By Alejandro López and Alex Lantier:
Millions defy brutal crackdown by Spanish police to vote in Catalan referendum
2 October 2017
Mass protests engulfed Catalonia Sunday as large parts of the region’s population mobilized against a brutal and indiscriminate crackdown by Spanish national police, who were dispatched to block the Catalan government’s referendum on secession from Spain. Millions worldwide reacted with horror to television news reports showing Civil Guard riot police assaulting peaceful protesters, including teenagers and elderly people, who were defending polling stations or lined up to vote.
The Popular Party (PP) government of Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy sent some 16,000 police to Catalonia to shut down polling stations, seize ballot boxes and attack voters. At least 844 people were injured across the region as police launched baton charges and fired rubber bullets. The police operation failed to overcome mass popular resistance, however. Catalan authorities claimed that 90 percent of the 2,315 polling stations organized for the referendum had remained open.
Early on Sunday, a helicopter and some 100 Civil Guards descended on Sant Julià de Ramis, the voting place of regional Premier Carles Puigdemont, and attempted to storm the village’s polling station. Hundreds of voters blocked the doors of the local sports center that served as the polling station, chanting “We will vote!”, but police used a hammer to break the glass, forced their way into the building, and beat or dragged off the voters.
Police attacked and beat voters at schools and other polling places across the regional capital, Barcelona. Videos emerged of officers kicking people sitting in polling places and dragging women away by their hair.
This 1 October 2017 video, by Spanish language Catalan newspaper La Vanguardia, shows Spanish police violence against voters at the Institut Pau Clarís school in Barcelona.
At the Escola Infant Jesús School polling place, police assaulted Maria José Molina, 64, whose picture with her head drenched in blood went viral on the Internet.
Molina told Barcelona-based daily La Vanguardia that she was sitting next to her husband several meters from the door when riot police grabbed her shoulders and legs and carried her off. “I am a light woman,” she said, adding that police officers “threw me face first to the pavement.”
Police arriving in towns across the region rapidly found themselves facing large, hostile crowds who booed and demanded that they leave.
This video from British daily The Guardian writes about itself:
1 October 2017
Video footage of police brutality against voters in Girona has appeared. The video shows police hitting people in the crowd with batons while voters hold up their hands. Catalan president Carles Puigdemont has told reporters that ‘violence will not stop Catalans from voting’.
The article continues:
In Girona, police tried to seize the ballots at the Escola Verd de Girona, when a crowd shouting, “We want to vote! We want to vote!” blocked the main entrance. Police then assaulted the crowd, which began to chant “Murderers! Murderers!”
Opposition to the police crackdown extended throughout the region, including in areas opposed to independence. In L’Hospitalet de Llobregat, Catalonia’s second city—home to first, second and third generation Spanish-speaking migrant workers who went to Catalonia in the 1960s—police were met with protesters chanting in Spanish, “Go away, occupation forces!” and “We want to vote!”
This video is called Catalan referendum: firefighters attacked by police. Unbelievable.
Spanish police also clashed with Catalan officials, including firefighters who turned out to form human shields between riot police and voters, and the region’s police, the Mossos d’Esquadra.
This video shows the Spanish Guardia Civil, infamous from the days of the Franco dictatorship, attacking the regional police.
After the Spanish police’s rampage across Catalonia yesterday, the explosive conflict between Madrid and Barcelona is set to further escalate today. While Puigdemont claimed a victory for the Catalan referendum and called for secession late last night, Spanish officials in Madrid offered a brazen defense of their onslaught against the population of Catalonia and demanded that the Catalan administration submit to its diktat.
Denouncing the referendum as “an illegal mobilization with disorganized logistics,” Spanish Prime Minister Rajoy spoke from the Moncloa Palace to defend his decision to unleash his police against the Catalan population. He said that “the state responded with firmness and serenity… We did what we had to do. I direct the government and we have carried out our responsibilities.”
Rajoy bluntly demanded that the Catalan government abandon the referendum: “I ask them to end their irresponsibility, to admit that what was never legal is now clearly unrealizable, and that continuing this farce will take them nowhere… Put an end to it. It will lead to nothing good.”
Late last night, in Barcelona, Puigdemont responded by saying that the Spanish state had “written today a shameful page in the history of its relations with Catalonia.” He added, “Catalonia’s citizens have won the right to have an independent state constituted in the form of a republic… In consequence, my government will transmit in the coming days to the Parliament, the seat and expression of the sovereignty of our people, today’s electoral results so that it can act as specified by the Referendum Law.”
This was tantamount to an announcement that Catalonia will declare its independence and secede from Spain. According to Catalan authorities, up to three million people voted in the referendum. Given the police violence and Internet attacks on the electoral system, however, it appears that it may take some time for the Catalan authorities to obtain a final result.
Puigdemont appealed for support from the European Union bureaucracy in Brussels, asserting that Spain’s conduct “violates its fundamental principles” and adding that the Catalan issue was “no longer an internal matter” of Spain.
The crackdown, coming after weeks of threats and police operations launched by Madrid in Catalonia, is a political indictment not only of the PP, but of the entire Spanish ruling elite and all of Spain’s main NATO allies. While Spanish police raided offices, confiscated ballots and arrested officials, and the government in Madrid sent police reinforcements, heads of state including US President Donald Trump and French President Emmanuel Macron met with Rajoy and issued cordial joint statements calling for Spanish unity.
Last night, Britain’s Foreign Office whitewashed the PP crackdown. Its spokeswoman said, “The referendum is a matter for the Spanish government and people. We want to see Spanish law and the Spanish Constitution respected and the rule of law upheld.”
This is a fraud! Madrid’s barbaric crackdown was not a legal action, but an act of terror against innocent people aimed at whipping an entire region of Spain into line. The country has seen nothing like it since the Spanish Civil War and the end in 1978 of the 40-year regime of the fascist dictator Francisco Franco.
A stench surrounds the ruling establishment in Madrid. Its brutality apparently so alienated the Catalan population that it voted for an unpopular secession referendum proposed by pro-austerity parties in Barcelona.
As for Washington and the major European imperialist powers, they are reprising the role they played during Franco’s rule: endorsing a bloodstained right-wing Spanish regime they see as a key military ally, and one that is dedicated to the suppression of the working class.
The crackdown has also exposed the bankruptcy of the two main opposition parties in the Spanish parliament, the Spanish Socialist Party (PSOE) and Podemos. Unsurprisingly, the PSOE, a tool of the Spanish state machine, refounded as an explicitly anti-Marxist, social democratic party in 1979, unequivocally endorsed Rajoy’s crackdown.
PSOE General Secretary Pedro Sánchez, who is often presented as a “left” within the party, hailed Rajoy and the PP: “I want to express the full support of the PSOE for Spain’s rule of law, its rules and its institutions, the support of the PSOE for the territorial integrity of this country that is now at risk. We are in a moment in which the general interest must prevail over the parties… it is the moment of reason, of common sense.”
As for Podemos, while hordes of riot police beat and bloodied innocent people across Catalonia, it issued impotent appeals for the PSOE to abandon its tacit support for the minority PP government in Madrid and instead form a coalition government with Podemos. As the first police attacks began, Podemos officials began appealing to the PSOE. Iñigo Errejón, secretary for policy and strategy, asked in a tweet, “Why is the PSOE so silent?” Irene Montero, spokesperson for Podemos in parliament, said “the PSOE has to be more democratic.”
Podemos General Secretary Pablo Iglesias told the press: “The PSOE cannot continue looking away. They have made a serious mistake by supporting the PP’s strategy. Better late than never and hopefully they will rectify and support us to get the PP out.”
The bankruptcy of the PSOE and Podemos notwithstanding, the minority PP government hangs by a thread after its bloody crackdown. The Basque Nationalist Party (PNV), whose support was key to passing the PP government’s budget this year, has criticized the PP and on Saturday it led a march in Bilbao in defense of the Catalan referendum.
One woman, Marta Torrejillas, says police broke her fingers one-by-one and sexually assaulted her as she attempted to leave a polling station in Barcelona; the video evidence strongly corroborates her story: here.
This video is about what police did to Ms Torrejillas.
This photo shows Spanish TV TVE journalists protesting against censorship on them reporting honestly about the Catalan referendum. The Twitter caption of this photo says, translated, that TVE reported at the service of the Rajoy government, not of the citizenry.
This video is called Violent police riots attacking peaceful people in the Catalan Referendum of the 1st of October 2017.
Sunday 1st October 2017
posted by Morning Star in Editorial
Repression of the Catalan regional government’s independence referendum by Guardia Civil paramilitary police would have drawn sharp criticism from the European Union and member states had it occurred outside the EU.
Clubbing, tear-gassing and firing rubber bullets at people trying to vote provides an embarrassing spectacle for authorities addicted to lecturing the rest of the world on democracy.
It will be self-defeating since the drive towards independence is likely to strengthen in a region denied the right to express its language, culture and identity during the long night of dictatorship that ended barely four decades ago.
Fascist denial of Catalan self-expression has given way to partial recognition in a unified Spanish state, but chronic economic problems have boosted calls for the independence of Spain’s wealthiest region.
These calls are opposed by left parties Podemos and Izquierda Unida whose preference is for an enhanced federalist option that encompasses solidarity with less developed areas of Spain.
Counterposing the status quo and Catalan independence as a binary choice excludes that possibility.
State reliance on its coercive forces will strengthen reactionary nationalism and weaken the hand of those championing co-operation between all of Spain’s people.
Venezuela’s President Nicolas Maduro, who has been vilified as a dictator by Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy turned the tables in a TV broadcast, asking: “Who is the dictator now?”
“Mariano Rajoy has chosen blood, sticks, blows and repression against a noble people. Our hand goes out to the people of Catalonia. Resist, Catalonia! Latin America admires you,” he added.
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