New curassow bird discovery

Sira curassowFrom Birdwatch Magazine:

New curassow species endangered

David Callahan – Posted on 09 Sep 2011

Another little-known and rare subspecies of South American endemic has proven to be a ‘good species’.

Long thought of as a central Peruvian subspecies of Horned Curassow Pauxi unicornis, new observations confirm that Sira Curassow is different in almost every way.

The new species, P. koepckeae, has an entirely separate range, is distinct enough to have a smaller shorter casque than Horned and lacks some of the white markings on the tail that the latter has – the tail is also fanned when the bird is alarmed, behaviour absent from its former conspecific.

Key to the separation of the two species are the differences in song and call, and the two forms also breed several months apart – the new species breeds at the end of the wet season, whereas P unicornis breeds at the start of the wet season. P koepckeae ‘s alarm call is, however, similar to Horned Curassow.

Sira Curassow was only discovered in 1969 in the Sira Mountains of Peru, where it is endemic. It is a mid-elevation cloud forest specialist, ranging between 1100 and 1435 m – again this contrasts with Horned, which largely lives in lowland and low montane Bolivian humid forest.

In accordance with its reproductive, geographical, ecological and behavioural isolation, the authors suggest elevation to species level, with the English name Siva Curassow derived from its native mountain range.

The new species already qualifies as Endangered under Birdlife International criteria, possibly even Critically Endangered as it has a very limited known range which is constantly being degraded by hunters and loggers, despite much of it having National Park status.

Junin rail seen & photographed near remote Peruvian mountain lake. March 2012. An extremely rare and incredibly reclusive bird-the Junin Rail-was seen and photographed near a high Andean Lake on February 26, 2012: here.


Moroccan rapper arrested

This is a music video of a song by Moroccan rapper “El Haqed” who was arrested on Friday in Casablanca while calling for protest on Sunday.

Enter the Wu-Tang: 36 Chambers (1993), the debut album from seminal hip hop group Wu-Tang Clan, has been hailed for nearly a decade and a half by music critics and fans alike as one of the finest albums the genre has ever produced. Given the widespread popularity of this music and the appalling state of most hip hop produced today, it is worth reconsidering this hip hop “classic” which represented something of a landmark in both the music’s development and its decline: here.

New grasshopper species in Belgium

This video is about a Ruspolia nitidula grasshopper, escaping from a spider’s web.

Saltabel, grasshopper research in Belgium, reports that Ruspolia nitidula, the Large Conehead, has been seen in the southern Belgian province Luxembourg.

This species had been seen in Belgium just once before, in 2009.

Climate change means that animals from southern Europe, like this grasshopper, are going further to the north.

Successful translocation of the locally rare mottled grasshopper Myrmeleotettix maculatus to Jaywick flood defences in Essex, England: here.

Checklist and new distribution records of katydids (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) from Colombia: here.

50 million year old cricket and katydid fossils hint at the origins of insect hearing: here.

By 1960, the Lord Howe stick insect, Dryococelus australis, was presumed extinct. Not anymore: here.

Britain cannot afford to duck its climate change commitments, miners and engineers warned today: here.