The blog of Anke Bruin, warden on Vlieland island in the Netherlands, reports that more dune pansies than ever are flowering on the dunes of the island this year. This is because sand from the beach was blown into the dunes by winds.
The pansy plants attract caterpillars of various butterfly species, like the Queen of Spain fritillary.
Northern wheatears eat these caterpillars. So, many dune pansies is good news for wheatears.
Northern wheatears nest in rabbit holes. The rabbits keep other plants short, which helps the pansies. The rabbits don’t eat pansies.
Interesting, this interaction between various species.
- Little terns back on Vlieland island (dearkitty1.wordpress.com)
- The Pansy Pot (purpleirisblog.wordpress.com)
- Fun Flower Facts: Pansy (funflowerfacts.com)
- Bumblebee, wheatears, and lizard (dearkitty1.wordpress.com)
- A Beautiful Response to Homophobia: The Pansy Project (jezebel.com)
- Pansy power fights homophobic hate (bbc.co.uk)
- Pansies (jj10035.wordpress.com)
- Wild Geranium and a very wild violet (photomiser.com)
- Spring’s spring is broke (kimharrison.wordpress.com)