CIA supported mass murder in Indonesia

This is a video about the fall of the Suharto dictatorship in Indonesia in 1998.

By John Braddock:

Historian says US backed “efficacious terror” in 1965 Indonesian massacre

7 July 2009

The United States and British governments, supported by Australia, were deeply complicit in the murder of more than half a million alleged communist sympathisers in the wake of the 1965 Indonesian coup, a prominent historian told an international conference in Singapore last month.

Brad Simpson, Assistant Professor of History and International Studies at Princeton University and author of “Economists with Guns: Authoritarian Development and US-Indonesian Relations, 1960-1968”, said the US and British governments did “everything in their power” to ensure that the Indonesian army would carry out the mass killings.

The conference, entitled “The 1965-1966 Indonesian Killings Revisited”, held at the National University of Singapore from June 17-19, was a rare forum on the subject. The event, co-hosted by the university, the Asia Research Institute and the Australian Research Council, involved some 30 scholars from around the world.

Within Indonesia, the history of the political slaughter carried out between October and December 1965 has been suppressed for decades. The massacre of at least 500,000 people, the jailing without trial of about a million others and the widespread use of torture and rape, ranks as one of the great crimes of the twentieth century.

Despite the official secrecy surrounding the events, the consequences still reverberate within the country’s social and political life. The current ruling elite can trace its history back to the 1965 events. President Susil Bambang Yudhoyono, for instance, is a former general while his father-in-law, Sarwo Edhie Wibowo, was an Australian-trained officer who led the killings in Central Java.

No such conference could be held in Indonesia and most of the participants were non-Indonesian. Since the fall of the Suharto regime in 1998, tentative attempts to examine the coup have foundered on opposition from the military. A truth and reconciliation commission set up by parliament never got off the ground and the Constitutional Court has now ruled it unlawful. School textbooks reflect the military propaganda, which maintains that the killings were part of a “patriotic campaign” against communism. Marxism remains officially proscribed.

The Age interviewed two elderly survivors of the massacre, Sumini and Anwar Umar, who maintain a weekly vigil across the road from the president’s offices in Jakarta. Sumini, a former kindergarten teacher was arrested, tortured and imprisoned for ten years for being a member of Gerwani, a women’s movement linked with the Indonesian Communist Party (PKI). Anwar, who had been secretary-general of a civil servants union, spent 12 years in prison and was also tortured. Even after their eventual release, their identity papers were marked to show they were former political prisoners and they were unable to work.

9 thoughts on “CIA supported mass murder in Indonesia

  1. Media freedoms under pressure

    Singapore: Human rights group Amnesty International has urged Singapore to protect freedom of expression after an Asian magazine paid 405,000 Singapore dollars (£200,000) to settle a defamation suit by the country’s prime minister and his father.

    Far Eastern Economic Review reached the settlement after the Court of Appeal found it guilty of defaming Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong and his father, former prime minister Lee Kuan Yew.

    “This ruling illustrates how press freedom is under threat in Singapore and sets a dangerous precedent for freedom of expression and journalism,” Amnesty said in a statement.


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  6. You are cordially invited!

    Never Again | End the Impunity | Never Again | End the Impunity | Never Again

    THE 1965 MASS ATROCITIES in Indonesia: WHO CARES?

    The aftermath of the killing of 6 generals on October 1 1965 in Jakarta who were supposed not to be loyal to the President Sukarno was and is enormous by any human rights standard. Initiated by a campaign of sexual slander against women, the following then took place for over a decade: mass killings, rapes, disappearances, torture, forced labour, detention without any legal process, as well as other forms of inhuman treatments. The report of the National Commission for HR d.d. July 2012 concludes that these gross HR violations are crimes against humanity. According to the report, the state is suspected of being involved in these crimes. Despite this, until today the government rejects the report while sufficient legal instruments and mechanisms are available to take legal action and initiate a process of truth finding and reconciliation. In 2015 it will be 50 years after the mass killings and other crimes against humanity began. Survivors want to see the process started in which truth and justice can be achieved and the victims compensated. They hope the next generation will not allows such a crime to be repeated .

    A People’s Tribunal for 1965-Gross HR Violation in Indonesia: What, Why and How?

    The Preparatory Committee for the International Peoples’ Tribunal – 1965 would like to invite you to watch a 30-minute compilation documentary [edited by Lea Pamungkas and Arif Kurniawan] showing a recent alternative mechanism which took place in 2007 [Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal on the Philipphines], 2012 [Russel’s Tribunal on the Palestine] and 2013 [Citizens Tribunal on Biak Berdarah], while Reza Muharam will project some 10 minute files retrieving the unwillingness and inabilities of the state to process such a crime against humanity. After having some 10 minute refreshment, we would like to share ideas with all attendants. Three speakers will present a brief introduction: Nursyahbani Katjasungkana [jury/lawyer, former MP and coordinator of IPT-65], Aboeprijadi Santoso [senior investigative-journalist, freelance writer] and Djumaeni Kartaprawira [Indonesian in-exile, chairperson of LPK-65, a self organisation for defending 65-victims]. Chair of the day: Prof. Dr. Saskia Wieringa of the University of Amsterdam.

    When: 5 December 2013

    Time: 15.00 – 17.00 PM

    Venue: Roeterseiland Campus of UvA, Room H0.03 at Roetersstraat 11-13, Amsterdam*)

    For confirmation and further information please call 06-30050012 [siswa], 06-30647795 [mbak nur], or 070-3387195 [saskia], or send e-mail to:

    *) to be reached by Tram 9 or 14 [stop at Plantage Kerklaan] or Metro to C.S.[stop at Weesperplein]. From the stop/station you need ca. 5’ walk along Plantage Kerklaan, till you find Roetersstraat 11, enter Agora student cantine, and you will find board mentioning Zaal H0.03.


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