This video is called World’s Deadliest: Six-Foot Electric Eel.
From Wildlife Extra:
Electric eel doesn’t stun prey
October 2013. A previously unknown genus of electric fish has been identified in a remote region of South America by a team of international researchers including University of Toronto Scarborough (UTSC) professor Nathan Lovejoy.
The Akawaio penak, a thin, eel-like electric fish, was discovered in the shallow, murky waters of the upper Mazaruni River in northern Guyana. Lovejoy’s team at UTSC analyzed tissue samples collected during a recent expedition by a researchers led by Hernán López-Fernández at the Royal Ontario Museum. By sequencing its DNA and reconstructing an evolutionary tree, Lovejoy’s team discovered the fish is so distinct it represents a new genus, the taxonomic classification level above species.
Biological diversity hotspot
The upper Mazaruni River is a hotspot for biological diversity, yet remains largely unexplored because of its remote location. The area contains countless rivers on top of a series of uplands that have remained isolated from the rest of South America for more than 30 million years.
“The fact this area is so remote and has been isolated for such a long time means you are quite likely to find new species,” says Lovejoy. Like other electric knifefish, Akawaio penak has a long organ running along the base of the body that produces an electric field. The electric field is too weak to stun prey but is instead used to navigate, detect objects and to communicate with other electric fish. This trait is advantageous given the murky habitats of the fish.
Gold mining degradation
The species is named in honour of the Akawaio Amerindians that populate the upper Mazaruni. The region is increasingly suffering from freshwater habitat degradation as a consequence of gold-mining in the area.
“The Mazaruni contains many unique species that aren’t found anywhere else in the world. It’s an extremely important area in South America in terms of biodiversity,” says Lovejoy.
The results of the discovery are published in the recent edition of the journal Zoologica Scripta.
November 2013: Plans to build a massive hydro-electric dam on the land of two unique tribes in Guyana would lead to the destruction of a unique people and vast tracts of rainforest says anthropologist Dr Audrey Butt Colson: here.
- New type of electric fish found in ‘lost’ waters of South America (ctvnews.ca)
- Akawaio penak: New Species, Genus of Electric Fish Found in Guyana (sci-news.com)
- Akawaio Penak – New genus of electric fish found in Mazaruni River (kaieteurnewsonline.com)
- ‘New’ electric fish found in murky waters (futurity.org)
- New Fish Species is Electrifying (voanews.com)
- Scientists Discover New Genus of Electric Fish in Remote South America (scienceworldreport.com)
- Report exposes threat to dam ‘Lost World’ (survivalinternational.org)
- Why don’t electric fish shock themselves? (physics.stackexchange.com)
- Guyana funding fear following deforestation rise (greenwood-management.com)