Unusual exoplanet discovery

This video says about itself:

30 March 2016

Artist’s impression of 55 Cancri e orbiting its parent star. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech.

By Ed Mazza in the USA:

Half Lava & Half Rock, 5 Cancri E Might Be The Weirdest Exoplanet Ever Discovered

Strange world is just 40 light years away.

03/31/2016 03:41 am ET

Nearly 2,000 planets have been discovered outside our solar system, but this just might be the strangest one yet.

A lava-loaded “super earth” called 55 Cancri e is twice the size of our own planet but eight times as dense. And it’s so close to its star that a year lasts only 18 hours.

Just 40 light years away, 55 Cancri e may also be tidally locked to its sun the way the moon is to Earth. One side would be a blazing hot eternal night with temperatures of 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit, and the other an even hotter permanent day, according to a heat map of the planet published in the journal Nature that used data from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope.

“The day side could possibly have rivers of lava and big pools of extremely hot magma, but we think the night side would have solidified lava flows like those found in Hawaii,” Michael Gillon of the University of Liège in Belgium said in a news release.

Thanks to radiation and solar winds, 55 Cancri e may leave a trail of dust behind it — like a planetary Pigpen — as it races around its sun.

The planet may even resemble Mustafar, the molten world in the “Star Wars” universe where Obi-Wan Kenobi fought Anakin Skywalker.

55 Cancri e is so hot that the atmosphere may have completely evaporated, the researchers said. They believe it’s possible the planet still has an atmosphere, but only on the night side.

Because 55 Cancri e is so close, it has been extensively studied, yet researchers remain torn on the nature of the planet. At one point, it was believed to be a world covered in water. At another, researchers thought it might be made of diamond.

Now, they are leaning toward a blazing world of lava.

“We still don’t know exactly what this planet is made of — it’s still a riddle,” Brice-Olivier Demory of the University of Cambridge’s Cavendish Laboratory said in a news release. “These results are like adding another brick to the wall, but the exact nature of this planet is still not completely understood.”

Last month, researchers analyzing data from the Kepler spacecraft announced 1,284 new confirmed exoplanets, bringing the total to 2,373 discovered by this mission. Twenty-one of these confirmed exoplanets are no more than twice the size of Earth and within their parent star’s habitable zone. While no truly Earth-like planet has been found, the prospects of doing so are steadily increasing: here.

Young planets carve rings and spirals in the gas around their suns, by Christopher Crockett, 8:07am, November 9, 2016: here.

To figure out where life is most possible, astronomers are mapping the composition of the entire universe: here.

Good news: You found an Earth-sized exoplanet. Bad news: It’s a giant iceball.

Life might have a shot on planets orbiting dim red stars. If exoplanets around M dwarfs host life, it’s probably very different from that on Earth. By Christopher Crockett, 10:00am, June 14, 2017.

Yes, it is the Image of an Exoplanet. Astronomers Confirm the First Image of a Planet Outside of Our Solar System. 30 April 2005: here.

The first planet Kepler spotted has finally been confirmed 10 years later. Astronomers had dismissed the exoplanet candidate as a false alarm. By Lisa Grossman, 3:13pm, March 5, 2019.

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