From the California Academy of Sciences in the USA:
New species of phallus-shaped mushroom named after California Academy of Sciences scientist
Dr. Robert Drewes calls the naming of Phallus drewesii, discovered on the African island of Sao Tome, a ‘wonderful honor’
SAN FRANCISCO (June 15, 2009) – It’s two inches long, grows on wood, and is shaped like a phallus. A new species of stinkhorn mushroom, Phallus drewesii, has been discovered on the African island of Sao Tome and graces the upcoming cover of the journal Mycologia. The mushroom is named after Robert Drewes, Curator of Herpetology at the California Academy of Sciences, and is described in the July/August issue by Professor Dennis Desjardin and Brian Perry of San Francisco State University.
Phallus drewesii belongs to a group of mushrooms known as stinkhorns which give off a foul, rotting meat odor. There are 28 other species of Phallus fungi worldwide, but this particular species is notable for its small size, white net-like stem, and brown spore-covered head. It is also the only Phallus species to curve downward instead of upward.
“The mushroom emerges from an egg and elongates over four hours,” says Desjardin, who is also a Fellow of the California Academy of Sciences. “Its odor attracts flies who consume the spores and disperse them throughout the forest.”
Desjardin and Perry named the new species after Drewes as an acknowledgment of his “inspiration and fortitude to initiate, coordinate and lead multiorganism biotic surveys on Sao Tome and Principe,” according to the Mycologia paper.
“It’s a wonderful honor and great fun to have this phallus-shaped fungus named after me,” says Drewes. “I have been immortalized in the scientific record.”
Phallus drewesii is not the first species to bear Drewes’ name. A small moss frog native to South Africa (Arthroleptella drewesii) and a blind worm snake from Kenya (Leptotyphlops drewesi) were described in 1994 and 1996, respectively.
Fungus living on ants: here.
Infection by the so-called zombie ant fungus dramatically changes the behaviour of tropical of carpenter ants causing them to die at a spot that has optimal reproduction conditions for the fungus, a new study has found. The multinational research team studied ants living high up in the rainforest canopy in Thailand: here.
Reports from BirdLife Species Guardians on São Tomé – a small island nation in the Gulf of Guinea – indicate that hunting is increasing and includes the Critically Endangered Dwarf Olive Ibis Bostrychia bocagei. A group of hunters were found with more than 90 São Tomé Green Pigeons Treron sanctithomae and at least one Dwarf Olive Ibis on 26 April 2011: here.
- New wildlife species discoveries (dearkitty1.wordpress.com)
- Cal. Academy Describes 137 New Species in 2012 (naturalhistorywanderings.com)
- Pirate-like flies connect symbiosis to diversity (eurekalert.org)
- #Natureology Species of the Day – Sao Tome giant treefrog (Hyperolius thomensis) (natureology101.wordpress.com)