Flowers in Leiden botanical garden


Eryngium planum, 10 August 2018

This 10 August 2018 photo (made with a macro lens like all photos in this blog post) shows flat sea holly. Its scientific name is Eryngium planum.

Complete name: Eryngium planum L. The L. stands for Carolus Linnaeus, the founder of systematic biology. Linnaeus published that scientific name, which is still valid, in his 1753 book Species Plantarum.

However, Linnaeus must have known this species years before publishing its scientific name in Species Plantarum.

Eryngium planum, on 10 August 2018

Where did he first see it? Very probably, at about the same place were this flat sea holly was photographed. It is in the Clusius garden in the botanical garden of Leiden in the Netherlands. The Clusius garden is a reconstruction with the original traditional medicinal plant species at the original spot, where botanist Carolus Clusius founded the Leiden Hortus Botanicus in 1590. Then, the garden was still small. In Linnaeus’ eighteenth century, the garden had already expanded a bit, but Clusius’ medicinal plants were still present. Linnaeus visited the Hortus Botanicus regularly in 1735-1737, and there he probably got his first ideas for naming Eryngium planum and other species.

Yucca aloifolia

Already, before we were in the Clusius garden, near the Hortus entrance, we had seen another plant species originally named by Linnaeus in 1753: Yucca aloifolia, the aloe yucca. The photo does not show the plant itself, but its reflection in water.

Dasylirion glaucophyllum, 10 August 2018

Next to it along the water was another plant: Dasylirion glaucophyllum. That species was not named by Linnaeus; but by William Jackson Hooker (1785-1865), director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew in England. Like the aloe yucca photo, this photo does not show the plant itself, but its reflection in water with much duckweed.

We continued. Close to the eighteenth century orangery building this beautiful red flower.

Red flower, 10 August 2018

Lesser black-backed gulls flying overhead. A ring-necked parakeet calling.

Agapanthus, 10 August 2018

Next, these flowers, Agapanthus; meaning ‘love flower’ in Greek. Known in English as ‘lily of the Nile’, though they are not lilies, and are from South Africa where the river Nile does not flow.

Agapanthus, on 10 August 2018

Agapanthus likes hot weather; it got plenty of that in the 2018 summer in the Netherlands. It hates dry weather, also plentiful in the 2018 summer; however, the botanical garden people water it regularly.

A male blackbird not far from the Japanese garden part of the botanical garden.

Dahlia, 10 August 2018

Along the canal, many dahlias flowering.

Sacred lotus flower, 10 August 2018

We continued to the Chinese herbal garden part. Sacred lotus flowering in a small pond.

Sacred lotus bud, 10 August 2018

There were not just sacred lotus flowers, but buds as well.

Stay tuned, as there will be another blog post on the Leiden botanical garden!

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2 thoughts on “Flowers in Leiden botanical garden

  1. Pingback: Botanical garden flowers, insects and birds | Dear Kitty. Some blog

  2. Pingback: Leiden botanical garden video | Dear Kitty. Some blog

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