Chantal Mouffe’s Left Populism, book review


This video says about itself:

The Populist Moment and the Future of Democracy – Lecture by Chantal Mouffe

Chantal Mouffe discusses the crisis of representation in Western liberal democracies and examines the reasons for the growth of populist parties. How can we stop the advance of right wing populism? Is developing a left populism a solution?

This lecture held at the Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung, Brussels Office, on 23 January 2018, was the kick-off of our new series “Rethinking Europe”.

By Tom King in Britain:

Thursday, July 26, 2018

Populist proposal for radical change imprisoned in an ivory tower

For a Left Populism
by Chantal Mouffe
(Verso, £8.79)

NEOLIBERALISM — an ideology that once dominated the world, forcing an economic and political consensus from major parties of left and right — is in crisis, argues political theorist Chantal Mouffe.

The financial crash of 2008 prompted its decade-long retreat from the global stage and politics, once a “mere issue of managing the established order, a domain reserved for experts”, is fast becoming the realm of “the outsider”.

We are, she contends, living in a “populist moment” but, crucially, with “a real possibility for the construction of a more democratic order.” But others are busy at work claiming this freshly vacated political territory. The left needs to catch up.

</aMouffe’s proposal is unapologetically adversarial. She argues that by creating a political frontier between the people and those in power we can harness populism’s confrontational energy and “radicalise democracy”, shaking its foundations until it gives us what we want.

This rhetoric, reminiscent of more unsavoury politics, is tempered by Mouffe’s insistence that “people” not be defined in terms of race or nation but instead by opposition to an oligarchy “who “structurally impede the realisation of the democratic project.”

But how can the left achieve this? The book is not a guide to the practical action it advocates. In fact, it’s a prisoner of its theoretical abstractions. According to Mouffe, “The objective of the hegemonic struggle consists in disarticulating the sedimented practices of an existing formation and … establishing the nodal points of a new hegemonic social formation.”

It’s hard to see how a sentence like this will help mobilise anyone, especially when pitted against the powerfully emotive language of the right.

Mouffe does better when pointing to a concrete example of successful left populism — the rebirth of the Labour Party. “For the many, not the few” is an articulation of her proposed frontier between “we” and “they”.

Agreed, but the promise of decent homes, good jobs and a functioning welfare state are a better call to arms than big words spoken from atop the ivory tower.

‘Populism’ is probably the most abused word in present day writings on politics.

Its origin is the 1890s’ People’s Party in the USA, particularly in southern states. These populists were mainly poor farmers, fighting against banks and other big businesses harming farmers. They were unique in the out-and-out racist south-eastern USA in uniting black and white farmers and other poor people.

Yet, today, we hear billionaire United States President Donald Trump being described as a ‘populist’. Unbelievable: Trump, promoting white supremacy, dividing people along racial lines. Trump, transferring hundreds of billions of dollars from poor people to banks and to other big businesses.

‘Populism’ today far too often is an euphemism used by corporate media journalists too cowardly to call politicians like Trump, Salvini in Italy, Le Pen in France, Wilders and Baudet in the Netherlands, the AfD in Germany, etc. ‘racist‘ ‘extreme right’ or ‘neofascist’.

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