This video is called A mask-nificent discovery (Mayan masks from El Zotz, Guatemala).
From COSMOS magazine:
Ancient Mayan ‘night sun’ temple found in Guatemala
Friday, 20 July 2012
GUATEMALA CITY: Archaeologists have uncovered a 1,600-year-old Mayan temple dedicated to the ‘night sun’ atop a pyramid tomb in the northern Guatemalan forest near the border with Mexico.
“The Sun was a key element of Maya rulership,” said lead archeologist Stephen Houston in announcing the discovery by the joint Guatemalan and American team that has been excavating the El Zotz site since 2006.
“It’s something that rises every day and penetrates into all nooks and crannies, just as royal power presumably would,” said Houston, a professor at Brown University, Rhode Island.
Carbon dating places construction at 350-400AD
“This building is one that celebrates this close linkage between the king and this most powerful and dominant of celestial presences.”
Archaeologists say the temple was likely built to honour the leader buried under the Diablo Pyramid tomb, the governor and founder of the first El Zotz dynasty called Pa’Chan, or ‘fortified sky’.
Carbon dating places construction of the temple at the early part of that era, somewhere between 350 and 400 AD, the archeologists said.
More than half of the temple still to be excavated
It is ornately decorated with massive stucco masks, 1.5 meters (5 feet) tall, each depicting the phases of the Sun as it moves east to west, and a painted stucco frieze that the team described as “incredible”.
More than half the temple is still to be excavated, co-project leader Thomas Garrison of the University of Southern California told a press conference at Guatemala City’s National Palace of Culture.
“The temple probably had 14 masks at the height of the frieze, but only eight of them have been documented” so far, which is why excavations must continue, added University of Austin archeologist Edwin Roman.
Excavations by the Guatemalan and American team began at the El Zotz dig in 2006, but the temple wasn’t uncovered until three years ago.
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