This video from Israel is called Rare Frog Returns From Extinction.
From the BBC:
4 June 2013 Last updated at 15:12 GMT
By Rebecca Morelle, Science reporter, BBC World Service
A species of frog that was recently rediscovered after being declared extinct has been reclassified as a “living fossil”.
Israel’s Hula painted frog had not been seen for nearly 60 years, but in 2011 one was found lurking in a patch of swampy undergrowth.
Tests have revealed that the frog belongs to a group of amphibians that died out 15,000 years ago.
The study is published in the journal Nature Communications.
Professor Sarig Gafny, from the Ruppin Academic Center, in Israel, told BBC News: “We felt like we had a great finding when we first rediscovered it – this (frog) was like an idol in Israel.
“But then we found it was a living fossil: this was amazing.”
Even before it was declared extinct in 1996, the Hula painted frog was an elusive creature.
Despite its distinctive black-and-white-spotted belly, only three adults had ever been seen.
When Israel’s Hula valley was drained in the 1950s, its swampy home was destroyed. Scientists thought the species had been lost forever.
But two years ago, a frog was spotted by a park ranger, and since then another 13 have been discovered.
Prof Gafny explained: “We’ve only found the specimens so far out of the water on land.
“You have to crawl in the dense vegetation, there are blackberries there, which are spiny, and then you have to dig in the decaying detritus… It’s not very attractive to go and look for it.”
But the discoveries have allowed the scientists to study the species in detail.
These frogs were once widespread throughout Europe for millions of years, but all apart from the Hula painted frog died out about 15,000 years ago.
“Nobody ever had a chance to see a Latonia because it went extinct in Europe. The only way anyone could see it was through looking at fossils,” explained Prof Gafny.
“But then with every characteristic that you look at in the current Hula painted frogs, it matches that of the fossils of Latonia and not that of the Discoglossus… So this is a living fossil.”
The researchers said the frog was “a strikingly resilient” species – but added that it was now vital to ensure its future survival.
They believe that work to re-flood parts of the Hula valley would help to provide it with a habitat where it could thrive.
- Extinct Frog Back From the Past in Israel… (sotinpc.wordpress.com)
- ‘Living fossil’ frog thought extinct rediscovered in Israel, last member of its ancient family (treehugger.com)
- Hula Painted Frog Rediscovered in Israel After Being Declared Extinct in 1996 (sciencespacerobots.com)
- Back from Extinction, Hula Painted Frog Declared a ‘Living Fossil’ (natureworldnews.com)
- An ‘extinct’ frog makes a comeback in Israel (sciencedaily.com)
- Frog not been seen for 50 years and was thought to be extinct is discovered in Israel – and dubbed a ‘living fossil’ (dailymail.co.uk)
- Hula Frog: Once Considered Extinct, Now Alive and Labelled a ‘Living Fossil’ (hngn.com)
- Frog Long Thought Extinct Is Rediscovered in Israel (news.nationalgeographic.com)
- Rediscovered frog is ‘living fossil’ (bbc.co.uk)