Banned ‘burqa’ not a burqa at all

This 2011 video is called Burqa Ban: Muslim full-face cover now crime in France.

In the Netherlands, there are about a hundred women wearing what is called in the media a ‘burqa’.

Overwhelmingly, these are Afghan women, who, during the 1980s came, mostly with their husbands, as refugees from the pro-Soviet government then in Afghanistan, to the Low Countries. In the families of these women, the view prevailed that the Kabul government of the pro-Soviet Union People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan, should be overthrown violently in order to replace it with a government interpreting Islam in a harsh way, including against women’s rights (as it later became under the Taliban, and basically is now, under the Karzai government helped into office by George W Bush’s 2001 invasion).

Then, in the 1980s, no one in the Netherlands dreamt about yelling at those asylum seeking women: “Take off that burqa!” No politician proposed an “anti-burqa” law. The political Right, the allies of then United States president Ronald Reagan, saw Osama bin Laden, Mullah Omar, and other fanatically religious people fighting “godless communism” in Afghanistan as valuable allies of NATO’s “free world”, including the Netherlands. While the political Left said that refugees, of whatever religious or political hue, should not be harassed.

Afghan chadaris

Translated from Dutch daily De Volkskrant:

The maligned burqa is not a burqa at all

By our reporter Noël van Bemmel – 16/11/1910, 0:37

Leiden – European politicians are considering a burqa ban, almost daily newspapers print photos of Afghan women in pale blue burqas and a theater in Boekelo last week refused entry to a spectator in burqa. Striking detail: the offending garment is not a burqa at all.

“So much nonsense has been written,” says Dr. Gillian Vogelsang-Eastwood. As director of the Textile Research Centre (TRC) in Leiden, she set up an exhibition on traditional Afghan attire. It turns out that Afghan women do not wear burqas, which are stylish and relatively rare garments from Pakistan.

Pakistani style burqa

“The light blue robes with folds are chadaris. They are really something else.”

Almost all outsiders, Vogelsang-Eastwood claims, use the wrong name. The exhibition of the center, organized jointly with the University of Leiden, shows different types of face and body covering, garments put side by side. “Look,” says the British-Dutch scholar who for 25 years has done research on clothing and identity, “the Pakistani burqa is a cap, a face veil, a beautiful embroidered triangle on the breast and non-folded fabric around.” The decorated triangle can be folded to become a cap when the cap wearer wants to walk around with an uncovered face for some time.

Courtly dress code

The burqa was originally part of the dress code at the Mughal court in the Indian empire. The oldest version is from 1580, according to the researcher. “Hands off – this upper class lady is married,” was the garment’s message according to Vogelsang-Eastwood. Similar kinds of face veils, by the way, are pre-Islamic and already existed in 400 BCE.

The Afghan chadaris are from the 19th century and are simpler: a cap, a ruband (a decorated brisket combined with a face veil) and pleated fabric around that. Chadaris arose from Iranian influence. Even simpler are the Iranian chador (a hemispherically cut cloth) and the Afghan chadar (a square cloth). These have no face veils at all.

Wrong word

Vogelsang Eastwood: ‘There is much talk about the burqa, and there is even legislation being drafted to ban it. But everyone uses the wrong word. Isn’t that weird?!” Also, there is lots of simplistic writing on the function of the garment, she says. “Some Afghan women wear a chadari to emphasize their superiority.” According to the researcher, the deluxe versions of silk and cotton instead of polyester models from China are an interesting development. “Then you will need servants in order to constantly iron all those wrinkles into it.”

So, there probably are extremely few women in Western countries wearing a real (Pakistani upper class) burqa. Probably, these very few women are wives of Pakistani high level diplomats, rich businessmen, etc. The present anti-burqa legal measures (in Sarkozy’s France; proposed by the new Rightist Dutch government, etc.) are not directed against these few Pakistani privileged women. Ever since the 1950s, the Pakistani ruling class, military dictatorship or no military dictatorship, oppression of women or not, is an ally of the ruling classes of the NATO countries.

The anti-burqa measures are also not really aimed at the small numbers of Afghan refugee women wearing, not real burqas, but Afghan chadaris. As we said, these women are about 100 in the Netherlands; maybe a few hundred more in a bigger country like France. Not even the most demagogic Islamophobe could make a credible case about the horrible dangers of “Islamization” out of such small numbers.

The anti-burqa laws are about intimidating the much bigger numbers of women wearing, not burqas, not Afghan chadaris, but other, less conspicuous, clothes rightly or wrongly considered “Islamic”, like headscarves. No, the aim of those laws is even wider: it is also to intimidate the big numbers of women, originally from Turkey, Morocco, as refugees from Bush’s wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, etc. who do not even wear headscarves. No, I should say, the aim is still wider: it is to intimidate the whole working class, “autochthonous” or “allochtonous” and to divide it along sectarian religious lines. A divided, intimidated working class, Rightists like Sarkozy calculate, would make it easier to take lots of money away from not so well off people and give it to extremely well off people like corrupt businesswoman Ms Bettencourt who finances corrupt Sarkozy and his corrupt political party.

‘Burqa’ banning politicians like Sarkozy basically are just as anti-women as Afghan warlords making burqas chadaris mandatory. Both sets of misogynists deny women their rights to decide themselves whether they want to wear a miniskirt, a maxiskirt, trousers, a chadari, or whatever. Both say: “That is not her business. That is my business!”

The Wikipedia article “Burqa”, strangely, has nothing about Pakistan, the homeland of the real burqa. It does mention that also some extremely religious Israeli Jewish women wear ‘burqas’. Wikipedia does not say whether those “Israeli burqas” are real burqas or Afghan-style chadaris.

I do hope anti-Semites are too stupid to find that Wikipedia item, or this blog. That we now have a witch-hunt against Muslim women “because” a small minority of them wear burqas chadaris is horrible enough. Only moronic admirers of Adolf Hitler need another anti-Jewish witch-hunt, this time “justified” “because” a small minority of Jewish women wear face veils, on top of that.

Calls for a ban on the burqa help the racists: here.

Danish parliament condemned for banning the burqa in public places: here.

60 thoughts on “Banned ‘burqa’ not a burqa at all

  1. Dutch Government Drafts Burqa Ban Legislation


    Published: September 16, 2011 at 10:29 AM ET

    THE HAGUE, Netherlands (AP) — The Dutch prime minister says the government has drawn up legislation to ban face-covering veils such as the burqa worn by some Muslim women.

    Mark Rutte says the proposed ban will be sent to the government’s legal advisory body, the Council of State, before lawmakers vote on it, a process likely to take months.

    The government said in a statement Friday that the ban aims at “protecting the character and customs of public life in the Netherlands.”

    If, as expected, parliament approves the ban, the Netherlands will follow in the footsteps of European neighbors France and Belgium in outlawing face-covering veils.

    While Islamic headscarves are an increasingly common sight on Dutch streets, only a very small number of women wear burqas.


  2. Law to ban burkas highly criticised by government advisors

    Tuesday 24 January 2012

    Draft legislation aimed at banning burkas in the Netherlands has been heavily criticised by the government’s most important advisory body and needs significant amendments, news agency ANP reports, citing regional newspapers.

    The GPD papers, who base their claim on sources in The Hague, say the Council of State delivered its recommendations to the home affairs ministry in November, but the legislation is only due to be sent to parliament this week – eight weeks later.

    The Council of State has given the draft law ‘one of the most critical judgments possible’, ANP says. Estimates of how many women wear a burka in the Netherlands range from a handful to around 100.


    Introducing the ban last year, the then home affairs minister Piet Hein Donner compared wearing the all-encompassing Islamic garment to walking around naked. Both conflict with ‘Dutch norms and manners’ Donner said.

    Donner will take up his new role as deputy chairman of the Council of State next month.

    The draft legislation cannot be withdrawn because a ban on the burka is included in the coalition agreement struck between the minority cabinet and the anti-Islam PVV.

    Efforts by the PVV two years ago to introduce a ban were described then by the Council of State as discriminatory and conflicting with the right to freedom of religion. That resulted in the draft legislation being amended to cover all ‘face-covering garments’.



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  36. Monday 2nd October 2017

    A law banning full-face veils targeting Muslims came into effect in Austria yesterday, with the government claiming it was needed to protect “Austrian values.”

    The “burka ban” states that faces must be visible from hairline to chin in public places — also outlawing surgical masks and clown make-up. Cops can use force to pull off people’s veils and issue £130 fines.

    France and Belgium brought in similar laws in 2011 and one is being debated in the Dutch parliament. Chancellor Angela Merkel in neighbouring Germany said last year that veils should be prohibited “wherever it is legally possible.”

    Only about 150 women wear the full burka in Austria and the law’s passage and popular support is seen as a sign of the growing strength of the far right.

    Austria currently has a “grand coalition” between the Social Democrats and the conservative People’s Party. An election is due on October 15 and polls predict the Social Democrats will lose support while the far-right Freedom Party will gain, with the People’s Party the largest party.


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