This satiric animation video by Mark Fiore in the USA is called Assaulting Austerity.
By Christoph Dreier:
Conflicts emerge in formation of new Greek government
27 June 2012
The resignation of Finance Minister-designate Vasilis Rapanos and the appointment of Yannis Stournaras have brought to light conflicts in the formation of the new Greek government. One week after the elections, in which a clear majority once again voted against the austerity measures prescribed by the EU, coalition partners cannot agree on how to enforce further social attacks. At the same time, the EU is also increasing its pressure to implement the agreed cuts quickly.
The conservative New Democracy (ND) had the highest vote total at just 29.6 percent, but because of the undemocratic electoral system it was awarded 129 of the 300 parliamentary seats. Although a coalition with the social democratic PASOK would have been enough to form a government, the new Prime Minister Andonis Samaras decided to include the small Democratic Left (DIMAR) in the government.
It was under these conditions that Rapanos (PASOK) was chosen as the new finance minister. He has close ties to the governing party of the last three years, largely responsible for implementing the social cuts. He often served as a consultant on issues of economic policy. Most recently, he was CEO of the private National Bank of Greece, not only the largest creditor of the Greek state, but with €6.9 billion, the largest beneficiary of the bank bailout in May.
DIMAR and PASOK proposed their other cabinet seats be filled by non-partisan “experts” and did not put forward any party politicians. But more than any other, Rapanos was seen as the representative of the banks and creditors in the government.
He justified his resignation on grounds of poor health; last week, shortly before he was sworn in he suffered a dizzy spell. He has several chronic diseases.
According to various reports, however, the real reason was his dissatisfaction with the new cabinet. When he was asked to be finance minister, he had expected that the government would consist mainly of technocrats, according to the Financial Times. As in Italy, such a technocrat government would enforce the measures necessary in the eyes of the banks and European powers without regard to party political interests.
Rapanos’ decision was likely due to the appointment of two ministries—economy and labour—with which he would have had to work closely as minister of finance. With Kostis Hatzidakis and Giannis Vroutsis, these went to conservative politicians.
The resignation also expresses a general dissatisfaction by the European lenders with the formation of the new government. Samaras has chosen not to appoint technocrats and instead is relying on old cliques and networks.
The new Foreign Minister Dimitris Avramopoulos opened the way for Samaras to become the chair of ND through his resignation in 2009. In return, Samaras appointed Avramopoulos his shadow foreign minister at the time. Similar stories can be told about almost every minister in the new government.
In addition, on Saturday the new government announced not only that it would reduce taxes for the wealthy, but also convert the pending layoffs in the public sector into early retirement. In the past, the senior civil service has been one of the most important social supports of the two traditional Greek parties.
In order to implement these measures, the government plans to ask the troika comprising the European Central Bank (ECB), European Commission (EC) and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for an easing of credit arrangements. In concrete terms, the cuts are to be extended by two years.
With the continuation of nepotism and strengthening of the old boys’ network, ND and PASOK intend to create conditions to impose new cuts on the working class. The government is simply afraid it will lose control otherwise.
Rapanos’ resignation is a sign that the representatives of the banks and the Troika do not agree even with such small concessions, but are instead calling for further cuts.
On Sunday, speaking in the tone of a colonial master, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble (Christian Democratic Union) told the tabloid Bild that the “most important task” of the new government of Prime Minister Antonis Samaras was now to “implement the already agreed programme quickly, immediately and without hesitation, instead of asking again, what more the others could do.”
Last week, the Greek news magazine To Vima reported that officials from the Troika had complained that some 50,000 too few civil servants had been sacked over the past two years compared with what had been agreed. Official unemployment in Greece is already almost 23 percent, and more than 50 percent among young people.
Last weekend, German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schäuble delivered a clear rebuff to US President Barack Obama: here.
Government by the Banks, for the Banks: The ESM Coup D’Etat in Europe. Ellen Brown, Truthout: “It is one thing to pool national resources to bail out other sovereign governments, quite another to write a blank check to bail out the profligate private banks that precipitated the global downturn. Europe has a strong tradition of publicly-owned banks. If the people must bear the costs, the people should own the banks and reap the benefits”: here.