Fungi, butterflies, birds of prey

This video is called Wow! Fungi plant growth – The Private Life of Plants – David Attenborough – BBC wildlife.

Today, to the park in the southeast; looking for fungi.

Near the entrance, our first mushrooms: torqs. This is one of just two species able to grow through road paves; the other one is Agaricus geesterani.

Here, hundreds of fungi species have been found. Include the very rare Amanita inopinata, found in less than ten spots worldwide; including here, and in the Weerribben.

Today, no Amanita inopinata and many other species, as it has been quite dry for some time. While many fungi suddenly start growing after rainy days.

On trees, lying on the forest floor, grows Hypoxylon multiforme. This is often the first fungus on decaying trees.

Candlestick fungus.

Dead moll’s fingers.

Bjerkandera fumosa growing on a tree trunk.

An artist’s bracket: five years old.

Not far from here is a small island. There, in winter, a skating biologist discovered a Phellinus hippophaecola fungus: a species associated with sea-buckthorn which grows on the island.

Forming a circle around a birch tree, many birch boletes. Two other fungus species, living in symbiosis with birch trees, are here as well: Birch brittlegill, and Lactarius pubescens.

A speckled wood butterfly flies past.

Yellow fieldcap. Alder bracket, growing on an elder tree.

Witch’s hat.

Daedaleopsis confragosa.

A small copper butterfly flying past.

Royal fern growing.

This park is not just important for fungi and plants, but for animals as well. It is one of few spots in this province where grass snakes are breeding (discovered in a compost heap in a small market garden). We see a kestrel hovering; then, two buzzards circling in the air.

Many grey herons nest here. Last year, great egrets tried to join the heronry, but their nesting did not succeed.

Even in the botanical garden, in the city center, 55 bird species have been recorded. Including tawny owls, nesting in a Caucasian wingnut tree there. They can nest, as the tree is hollow because of the Ganoderma adspersum fungus. A species which we see today here in the park as well; on a willow tree.

We find a knopper gall, made by the wasp Andricus quercuscalicis on oak trees.

Both dewberry and blackberry grow here. The fruits of both are edible, though tasting slightly differently.

Of the Inonotus rheades fungus, only old decrepit bits are left here today.

Poison pax.

A field mushroom. Snails have eaten parts of his hat. A relative, the button mushroom, is cultivated for human consumption in more than 70 countries.

A few Clavulina cinerea grow along the footpath here. There will be many more as it will start raining, as this species does not like dry conditions.

Some maple trees have tar spots on their leaves, caused by the Rhytisma acerinum fungus.

Gymnopilus junonius mushrooms growing on deciduous tree stumps.

Young, still small, sulphur tufts.

A velvet mite on moss on a tree.

Our last two fungus species of today are Agaricus silvaticus, and fairy cakes.

Our last plant of today is sneezewort, flowering.

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