This video says about itself:
People&Power-Owning the Past-Sept 13, 2008-Part 1
Spain is a country still coming to terms with a Civil War fought more than six decades ago. The Law of Historic Memory passed, in November 2007, by Spain’s parliament has reopened many of the issues of the war and dictatorship. As mass graves are discovered across the country, a struggle for the right to record history has be re-awakened between left and right. This film speaks to both sides of the struggle to own the past.
This video is Part 2.
By David Eade in Britain:
Spain’s tragic map of death goes online
Tuesday 10 May 2011
It is 75 years since the start of the Spanish civil war.
In recent days the Spanish Ministry of Justice published a graphic map on its website showing more than 2,000 burial sites of the victims of the war and Franco’s repression.
Sites are dotted across the Iberian peninsula, the islands and the north coast of Africa.
It is not a map of historic reference but an aid to those who want to find or recover their family members’ remains.
Web visitors can key in regions of Spain or a person’s name to see if the common grave has been located.
Advice is given on how recover these remains for reburial depending on the rules and regulations applying in the various autonomous regions.
The map of Spain is covered with green, red, yellow, black and white markers denoting the state of a specific common burial site.
In the centre of the map of Spain there is a giant blue star indicating the Valle de los Caidos (Valley of the Fallen) where many of the victims of Franco’s slaughter were transferred.
The Valle de los Caidos was started by Franco in 1940 supposedly as a national act of atonement.
It took over 18 years to build and cost over 1.1 billion pesetas with much of the money raised from national lottery draws and donations.
Just who built the monument is a matter of argument.
Certainly the paid workers were the poor from the land who had no other employment. “Red” prisoners were also used.
The use of convicts and popular front war prisoners led to the charge that the monument site was “like a nazi concentration camp.”
The prisoners worked in exchange for their convictions being lifted. Ten per cent of the workforce are said to have been prisoners but other sources claim up to 20,000 prisoners were used, with dark references to “forced labour.”
The Valle de los Caidos is Franco’s final resting place.
He also had interred there Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, the founder of the Falange, the Spanish fascist party that aided Franco’s propulsion to power.
The valley contains both nationalist and republican graves, but the tone of the monument is distinctly nationalist and anti-communist.
Here you will find the slogan “Caidos por Dios y por Espana!” (Fallen for God and Spain!), symbolising the close ties between Franco’s regime and the Catholic church.
Franco also chose to announce the creation of the monument on April 1 1940, the day of the victory parade to celebrate the first anniversary of his triumph over the republic.
He announced his personal decision to raise a splendid monument to those who had fallen in “his” cause.
As the Ministry of Justice published its map, Alfredo Perez Rubalcaba, the Minister of the Interior, first vice-president of the government and the favourite to succeed premier Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero, said it would be practically impossible to identify thousands of the bodies at the Valle de los Caidos.
The Ministry of Justice’s map and website will have encouraged many people whose family members are interred there to try to find their remains.
However Rubalcaba warned them the task would be extremely complex and practically impossible to achieve.
It is said that in the Valle de los Caidos are the remains of 33,847 victims of the civil war from both sides.
Between 1959 and 1983, 491 bodies were removed and taken to their home towns and villages for reburial.
According to the Patrimonio Nacional, another 21,423 victims have been identified but the remains of 12,410 have not.
The events of 75 years ago and the Franco era still haunt and divide Spain.
The Ley de Memoria Historica brought in by the socialist government aims to find the thousands of still missing graves so that grandparents, husbands and wives, sons and daughters, brothers and sisters can finally be identified and laid to rest. It is a painful task.
The map, with explanation in English, is here.