species in the Nemegt Formation, which consists mostly of river and lake deposits, confirms that these dinosaurs were extremely well adapted to wet environments. The authors propose that different dietary strategies may explain the wide taxonomic diversity and evolutionary success of this group in the region.

The authors add: “A new oviraptorid dinosaur Gobiraptor minutus gen. et sp. nov. from the Upper Cretaceous Nemegt Formation is described here based on a single holotype specimen that includes incomplete cranial and postcranial elements. The unique morphology of the mandible and the accordingly inferred specialized diet of Gobiraptor also indicate that different dietary strategies may be one of important factors linked with the remarkably high diversity of oviraptorids in the Nemegt Basin.”

3 thoughts on “New dinosaur species discovery in Mongolia

  1. Pingback: New dinosaur species discovery in Mongolia — Dear Kitty. Some blog | Modern AfroIndio Times

  2. Pingback: Small horned dinosaur discovery in China | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  3. Pingback: Shark and bony fish evolution, new research | Dear Kitty. Some blog

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