European Union moving to militarism

This video from Belgium says about itself:

Change of command at the European Union Military Staff

28 May 2013

Handover Ceremony: Lieutenant-General Ton VAN OSCH, Outgoing Director General of the European Union Military Staff and Lt General Wolfgang Wosolsobe, incoming Director General of the European Union Military Staff, on 28 May 2013, in Brussels.

Greek neonazi general Georgios Epitideios, ex-European Union military staff commander

The European Union already has, not an official European Union army, but something close to it: the European Union Military Staff. The commander of its ‘department of crisis response and current operations’ used to be Greek general Georgios Epitideios. Also in Brussels, Epiteidios was senior staff member of Nato’s Central Command.

Recently, General Epitideios came back to Brussels. This time as Member of the European Parliament for the Greek nazi party Golden Dawn. Does Mr Juncker, does Ms Mogherini, does Mr Koenders want someone like neo-nazi General Epitideios as commander of this ‘stronger military fist’? It would surely make for a better relationship with people in the armed forces of the Kiev government in Ukraine who wear swastikas and SS signs on their helmets and clothes [sarcasm off].

The new European Union ‘iron fist’ is an attack on the military neutrality of European Union member states like the Republic of Ireland and Sweden.

And surely, a ‘stronger military fist’ would cost more taxpayers’ money. More austerity for poor people, health, education, solving grave environmental problems, etc. etc. You cannot take care well of these issues, and at the same time wage neocolonial wars in Libya, Mali, Afghanistan, Iraq, etc. etc.

These neocolonial wars are the cause of the millions of refugees fleeing. Racists abuse these people fleeing from bloody wars for xenophobic propaganda. Racists in both the Remain and Leave campaigns of the British European Union membership referendum abused the referendum for this. These wars, that militarism contributed to the pro-Leave vote.

It looks like the European Union fat cats did not learn anything from the pro-Brexit vote in Britain. More militarism looks like not holding the European Union together by pro-people policies, but by subservience to the military-industrial complex and bloodshed.

By Alex Lantier:

Germany, France propose EU military alliance before post-Brexit summit

13 September 2016

In the run-up to Friday’s European Union (EU) summit in Bratislava, Berlin and Paris are pushing to transform the EU into a military alliance capable of large-scale operations abroad or at home.

A six-page proposal, drafted by defense ministers Ursula von der Leyen of Germany and Jean-Yves Le Drian of France, was shown to the Sueddeutsche Zeitung and Le Figaro. Its aims are to use the exit from the EU of Britain, which, like the United States, has traditionally opposed European military alliances separate from the NATO alliance, to integrate remaining EU countries’ armed forces. The remaining EU countries kicked Britain out of the Bratislava meeting, which is therefore technically an “informal” EU summit.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President François Hollande launched talks on this proposal in early July, just after the Brexit vote. “It is high time to reinforce our solidarity and European defense capabilities in order to more effectively protect our borders and EU citizens,” the document declares, according to Le Figaro. “Given that the United Kingdom has decided to leave the EU, we will now have to act with [the remaining] 27 member states.”

“For many years, [EU military] cooperation failed in the face of opposition from the USA, who feared it would compete with the NATO alliance,” wrote Stefan Kornelius in the Sueddeutsche Zeitung. “The Brexit has now changed this situation in one blow. There will be no more opposition from Britain, though it formally still belongs to the EU. Two states suddenly have seen their chance: Germany and France are letting their ambitions emerge and playing the role of the avant-garde.”

The aims of Berlin and Paris are utterly reactionary. Staggered by Brexit and the deep unpopularity in the working class of the EU’s social austerity agenda, the European ruling class is trying to hold the EU together by arming it to the teeth against enemies abroad and the working class at home.

The von der Leyen-Le Drian document assigns responsibility for planning EU military operations to the Eurocorps, a joint unit with German, Belgian, French, Italian, Luxembourg, and Polish troops, that is headquartered in Strasbourg. It also calls for joint EU military medical command, logistics facilities and officer training programs, and the creation of a unified EU military headquarters.

It proposes to unify EU defense industries around developing key technologies. “The objective is to keep European partners from buying systems ‘off the shelf,’ mainly from the United States, thus undermining the EU’s strategic autonomy,” Le Figaro writes. “Efforts should focus on four key technologies: in-flight refueling, satellite communications, cyber-security, and drones.”

This makes a mockery of von der Leyen’s and Le Drian’s claim that their proposal is about border defense. Such technologies grant military capabilities—like strategic bombing, long-distance reconnaissance, cyber warfare, and drone murder—that are unnecessary for routine border security operations. They are critical, however, to waging aggressive wars of colonial conquest like the illegal US-led invasion of Iraq in 2003, or wars with other major world powers.

Workers in Europe and beyond have nothing to gain from such policies, as two decades in which Washington and its allies expended trillions of dollars on neo-colonial wars from Afghanistan to Iraq and Africa, costing millions of lives, have shown. Spending trillions of euros to rival US imperialism militarily would ruin a continent devastated by nearly a decade of deep austerity. As tensions escalate between NATO and Russia in Syria, Ukraine, and across Eastern Europe, it would set the stage for a war threatening the very survival of humanity.

The danger of a new world war between nuclear powers is openly discussed in ruling circles. In April, Britain’s Telegraph carried an article titled “Here’s how World War III could start tomorrow.”

“As in the past, it is perfectly possible that a third world war could start with a small event, or even by accident,” it wrote. “Indeed, the skies over Syria are starting to get dangerously crowded, with Russian jets flying near US planes on bombing runs, and sparring with NATO air defenses in neighboring Turkey. Perhaps it could happen at sea, when a Japanese or American ship scrapes paint with its Chinese Navy counterpart amid the reefs in the Pacific that are being militarized as part of Asia’s current arms race.”

The proposals of von der Leyen and Le Drian show the remaining EU states are also preparing for such a war—and, as well, to violently suppress opposition in the working class at home.

European workers are key targets of the tiny cabals devising EU policy, which fear mass social anger. In its “Perspectives for European Defense 2020,” the EU Institute for Security Studies bluntly declared that a key task of EU military action was the “protection of the rich of this world from the tensions and problems of the impoverished.”

“As the proportion of the world population that is impoverished and frustrated continues to increase, the tensions between this world and the world of the rich will increase,” it declared, adding: “Technology contracts the world into a small town that is on the verge of a revolution. While we have to deal with an increasingly integrated upper stratum, we are at the same time confronted with the growth of explosive tensions in the poorest lower stratum.”

This has already found practical expression in France. Tens of thousands of troops and riot police are on the streets under the state of emergency declared after the 13 November 2015 terror attacks in Paris. The PS has used the state of emergency as a pretext to violently attack mass protests against its deeply unpopular labor law, which imposes draconian social cuts on workers.

As the major NATO powers seek to arm themselves to the teeth, they raise tensions among themselves to explosive heights. The last time that the EU pushed aggressively for an independent military capability from the United States—calling in the 1990s and early 2000s for a “multipolar” world after the Stalinist dissolution of the USSR—bitter conflicts erupted with Washington.

When French and German officials opposed the US invasion of Iraq, it plunged relations with Washington into a historic crisis. Then-US National Security Adviser Condoleezza Rice proposed to “punish France, ignore Germany, forgive Russia.”

Significantly, the current push for an independent EU military policy comes amid deep tensions between Washington and Europe. Two weeks ago, top officials in Germany and France called for an indefinite suspension of trade talks with the United States. Yesterday, French President François Hollande took the occasion of the 15th anniversary of the September 11 terror attacks to deliver an unusual attack on US war policy.

On his Facebook page, he wrote: “The response of the American administration to these attacks, planned from inside the country and methodically executed, far from eliminating the terror menace, spread it over a larger area, especially in Iraq.” France “legitimately refused to join the intervention, and even condemned it,” Hollande continued, but “it nonetheless suffered from the consequences of the chaos it produced.”

While EU-US tensions are erupting, the proposed EU military alliance is itself shot through with explosive contradictions. Three times in the last 150 years, Germany and France have fought each other in major wars, and Berlin’s emergence as the “taskmaster” of Europe, leading the formulation of EU austerity policies across the continent, has raised tensions between the EU powers to unprecedented heights.

The Sueddeutsche Zeitung ruled out the possibility that the EU could jointly decide on military action, writing: “On military intervention, and on questions of life and death, national sovereignty is holy for all EU states, including for Germany and its parliament.”

Retired Italian General Vincenzo Camporini told Defense News that he doubted France would fully submit its military—and particularly its nuclear forces, the sole legally declared nuclear arsenal in the post-Brexit EU—to EU approval. British opposition to an EU army allowed other European states to also drag their feet, he said, “Now the excuse is no longer there; who is ready to go forward? I believe the Germans are willing, although I have doubts about France because of its nuclear deterrent. Will that be shared? It is a very delicate political issue.”

25 thoughts on “European Union moving to militarism

  1. Pingback: European Union moving to militarism | Oxtapus *blueAction

  2. Persbericht – Stop Wapenhandel

    Militaire industrie profiteert van vluchtelingentragedie
    Nederland loopt voorop bij militarisering grensbewaking EU

    Amsterdam, 6 september 2016 – Bedrijven uit de militaire en security
    industrie profiteren fors van toenemende militarisering van grensbewaking, zo blijkt uit het onderzoeksrapport ‘Oorlog aan de Grenzen’ van Stop Wapenhandel en het Transnational Institute. Ook Nederlandse bedrijven, met name onderzoeksinstituut TNO, profiteren mee. De Nederlandse regering heeft een belangrijke rol gespeeld in de totstandkoming van het beleid om steeds meer militaire middelen tegen vluchtelingen in te zetten. Een beleid dat leidt tot gevaarlijker vluchtroutes en meer slachtoffers.

    Met name in de eerste zes maanden van dit jaar, toen Nederland voorzitter van de EU was, speelde de Nederlandse regering een voortrekkersrol in het opvoeren en militariseren van de Europese
    grensbewaking. De regering zette stevig in op de transformatie van Europees grensbewakingsagentschap Frontex naar een Europese Grens- en Kustwacht, met meer bevoegdheden om zelf (militair) materieel aan te schaffen of lidstaten daartoe te verplichten. Ook komt de basis van de omstreden migratiedeal met Turkije uit Nederlandse koker. De Nederlandse
    Eurocommissaris Timmermans is op Europees niveau één van de hoofdverantwoordelijken voor het grensbeveiligingsbeleid.

    Diverse Nederlandse bedrijven leveren materieel of diensten voor grensbewaking. EASP (Schiphol) en Vigilance (Eindhoven) voeren in opdracht van Frontex surveillancevluchten uit boven de Middellandse Zee. Damen leverde schepen voor grensbewaking aan Albanië, Bulgarije, het Verenigd Koninkrijk en Roemenië. Laatstgenoemde levering werd gefinancierd door de EU. Onderzoeksinstituut TNO behoort tot de tien grootste ontvangers van EU-subsidies voor onderzoek (R&T) op het gebied
    van grensbewaking en grenscontrole.

    De totale EU-financiering voor grensbeveiligingsmaatregelen van lidstaten door middel van de belangrijkste subsidieprogramma’s loopt op tot 4,5 miljard euro tussen 2004 en 2020. Grensbewakingsagentschap Frontex zag haar budget met 3688% toenemen tussen 2005 (6,3 miljoen
    euro) en 2016 (238,7 miljoen euro). De militaire en security industrie is er ook in geslaagd een groot deel van de 316 miljoen euro EU-subsidie voor securiteitonderzoek binnen te slepen. In Nederland ontvingen 29 bedrijven en instellingen het afgelopen decennium EU-geld voor ontwikkeling van grensbeveiliging.

    Nederland levert personeel, schepen en vliegtuigen voor diverse Frontex-missies en nam recent ook in NAVO-verband deel aan een grensbewakingsmissie op de Middellandse Zee. Daarnaast verzorgt de Koninklijke Marechaussee trainingen voor Frontex in een speciaal trainingscentrum bij Schiphol en kunnen medewerkers van Europese grensbewakingsautoriteiten een master ‘Strategic Border Management’ volgen aan de Nederlandse Defensie Academie.

    “Het is cynisch dat dezelfde militaire industrie die verdient aan oorlog en mensenrechtenschendingen ook profiteert van het tegenhouden van mensen die juist om die redenen vluchten”, aldus Mark Akkerman, auteur van het onderzoeksrapport ‘Oorlog aan de Grenzen’. Vanuit Nederland gingen de afgelopen tien jaar voor ruim 1,7 miljard euro wapens naar het Midden-Oosten en Noord-Afrika. Er werd onder meer geleverd aan landen die betrokken zijn bij de oorlog in Jemen en aan landen die wapens leverden aan strijdende partijen in Syrië.

    Het rapport ‘Oorlog aan de Grenzen’ is te vinden op

    Bron: De Vredeslijst 06-09-2016


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